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Paul Guilhamon

Paul Guilhamon
SickKids · Arthur and Sonia Labatt Brain Tumour Research Centre (BTRC)

PhD

About

43
Publications
6,825
Reads
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1,597
Citations
Citations since 2016
34 Research Items
1515 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - July 2018
University Health Network
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2010 - September 2014
University College London
Field of study
  • Epigenetics
September 2006 - July 2010
University of Oxford
Field of study
  • Biochemistry

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Full-text available
Whole-genome sequencing of primary breast tumors enabled the identification of cancer driver genes and noncoding cancer driver plexuses from somatic mutations. However, differentiating driver from passenger events among noncoding genetic variants remains a challenge. Herein, we reveal cancer-driver cis-regulatory elements linked to transcription fa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whole-genome sequencing of primary breast tumors enabled the identification of cancer driver genes and non-coding cancer driver plexuses from somatic mutations. However, differentiating driver and passenger events among non-coding genetic variants remains a challenge to understand the etiology of cancer and inform the delivery of personalized cance...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a deadly cancer in which cancer stem cells (CSCs) sustain tumor growth and contribute to therapeutic resistance. Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) has recently emerged as a promising target in GBM. Using two orthogonal-acting inhibitors of PRMT5 (GSK591 or LLY-283), we show that pharmacological inhibition of PRMT5 s...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastomas harbor diverse cell populations, including rare glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) that drive tumorigenesis. To characterize functional diversity within this population, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing on >69,000 GSCs cultured from the tumors of 26 patients. We observed a high degree of inter- and intra-GSC transcriptional heterog...
Article
Full-text available
Chromatin accessibility discriminates stem from mature cell populations, enabling the identification of primitive stem-like cells in primary tumors, such as Glioblastoma (GBM) where self-renewing cells driving cancer progression and recurrence are prime targets for therapeutic intervention. We show, using single-cell chromatin accessibility, that p...
Conference Paper
The brain tumor Glioblastoma (GBM) is a virtual death sentence for anyone who is diagnosed, with a median survival time of 12-15 months with standard treatments¹ and a 5 year survival rate of under 10% ². There is a strong body of evidence supporting the existence of stem like cells, termed glioma stem cells (GSCs), that can repopulate the tumor af...
Conference Paper
The tumor microenvironment is an important contributor to malignancy in glioblastoma (GBM) by influencing stemness properties in glioma stem cells (GSCs) and their capacity for differentiation into various cell types. Tumor hypoxia is a common feature of the GBM microenvironment and can influence cell state through a variety of processes including...
Article
h3> Tumor progression upon treatment arises from preexisting resistant cancer cells and/or adaptation of persister cancer cells committing to an expansion phase. Here, we show that evasion from viral mimicry response allows the growth of taxane-resistant triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). This is enabled by an epigenetic state adapted to taxane...
Article
Posterior fossa A (PFA) ependymomas are lethal malignancies of the hindbrain in infants and toddlers. Lacking highly recurrent somatic mutations, PFA ependymomas are proposed to be epigenetically driven tumors for which model systems are lacking. Here we demonstrate that PFA ependymomas are maintained under hypoxia, associated with restricted avail...
Article
Thousands of noncoding somatic single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) of unknown function are reported in tumors. Partitioning the genome according to cistromes reveals the enrichment of somatic SNVs in prostate tumors as opposed to adjacent normal tissue cistromes of master transcription regulators, including AR, FOXA1, and HOXB13. This parallels enric...
Article
Full-text available
(Cancer Cell 35, 782–797.e1–e8; May 13, 2019) In the originally published version of this article, the legend of Figures 3B–3E, “(B–E) Mass spectrometry analysis in DIPG-XIII for total (B), H3K27ac (C), K27M (D), and H3K27me3 (E) peptides among total H3,” misstated the labels of (C) and (D), which were inverted. The legend should read “(B–E) Mass s...
Article
Embryonal tumors with multilayered rosettes (ETMRs) are highly lethal infant brain cancers with characteristic amplification of Chr19q13.41 miRNA cluster (C19MC) and enrichment of pluripotency factor LIN28A. Here we investigated C19MC oncogenic mechanisms and discovered a C19MC-LIN28A-MYCN circuit fueled by multiple complex regulatory loops includi...
Article
We investigated the role of 3D genome architecture in instructing functional properties of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) by generating sub-5-kb resolution 3D genome maps by in situ Hi-C. Contact maps at sub-5-kb resolution allow identification of individual DNA loops, domain organization, and large-scale genome compartmentalization. We observed di...
Article
High-grade gliomas defined by histone 3 K27M driver mutations exhibit global loss of H3K27 trimethylation and reciprocal gain of H3K27 acetylation, respectively shaping repressive and active chromatin landscapes. We generated tumor-derived isogenic models bearing this mutation and show that it leads to pervasive H3K27ac deposition across the genome...
Article
Full-text available
Background Single Nucleotide Variants (SNVs), including somatic point mutations and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), in noncoding cis-regulatory elements (CREs) can affect gene regulation and lead to disease development. Several approaches have been developed to identify highly mutated regions, but these do not take into account the specific...
Preprint
We investigated the role of 3D genome architecture in instructing functional properties of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) by generating the highest-resolution 3D genome maps to-date for this cancer. Integration of DNA contact maps with chromatin and transcriptional profiles identified specific mechanisms of gene regulation, including individual phy...
Article
Full-text available
Motivation The 3D genome architecture influences the regulation of genes by facilitating chromatin interactions between distal cis-regulatory elements and gene promoters. We implement Cross Cell-type Correlation based on DNA accessibility (C3D), a customizable computational tool that predicts chromatin interactions using an unsupervised algorithm t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a form of brain cancer with extremely poor prognosis, and for which the standard treatment, surgery, radiotherapy and temozolomide, provides minimal response in only a small subset of patients. This can be partly imputed to the high level of heterogeneity observed between and within patient tumors, and despite extensive charac...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cancer cell survival upon cytotoxic drug exposure leads to changes in cell identity, dictated by the epigenome. Several metabolites serve as substrates or co-factors to chromatin-modifying enzymes, suggesting that metabolic changes can underlie change in cell fate. Here, we show that progression of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) to taxane-res...
Article
Motivation: Single Nucleotide Variants (SNVs), including somatic point mutations and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), in noncoding cis-regulatory elements (CREs) can affect gene regulation and lead to disease development (Zhou et al., 2016; Zhang et al., 2014). Others have previously developed methods to identify important clusters of somati...
Data
Data S1. Bmi1-SB versus SB and Ptc-SB Analysis: Comparative Insertion Site Analysis, Related to Figure 1
Data
Data S2. Bmi1 filtered.clonal.gCIS_3: Insertion Sites in MB Originating in Math1Bmi1;SB11;T2Onc2, Related to Figure 1
Article
Full-text available
We describe molecular convergence between BMI1 and CHD7 in the initiation of medulloblastoma. Identified in a functional genomic screen in mouse models, a BMI1High;CHD7Low expression signature within medulloblastoma characterizes patients with poor overall survival. We show that BMI1-mediated repression of the ERK1/2 pathway leads to increased prol...
Preprint
Motivation The 3D genome architecture influences the regulation of genes by facilitating chromatin interactions between distal cis-regulatory elements and gene promoters. We implement Cross Cell-type Correlation based on DNA accessibility (C3D), a highly customizable computational tool that predicts chromatin interactions using an unsupervised algo...
Article
(Cell Stem Cell 21, 209–224; August 3, 2017) In our original paper, we mistakenly incorporated incorrect catalog information for the TUBB3 antibody into the Key Resources Table. The correct information is as follows: Resource, Anti-TUBB3 antibody (clone TU-20); Source, Millipore; Identifier, Cat#MAB1637; RRID: AB_2210524. We also mistakenly listed...
Article
Full-text available
Human glioblastomas harbour a subpopulation of glioblastoma stem cells that drive tumorigenesis. However, the origin of intratumoural functional heterogeneity between glioblastoma cells remains poorly understood. Here we study the clonal evolution of barcoded glioblastoma cells in an unbiased way following serial xenotransplantation to define their...
Article
Glioblastomas exhibit a hierarchical cellular organization, suggesting that they are driven by neoplastic stem cells that retain partial yet abnormal differentiation potential. Here, we show that a large subset of patient-derived glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) express high levels of Achaete-scute homolog 1 (ASCL1), a proneural transcription factor...
Article
Non-coding mutations found in regulatory elements can function as driver mutations in breast cancer by changing the binding affinity of transcription factors for DNA, thereby resulting in direct change of expression of genes that promote cancer development. Identifying such additional driver mutations can reveal the molecular mechanisms favorable t...
Article
Full-text available
We recently reported that atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRTs) comprise at least two transcriptional subtypes with different clinical outcomes; however, the mechanisms underlying therapeutic heterogeneity remained unclear. In this study, we analyzed 191 primary ATRTs and 10 ATRT cell lines to define the genomic and epigenomic landscape of ATRT...
Article
Full-text available
Wilms tumours (WTs) are characterised by several hallmarks that suggest epimutations such as aberrant DNA methylation are involved in tumour progression: loss of imprinting at 11p15, lack of recurrent mutations and formation of nephrogenic rests (NRs), which are lesions of retained undifferentiated embryonic tissue that can give rise to WTs. To ide...
Article
Full-text available
The use of tumour xenografts is a well-established research tool in cancer genomics but has not yet been comprehensively evaluated for cancer epigenomics. In this study, we assessed the suitability of patient-derived tumour xenografts (PDXs) for methylome analysis using Infinium 450 K Beadchips and MeDIP-seq. Controlled for confounding host (mouse)...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mucosal abnormalities are potentially important in the primary pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). We investigated the mucosal transcriptomic expression profiles of biopsies from patients with UC and healthy controls, taken from macroscopically noninflamed tissue from the terminal ileum and 3 colonic locations with the objective o...
Article
Full-text available
DNA methylation analysis has become an integral part of biomedical research. For high-throughput applications such as epigenome-wide association studies, the Infinium HumanMethylation450 (450K) BeadChip is currently the platform of choice. However, BeadChip processing relies on traditional bisulfite (BS) based protocols which cannot discriminate be...
Article
Full-text available
We present a systematic assessment of RainDrop BS-seq, a novel method for large-scale, targeted bisulfite sequencing using microdroplet-based PCR amplification coupled with next-generation sequencing. We compared DNA methylation levels at 498 target loci (1001 PCR amplicons) in human whole blood, osteosarcoma cells and an archived tumor tissue samp...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of genomic and epigenomic data is an increasingly popular approach for studying the complex mechanisms driving cancer development. We have developed a method for evaluating both methylation and copy number from high-density DNA methylation arrays. Comparing copy number data from Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChips and SNP arrays,...
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Figures S1-S5 and Supplementary Tables S1-S2
Article
Full-text available
Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) genes 1 and 2 are frequently mutated in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), low-grade glioma, cholangiocarcinoma (CC) and chondrosarcoma (CS). For AML, low-grade glioma and CC, mutant IDH status is associated with a DNA hypermethylation phenotype, implicating altered epigenome dynamics in the aetiology of these cancers. He...

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