Paul Prinsloo

Paul Prinsloo
University of South Africa | unisa · Department of Business Management

DLitt et Phil (Religious Studies)

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137
Publications
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Publications

Publications (137)
Article
This article seeks to explore different combinations of human and Artificial Intelligence (AI) decision-making in the context of distributed learning. Distributed learning institutions face specific challenges such as high levels of student attrition and ensuring quality, cost-effective student support at scale using a range of technologies, such a...
Book
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The Center for Open Education Research (COER) is an international research consortium, that was established in 2018 in order to increase international collaborative research projects, furthering innovation and understanding in open education, educational technology, lifelong learning, and international education. This book provides a cross-country...
Conference Paper
Since the emergence of learning analytics, much of the research has emerged from traditional campus-based institutions in the Global North (Prinsloo, 2018, 2020). While learning analytics is not a panacea for all of the challenges faced within distance education with regard to, for example, student retention and throughput, there is evidence that i...
Article
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Open Educational Resources (OER) in higher education cannot be put into practice without considering institutional contexts, which differ not only globally but also within the same country. Each institutional context provides educators with opportunities or limitations where Open Educational Practices (OEP) and OER for teaching and learning are inv...
Article
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Background The Covid‐19 pandemic disrupted higher education in many ways, such as the move to Emergency Remote Online Teaching and Learning (EROTL), often including a move to online assessments and examinations. With evidence of increased academic dishonesty in unproctored online assessment, institutions sought ways to ensure academic and instituti...
Article
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While learning analytics (LA) has been highlighted as a field aiming to address systemic equity and quality issues within educational systems between and within regions, to date, its adoption is predominantly in the Global North. Since the Society for Learning Analytics Research (SoLAR) aspires to be international in reach and relevance, and to inc...
Book
This book explores and further expands on the rich history of theoretical and empirical research in open and distributed learning, and addresses the impact of the “data revolution” and the emergence of learning analytics on this increasingly diverse form of educational delivery. Following an introductory chapter that maps the book’s conceptual rati...
Chapter
It is with a sense of irony that we offer a conclusion to this book. As we acknowledged in the introductory chapter, when we invited authors to submit proposals for a book on exploring the potential and challenges of learning analytics for open, distance and distributed learning institutions and forms of delivery, no one would have imagined how the...
Chapter
As part of the series, Springer Briefs in Open and Distance Education, we invited expressions of interest aiming to critically explore and map the potential and challenges of learning analytics in the specific context of open and distributed learning.
Article
Evidence shows that appropriate use of technology in education has the potential to increase the effectiveness of, eg, teaching, learning and student support. There is also evidence that technology can introduce new problems and ethical issues, eg, student privacy. This article maps some limitations of technological approaches that ensure student d...
Article
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Whilst learning analytics is still nascent in most African higher education institutions, many African higher education institutions use learning platforms and analytic services from providers outside of the African continent. A critical consideration of the protection of data privacy on the African continent and its implications for learning analy...
Article
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This paper explores faculty’s perspectives and use of open educational resources (OER) and their repositories across diferent countries by conducting a multiple case study to fnd similarities and diferences between academics’ awareness, perceptions and use of OER, as well as examining related aspects of institutional policy and quality that may inf...
Conference Paper
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While learning analytics frameworks precede the official launch of learning analytics in 2011, there has been a proliferation of learning analytics frameworks since. This systematic review of learning analytics frameworks between 2011 and 2021 in three databases resulted in an initial corpus of 268 articles and conference proceeding papers based on...
Chapter
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This chapter presents a conceptual exploration of the potential of learning analytics to inform teaching and learning during extraordinary contextual events such as the recent and continuing impact of COVID-19. In reflecting on the potential of learning analytics to ameliorate teaching in the dark, we first share some empirical evidence of how lear...
Article
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In educational environments, technological adoption in the last 10 years has enabled a data-driven and decisionmaking paradigm in organizations. The integration of cloud services in schools and universities is a positive shift in the field of learning, but it also presents threats to all academic roles that need to be discussed in terms of protecti...
Article
The coronavirus pandemic has impacted global society in many ways, not least education, with schools and universities moving many teaching and learning practices online. This paper examines the response of educational institutions in employing learning analytics, an approach which includes the collection and analysis of student data to understand a...
Chapter
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https://voicesofpractice.pressbooks.com/chapter/down-the-rabbit-hole-of-race-gender-culture-being-faculty-confessions-distortions-and-extortions/ Whether to testify or confess, that is the question. The difference between ‘to testify’ or ‘to confess’ is guilt. So, when does a testimony about finding oneself in the nexus of race-gender-culture-bein...
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"On 17 March 2021 we invited all authors of ‘Teaching in the Age of Covid-19’ (Jandrić et al. 2020) to reflect on their pandemic experience 1 year later.3 Mirroring the original article’s format, in ‘Teaching in the Age of Covid-19—1 Year Later’, we requested short testimonies, biographies, and workspace photographs. In numbers, the 1-year-later co...
Book
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The course has been designed and written with the explicit purpose of assisting teachers to understand and use learning analytics ethically and appropriately in their own context. After reading, participants should be able to: 1. Explain learning analytics in the broader evolution of the use of learners’ data in teaching and learning environments....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The coronavirus pandemic has impacted global society in many ways, not least education, with schools and universities moving many teaching and learning practices online. This paper examines the response of educational institutions in employing learning analytics, an approach which includes the collection and analysis of student data to understand a...
Article
In the broader context of higher education, queer and gay faculty are increasingly visible, yet they are also relatively quiet regarding the assemblages of their identity on the processes of becoming faculty. In authoring our assemblages of coming to be Afrikaner and white and queer and gay as well as faculty, we attempt to narrate our multipliciti...
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Produced from experiences at the outset of the intense times when Covid-19 lockdown restrictions began in March 2020, this collaborative paper offers the collective reflections and analysis of a group of teaching and learning and Higher Education (HE) scholars from a diverse 15 of the 26 South African public universities. In the form of a theorised...
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This paper reports on the first stage of an international comparative study for the project "Digital educational architectures: Open learning resources in distributed learning infrastructures-EduArc", funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. This study reviews the situation of digital educational resources (or (O)ER) framed...
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This is a verbatim transcript of the Call for Testimonies sent out on 17 March 2020 to thePostdigital Science and Educationmailing list and posted on social networking sites.
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Higher education institutions (HEIs) across the globe have turned to online technologies in a bid to address the unprecedented disruption to their educational function, created by physical restrictions implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic. Educators, learning professionals, administrators, managers - all have had to muster the courage and deter...
Article
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This essay explores questions pertaining to who has had and has the power to define who is human and what it means to be human, and the way higher education is but one of the role-players that define humanity and what it means to be human. It also examines the potential of decoloniality as an alternative and critical onto-epistemology which is esse...
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Artificial intelligence (AI) and the fourth industrial revolution have rapidly become the latest buzzwords in the education industry. Learning analytics and student data have become a central focal point in understanding and evaluating students in an attempt to improve upon the learning environment and experience. This paper explores the history an...
Article
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Higher education institutions have access to higher volumes and a greater variety and granularity of student data, often in real-time, than ever before. As such, the collection, analysis and use of student data are increasingly crucial in operational and strategic planning, and in delivering appropriate and effective learning experiences to student...
Article
‘Data as technology’ has always been, and continues to be an essential part of the structuring of South African society and education, during and post-colonialism and post-apartheid. In the reconfiguration of South African education post-apartheid, student data constitutes a data frontier as un-mapped, under-utilised and ready for the picking. This...
Article
As institutions of higher education increasingly look to data as evidence to support planning, allocate resources, and inform teaching and pedagogy, ethical considerations regarding learning analytics have evolved from being on the margins to more central in the conversations surrounding institutional uses of student data. After outlining this evol...
Article
This article examines developments in the ‘smart classroom’ as a new frontier for the university. It provides a conceptual map of the scope and limitations of smart classrooms, contextualized to smart university initiatives. First, it introduces the notion of ‘smart’ technology in cities, campuses, and classrooms. Next, it examines how the smart cl...
Article
Published in Distance Education in China 4:1-11 摘要:学习分析自从2011年出现以来,不管是作为一个研究重点还是实践领域,它一直在发展,从某种程度上讲已经成熟了。学习分析不但在增进我们对学生坚持学习和顺利完成学业的了解以及提高我们教学策略的效果等方面有巨大潜能,它还能帮助学生在更加知情的情况下做出选择。然而,学习分析在多大程度上影响学生学习?它在什么条件下能够充分发挥其潜能?这些问题引起一些关注。我们在这篇概念性文章中提出从生态系统观的角度理解学习分析,或是把它视为某一个生态系统的一部分,或是把它当成一个生态系统,这个系统由各种人为和非人为因素(行动者)组成,包含一系列相互交叉、常常互相依存且又是彼此一部分的变量。鉴于学习分析有提高学习效果的潜...
Article
This paper outlines some of the material assemblages that are formed in international distance education (DE) in Africa. It offers a first exploratory study of materialities in DE and how they potentially distribute and aggregate to form a network to provide education. Through the use of interviews, students lived experiences are explored to unpack...
Article
Assessment and learning analytics both collect, analyse and use student data, albeit different types of data and to some extent, for various purposes. Based on the data collected and analysed, learning analytics allow for decisions to be made not only with regard to evaluating progress in achieving learning outcomes but also evaluative judgments ab...
Article
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Student data, whether in the form of engagement data, assignments or examinations, form the foundation for assessment and evaluation in higher education. As higher education institutions progressively move to blended and online environments, we have access to, not only more data than before, but also a greater variety of demographic and behavioural...
Presentation
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Invited presentation, 14 November 2019, University of South Africa, Unisa
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Re-imagining assessment: mapping student crossings
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Invited presentation at the Higher Education Conference 2-4 October 2019 - "Reinventing South Africa's universities for the future" hosted by Universities of South Africa
Conference Paper
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Considering that technology has always been part of education and specifically distance education, this should not result in complacency. Recent advances in technology and educational policy offer huge potential for the rethinking of pedagogical strategies. While technology has always formed an essential element in pedagogical approaches at the Ope...
Presentation
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Invited presentation to the Institute for Open and Distance Learning (IODL), University of South Africa, 4 September 2019
Presentation
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Presentation at the Department of Business Management, University of South Africa
Article
Data—their collection, analysis and use—have always been part of education, used to inform policy, strategy, operations, resource allocation, and, in the past, teaching and learning. Recently, with the emergence of learning analytics, the collection, measurement, analysis and use of student data have become an increasingly important research focus...
Article
Student data privacy as a research focus and practice is relatively under-researched in the context of massive open online courses (MOOCs). Central to researching student data privacy in the context of online service providers are the various user agreements that participants must accept or opt into before they can use a MOOC platform. Such documen...
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Much research in face-to-face contexts outlines the importance of early adjustment on students' higher education experiences. However, few studies have replicated this research in distance learning contexts to unpack the early multifaceted adjustments associated with studying in absence of a physical campus. This is particularly needed from a Globa...
Article
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Much of the research on how social media is embedded into the educational practices of higher education students has a Western orientation. In concentrating on a case study of the varied ways in which African International Distance Education (IDE) students actively use social media to shape their learning experiences, we discuss an under-researched...
Conference Paper
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Evidence suggests that individuals are often willing to exchange personal data for (real or perceived) benefits. Such an exchange may be impacted by their trust in a particular context and their (real or perceived) control over their data. Students remain concerned about the scope and detail of surveillance of their learning behavior, their privacy...
Chapter
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In South Africa, the evolution of correspondence distance education to online education is a fairly recent. Currently distance education (at the most still off-line/correspondence) as a subsystem to higher education in South Africa contributes up to 40% of headcount students and approximately 30% of full-time equivalent students (DHET, 2014b). In o...
Chapter
In this chapter, we examine the notion of responsible learning analytics. Such an approach requires institutions to take an answerable and response-able approach to using student data. Learning analytics, like all educational technology, is shaped by a range of social, political, economic and cultural agendas. As such, this chapter argues that ethi...
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p class="3">While many strategies for protecting personal privacy rely on regulatory frameworks, consent, and anonymizing data, they are not always effective. Terms and Conditions often lag behind advances in technology, software, and user behaviours, and consent to use data for a range of unclear purposes may be provided unwittingly. As the commer...
Chapter
Few would contest the impact of technology on modern day society. There are, however, wide-ranging opinions and contestations regarding the social and ethical implications of the increasing entanglement of our lives with technology (Introna, 2017; Marx, 2016; Robertson & Travaglia, 2017). Introna (2017) suggests that “At the center of this technolo...
Article
In the context of higher education as social space or field in the Bourdieusian sense, exploring the lived experiences of early career postgraduate supervisors allow us to (re)consider the institutionalised rhythms, procedures and practices that shape graduate supervision. At the intersections of, inter alia, increasing numbers postgraduate student...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While many strategies for protecting personal privacy have relied on regulatory frameworks, consent and anonymizing data, such approaches are not always effective. Frameworks and Terms and Conditions often lag user behaviour and advances in technology and software; consent can be provisional and fragile; and the anonymization of data may impede per...
Conference Paper
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Despite evidence that learning analytics has become institutionalised within higher education since its emergence in 2011, there remain questions regarding its impact on informing curricula, pedagogy and ultimately, on student success. A variety of factors can impact on the successful implementation of learning analytics. Despite its huge potential...
Conference Paper
In this paper we explore the potential role, value and utility of a personal code of ethics (COE) for learning analytics practitioners, and in particular we consider whether such a COE might usefully mediate individual actions and choices in relation to a more abstract institutional COE. While several institutional COEs now exist, little attention...
Article
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In the socio-technical imaginary of higher education, algorithmic decision-making offers huge potential, but we also cannot deny the risks and ethical concerns. In fleeing from Frankenstein’s monster, there is a real possibility that we will meet Kafka on our path, and not find our way out of the maze of ethical considerations in the nexus between...
Conference Paper
As higher education increasingly moves to online and digital learning spaces, we have access not only to greater volumes of student data, but also to increasingly fine-grained and nuanced data. A significant body of research and existing practice are used to convince key stakeholders within higher education of the potential of the collection, analy...
Conference Paper
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This brief chapter explores the feasibility of teaching (a code of) ethics against a background which examines our views around data scientists, data analysis, data and, in particular, student data. It touches upon different approaches to ethics and asks whether teaching ethics would make any difference.
Chapter
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As the field of learning analytics matures, and discourses surrounding the scope, definition, challenges, and opportunities of learning analytics become more nuanced, there is benefit both in reviewing how far we have come in considering associated ethical issues and in looking ahead. This chapter provides an overview of how our own thinking has de...
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There is no doubt that Big Data in higher education offers huge potential. However, there is a critical need to interrogate the underlying epistemologies and paradigms which inform our understanding of the potential of learning analytics to increase student engagement, retention and success. The harvesting, analyses and application of student data...
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Amidst the different claims and counter-claims of disruption, innovation and revolutions facing higher education, the notion of Openness is, on the one hand deeply embedded in the evolution of distance education, and on the other hand, one of the key characteristics of more recent phenomena such as Open Educational Resources (OER) and Massive Open...
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This chapter attempts to make a conceptual case for understanding postgraduate student success from a socio-critical perspective as proposed by Subotzky and Prinsloo (2011). Though their model refers to and builds on earlier models of understanding and predicting student success, their social-critical model emphasises student success as a rite of p...
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At present most of the dominant narratives regarding supervision are the official narratives of performance contracts, evaluations and rankings (Halse & Malfroy 2010; Jones 2013; Maritz & Prinsloo 2015). As such, these narratives constitute and perpetuate a particular understanding of doctoral education and graduate supervision in the broader socia...
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There is no doubt that evidence or data and the ethical harvesting and analysis of student can and should inform the management of teaching and learning, the development of curricula, and assessment and student support strategies and interventions (see e.g., Schildkamp, Lai & Earl, 2013). There are, however, a number of authors who express concern...
Article
The growth of learning analytics as a means to improve student learning outcomes means that student data is being collected, analyzed, and applied in previously unforeseen ways. As the use of this data continues to shape academic and support interventions, there is increasing need for ethical reflection on operational approvals for learning analyti...
Conference Paper
As in many fields, most papers in the learning analytics literature report success or, at least, read as if they are reporting success. This is almost certainly not because learning analytics research and activity are always successful. Generally, we report our successes widely, but keep our failures to ourselves. As Bismarck is alleged to have sai...
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The increasing potential and practice of collecting, analysing and using student data necessitates that higher education institutions (HEIs) critically examine their assumptions, paradigms and practices regarding student data. There is a real danger that some current approaches to learning analytics within higher education ignore the fiduciary duty...
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Learning analytics is an emerging but rapidly growing field regarded as offering unquestionable benefit to higher education institutions and students alike. Indeed, given its huge potential to transform the student experience, it could be argued that higher education has an obligation to use learning analytics. In the flurry of excitement and eager...
Chapter
Learning analytics is an emerging but rapidly growing field seen as offering unquestionable benefit to higher education institutions and students alike. Indeed, given its huge potential to transform the student experience, it could be argued that higher education has a duty to use learning analytics. In the flurry of excitement and eagerness to dev...
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In the social imaginary of higher education, there are many mutually constitutive forces shaping academic identities, such as academics’ habitus, dispositions, race, gender and student expectations. Our queer academic identities are furthermore robustly intertwined with, and emerging within, cultural, political and economic histories and realities....
Conference Paper
Though concern about student attrition and failure is not a new phenomenon, higher education institutions (HEIs) have struggled to significantly reduce the revolving door syndrome. Open distance learning higher education is particularly susceptible to high student attrition. Despite a great deal of research into the student journey and factors impa...
Conference Paper
The collection, analysis, and increased use of students' (digital) data promises to increase the effectiveness of student learning, but also potentially to increase student vulnerability. Given the asymmetrical power relationship between higher education institutions and students, they may have little insight or choice into data collected, how it i...
Article
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In the context of the hype, promise and perils of Big Data and the currently dominant paradigm of data-driven decision-making, it is important to critically engage with the potential of Big Data for higher education. We do not question the potential of Big Data, but we do raise a number of issues, and present a number of theses to be seriously cons...
Conference Paper
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Optimizing the harvesting and analysis of student data promises to clear the fog surrounding the key drivers of student success and retention, and provide potential for improved student success. At the same time, concerns are increasingly voiced around the extent to which individuals are routinely and progressively tracked as they engage online. Th...