Paul Palmqvist

Paul Palmqvist
University of Malaga | UMA · Department of Ecology and Geology

PhD

About

227
Publications
64,472
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6,273
Citations
Citations since 2016
62 Research Items
2869 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Introduction
I am Full Professor of Paleontology at the University of Málaga, Spain. My current research interests comprise the taphonomy and paleoecology of Quaternary mammals, including hominins, and are focused on the study of the fossil assemblages of the Orce area (SE Spain), as well as on a number of topics related to quantitative paleontology, morphometry and evolution.
Additional affiliations
November 1988 - present
University of Malaga
Position
  • Professor of Paleontology
November 1986 - January 2016
University of Malaga
Position
  • Catedrático de Paleontología / Full Professor of Paleontology

Publications

Publications (227)
Article
Full-text available
Intermittent flight through flap-gliding (alternating flapping phases and gliding phases with spread wings) or bounding (flapping and ballistic phases with wings folded against the body) are strategies to optimize aerial efficiency which are commonly used among small birds today. The broad morphological disparity of Mesozoic birds suggests that a r...
Article
RESUMEN La paleontología española jugó un papel destacado en el libro "La Evolución", cuya primera edición se publicó en 1966, pues no solo su codirección recayó en tres paleontólogos, Miquel Crusafont, Bermudo Meléndez y Emiliano Aguirre, sino que más de un tercio de los artículos que componen la obra los redactaron autores procedentes de esta dis...
Article
Specialized organisms are useful for exploring the combined effects of selection of functional traits and developmental constraints on patterns of phenotypic integration. Sabretooth predators are one of the most interesting examples of specialization among mammals. Their hypertrophied, sabre-shaped upper canines and their powerfully built forelimbs...
Article
With an age of ~1.6e1.5 Ma, the Early Pleistocene site of Venta Micena (Orce, Baza Basin, SE Spain) has provided the large mammals assemblage of Late Villafranchian age with higher preservational completeness in Western Europe and offers a unique opportunity to analyze the food webs of the mammalian paleocommunity before the first human arrival in...
Article
Full-text available
Our knowledge of the diversity, ecology, and phylogeny of Mesozoic birds has increased significantly during recent decades, yet our understanding of their flight competence remains poor. Wing loading ( WL ) and aspect ratio ( AR ) are two aerodynamically relevant parameters, as they relate to energy costs of aerial locomotion and flight maneuverabi...
Article
The cheetah Acinonyx jubatus, the fastest living land mammal, is an atypical member of the family Felidae. The extinct feline Miracinonyx trumani, known as the North American cheetah, is thought to have convergently evolved with Acinonyx to pursue fast and open-country prey across prairies and steppe environments of the North American Pleistocene....
Presentation
Full-text available
Harpagornis, el águila extinta de Haast (Hieraaetus moorei), fue la mayor ave de presa que haya surcado los cielos. Su masa corporal promedio se ha calculado en 12,3 kg para los machos y 17,8 kg para las hembras. Es decir, pesaba 3,5 veces más que un águila real (Aquila chrysaetos).
Article
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This article studies the evolutionary change of allometries in the relative size of the two main cranial modules (neurocranium and splanchnocranium) in the five living hominid species and a diverse sample of extinct hominins. We use six standard craniometric variables as proxies for the length, width and height of each cranial module. Factor analys...
Article
Full-text available
The chronology and environmental context of the first hominin dispersal in Europe have been subject to debate and controversy. The oldest settlements in Eurasia (e.g., Dmanisi, ∼1.8 Ma) suggest a scenario in which the Caucasus and southern Asia were occupied ∼0.4 Ma before the first peopling of Europe. Barranco León (BL) and Fuente Nueva 3 (FN3), t...
Article
Full-text available
Estimates of adult body mass are usually considered as equivalent of mean population body size in most studies of ancient mammals. However, given that any population is composed in part of subadult individuals, this approach overestimates the mean population body mass and biomass. For this reason, more realistic estimates of mean population body ma...
Article
The archaeopaleontological site of Dmanisi in Georgia, dated to ∼1.8 Ma, provides evidence on the first hominin dispersal out of Africa, while the sites of Barranco León and Fuente Nueva-3 in Spain, dated to ∼1.4 Ma, record the earliest hominin settlements in Europe. However, a number of issues related to the dispersal route, the climatic condition...
Article
Full-text available
Venta Micena, an Early Pleistocene site of the Baza Basin (SE Spain), preserves a rich and diverse assemblage of large mammals. VM3, the main excavation quarry of the site, has been interpreted as a den of the giant hyaena Pachycrocuta brevirostris in the plain that surrounded the Baza palaeolake. Taphonomic analysis of VM3 has shown that the hyaen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Venta Micena, an Early Pleistocene site of the Baza Basin (SE Spain), preserves a rich and diverse assemblage of large mammals. VM3, the main excavation quarry of the site, has been interpreted as a den of the giant hyaena Pachycrocuta brevirostris in the plain that surrounded the Baza palaeolake. Taphonomic analysis of VM3 has shown that the hyaen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Venta Micena, an Early Pleistocene site of the Baza Basin (SE Spain), preserves a rich and diverse assemblage of large mammals. VM3, the main excavation quarry of the site, has been interpreted as a den of the giant hyaena Pachycrocuta brevirostris in the plain that surrounded the Baza palaeolake. Taphonomic analysis of VM3 has shown that the hyaen...
Article
Full-text available
The renowned site of Dmanisi in Georgia, southern Caucasus (ca. 1.8 Ma) yielded the earliest direct evidence of hominin presence out of Africa. In this paper, we report on the first record of a large-sized canid from this site, namely dentognathic remains, referable to a young adult individual that displays hypercarnivorous features (e.g., the redu...
Article
The site of Venta Micena (Orce, Spain), c. 1.6 Ma, preserves one the best paleontological records of the early Pleistocene large mammals fauna in Europe. Here we describe the specimens of the genus Canis Linnaeus, 1758 in the context of the late Villafranchian and Epivillafranchian fossil dogs from Eurasia. Anatomical and metric data suggest that t...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Preprint
Full-text available
The renowned site of Dmanisi in Georgia, southern Caucasus (ca. 1.8 Ma) yielded the earliest direct evidence of hominin presence out of Africa. In this paper, we report the first record of a large-sized canid from this site, namely dentognathic remains, referable to a young adult individual that displays hypercarnivorous features (e.g., the reducti...
Article
Full-text available
two archaeo-palaeontological lower Pleistocene sites of orce (Baza Basin, Se Spain), Fuente nueva 3 (1.3 Ma) and Barranco león (1.4 Ma), preserve some of the earliest evidence of human presence in the euro-pean continent. During the 2013 field season, a small Lyncodontini mustelid mandible was found at Fuente Nueva-3. This finding was accompanied b...
Article
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Cleaning works in the cave of Las Palomas in Teba (Málaga, Spain), developed by the Guadalteba Consortium, have provided a number of lithic tools and knapping products that may be ascribed to the Mode III technotypological tradition as well as remains of a number of large mammal species typical of MiddleeLate Pleistocene times. Topographic measurem...
Article
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Patterns of phenotypic integration and modularity provide important clues to understand phenotypic evolution. Here, we investigate patterns of integration and modularity of the pelvic girdle in mammalian carnivorans. Three-dimensional geometric morphometrics was used to test for different modular hypotheses by combining in different ways the four o...
Article
The lower Miocene Santa Cruz Formation (dated to ~18–16 Ma) of Southern Patagonia, Argentina, preserves rich vertebrate faunas, which are representative of communities that existed prior to the Great American Biotic Interchange (GABI). Some previous researchers have hypothesized that these pre-GABI faunas had a low richness of mammalian carnivores...
Article
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We report on the taxonomy and paleodiet of the bear population that inhabited the emblematic palaeoanthropological Early Pleistocene (1.8 Ma) site of Dmanisi (Georgia), based on a dual approach combining morphometrics and microwear of upper and lower teeth. Given that the teeth of Ursus etruscus Cuvier, 1823 from Dmanisi show considerable size vari...
Article
Full-text available
Ancient evidence of human presence in Europe is recorded in several Early Pleistocene archaeopalaeontological sites from Spain, France and Italy. This is the case of Barranco León (BL) and Fuente Nueva-3 (FN-3), two localities placed near the town of Orce (depression of Baza and Guadix, SE Spain) and dated to ~1.4 Ma. At these sites, huge assemblag...
Article
Full-text available
Significance The six “evolutionary faunas” of large mammal taxonomic diversity described for the North American Cenozoic have a nonrandom ecomorphological spectrum and show a long-term trend toward greater ecological specialization over the past 66 My. We show here that each successive fauna was characterized by a change toward more specialized eco...
Article
Survival and mortality profiles of mammalian species can provide information on the environmental context of Pleistocene archaeopaleontological localities as well as on the agents involved in the site formation process (e.g., the role played by the bone-accumulating agents, including their patterns of food procurement and carcass consumption, or th...
Article
The site of Huéscar-1 (Baza basin, Granada, Spain) yielded an interesting paleontological record close in age to the Early-Middle Pleistocene boundary. In 2003 two lithic artifacts were found, confirming the human presence at this site. The faunal assemblage preserves few marsh turtle remains, a number of avian species, and small and large mammals,...
Article
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Atmospheric conditions are critical for a range of biological functions—locomotion among others—and long-term changes in these conditions have been identified as causal for different macroevolutionary patterns. Here we examine the influence of variations in atmospheric O2 concentration (AOC), temperature (Tair), and air density (ρair) on the power...
Article
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El reglamento de actividades arqueológicas de Andalucía, en su versión actual, lesiona gravemente las competencias profesionales de los paleontólogos y, por extensión, de toda una serie de especialistas del ámbito de la Biología y la Geología, como los estratígrafos, los geocronólogos, los geomorfólogos, los paleobiólogos, los palinólogos, los sedi...
Article
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Se lleva a cabo una revisión de los conceptos, procedimientos y normativa legal vigente utilizados en la definición, catalogación, conservación y puesta en valor del patrimonio geológico y paleontológico. Así mismo, se analizan de modo específico los condicionantes geográficos y geológicos ligados a los lugares de interés paleontológico definidos h...
Article
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RESUMEN España es el país con mayor número de yacimientos bien conservados, cantidad y calidad de fósiles de todo el continente europeo. Aquí se describe el patrimonio paleobiológico correspondiente al Plio-Pleistoceno (últimos 5,3 millones de años) registrado en los principales yacimientos con presencia de fósiles de grandes mamíferos de la Peníns...
Article
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El yacimiento de Baza-1 se localiza en la cuenca de Baza (Granada), pudiéndose considerar la mejor localidad de edad Rusciniense de la Península Ibérica. En este yacimiento se han realizado excavaciones sistemáticas durante los años 2001, 2002, 2015, 2016, 2017 y 2018 en una zona de unos 25 m2 aproximadamente, de la que se han extraído más de 1000...
Article
Full-text available
While environmental factors affect animal locomotion (especially among fliers), few studies have addressed the relationship between aerial function in extinct vertebrates and paleoatmospheric conditions, and none have focused on avian flight. Our study explores the impact of varying O2 concentrations, global temperatures, and air densities on the f...
Chapter
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Comment les vestiges matériels du passé se sont-ils constitués et conservés au cours du temps, durant des centaines, des milliers, ou des millions d’années? C’est dans cette perspective que se placent les études en taphonomie, largement pluri- et inter-disciplinaires, intégrant de multiples approches scientifiques relevant des sciences de la Terre,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La primera dispersión humana en Europa occidental: ¿una colonización demorada? La cronología de la dispersión humana inicial hacia Eurasia desde el continente africano y las edades de los primeros asentamientos europeos se han visto sometidas a intenso debate durante las últimas décadas. Así, la fecha más antigua confirmada de presencia humana fuer...
Article
The chronology of the first human dispersal out of Africa and the ecological role of the genus Homo in Europe as a scavenger or an active hunter during the late Early Pleistocene are two of the paleoanthropological topics most hotly debated during the last decades. The earliest human occurrences in Western Europe are recorded in the Iberian Peninsu...
Article
The Guadix–Baza depression (southeastern Spain) preserves one of the best continental Plio-Pleistocene records of the European continent. The new site, Baza-1, is the first Ruscinian locality with fauna of large vertebrates known in the basin. During the summer seasons of 2001, 2002, 2015 and 2016, systematic excavations were undertaken in the site...
Article
Full-text available
Dental morphology and tooth microwear studies are used as analytical proxies for understanding the taxonomy, biochronology, paleobiology and ecogeographical context of Early Pleistocene Ursus species (U. etruscus) and other large carnivore taxa (Hyaenidae and Canidae) preserved in the Early Pleistocene (Calabrian) sites from Orce (Guadix-Baza basin...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we perform an ecomorphological study on the major bones (humerus, radius, and ulna) of the carnivoran forelimb using three-dimensional geometric morphometrics. More specifically, we test the association between forelimb morphology and predatory behavior. Our results suggest that the main morphological adaptions of carnivorans to different pre...
Article
The paleontological sites of Barranco León-D and Fuente Nueva-3 (Baza Basin, SE Spain) provide the oldest evidence (~1.4 Ma) on human presence in Western Europe during Early Pleistocene times. In this paper we analyze the demographic inferences derived from: (1) the estimates of population density obtained for the species of secondary consumers pre...
Article
With an age of ~1.4 Ma, the Early Pleistocene sites of Barranco León-D and Fuente Nueva-3 (Baza Basin, SE Spain) provide the oldest evidence on human presence in Western Europe. Here we use a mathematical approach based on Leslie matrices to quantify, for the large mammal species preserved at these sites, the biomass of primary consumers available,...
Article
Fuente Nueva 1 is a paleontological site known since the 1980's, but few excavations have taken place in this locality during the time elapsed from its discovery. The last excavation season, in the summer of 2015, has unearthed more than 250 bone remains of large mammals. It should be notedthe appearance of more than 30 horn cores, mostly complete,...
Article
The functional explanation of the marginal corrugation of ammonoid septa is a challenge given the lack of extant representatives and hence the impossibility of direct experimentation on them. For this reason, the lines of evidence must be based on comparisons of ammonites with other extant cephalopods. Here, we study the ontogenetic allometries of...
Article
Suids are found in Europe before and during the Olduvai magnetostratigraphic subchron, including the Fonelas P-1 site in the Guadix Basin (Andalusia, Southern Spain, ~2.0 Ma), in which the remains have been ascribed to Potamochoerus magnus, and many other localities that record the presence of Sus strozzii (e.g., Saint Vallier and Senèze in France)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Los hipopótamos se encuentran representados hoy día por dos especies afri-canas, Hippopotamus amphibius, el hipopótamo común, de vida semiacuática, y Choeropsis liberiensis, el hipopótamo pigmeo, de hábitos más terrestres (Boisserie, 2005). Los hipopótamos comunes se desenvuelven en zonas de aguas tranquilas y someras, que abandonan durante la noch...
Article
The relative importance of the two main cranial complexes, the neurocranium and the splanchnocranium, has been examined in the five species of extant hominoids and in a huge sample of extinct hominins using six standard craniometric variables that measure the length, width and height of each cranial module. Factor analysis and two-block partial lea...
Article
Full-text available
Lozano-Fernández et al. (Lozano-Fernández I, Blain HA, López-García JM, Agustí J. 2014. Biochronology of the first hominid remains in Europe using the vole Mimomys savini: Fuente Nueva 3 and Barranco León D, Guadix-Baza Basin, south-eastern Spain. Hist Biol: Int J Paleobiol. doi:10.1080/08912963.2014.920015) recently published age estimates for two...
Article
Full-text available
The abundant fossils of avian stem taxa unearthed during the last years make it necessary to review and improve the models for estimating body mass used in palaeoecological studies. In this article, single and multiple regres-sion functions based on osteological measurements were obtained from a large data set of extant flying birds for estimating...