Paul Finglas

Paul Finglas
Quadram Institute · Food Databanks National Capability

Bachelor of Science

About

240
Publications
96,225
Reads
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5,742
Citations
Citations since 2016
56 Research Items
2502 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500

Publications

Publications (240)
Article
Full-text available
Food, nutrition, and health are linked, and detailed knowledge of nutrient compositions and bioactive characteristics is needed to understand these relationships. Additionally, increasingly these data are required by database systems and applications. This communication aims to describe the contribution to databases and nutrition fields as well as...
Article
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Non-communicable diseases are on the rise and are often related to food choices; nutrition affects infectious diseases too. Therefore, there is growing interest in research on public and personal health, as related to food, nutrition behaviour and well-being of consumers throughout the life cycle. These concepts and their relations are complex and...
Article
Full-text available
Background A better understanding of food-related behaviour and its determinants can be achieved through harmonisation and linking of the various data-sources and knowledge platforms. Scope We describe the key decision-making in the development of a prototype of the Determinants and Intake Platform (DI Platform), a data platform that aims to harmo...
Article
Documentation of all information concerning foods, components, values and references is essential to maintain a food composition database. To users, it provides information on origin and quality of the data. Nevertheless, recent evaluation of value documentation of macronutrients according to the EuroFIR Standard in 26 European food composition dat...
Article
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The antioxidant properties of foods are crucial in nutrition, food chemistry, and medicine studies but are often underestimated, with significant amounts of bioactive compounds containing physiological and biochemical properties remaining in the residue from extraction as non-extractable antioxidants. Over the last decade, extractable and non-extra...
Article
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The abundance of online personalised nutrition services, and the integration of artificial intelligence in wearables and apps as elements of these services, are part of the global trend for personalisation. With respect to diet, however, most of these resources lack scientific rigour, which can potentially diminish consumer trust and compliance. Th...
Article
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The UK national food composition dataset, maintained at the Quadram Institute Bioscience, is a valuable national resource for a variety of users. The UK has a long history of compiling and utilising food composition data, which started for the specific purpose of understanding war‐time nutrition, and is now fundamental to multiple areas of research...
Article
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A new analytical survey on key cuts of pork sold in the UK has been undertaken to determine the current nutrient content of commonly consumed pork cuts and leaner cuts of pork that are becoming more popular. The last government analytical survey on pork for the UK food composition tables was carried out in 1992, and it has been suggested that produ...
Poster
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Quisper ® is a non-profit association (www.quisper.eu) supporting development of a digital platform (Quisper Server Platform, QSP) that can facilitate evidence-based personalised nutrition services in Europe. Quisper ® has been developed from outcomes of a number of previous EU-funded projects including QuaLiFY and Food4Me and it received funding f...
Article
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The sector of food supplements is certainly varied and growing: an ever wider offer of new products is launched on the market every year. This is reflected in new reorganization of drug companies and new marketing strategies, in the adoption of new production technologies with resulting changes in dietary supplements regulation. In this context, in...
Chapter
In the European Union (EU), mandatory nutrition labelling is regulated by Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011. Food business operators must undertake measures to implement mandatory and voluntary particulars of nutrient labelling in order to comply with the legislation. Information supporting the European food industry, large and small, in implementation...
Article
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Background: measuring dietary intake in children and adolescents can be challenging due to misreporting, difficulties in establishing portion size and reliance on recording dietary data via proxy reporters. The aim of this review was to present results from a recent systematic review of reviews reporting and comparing validated dietary assessment t...
Poster
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This poster covers the expansion eBASIS with new composition and activity data on extractable and non-extractable antioxidants.This enhancement of eBASIS to include extractable and non-extractable compounds provides a unique tool, for a wide range of applications, such as dietary intake assessment, exposure and epidemiological studies. Data entry c...
Article
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Food composition data is important for stakeholders and users active in the areas of food, nutrition and health. New challenges related to the quality of food composition data reflect the dynamic changes in these areas while the emerging technologies create new opportunities. These challenges and the impact on food composition data for the Mediterr...
Article
Using food composition data from multiple countries requires a high level of harmonization between datasets, at food, component, and value documentation level. To achieve this, nutrient values in European food composition databases were documented using EuroFIR guidelines and thesauri. Our aims were to evaluate the impact of harmonized documentatio...
Article
Despite the rich biodiversity of the African continent and the tremendous progress so far made in food production, Africa is still struggling with the problems of food insecurity, hunger and malnutrition. To combat these problems, the production and consumption of nutritious and safe foods need to be promoted. This cannot be achieved without reliab...
Article
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Background: Health researchers may struggle to choose suitable validated dietary assessment tools (DATs) for their target population. The aim of this review was to identify and collate information on validated UK DATs and validation studies for inclusion on a website to support researchers to choose appropriate DATs. Design: A systematic review of...
Article
Background and aims: Epidemiological investigations include dietary intakes as primary exposures or potential confounders. To reduce bias, data collection protocols include the administration of questionnaires together with measurements of biomarkers. Some error, however, remains and needs to be considered in the analysis and interpretation of resu...
Article
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Nutritools.org an innovative website including a Food Questionnaire Creator for dietary assessment in health research - Volume 77 Issue OCE4 - M. Warthon-Medina, J. Hooson, N. Hancock, J. Hutchinson, E. Vargas-Garcia, L.E. Gibson, L.A. Bush, K. Greathead, B. Knowles, B. Margetts, S. Robinson, A. Ness, N.A. Alwan, P.A. Wark, M. Roe, P. Finglas, T. S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Accurate diet measurement is challenging and strategies to support researchers in selecting the most appropriate dietary assessment tools (DATs) are required. DIET@NET (DIETary Assessment tools NETwork) partnership aimed to create an online resource that provides guidelines for selecting tools with access to validated DATs. The Nutritools website(1...
Conference Paper
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Unhealthy diet can lead to diseases such as diabetes, allergies, and some types of cancer, among other health-related problems. In order to help users and clinical dietitians access the relevant knowledge about food and nutrition data in e-health systems that use different data sources, ontologies about food and related domains, such as clinical me...
Article
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Research on dietary intake and its determinants is crucial for an adequate response to the current epidemic of diet‐related non‐communicable chronic diseases. In order to respond to this challenge, the RICHFIELDS project was tasked with designing a research infrastructure (RI) that connects data on dietary intake of consumers in Europe, and its det...
Poster
Full-text available
In the last decade, the distinction of extractable and non-extractable compounds has emerged as a key tool in the description of the antioxidant properties of food matrices [1,2]. This leads to the requirement to include extractable and non-extractable antioxidants into comprehensive and harmonized food composition databases for a wide range of app...
Article
As many studies are exploring the association between ingestion of bioactive compounds and decreased risk of non-communicable diseases, the scientific community continues to show considerable interest in these compounds. In addition, as many non-nutrients with putative health benefits are reducing agents, hydrogen donors, singlet oxygen quenchers o...
Article
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This paper identifies the requirements for computer-supported food matching, in order to address not only national and European but also international current related needs and represents an integrated research contribution of the FP7 EuroDISH project. The available classification and coding systems and the specific problems of food matching are su...
Article
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Background: There is increasing recognition that personalized approaches may be more effective in helping people establish healthier eating patterns and exercise more, and that this approach may be particularly effective in adolescents. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a smartphone app (FoodWiz2) in supporting...
Article
Background Research infrastructures (RIs) are essential to advance research on the relationship between food, nutrition, and health. RIs will facilitate innovation and allow insights at the systems level which are required to design (public health) strategies that will address societal challenges more effectively. Approach In the EuroDISH project...
Article
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Background Recent initiatives in Europe have encouraged the formalisation of research infrastructure to unify fragmented facilities, resources and services; and to facilitate world-class research of complex public health challenges, such as those related to non-communicable disease. How this can be achieved in the area of food and health has, to da...
Article
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br/>Background: Dietary assessment is complex, and strategies to select the most appropriate dietary assessment tool (DAT) in epidemiological research are needed. The DIETary Assessment Tool NETwork (DIET@NET) aimed to establish expert consensus on Best Practice Guidelines (BPGs) for dietary assessment using self-report. Methods: The BPGs were d...
Article
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The establishment of the Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity (DEDIPAC) Knowledge Hub, 2013-2016, was the first action taken by the 'Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life' European Joint Programming Initiative. DEDIPAC aimed to provide better insight into the determinants of diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour across the life course, i....
Poster
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The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has developed a standardized food classification and description system called FoodEx (currently version FoodEx2). It uses facets to describe food properties and aspects from various perspectives making it easier to compare food consumption data from different sources and perform more detailed data analysis...
Article
Background Measuring dietary intake is difficult, and strategies that enable researchers to select the most appropriate dietary assessment tools are needed. The aim of this work was to improve the quality of dietary data collected in epidemiological studies. Therefore, the DIETary Assessment Tools NETwork (DIET@NET) partnership, a network of scient...
Article
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Advances in nutrition science methods and tools have underpinned better understanding of the complex interactions between diet, nutrition and health. One example is the development of food composition tables, which provide detailed information about the energy and nutrient content of foods. They are important in many fields, including clinical prac...
Article
A Quality Management Framework to improve quality and harmonization of Total Diet Study practices in Europe was developed within the TDS-Exposure Project. Seventeen processes were identified and hazards, Critical Control Points and associated preventive and corrective measures described. The Total Diet Study process was summarized in a flowchart di...
Article
A review of national nutrition surveys from 2000 to date, demonstrated high prevalence of vitamin D intakes below the EFSA Adequate Intake (AI) (<15 μg/d vitamin D) in adults across Europe. Dietary assessment and modelling are required to monitor efficacy and safety of ongoing strategic vitamin D fortification. To support these studies, a specializ...
Article
Folic acid (FA) supplementation reduces the elevated serum homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations. [6 S]-5-methyltetrahydrofolate ([6 S]-5-MTHF) is an alternative to FA due to possible advantages, that is, no masking cobalamin deficiency. The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of [6 S]-5-MTHF in relations to FA supplementation in reducing the s...
Article
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eBASIS (Bioactive Substances in Food Information Systems), a web-based database that contains compositional and biological effects data for bioactive compounds of plant origin, has been updated with new data on fruits and vegetables, wheat and, due to some evidence of potential beneficial effects, extended to include meat bioactives. eBASIS remains...
Article
This paper presents a Guideline for calculating nutrient content of foods by calculation methods for food business operators and presents data on compliance between calculated values and analytically determined values. In the EU, calculation methods are legally valid to determine the nutrient values of foods for nutrition labelling (Regulation (EU)...
Chapter
There are a variety of ancient texts that describe the benefits and dangers of certain foods, and the relationship between diet and health. The absence of essential nutrients and resulting deficiency diseases were recognized even before vitamins and minerals were ‘discovered’ in the 18th and 19th centuries. Throughout our lives, and even before we...
Article
In order to meet growing public health nutrition challenges in Central Eastern European Countries (CEEC) and Balkan countries, development of a Research Infrastructure (RI) and availability of an effective nutrition surveillance system are a prerequisite. The building block of this RI is an innovative tool called DIET ASSESS & PLAN (DAP), which is...
Conference Paper
Background Accurate assessment of dietary intake is important for planning, implementing of health promotion and when evaluating the effectiveness of public health interventions. However, measuring dietary intake is one of the most challenging aspects of public health research as no dietary method can measure dietary intake without error. Therefore...
Article
The purpose of this study was to estimate the intake of selected bioactive compounds from fennel-containing plant food supplements (PFS) among Finnish consumers. The estimated average intake of estragole was 0.20 mg/d, of trans-anethole 1.15 mg/d, of rosmarinic acid 0.09 mg/d, of p-coumaric acid 0.0068 mg/d, of kaempferol 0.0034 mg/d, of luteolin 0...
Book
The Encyclopedia of Food and Health provides users with a solid bridge of current and accurate information spanning food production and processing, from distribution and consumption to health effects. The Encyclopedia comprises five volumes, each containing comprehensive, thorough coverage, and a writing style that is succinct and straightforward....
Chapter
Vitamins are defined as a group of complex organic micronutrients present in small amounts in food or nutritional supplements that the body requires for its normal metabolism and function. They cannot be synthesized by humans in sufficient quantity for normal metabolic requirements. Certain substances that are considered vitamins can be synthesized...
Article
The objective of this paper is to share experience and provide updated information on capacity development in the Central and Eastern Europe/Balkan Countries (CEE/BC) region relevant to public health nutrition, particularly in creation of food composition databases (FCDB), applying dietary intake assessment and monitoring tools, and harmonizing met...
Article
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The newly developed ePlantLIBRA database is a comprehensive and searchable database, with up-to-date coherent and validated scientific information on Plant Food Supplement (PFS) bioactive compounds, with putative health benefits as well as adverse effects, and contaminants and residues. It is the only web-based database available compiling peer rev...
Article
The Seventh Summary Edition of McC ance and W iddowson's T he C omposition of F oods (MW7) was published in September 2014 and is intended to be a convenient single volume containing the most recent nutrient values for a wide range of almost 1200 foods that are commonly consumed in the UK. In addition to analytical data from recent surveys, all val...
Article
A EuroFIR quality management framework was developed to assure data quality of food composition data, incorporating several recommendations developed or improved during the EuroFIR projects. A flow chart of the compilation process with standard operating procedures to assure critical steps was the starting point. Recommendations for food descriptio...
Article
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To address major societal challenges and enhance cooperation in research across Europe, the European Commission has initiated and facilitated ‘joint programming’. Joint programming is a process by which Member States engage in defining, developing and implementing a common strategic research agenda, based on a shared vision of how to address major...
Article
This paper describes the methodology applied for compiling an “international end-user” folate database. This work benefits from the unique dataset offered by the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) (N = 520,000 subjects in 23 centres). Compilation was done in four steps: (1) identify folate-free foods then find folat...
Article
The EuroFIR Document and Data Repositories are being developed as accessible collections of source documents