Paul Greenfield

Paul Greenfield
The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation | CSIRO · Division of Computational Informatics

About

119
Publications
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Publications

Publications (119)
Article
Full-text available
One of the most abundant and ubiquitous taxa observed in eastern Australian coal seams is an uncultured Desulfuromonas species and part of the Coal Seam Microbiome dataset assigned as ‘CSMB_57’. Despite this abundance and ubiquity, knowledge about this taxon is limited. The present study aimed to generate an enrichment culture of Desulfuromonas sp....
Article
Full-text available
Oil spills pose a significant threat to marine biodiversity. Crude oil can partition into sediments where it may be persistent, placing benthic species such as decapods at particular risk of exposure. Transcriptomic and histological tools are often used to investigate the effects of hydrocarbon exposure on marine organisms following oil spill event...
Article
Full-text available
The production of methane as an end‐product of organic matter degradation in the absence of other terminal electron acceptors is common, and has often been studied in environments such as animal guts, soils, and wetlands due to its potency as a greenhouse gas. To date however, the study of the biogeographic distribution of methanogens across coal s...
Article
Full-text available
Subsurface coal seams contain microbial consortia with various taxa, each with a different role in the degradation of coal organic matter. This study presents the sequenced and annotated genome of Desulfovibrio sp. strain CSMB_222, a bacterium isolated from eastern Australian coal seams.
Article
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The global trend of transiting to more renewable energy sources requires transition fuels, such as coal seam gas, to supplement and secure energy needs. In order to optimise strategies and technologies for enhancing gas production, an understanding of the fundamental microbial processes and interactions would be advantageous. Models have recently b...
Article
Irrigation enhances the connectivity between the surface and groundwater by facilitating the transport of energy sources and oxygen. When combined with fertilisers, the impact on groundwater microbial communities and their interactions with nitrogen cycling in aquifers is poorly understood. This study examines the impact of different landuses (irri...
Article
Advances in high-throughput sequencing (HTS) are revolutionizing monitoring in marine environments by enabling rapid, accurate and holistic detection of species within complex biological samples. Research institutions worldwide increasingly employ HTS methods for biodiversity assessments. However, variance in laboratory procedures, analytical workf...
Article
Bacteria and archaea (prokaryotes) are vital components for maintaining healthy function of groundwater ecosystems. The prokaryotic community composition and associated putative functional processes were examined in a shallow sandy aquifer in a wet-dry tropical environment. The aquifer had a contaminated gradient of saline mine-water, which primari...
Article
Methane is an important energy resource internationally, and a large proportion of this methane is produced by microbial communities living in coal seams. Despite the value of this resource for human energy security, our understanding of the metabolic roles played by specific taxa during the biodegradation of coal to methane in situ is quite limite...
Article
Full-text available
Subsurface coal seams harbor an array of diverse microbial species subsisting as a community on the organic matter present in coal. Here, we present the annotated genome sequence of Dietzia sp. strain SYD-A1, a bacterium isolated from a terrestrial subsurface coal seam in New South Wales, Australia.
Article
the southeast Asia and Melanesia region has extensive nickel‐rich lateritic regoliths formed from the tropical weathering of ultramafic rocks. As the global demand for nickel continues to rise, these lateritic regoliths are increasingly being exploited for their economic benefit. Mining of these regoliths contributes to the enrichment of coastal se...
Article
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Diverse microbial communities living in subsurface coal seams are responsible for important geochemical processes including the movement of carbon between the geosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. Microbial conversion of the organic matter in coal to methane involves a complex assemblage of bacteria and archaea working in syntrophic relationships. D...
Article
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Microbes in subsurface coal seams are responsible for the conversion of the organic matter in coal to methane, resulting in vast reserves of coal seam gas. This process is important from both environmental and economic perspectives as coal seam gas is rapidly becoming a popular fuel source worldwide and is a less carbon intensive fuel than coal. De...
Article
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Microbial communities in subsurface coal seams are responsible for the conversion of coal organic matter to methane. This process has important implications for both energy production and our understanding of global carbon cycling. Despite the environmental and economic importance of this process, little is known about which components of the heter...
Article
Full-text available
In adults, fermentation of high amylose maize starch (HAMS), a resistant starch (RS), has a prebiotic effect. Were such a capacity to exist in infants, intake of RS might programme the gut microbiota during a critical developmental period. This study aimed to determine if infant faecal inocula possess the capacity to ferment HAMS or acetylated-HAMS...
Article
Sediment prokaryotic microbial communities were found to alter, both structurally and functionally, with just 46 mg kg⁻¹ of sediment-bound copper. Additionally, the structure of communities recruited onto cellulose baits resting on this sediment was also altered, showing a remarkable sensitivity to copper.
Article
Crude oil is a key contaminant in aquatic environments entering via natural and anthropogenic sources, causing toxicity in marine organisms. Traditionally, biomarkers have been utilised to determine crude oil exposure and effects in aquatic organisms, however advances in genomic technologies has led to increased adoption of transcriptomic approache...
Article
The potential impacts of mining activities on tropical coastal ecosystems are poorly understood. In particular, limited information is available on the effects of metals on scleractinian corals which are foundation species that form vital structural habitats supporting other biota. This study investigated the effects of dissolved nickel and copper...
Article
Full-text available
The subsurface represents a largely unexplored frontier in microbiology. Here, coal seams present something of an oasis for microbial life, providing moisture, warmth, and abundant fossilized organic material. Microbes in coal seams are thought to syntrophically mobilize fossilized carbon from the geosphere to the biosphere. Despite the environment...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Whole-metagenome sequencing can be a rich source of information about the structure and function of entire metagenomic communities, but getting accurate and reliable results from these datasets can be challenging. Analysis of these datasets is founded on the mapping of sequencing reads onto known genomic regions from known organisms, b...
Data
Table S1. OTU Abundances and Their Taxonomic Assignments for All Identified OTUs in Attached Samples across the Sydney, Gunnedah, and Surat Basins, Related to Figures 3 and 4
Data
Table S2. LEfSe Analysis of OTUs Driving Differences in Community Structure between the Planktonic and Attached Communties at Each Time Point, Related to Figures 1, 3, and 4 Positive values (red) indicate OTUs that are significantly more attached, and negative values (blue) indicate those that are significantly more planktonic.
Data
Table S3. LEfSe Analysis of OTUs Driving Differences in Attached and Planktonic Community Structure between Time Points, Related to Figures 3 and 4 Positive values (red) indicate OTUs that are increasing significantly between the time points indicated, and negative values (blue) indicate OTUs showing a significant decrease.
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction. Whole-metagenome sequencing can be a rich source of information about the structure and function of entire metagenomic communities, but getting accurate and reliable results from these datasets can be challenging. Analysis of these datasets is founded on the mapping of sequencing reads onto known genomic regions from known organisms,...
Preprint
Introduction. Whole-metagenome sequencing can be a rich source of information about the structure and function of entire metagenomic communities, but getting accurate and reliable results from these datasets can be challenging. Analysis of these datasets is founded on the mapping of sequencing reads onto known genomic regions from known organisms,...
Article
Full-text available
Genome evolution of microbes involves parent-to-offspring descent, and lateral genetic transfer that convolutes the phylogenomic signal. This study investigated phylogenomic signals among thousands of microbial genomes based on short subsequences without using multiple-sequence alignment. The signal from ribosomal RNAs is strong across all taxa, an...
Article
Biomarkers are frequently used to determine the exposure of fish to petroleum hydrocarbons following an oil spill. These biomarkers must be chosen carefully if they are to be used to determine sublethal toxic impacts as well as oil exposure. Many commonly used biomarkers relate to the metabolism of high molecular weight, typically pyrogenic, polycy...
Article
Ponds represent a black box for fungal ecology. Compared to terrestrial environments, the fungal ecology of aquatic environments is rarely studied, and the few published studies have tended to be of lotic habitats in the northern hemisphere. We explored fungal communities and their responses to a gradient of copper in five year old artificial, repl...
Article
Barramundi (Lates calcarifer) were collected at the beginning (1st sampling) and end (2nd sampling) of the wet season from Sandy Creek, an agriculturally impacted catchment in the Mackay Whitsundays region of the Great Barrier Reef catchment area, and from Repulse Creek, located approximately 100 km north in Conway National Park, to assess the impa...
Article
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Elevated uranium dose (4 g kg⁻¹) causes a shift in billabong sediment communities that result in the enrichment of five bacterial species. These taxa include Geobacter, Geothrix and Dyella species, as well as a novel—potentially predatory—Bacteroidetes species, and a new member of class Anaerolineae (Chloroflexi). Additionally, a population of meth...
Article
Full-text available
This study describes a novel ericoid mycorrhizal fungus (ErMF), Gamarada debralockiae Midgley and Tran-Dinh gen. nov. sp. nov. Additionally, catabolism was explored from a genomic perspective. The nuclear and mitochondrial genomes of G. debralockiae were sequenced. Morphological characteristics were assessed on various media. Catabolic genes of G....
Article
Microbial generation of methane from organic matter in coal represents an opportunity to improve environmental and economic outcomes of coal seam gas production. This has prompted research interest in microbial communities responsible for its generation. While advances have been made in understanding the overall structure of these communities and i...
Conference Paper
The mining and production of Ni is increasing in tropical regions. The potential impacts of these activities on the valuable coastal ecosystems are poorly understood. Specifically, there is little information available on the effects of Ni to corals. Scleractinian corals are keystone species for coral reefs forming vital structural habitats that su...
Article
Located in the Northern Territory of Australia, Ranger uranium mine is directly adjacent to the UNESCO World Heritage listed Kakadu National Park, with rehabilitation targets needed to ensure the site can be incorporated into the park following the mine's closure in 2026. This study aimed to understand the impact of uranium concentration on microbi...
Article
Resource managers need to differentiate between sites with and without contaminants and those where contaminants cause impacts. Potentially, transcriptomes could be used to evaluate sites where contaminant-induced effects may occur, to identify causative stressors of effects and potential adverse outcomes. To test this hypothesis, the hepatic trans...
Preprint
Full-text available
Alignment-free (AF) methods have recently been adopted to infer phylogenetic trees. However, the evolutionary relationships among microbes, impacted by common phenomena such as lateral genetic transfer and rearrangement, cannot be adequately captured in a strictly tree-like structure. Bacterial and archaeal genomes consist of highly conserved regio...
Article
Full-text available
Aspergillus hancockii sp. nov., classified in Aspergillus subgenus Circumdati section Flavi, was originally isolated from soil in peanut fields near Kumbia, in the South Burnett region of southeast Queensland, Australia, and has since been found occasionally from other substrates and locations in southeast Australia. It is phylogenetically and phen...
Data
This file contains supporting information for Aspergillus hancockii sp. nov. (PDF)
Article
The prominent ericoid mycorrhizal fungus, Pezoloma ericae, has not been found in Australia to date. In the present study, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) data from the Biomes of Australia Soil Environments (BASE) was searched for evidence of P. ericae and other known ericoid mycorrhizal and root-associated taxa. ITS sequences with high identity t...
Article
When compared to surface ecosystems, groundwater sampling has unique constraints, including limited access to ecosystems through wells. In order to monitor groundwater, a detailed understanding of groundwater biota and what biological sampling of wells truly reflects, is paramount. This study aims to address this uncertainty, comparing the composit...
Article
Importance: CYP101J2, CYP101J3 and CYP101J4 are cytochrome P450 monooxygenases from S. yanoikuyae B2 that hydroxylate the monoterpenoid 1,8-cineole. These enzymes not only play an important role in microbial degradation of this plant-based chemical but also provide an interesting route to synthesise oxygenated 1,8-cineole-derivatives for applicati...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a novel species of ericoid mycorrhizal fungus from Australia, Cairneyella variabilis, Midgley and Tran-Dinh, gen. nov. sp. nov. The genome of C. variabilis was sequenced and a draft genome assembled. The draft genome of C. variabilis is 52.4 Mbp in length, and to our knowledge, this is the first study to present a genome of an...
Article
Most catchments discharging into the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) lagoon have elevated loads of suspended sediment, nutrients, and pesticides, including photosystem II inhibiting herbicides, associated with upstream agricultural land use. To investigate potential impacts of declining water quality on fish physiology, RNASeq was used to characterize and...
Article
The discovery that coal seam microbial communities contribute appreciably to coal seam methane (CSM) reserves worldwide has led to an increased interest in the coal seam microbiome. While studies to date have focussed on characterising the microbial communities in a mature state, very little has been reported on the physical niche partitioning and...
Article
The potential of microbial enrichment for enhancing methanogenesis in brown coal was investigated by using microbial communities from coal formation water and a mangrove swamp as treatments. After 30. days of incubation with a 'mixed' culture, both the rates and yields of methane generation were enhanced compared to microbial enrichment cultures ha...
Article
Full-text available
Fungi are key organisms in many ecological processes and communities. Rapid and low cost surveys of the fungal members of a community can be undertaken by isolating and sequencing a taxonomically informative genomic region, such as the ITS (internal transcribed spacer), from DNA extracted from a metagenomic sample, and then classifying these sequen...
Article
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The draft genome sequence of Ruminoclostridium sp. Ne3 was reconstructed from the metagenome of a hydrogenogenic microbial consortium growing on xylan. The organism is likely the primary hemicellulose degrader within the consortium.
Article
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The draft genome of Clostridium beijerinckii strain Ne1 was reconstructed from the metagenomic sequence of a mixed-microbial consortium that produced commercially significant quantities of hydrogen from xylan as a sole feedstock. The organism possesses relatively limited hemicellulolytic capacity and likely requires the action of other organisms to...
Article
Full-text available
The draft genome sequence of Clostridium sp. Ne2 was reconstructed from a metagenome of a hydrogenogenic microbial consortium. The organism is most closely related to Clostridium magnum and is a strict anaerobe that is predicted to ferment a range of simple sugars.
Article
Many Bacillus species can produce biosurfactant, although most of the studies on lipopeptide production by this genus have been focused on Bacillus subtilis. Surfactants are broadly used in pharmaceutical, food and petroleum industry, and biological surfactant shows some advantages over the chemical surfactants, such as less toxicity, production fr...
Article
Full-text available
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain EBL11 is a bacterium that can promote plant growth by inhibiting the growth of fungi on plant surfaces and providing nutrients as a nonchemical biofertilizer. The estimated genome of this strain is 4.05 Mb in size and harbors 3,683 coding genes (CDSs).
Article
Full-text available
Motivation: Bioinformatics tools, such as assemblers and aligners, are expected to produce more accurate results when given better quality sequence data as their starting point. This expectation has led to the development of stand-alone tools whose sole purpose is to detect and remove sequencing errors. A good error-correcting tool would be a tran...
Article
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Despite its global abundance, Bacillus pumilus is poorly studied. The Fairview strain was obtained from a methanogenic anaerobic coal digester. The draft genome sequence was 3.8 Mbp long and contained 3,890 protein-coding genes. Like the SAFR-032 strain, it includes B. pumilus-specific proteins that likely confer enhanced resistance to environmenta...
Article
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Gordonia amicalis strain CCMA-559 was isolated from an oil-contaminated mangrove swamp and shown to produce biosurfactants. This strain is a strict aerobe that readily degrades an array of carbon sources, including N-acetylglucosamine, cellobiose, Tween 80, and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, and, like other G. amicalis strains, likely desulfurizes dibenzot...
Article
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The draft genome sequence of Thermotoga maritima A7A was obtained from a metagenomic assembly obtained from a high-temperature hydrocarbon reservoir in the Gippsland Basin, Australia. The organism is predicted to be a motile anaerobe with an array of catabolic enzymes for the degradation of numerous carbohydrates.
Article
Full-text available
The draft genome sequence of Thermoanaerobacter sp. strain A7A was reconstructed from a metagenome of a microbial consortium obtained from the Tuna oil field in the Gippsland Basin, Australia. The organism is a strict anaerobe that is predicted to ferment a range of simple sugars and undertake sulfur reduction.
Article
Full-text available
Bacillus pumilus strain CCMA-560 was isolated from an oil-contaminated mangrove swamp and was shown to produce biosurfactants. The strain appears to be capable of degrading some plant cell wall-related compounds, including hemicelluose and pectin. Genes for biopolymer export and polysaccharide intercellular adhesin synthesis were also annotated.
Article
Proceedings: AACR 104th Annual Meeting 2013; Apr 6-10, 2013; Washington, DC Australia and New Zealand have the highest worldwide CRC incidence with CRC being the 2nd most commonly diagnosed cancer and the 3rd most common cause of cancer death among both men and women. CRC is a complex disease arising from the impact of environmental factors, inclu...
Data
The globally integrated contemporary business environment has prompted new challenges to database archi-tectures in order to enable organizations to improve database applications performance, scalability, reliability and data privacy in adapting to the evolving nature of business. Although a number of distributed database architectures are availabl...
Article
This paper describes a k‐mer approach to analysing DNA data and quickly answering certain types of ad hoc biological questions. These k‐mers (short DNA strings) are stored in a conventional relational database and indexed to support efficient exact match operations. We show that k‐mers around 20–25 bases long have interesting and useful uniqueness...
Article
Full-text available
The draft genome of Methanobacterium sp. Maddingley was reconstructed from metagenomic sequencing of a methanogenic microbial consortium enriched from coal-seam gas formation water. It is a hydrogenotrophic methanogen predicted to grow using hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
Article
Full-text available
Clostridium sp. Maddingley was isolated as an axenic culture from a brown coal-seam formation water sample collected from Victoria, Australia. It lacks the solventogenesis genes found in closely related clostridial strains. Metabolic reconstructions suggest that volatile fatty acids are the main fermentation end products.
Article
The draft genome sequence of Thermotoga maritima A7A was obtained from a metagenomic assembly obtained from a hightemperature hydrocarbon reservoir in the Gippsland Basin, Australia. The organism is predicted to be a motile anaerobe with an array of catabolic enzymes for the degradation of numerous carbohydrates.
Article
Bacillus pumilus strain CCMA-560 was isolated from an oil-contaminated mangrove swamp and was shown to produce biosurfactants. The strain appears to be capable of degrading some plant cell wall-related compounds, including hemicelluose and pectin. Genes for biopolymer export and polysaccharide intercellular adhesin synthesis were also annotated.
Article
The draft genome sequence of Thermoanaerobacter sp. strain A7A was reconstructed from a metagenome of a microbial consortium obtained from the Tuna oil field in the Gippsland Basin, Australia. The organism is a strict anaerobe that is predicted to ferment a range of simple sugars and undertake sulfur reduction.