Paul Jimenez

Paul Jimenez
Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz | KFU Graz · Arbeitsbereich für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie

PhD

About

101
Publications
62,470
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764
Citations
Citations since 2017
39 Research Items
641 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Introduction
Paul Jimenez currently works at the Arbeitsbereich für Arbeits-, und Organisationspsychologie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz. Paul does research in Health Psychology, Positive Psychology and Organizational Psychology. Their current project is 'Promotion of healthy life style at workplace.'
Additional affiliations
July 1984 - November 2020
Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Full-text available
Background Workplace health promotion (WHP) is effective when it is implemented in a high-quality and sustainable manner. Companies in the Austrian quality management system can apply for a WHP quality certificate every three years. More and more companies are integrating WHP into their regular operations. This work investigates the WHP quality sys...
Article
Background: Presenteeism, which means attending work while feeling unhealthy or ill, is a serious risk behavior that reduces the employees' productivity and performance. Employees who are treated appreciatively by their work environment show less presenteeism. Investigating the mechanisms behind the relationship between appreciation and presenteei...
Chapter
Digitale Gesundheitsprodukte („Electronic Health“, abgekürzt mit eHealth) liegen heutzutage im Trend, um die individuelle Gesundheitsförderung anzuregen. Es gibt derzeit eine Vielzahl an eHealth-Programmen am Markt, die sich bezüglich ihrer Inhalte, aber auch in ihrer Qualität stark unterscheiden. Dieser Beitrag gibt eine Übersicht über die Anwendu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In today’s world of work, the digitalization of work and communication processes is increasing, and will increase even further. This increase in digitalization at the workplace brings many new aspects of working life to light, such as working in virtual teams, mobile working, expectations of being constantly available, and the need for...
Article
Full-text available
The topic of health-promoting leadership has often been investigated on its impact on health outcomes. However, it is still unclear if healthpromoting leadership has an impact on other well-being parameters at work besides health. Another leadership behavior, the leaders' listening skills, can benefit well-being parameters at the workplace, such as...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In today's world of work, the digitalization of work and communication processes is increasing, and will increase even further as a result of the experiences of the Covid-19 lockdown. This increase of digitalization at the workplace brings many new aspects of working life to light, such as working in virtual teams, mobile working, expect...
Article
Über 3500 Menschen wurden von der Universität Graz und der Firma research-team im Rahmen der „Arbeitswelt: DACH“-Studie zu ihrem Arbeitsalltag befragt – von A wie Arbeitsbelastung bis Z wie Zufriedenheit. Der folgende Beitrag fasst zusammen, worauf es Menschen im deutschsprachigen Raum heute an ihrem Arbeitsplatz ankommt.
Article
Full-text available
Aim Workplace health promotion (WHP) is being increasingly employed as a corporate strategy, being at its most effective when it is implemented in a high-quality and sustainable way. Based on normative principles, a quality management system for WHP was introduced in Austria in 2004. This article examines the measurement quality to validate this qu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Working World in Austria, Germany and Switzerland: Agility in Organizations. A study for assessing mental stress, strain, recovery and satisfaction at the workplace.
Article
Light therapy is a well-established treatment option for seasonal affective disorders and is effective in reducing sleep problems and daytime fatigue. Symptoms of severe burnout include feelings of exhaustion and impaired sleep and mood. Thus, light therapy seems promising for burnout treatment. So far, light therapy effects in burnout were investi...
Article
Full-text available
Health-related resources at work are crucial for followers to stay healthy and to cope with job demands. This study investigates the impact of health-promoting leadership as well as abusive supervision on followers’ social and task resources as antecedents of their health. Moreover, it examines whether the impact of leadership on followers’ health-...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The current study investigated gender differences with a focus on mood, personality characteristics, sleepiness/alertness and cognitive measures in a group of 103 clinically diagnosed burnout patients, who were enrolled in a five week rehabilitation program in specialized centers in Austria. Methods: Patients completed a series of qu...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of workplace social environments has been widely recognized as having an important role in employees' experience of their workplace, which is confirmed by recent research. The greater frequency of incivility, in contrast to the more intense forms of negative workplace interactions, expands opportunities for understanding the social dyna...
Poster
Full-text available
Eine spezielle Herausforderung im Prozess der Evaluierung der arbeitsplatzbezogenen Belastungen ist die Entwicklung von Maßnahmen und diese effektiv und effizient überzuführen in den betrieblichen Alltag. Aktuell können die Verwendung von geprüften und praxistauglichen Instrumenten und der Erhebungsprozess selbst schon als recht gut eingeführt gese...
Article
Full-text available
The measurement of job satisfaction as a central dimension for workplace health and well-being is crucial to set suitable health- and performance-enhancing management decisions. Measuring different facets of job satisfaction leads to a more precise understanding about job satisfaction in research as well as to more specific interventions in compani...
Article
Full-text available
Feedback systems of key performance indicators (KPIs) are crucial for companies to monitor their goals. To stay successful and to improve performance, the employees of a company are a potential resource as they build the link between resources and outcome. A hidden assumption in goal-setting is that the employees feel to have full influence on KPIs...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hintergrund: Betriebliche Gesundheitsförderung (BGF) wird immer häufiger als Unternehmensstrategie eingesetzt. BGF ist dann wirkungsvoll, wenn sie qualitätsvoll und nachhaltig umgesetzt wird. Auf Basis normativer Prinzipien (Luxemburger Deklaration) wurde in Österreich 2004 ein Qualitätsmanagementsystem eingeführt. Die umfangreiche Beschreibung und...
Presentation
Full-text available
Die Verwendung von Fitness-Tools, Apps und Webplattformen (e-Tools) kann mittlerweile als selbstverständlich gesehen werden. Dies gilt für sowohl für e-Tools im Bewegungs- oder Ernährungsbereich als auch für psychische Themenbereiche. Bei der Einbindung in BGF/BGM zeigen sich jedoch schnell kritische Aspekte, die einen möglichen Erfolg in Frage ste...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) tools can support and improve the whole process of workplace health promotion (WHP) projects. However, several challenges and opportunities have to be considered while integrating these tools in WHP projects. Currently, a large number of eHealth tools are developed for changing he...
Article
Full-text available
Background Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different bu...
Presentation
Full-text available
Ein wesentlicher Schlüsselfaktor für moderne Unternehmensstrategien ist Betriebliche Gesundheitsförderung (BGF). Motivation und Loyalität, Leistung und dennoch gesunde MitarbeiterInnen können mit BGF erfolgreich zusammengeführt werden. Dennoch zeigen sich für PersonalentwicklerInnen oft bekannte Probleme, wie Analysen, die nicht gut durchgeführt we...
Article
Full-text available
User characteristics should be considered when designing features for e-health or m-health applications, as the developed solution should aim to support this specific target group. This study explores the effect of user characteristics (personality, health state, stress/recovery state, leadership behavior) on the interest and likelihood of using an...
Article
Full-text available
Organizations should support leaders in promoting their employees’ health in every possible way to achieve a sustainable workplace. A good way to support leaders could include getting feedback about their health-promoting behavior from their employees. The present study introduces an instrument (Health-Promoting Leadership Conditions; HPLC) that en...
Article
Full-text available
Leaders engaging in health-promoting leadership can influence their employees’ health directly by showing health awareness or indirectly by changing working conditions. With health-promoting leadership, leaders are able to support a healthy working environment by providing resource-oriented working conditions for their employees to support their he...
Poster
Full-text available
A detailed measurement of psychosocial risks at the workplace can take a very long time and therefore might be experienced as stressful by the tested employees. On the other hand, short measurements might be incomplete or even miss important information. Computerized adaptive (tailored) testing can provide a solution to this dilemma. An adaptive te...
Conference Paper
In den deutschsprachigen Ländern sind – zum Teil auf Basis gesetzlicher Anforderungen – Organisationen und Unternehmen verpflichtet, arbeitsbedingte psychische Belastung anhand geeigneter Verfahren zu ermitteln, zu beurteilen sowie entsprechende Maßnahmen abzuleiten und umzusetzen. In vielen Fällen werden wissenschaftlich dafür unzulängliche diagno...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a concept of health-promoting leadership is presented that focuses on the interaction between working environment and leadership behavior. Seven key aspects define health-promoting leadership: health awareness, low workload, control, reward, community, fairness, and values. The self-assessment version of the questionnaire was used in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The need for quality: “PsyBel Expert” – A criteria checklist for instruments for the risk assessment of psychosocial workload Objectives During the last years there were strong discussions about the quality of instruments and the way of assessing psychosocial risks in Austria and Germany. The national and international legislative is forcing the p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives The presentation introduces results of the development of the instrument OrgFit for psychosocial risk management and the implementation into the work of work and organizational psychologists. Risk assessment at the workplace is a legal obligation for organizations and nowadays the focus has strongly changed to the psychosocial risk man...
Article
Full-text available
In a comprehensive risk assessment at the workplace, all relevant risks at the workplace–and especially psychosocial risks that might be linked to negative health outcomes–have to be assessed. This detailed assessment of psychosocial risks should be done very detailed and as often as possible, which is often complicated as integrating this assessme...
Poster
Full-text available
Different aspects of stress have to be analyzed to get a more detailed understanding about stress and strain instead of using a summarized factor of stress to predict work-related outcomes [1]. Facets which are used for the description of stress are often based on the ISO 10075-1 [2] and other concepts (e.g. [3]). Investigating different dimensions...
Article
Full-text available
Job insecurity is a serious stressor in the work environment, with negative work-related outcomes. The effects of job insecurity strongly depend on the country’s economic condition. The present study investigated the relationship among job insecurity, job satisfaction, and the intention to quit as well as possible mediating variables (resources/rec...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Workplace resources are found to play a major role in the stress–strain relationship. However, usually different types of resources are investigated, whereas investigating different facets of stress (“stressors”) receive less attention in research about the relationship between stress, strain and resources. Based upon recent research, w...
Article
Full-text available
To reach the goal of healthy workplaces, psychosocial risks at the workplace (also called “mental stress”) must be assessed and managed for every workplace. Psychosocial risks have to be assessed as widely as possible to support deriving tailored interventions for organizations. The OrgFit was constructed to capture all relevant areas of stress acc...
Presentation
Full-text available
In einer österreichweiten Studie („Arbeitswelt Österreich“-Studie, AWÖ 2015) wurden die arbeitsplatzbezogenen Rahmenbedingungen und Umstände, unter denen österreichische ArbeitnehmerInnen unterschiedlichster Branchen Ihrer Erwerbstätigkeit nachgehen, genauer erforscht. Der Fokus dabei lag auf arbeitsbedingten psychischen Belastungen und der Bewertu...
Article
Full-text available
Wood is generally associated with being practical, aesthetic and economy-friendly. Using wood in interior settings also can be based on psychological expectations and assumptions, as wood is attributed as warmer, more homely, more relaxing and more inviting. However, when investigating psychological differences, wood is usually compared to carpets,...
Article
Full-text available
On behalf of the International Test Commission and the European Federation of Psychologists' Associations a world-wide survey on the opinions of professional psychologists on testing practices was carried out. The main objective of this study was to collect data for a better understanding of the state of psychological testing worldwide. These data...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of ICT-solutions has a big potential to raise effectiveness and popularity of projects in the area of workplace health promotion (WHP). A growing list of hardware and software solutions to promote individual health have been developed which are mostly targeting individual health promotion. However, these solutions are very seldom ad...
Article
Full-text available
Reaching the actual target group for a web-based health promotion project turns out to be a difficult task. In this article, individual and organizational factors which can influence the decision of using apps in workplace health promotion are analyzed. Furthermore, we analyzed the opinion about feedback possibilities of apps in workplace health pr...
Article
Full-text available
Negative social interactions, such as workplace incivility, show a strong connection to work-related negative outcomes, such as exhaustion or intention to quit. Despite being aware of the important role of incivility in employees’ working life, there is still a lack of research on moderators and mediators in the relationship of incivility and work-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Organizational commitment is the employees’ loyalty and faithfulness towards their organization and it includes their intentions to be parts of that organization. It has a significant importance because committed workers intend less to quit the job, are less often absent and are more motivated to perform at an advanced level. In the present study,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Employees possess health, abilities, knowledge, skills and personal attributes, motivation, will, values, and feelings. All these features belong to the key factors of existence and development of organizations; therefore the satisfaction of the employees with their job is important. It is a basis for flourishing, creativity and innovativeness; it...
Article
Full-text available
Natural materials in indoor settings influence the human organism positively. Wood is a natural material and shows similar positive effects on the individual's well-being. Because of similar looks and functional properties wood can be compared with laminate. However, when investigating psychological differences, wood is usually compared to carpets,...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of health-promoting leadership focuses on the interaction between the organization and the individual by identifying components able to positively influence employees' working conditions. In the present study, the effects of health-promoting leadership and transformational leadership on the employees' recovery–stress balance are investi...
Article
Full-text available
In recent research on job satisfaction, the aspect of time and dynamics is gaining more and more attention. The Anticipation of the Development of Job Satisfaction (AD) is seen as a concept that looks at the estimations concerning the development of job satisfaction facets in the future. More specifically, as job satisfaction can be seen as an indi...
Article
This study examined the impact of light source (LED and HID) and correlated colour temperature (warm-white and neutral-white) on the well-being, mental state and concentration of shop assistants. The experimental design was a 2 × 2 design with repeated measures and complete permutation on all factor combinations with 48 participating shop assistant...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Purpose A main objective of the European Union is to obtain healthy workplaces on both physical and mental level. To reach this goal, high-quality instruments to assess mental workload at the workplace must be developed in line with international standards (e.g. the ISO 10075-1:2000, 10075-2:2000 and 10075-3:2004). We also need guidelines how to de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Purpose: In the present study, the effects of leadership on employee health are investigated. For this purpose, we introduce a concept of health-promoting leadership culture (HPLC). HPLC focuses on the interaction between organization and individual by identifying specific components in leadership behavior that are able to positively influence the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The concept of health-promoting leadership tries to identify specific components in leadership behavior that are able to support a healthy working environment by changing the conditions at the workplace. The concept of health-promoting leadership bases on the six areas of worklife: (low) workload, control, reward, community, fairness and value-fit;...
Article
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Veröffentlichung mit freundlicher Genehmigung der Zeitschrift personal manager. www.personal-manager.at In der westlichen Welt und besonders in Österreich ist das Thema Arbeitnehmerschutz schon lange keines mehr, das sich lediglich auf giftige Dämpfe oder gefährliche Werkzeuge konzentriert. In der Gesellschaft ist ein Paradigmenwechsel zu sehen,...
Chapter
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Wie kann die Arbeitsplatzevaluierung psychischer Belastungen (AePB) so durchgeführt werden, dass alle Anforderungen gesetzlicher Natur erfüllt sind? Welche Anforderungen können an AnbieterInnen gestellt werden, die eine AePB für eine Organisation durchführen möchten? Wie kann einerseits zwischen AnbieterInnen ausgewählt werden, aber viel wichtiger,...
Article
Interventions- und Präventionsmaßnahmen bzw. -programme werden in der Wirtschaft in großer Zahl angeboten. Neue Berufsfelder entstehen und viele Berufsgruppen bedienen sich psychologischer Konzepte und Maßnahmen. Ob diese Konzepte und Maßnahmen jedoch professionell angewendet werden, ist besonders für Laien, aber manchmal sogar für ExpertInnen, nic...
Article
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Die Qualität von Dienstleistungen im Gesundheitsbereich ist nicht nur für Laien, sondern oft auch für ExpertInnen schwer einzuordnen. Ein Prüfsystem basierend auf Qualitätskriterien kann eine objektive und transparente Beurteilungsgrundlage für die Qualität von verschiedenen Angeboten und AnbieterInnen auf dem vielfaltigen Markt der Stress- und Bur...
Chapter
Die Fähigkeit vorausschauend zu handeln, zusätzliche Sicherheitspuffer einzuplanen, sowie sich flexibel und rasch an erwartete und unerwartete (kritische) Situationen anzupassen (organisationale Resilienz) ist heute einer der wichtigsten Erfolgsfaktoren in der Flugsicherung. Wer die aktuellen Medien verfolgt, stößt regelmäßig auf sicherheitskritisc...
Chapter
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Assessing mental workload to reach healthy workplaces is an important goal we can find in the laws of different European countries. In the line of different standards (e.g. the ISO 10075-3:2004), the assessment of the workplace has to be done considering both objective workload and subjective strain. However, assessing only risk factors leads to a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Organizational strain and stress have a strong impact on employee's health, performance and commitment. However, the consequences of stress are dependent on individual resources. Therefore, measuring strain and stress without referring to subjective recovery processes is not possible. A balance of recovery and stress and an individual's possibility...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Leading styles and leading culture have a significant effect on the psychological and physical health of both employees and managers. The new concept of "healthy leadership" refers to a style of humane and relationship-oriented leading with focus on the subjective well-being of employees and managers. To teach managers in the new concept of "health...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Purpose Leading and business culture have an important effect on the psychological and physical health of employees. On the other hand healthy leaders and healthy employees can support and strengthen the whole organization and provide an essential input for organizational success. Strong and healthy leadership can maintain competitiveness, ensure p...
Article
Full-text available
Burnout is a term which is under discussion and still needs a justification. Anyway, a rise in mental strain can be found empirically. Therefore it is necessary to define interventions for consequences of mental strain in the context of organizations. These interventions can only lead to sustainable results if they are done on the level of the orga...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The quality of leadership has a strong effect on well-being and health of both, leaders and employees. In return, healthy leaders and employees can support and strengthen the whole organization and provide an essential input for organizational success. This new concept of "Healthy Leadership" is a style of human and relationship-oriented leading wi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Health and well-being at the workplace show many effects on organizational and individual aspects. Negative outcomes like low productivity, absenteeism, loss of motivation and/or physiological and psychological illness could be prevented with the implementation of organizational anti-stress programs. But what kind of anti-stress programs assure hig...
Article
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Aufgrund der zunehmenden Bedeutung der Arbeits-, Organisations- und Wirtschaftspsychologie (AOW) in Forschung und Praxis hat die Plattform AOW beschlossen, einen Wissenschaftlichen Beirat AOW ins Leben zu rufen. Die Plattform AOW ist ein Zusammenschluss der universitären FachvertreterInnen in Österreich. Sie wurde von den Universitäten Graz, Inns...
Conference Paper
Bei der Entwicklung und Implementierung neuer Technologien in Innenräumen wird vor allem auf technische und ökonomische Aspekte geachtet. Mindestens ebenso wichtig sind jedoch humanbiologische und kulturelle Aspekte. Neue Studien zeigen, dass der heutige Mensch im Kontakt mit der Natur und natürlichen Materialien Erholung erlebt, Stress abbaut und...
Presentation
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Aufgrund der Relevanz von Burnout und des Bedarfes nach einem geeigneten Instrument zur Identifikation von Prozessen, die zu Burnout (und innerer Kündigung) führen, wurde das Inventar „Dynamic Sequences of Behaviour“ (DSB, Jiménez, Seilinger und Hasibeder, 2010, weiters Hasibeder, 2009, sowie Seilinger, 2009) entwickelt. Dieses Inventar wurde (ausg...
Article
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The main goal of the European Federation of Psychologists' Associations (EFPA) Standing Committee on Tests and Testing (SCTT) is the improvement of testing practices in European countries. In order to reach this goal, the SCTT carries out various actions and projects, some of which are described in this paper. To better inform its work, it decided...
Article
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Der Markt wird derzeit überschwemmt von einfachen Ratgebern, die in ,,fünf Minuten" - in dünnen und dicken Büchlein und teuren Workshops - Lösungen für komplexe Aufgabenstellungen anbieten. Der Werkstattbericht von W. Scholl zeigt fünf Richtungen, wie Wissenschaft und Praxis zusammen kommen sollen. In diesem Beitrag werden diese Darstellungen kriti...