Paul Chaney

Paul Chaney
Cardiff University | CU · Wales Institute for Social and Economic Research and Data

PhD Leicester University

About

164
Publications
42,800
Reads
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879
Citations
Citations since 2017
39 Research Items
366 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Additional affiliations
March 1999 - present
Cardiff University
Position
  • Professor (Full) Policy and Politics

Publications

Publications (164)
Article
Full-text available
To better understand why Middle Eastern states continue to languish at the bottom of world rankings on gender equality, this study presents critical discourse analysis of state and civil society organizations' implementation of the Participative Democratic Model of gender mainstreaming. A requirement of the 1995 United Nations Beijing Declaration a...
Article
This study analyses state and civil society organizations’ (CSOs) perspectives on the contemporary situation of human rights defenders (HRD) in South Asia using submissions to the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the United Nations five-yearly monitoring process. The governments’ UPR discourse shows how their engagement is characterized by performa...
Article
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This first pan-regional analysis of civil society organizations’ perspectives on the contemporary situation of human rights defenders (HRDs) in the Commonwealth of Independent States uses United Nations’ Universal Periodic Review (UPR) data and reveals a shrinking civil space as HRDs face a raft of rights pathologies, including threats, violence an...
Article
This study examines Cambodia’s implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Corpus analysis of civil society organisations’ submissions to the United Nations’ Universal Periodic Review reveals a raft of CRC violations including sexual abuse, trafficking and child labour. This is due to political and bureaucratic failings. T...
Article
This study is the first pan-regional analysis of civil society organisations’ perspectives on the human rights situation of LGBT+ people in Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries. Paradoxically, whilst UN treaties extend anti-discrimination rights to LGBT+ people in most member countries, simultaneously, colonial-era legislation makes intimate sam...
Chapter
This chapter explores the crisis facing an estimated 1,000,000 Rohingya people (UN, 2020a), members of a Muslim minority group (a variation of the Sunni religion), that have fled persecution in the western state of Rakhine, Myanmar. The Rohingya have sought sanctuary in the south-eastern district of Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh. Yet both Myanmar and B...
Article
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Since the move to quasi-federalism in the 1990s, different territorial welfare mixes on adult social care (ASC) have emerged in the four nations of the UK. This study explores policy actors’ views on their effectiveness in the pandemic with reference to the role of institutions, trust and transparency. The analysis is based on extensive secondary d...
Book
Description 'The sort of critical awareness necessary to actually enrich discussions of civil society, rather than contribute to its elusiveness, pervades through the book.' -Professor Vedi R. Hadiz, Asia Institute, University of Melbourne, Australia '…introduces readers to the dynamics shaping the complex relationship between CSOs and the state i...
Article
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This study analyses civil society organisations’ (CSOs’) discourse on children’s rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). This is a troubled context, for Israel - the ‘State Party’ to the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), disputes that its obligations extend to the OPT. In consequence, there has been a dearth...
Article
This article analyses the development of the Council of Social Service for Wales during what is often called the Golden Age of the Welfare State. Recovering the neglected history of the peak organisation for voluntary social service in Wales adds to our understanding of the histories of social policy and postwar Wales. The article addresses social...
Article
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This study is concerned with the substantive representation of non-human species in parliamentary business. It applies Leston-Bandeira’s Legislative Functions Perspective (LFP) to a dataset of 2,500 public petitions on animal welfare, submitted over three terms of the UK parliament. The wider significance of this work lies in: (a). underlining the...
Article
In the face of a global demographic shift, an aging population and a ‘crisis’ in adult social care (ASC), this study analyses over 3000 pledges on ASC in political parties’ manifesto discourse following the United Kingdom’s move to a multi-level electoral politics in 1998/1999. Although often overlooked, attention to this formative phase of social...
Article
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In response to international concerns about ongoing rights violations, this study presents a comparative analysis of state and civil society organisations’ discourse on the early phase implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PWD) in the Commonwealth of Independent States. The findings show that PW...
Article
This study addresses a key lacuna by analyzing political parties’ formative policy record on refugees’ and asylum seekers’ welfare in party manifestos for state-wide and meso-elections in the UK, 1964–2019. The findings confirm relational contrasts in issue-prioritization and the framing of pledges – between parties and across polities. The wider s...
Article
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In response to international concerns about ongoing rights violations, this benchmark study analyses the situated knowledge of civil society organisations and examines their discourse on the implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in India. The findings show that Persons with Disabilities co...
Article
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This study explores the party politicization of animal welfare in the context of multi-level governance in the UK. It examines over 1,300 pledges in party manifestos for Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish elections 1998- 2017. It reveals the nature of party competition, including increasing salience over electoral cycles. This is complemented by ex...
Article
This study addresses a key lacuna by analysing political parties’ formative policy record on refugees’ and asylum seekers’ welfare in party manifestos for state-wide and meso-elections in the UK, 1964-2019. The findings confirm relational contrasts in issue-prioritization and the framing of pledges – between parties and across polities. The wider s...
Article
This paper explores Civil Society Organisations’ (CSOs) views on the contemporary situation of LGBT+ people in Bangladesh. It is a lacuna requiring attention because of the country’s poor and deteriorating equality and human rights record. Here we analyse the level of attention to prevailing human rights violations and apply critical frame analysis...
Chapter
This paper addresses a lacuna in the literature on environmental policy integration by exploring civil society organisations’ (CSOs) experiences of participative environmental mainstreaming– a policy imperative to embed environmental concerns in all aspects of policy-making. A raft of international treaties and laws require this to be operationalis...
Article
Full-text available
The international trend of state restructuring and the rise of decentralized welfare systems means a key challenge for social research is to systematically explore the breadth of factors shaping the territorialization of third sector welfare delivery at the meso level in federal and union states. We address this lacuna by synthesizing historical-in...
Article
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Against the international backdrop of rising religious tensions, this article explores contemporary civil society views on religious freedom in Bangladesh. It uses critical frame analysis of the corpus of civil society organizations’ (CSOs) submissions to the United Nations’ third cycle Universal Periodic Review (UPR), 2013–18. It provides a timely...
Article
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This study uses discourse analysis of the critical views expressed in the corpus of United Nations’ Universal Periodic Review (UPR) submissions by civil society organisations (CSOs), in order to explore how the UK, Welsh, Scottish and Northern Ireland governments are responding to their international human rights treaty obligations in the formulati...
Article
In response to international concerns about ongoing rights violations, this study presents comparative analysis of state and civil society organisations’ discourse on the early-phase implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PWD) in the Commonwealth of Independent States. The findings show that PWD...
Technical Report
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Introduction Over the last thirty years, China has undergone comprehensive and profound social and economic transformation. The rapid development of urbanization, marketization, informatization and globalization has brought China a series of major challenges. These include how to adjust the relationship between the state, market and society; how to...
Article
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In order to provide a timely assessment of India’s fulfilment of international obligations on religious freedom this article explores the nature and ‘issue-salience’ of different human rights ‘pathologies’. It uses critical frame analysis of the corpus of civil society organisations’ (CSOs) submissions to the third cycle Universal Periodic Review (...
Article
Against the backdrop of continuing rights violations in Bangladesh, this article analyses issue-salience and framing in the policy discourse of civil society organizations (CSOs) and state elites on the implementation of the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Data from the reports submitted to the second-cycle United Natio...
Article
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This study of LGBT rights in the Russian Federation uses frame analysis of civil society input into the UN Universal Periodic Review. It reveals a stark state-civil society ‘disconnect’ reflecting oppressive government practices, including Law No. 135-FZ on ‘non-traditional sexual relations’. This raises wider questions about the efficacy of the UP...
Article
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This article examines religious freedom in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) using critical frame analysis of state and civil society organisations’ (CSOs) policy discourse associated with the United Nations (UN) Universal Periodic Review (UPR). The findings show how indigenous Chinese CSOs’ input to the UPR is limited. Their voice is muted, som...
Article
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Over the next quarter century it is likely that South East Asian countries will experience high levels of growth in the number of disabled people. It is therefore significant that over the past decade, the region’s governments have at last ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Disabled Persons (CRPD). At this critical juncture, an...
Article
This study is concerned with welfare state development and the intersection between the twin global phenomena of sub-state nationalism and ‘governance transitions’. Specifically, how minority nationalist parties (MNPs) use discourse to exert pressure for welfare change. Accordingly, here, we explore their discourse in Scottish and Welsh elections,...
Article
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In the face of continuing children’s rights abuses across North Africa, the need for governments to engage non-state actors in human rights implementation is explicit in the United Nations’ convention on the rights of the child (UNCRC). Hitherto, this has largely escaped scholarly attention. It is a lacuna addressed in this paper, which presents a...
Chapter
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This study analyses the position of Roma people in the former Yugoslavia using state and civil society discourse on human rights implementation. It reveals that states are failing to give sufficient prioritisation to tackling longstanding discrimination and oppression. Instead of positive the effects predicted by complementarity theory, the finding...
Book
Full-text available
The last two decades have seen big changes within a small nation; the distinctiveness of Wales, in terms of its political life and culture, has grown considerably in that time. This edited collection by a range of eminent Welsh writers, emerging academics and creative artists examines what is distinctive about Wales and Welshness in an interdiscipl...
Article
This article presents critical discourse analysis of state and civil society organisations’ efforts to implement the gender mainstreaming goals set out in the United Nations’ Beijing Declaration. It is argued that the latter represents a generational opportunity to apply a Feminist Political Economic Framework to development in Africa. However, the...
Chapter
In parliamentary democracies, a key question for citizens and social scientists alike is, “who speaks on behalf of different social groups and on different policy topics?” This informs not only an understanding of how democracy works but also the workings of the formative phase of public policy-making. This allows us to understand a range of key is...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses a lacuna in the literature on environmental policy integration by exploring civil society organizations' (CSOs) experiences of participative environmental mainstreaming – a policy imperative to embed environmental concerns in all aspects of policy-making. A raft of international treaties and laws require this to be operationali...
Article
Whilst existing civil society studies generally fail to systematically examine the way that contextual factors shape women’s representation in the civil sphere, political science has predominantly focused on legislative settings. This article responds to the resultant knowledge-gap by examining the hitherto underexplored role of civil society as a...
Article
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Using critical discourse analysis, this twelve-country study addresses a key lacuna by examining civil society perspectives on the implementation of the Participative Democratic Model (PDM) of gender mainstreaming in post-conflict states. The findings reveal specific data, transitional justice, and governance challenges in war-affected states as po...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘Complementarity Conjecture’ - Does Civil Society Engagement Strengthen Input Legitimacy and Shape Policy Delivery? The Case of India and Nepal 2005-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15339114.2015.1099827
Article
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This study presents critical discourse analysis of gender mainstreaming in India and Nepal. Mainstreaming is a United Nations policy objective subscribed to by 180+ states. It aims to embed gender equality concerns in every stage of the policy process. Complementarity theory emphasizes how politicians attempt to cope with complexity by engaging civ...
Article
The present analysis heeds recent calls for a refocusing and reconceptualising of the substantive representation of women (SRW). Its wider contribution to the field is in exploring the SRW in the context of parliamentary scrutiny of government legislative programmes. This is shown to be a multi-faceted deliberative process whereby the SRW is shaped...
Article
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In liberal systems governing-party-turnover and third sector organisations’ engagement in public policy-making are seen as key factors maintaining the health of democracy. However, a significant lacuna in current understanding is the effect on engagement when governing-party-turnover is absent. Accordingly, drawing on qualitative interview data, th...
Conference Paper
This colloquium presents work from the forthcoming University Press Wales edited collection, Our Changing Land: Revisiting Gender, Class and Identity in Contemporary Wales, which revisits seminal publications from two decades ago, reflecting on continuities and changes in post-devolution Wales. The selected presentations focus on four areas of soci...
Article
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A raft of United Nations Treaties, European Union Directives and domestic laws oblige governments in 180 + countries to apply the Participative Democratic Model of mainstreaming equalities to public administration by involving those targeted by equality initiatives at all stages in their design and delivery. Notwithstanding Participative Democratic...
Article
This study explores the level of attention (‘issue-salience’) and use of language (‘policy framing’) related to tourism in political parties’ manifestos in Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish elections in the UK. The findings reveal significant increases in the salience of tourism as an election issue—as well as parties’ contrasting use of language...
Article
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Earlier work has tended to overlook the formative origins of child care policy in liberal democracies. Accordingly, this study examines mandate-seeking and parties’ envisioning of child care with reference to issue salience and policy framing in party manifestos in U.K. Westminster and regional elections. It reveals a significant increase in issue...
Article
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Traditionally, minority nationalist parties (MNPs) have employed the notion of Europe in order to advance an alternative to centralized administration within the unitary state. This study examines whether earlier claims of MNPs’ repositioning on the European Union (EU) are supported by a discourse analysis of manifestos in UK meso-elections. The fi...
Article
This study is concerned with the substantive representation of disabled people (SRDP) in legislative settings; in other words, addressing disabled people's needs and concerns in policy and lawmaking. Mixed methods analysis of post-1940 Acts of the UK Parliament, backbench MPs' use of early day motions (EDMs) and written parliamentary questions (WPQ...
Article
Mandate and accountability theory state that governments should implement the policies that they promised voters. Accordingly, this study addresses a key lacuna by exploring the role of electoral politics in shaping public policy on sport. Attention centres on issue-salience and policy framing in party manifestos in post-war UK elections. In an era...
Article
This study uses mixed methods to explore the issue salience and policy framing of animal welfare in UK state-wide parties' Westminster election manifestos and parliamentary Early Day Motions. Over the past three decades there has been a gradual increase in salience, accompanied by a Left–Right cleavage. The latter is a function of contrasting frami...
Article
This study addresses a key lacuna by exploring the role of electoral politics in shaping public policy on rail transport in (quasi-)federal systems of governance. Attention centres on issue-salience and policy framing in party manifestos in state-wide and regional elections. The findings reveal a significant rise in issue-salience in parties׳ Westm...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses a key knowledge-gap by exploring the role of electoral politics in shaping public policy on the arts. Analysis of the prioritisation and use of language in party manifestos in state-wide and regional elections in the UK reveals that over recent decades there has been a sharp increase in the attention parties give to arts policy...
Conference Paper
The women’s movement played a significant role in shaping the institutional design of the National Assembly for Wales, one of three ‘regional’ legislatures (re-)created as part of the UK’s devolution programme of 1998/9. Feminist activists lobbied successfully for the inclusion of institutional mechanisms to further gender equality – and, crucially...
Article
This study explores the formative origins of youth justice policy and the discursive process of mandate-seeking in party manifestos in Westminster elections. Analysis of issue salience and policy framing reveals: party politicization, a significant increase in issue salience from the 1990s onwards, and a shifting structural policy narrative with in...
Article
Despite sustained public demand for parties to act, the environment has been subject to limited issue salience in UK state-wide elections. This article uses qualitative and quantitative methods to explore party politicisation of the environment in regional elections 1998–2011. Contrary to earlier suggestions, the present findings indicate that mult...
Article
This study explores the formative origins of youth justice policy and the discursive process of mandate-seeking in party manifestos in Westminster elections. Analysis of issue salience and policy framing reveals: party politicization, a significant increase in issue salience from the 1990s onwards, and a shifting structural policy narrative with in...
Chapter
This case study reports on research into the way that political parties are responding to the challenges of an ageing society. In methodological terms, it examined (1) the level of attention (or ‘issue salience’) given to public policy for older people (60+ years) in manifestos for Westminster and ‘devolved’ elections in the United Kingdom, 1945–20...
Article
Research Highlights and Abstract This article Responds to recent calls for a more holistic approach to studying the substantive representation of women (SRW). Specifically, it explores the nexus between the SRW and issue-salience. A theoretically-informed review of the literature and analysis of party manifestos in UK elections 1945–2010 both confi...
Article
Full-text available
Welfare state theory has struggled to come to terms with the role of the third sector. It has often categorized welfare states in terms of the pattern of interplay between state social policies and the structure of the labour market. Moreover, it has frequently offered an exclusive focus on state policy – thereby failing to substantially recognize...
Article
Using mixed methods this paper explores issue salience and the policy framing associated with the substantive representation of ethnic minorities. Its focus is party programmes in Westminster (1964-2010) and Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish elections (1998-2011). The analysis reveals a significant increase in issue salience driven by parties of t...
Article
Ageing societies and cohort‐based differential turnout present challenges and opportunities in political parties' pursuit of electoral support. This article explores their response with reference to the issue salience of public policy for older people in the manifestos for Westminster and regional elections in the UK, 1945–2011. Qualitative and qua...
Article
Over recent decades there has been an international shift towards multi-level governance. Against this backdrop, many comparative welfare studies take government policy outputs as the starting point for their analysis. However, the associated pluralization of electoral systems in unitary states means that welfare choices are no longer exclusively i...
Article
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This article examines the electoral discourse associated with state decentralisation. It offers an original perspective that complements existing studies by detailing the discourse-based dimension of policy agenda-setting associated with Scottish and Welsh devolution in UK statewide parties' general election manifestos 1945–2010. Innovative aspects...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the policy discourse of the Commonwealth in Wales, UK general election manifestos 1945–2010. It reveals party politicization in the immediate post-war period underpinned by contrasts in policy framing and a Left–Right cleavage spanning a range of issues including immigration and development. A significant post-1970 decline in...
Article
This article examines the electoral discourse associated with state decentralisation. It offers an original perspective that complements existing studies by detailing the discourse-based dimension of policy agenda-setting associated with Scottish and Welsh devolution in UK state-wide parties’ general election manifestos 1945–2010. Innovative aspect...
Article
Electoral politics constitute a formative, agenda-setting phase in the development of mixed-economy approaches to social welfare. This study examines issue-salience and policy framing related to the welfare role of the third sector in party manifestos in UK Westminster and regional elections 1945–2011. The findings reveal a pronounced increase in s...
Article
Insufficient research attention has been paid to the way that electoral politics shape public policy on overseas development aid. Accordingly, this study makes an original contribution by examining party politicisation, issue-salience and the policy discourse of international aid in the principal parties' manifestos in post-war UK state-wide electi...
Article
This paper explores the issue salience of social welfare for disabled people in electoral politics with reference to party manifestos in Westminster and regional elections in the UK. Innovative aspects include mixed methods analysis of multi-tier elections on a cross-cutting issue. The findings reveal an initial post-war clinical-medical approach t...
Article
This article explores the substantive representation of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in party manifestos in general elections and regional elections in the United Kingdom, 1945-2011.The findings show that while there is some evidence of progress, there is also significant variation in the attention that parties afford to LGB...
Article
Using an analytical framework based on European Commission directives and United Nations resolutions calling for a mainstreamed and intersectional approach to age equality, this paper examines the UK’s devolved administrations’ governance practices and territorially specific public policy on older people. The findings reveal mixed progress. Whilst...
Article
This exploratory study examines issue salience and the discourse on human rights in the principal parties manifestos in UK state-wide Elections 19452010. Innovative aspects include the application of combined qualitative and quantitative techniques. These are used to test a series of hypotheses. The findings reveal the nature and extent of the part...
Article
Studies of established parliamentary contexts highlight institutional barriers to mainstreaming equality of opportunity in public policy-making. In contrast, this paper uses an actor-centred institutionalist perspective to explore the case of the new devolved legislatures in the UK purposively designed with mechanisms to broaden engagement in the p...
Article
Recent theory‐building on the substantive representation of women (SRW) in parliamentary settings contends that in addition to traditional concerns about achieving a ‘critical mass’ of women, scholars need to question who the ‘critical actors’ are. Analysis of a range of deliberative functions of the Scottish Parliament supports the critical actor...
Article
This paper examines the impact of devolution on social welfare for older people and the associated administration of age equality. Analysis of policy discourse, rights and stakeholders’ views reveals divergent practice in the constituent nations of the UK. In normative terms this is shown to present a tension between universal welfare rights and en...
Article
This paper focuses on the principal parties' manifestos in UK statewide elections 1970–2010. It makes an original contribution by using a mixed methodology to examine the electoral discourse, issue-salience and policy framing associated with civil conflict resolution (CCR) proposals for Northern Ireland. Mandate and accountability theory suggest th...
Article
Following the UK's move to quasi-federalism in the 1990s, the Parliament and Assemblies in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland gained powers over the promotion of equality of opportunity in the exercise of devolved functions. Constitutional law also placed human rights obligations on the regional administrations. Analysis reveals that the first ye...
Article
Using a systems approach, this paper explores the impact of devolution on additional learning needs (ALN) policy in compulsory phase education. Focus is placed on ALN/SEN Codes of Practice, the schools curriculum, teacher training, and the work of education inspectorates and tribunals. Analysis reveals that the move to quasi‐federalism in the UK ha...

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Projects

Projects (10)
Project
https://wiserd.ac.uk/research/research-projects/exploring-effective-practice-civil-society-organisations-promotion-human This multidisciplinary research network project is jointly hosted by WISERD and the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi. It is funded under a Global Challenge Research Fund award from the Academy of Medical Sciences. The Principal Investigators are Professor Paul Chaney (WISERD, Cardiff) and Dr Sarbeswar Sahoo (IIT, Delhi) – in collaboration with Dr Seuty Sabur (BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh). In addition to original data gathering, the network project brings together scholars interested in citizenship rights and civil society. It is a forum for knowledge exchange, collaboration and international comparative research. Areas of enquiry include: What role does civil society play in advancing citizenship rights and promoting inclusive development? How can civil society work in partnership with government in order to realise citizenship rights? How do notions of citizen rights vary between different social groups, and across territories? How can we conceptualise civil society, its relationship to the state - and its role in upholding democracy and citizenship rights? Can we identify examples of international best practice in the promotion of citizenship rights? How can we better understand the interplay between civil society, rights and international imperatives such as development aid, UN treaty obligations and Sustainable Development Goals?