Paul Hough

Paul Hough
Oxford Brookes University · Department of Sport and Health Sciences

BSc (Hons) Sports Science; MSc Strength and Conditioing Science

About

12
Publications
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Introduction
My current area of research is focussed on how sleep affects physical performance and recovery from exercise.

Publications

Publications (12)
Article
Full-text available
Achieving adequate sleep is considered important for athletic performance and recovery from exercise, yet the sleep monitoring methods applied amongst practitioners within high-performance sport are not well documented. This study aimed to identify the athlete sleep monitoring practices currently being implemented by practitioners working with full...
Article
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Introduction. Restricted carbohydrate diets (RCDs) have become popular amongst endurance athletes as a means of increasing fat oxidation and improving health outcomes. However, it is unclear if these adaptations improve exercise performance. Aim of Study. This case study investigated the effect of a three-week RCD on exercise metabolism and perform...
Article
Full-text available
Commercially available wrist-worn heart rate (HR) monitors have become increasingly popular. However, the accuracy of the devices across a range of exercise intensities is largely unknown. This study investigated the accuracy of four wrist-worn HR monitors (Apple Watch Series 1, Fitbit Charge, TomTom Touch, and Mio Fuse). Eighteen adults completed...
Article
Full-text available
Endurance athletes are recommended to maintain energy balance and ensure adequate energy availability (EA) so that endurance performance is not compromised. PURPOSE: Describe and evaluate the energy balance of an athlete competing in a self-sufficient, multistage ultramarathon (MSU). METHODS: A male endurance athlete (Age 35 yrs; Ht 183.0 cm; BM 78...
Book
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Effective fitness instruction and training programme design require an exercise specialist trainer to combine professional experience with strategies underpinned by scientific evidence. This is the first comprehensive fitness instruction and training programme design resource to explore the evidence-base of effective programme design, drawing on cu...
Poster
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Contrast water therapy (CWT) has become a common post exercise recovery strategy among athletes to alleviate the delayed onset of muscle soreness and promote recovery. During CWT athletes alternate between cold and hot water immersion after a strenuous exercise bout. CWT can induce rapid changes intra-muscular hydrostatic pressure, which may alter...
Poster
Full-text available
High intensity interval training (HIIT) is recognised as a time efficient training method that produces similar and sometimes superior health benefits than the continuous exercise method (1). A large body of evidence demonstrates that HIIT programmes are highly effective at improving cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, blood pressure, HDL-...
Poster
Full-text available
Compression garments (CG) have recently become popular amongst professional and recreational athletes as there is evidence to suggest the garments may enhance hemodynamics (1) and reduce muscle oscillation during exercise (2), which may improve athletic performance in endurance sports . The use of lower-body CG has also been demonstrated to increas...
Article
Full-text available
Temporary muscle damage precipitated by downhill walking affects muscle function and potentially exposes muscle to further musculoskeletal injury. We hypothesized that the use of trekking poles would help maintain muscle function and reduce indices of muscle damage after a day's mountain trekking. Thirty-seven physically active males (n = 26) and f...
Article
Full-text available
Temporary muscle damage precipitated by downhill walking affects muscle function and potentially exposes muscle to further mus-culoskeletal injury. Purpose: We hypothesized that the use of trekking poles would help maintain muscle function and reduce indices of muscle damage after a day's mountain trekking. Methods: Thirty-seven physically active m...
Article
Full-text available
The results of previous research have demonstrated that static stretching (SS) can reduce muscular performance and that dynamic stretching (DS) can enhance muscular performance. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of SS and DS on vertical jump (VJ) performance and electromyographic (EMG) activity of the m. vastus medialis. Eleven he...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
During moderate to high intensity exercise muscle glycogen utilisation occurs at high rates. Previous research has demonstrated that If carbohydrates are not consumed during events lasting above 60 minutes the muscle and liver glycogen stores can become depleted resulting in a decrease in exercise intensity and performance. Consequently, exercise scientists have historically recommended that athletes involved in endurance sports should consume large amounts of carbohydrate within their diet and sometimes during exercise. However, this practice has recently been questioned by some academics who suggest that high carbohydrate intakes are unnecessary for most endurance athletes, as fat can provide most if not all the energy necessary to fuel activities of a sub-maximal intensity (Volek, Noakes & Phinney, 2015). Furthermore, a low carbohydrate, high fat diet (LCHF) has also been demonstrated to improve metabolic health and body composition (Noakes, Volek & Phinney, 2014). This has led to an increase in the popularity amongst of low LCHF diets amongst amateur athletes. There has recently been an increase in anecdotal evidence suggesting that a LCHF improves endurance performance. However, there is little empirical data which supports this theory. The purpose of this case study is to investigate the effect of a three week LCHF diet on exercise metabolism and performance amongst trained cyclists.