Paul Almeida

Paul Almeida
University of California, Merced | UCM · Department of Sociology

Doctor of Philosophy

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74
Publications
38,158
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1,232
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Publications

Publications (74)
Book
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Civil society actors have contested the fifty-year-long transition to a global economy based on the principles of neoliberalism. Mobilization against neoliberal measures represents one of the most common forms of social movement activity across the world. We explore the evolution of resistance to economic liberalization from the 1970s to the curren...
Article
The paper examines the individual-level building blocks of getting out the vote (GOTV) for electoral parties that represent subaltern sectors in resource scarce environments. Drawing on theories of protest waves, social movement fields, and threat-induced collective action, we examine the likelihood of campaigning in left party electoral mobilizati...
Article
The paper examines the individual-level building blocks of getting out the vote (GOTV) for electoral parties that represent subaltern sectors in resource scarce environments. Drawing on theories of protest waves, social movement fields, and threat-induced collective action, we examine the likelihood of campaigning in left party electoral mobilizati...
Book
Full-text available
In the early decades of the twenty-first century, an international movement to slow the pace of climate change mushroomed across the globe. The self-proclaimed Climate Justice movement urges immediate action to reduce carbon emissions and calls for the adoption of bold new policies to address global warming before irreversible and catastrophic dama...
Cover Page
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Book
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En las páginas de Movimientos sociales, la estructura de la acción colectiva asoman las formas cotidianas de resistencia, las luchas de los movimientos locales y los grupos de base, las olas de protesta y los movimientos sociales transnacionales. https://www.clacso.org.ar/libreria-latinoamericana/libro_detalle.php?orden=&id_libro=2220&pageNum_rs_l...
Chapter
Economic globalization in Latin America over the past four decades has resulted in some of the largest mass mobilizations in the region and has influenced electoral outcomes. This chapter traces the evolution of economic liberalization over time from the early years of the debt crisis to the institutionalization of neoliberalism as the dominant dev...
Chapter
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In September 2019, the third Global Climate Strike organized by the Fridays For Future (FFF) protest campaign mobilized 6000 protest events in 185 countries and brought 7.6 million participants out onto the streets. This report analyses survey data about participants from 19 cities around the world and compares it to data from an international surv...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In September 2019, the third Global Climate Strike organized by the Fridays For Future (FFF) protest campaign mobilized 6000 protest events in 185 countries and brought 7.6 million participants out onto the streets. This report analyses survey data about participants from 19 cities around the world and compares it to data from an international surv...
Preprint
Full-text available
In September 2019, the third Global Climate Strike organized by the Fridays For Future (FFF) protest campaign mobilized 6000 protest events in 185 countries and brought 7.6 million participants out onto the streets. This report analyses survey data about participants from 19 cities around the world and compares it to data from an international surv...
Article
Full-text available
Samir Amin’s final essay called for the creation of a new international organization of progressive social forces. Here I review evidence from twenty-first century transnational movements germane for understanding the likelihood of the emergence of such an international organization and the issues and sectors most likely to facilitate coalitional u...
Book
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Social Movements cleverly translates the art of collective action and mobilization by excluded groups to facilitate understanding social change from below. Readers learn the core components of social movements, the theory and methods used to study them, and the conditions under which they can lead to political and social transformation.
Article
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A growing body of scholarship acknowledges the increasing influence of global forces on social institutions and societies on multiple scales. We focus here on the role of globalization processes in shaping collective action and social movements. Three areas of global change and movements are examined: first, long-term global trends and collective a...
Chapter
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This chapter examines the multiple roles of threat in stimulating collective action. It seeks to establish a greater balance between threats and opportunities in the current literature. Threats are analyzed in relation to grievances, political opportunities, and resource infrastructures. Four structural threats of 1) economic‐based problems; 2) pub...
Book
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A study of local level mobilization responses by the popular classes to economic globalization and the implementation of neoliberal policies
Book
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One of the first longitudinal studies of collective resistance in the developing world, Waves of Protest examines large-scale contentious action in El Salvador during critical eras in the country’s history. Providing a compelling analysis of the massive waves of protests from the early twentieth century to the present in El Salvador, the study full...
Article
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Using a unique dataset on the geographic distribution of reported protest events from local sources, the study explains the variation in community-level mobilization in response to neoliberal reforms in two countries in the global periphery. Building on insights from macro, cross-national studies of protests related to market reforms, this article...
Book
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Olas de protesta y movimientos sociales en El Salvador entre 1925 y 2010
Article
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Using an innovative survey of protest participants and nonparticipants from five major street demonstrations in Mexico City in 2011 and 2012, this study tests the assumption that influences on protest participation vary across different types of events; namely, ritual demonstrations and reactive protests. The comparison is based on two assumptions:...
Book
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Este libro aporta tres cuestiones importantes: primero, explora la riqueza y variedad de los movimientos sociales en América Latina; segundo, ilustra la amplia gama de enfoques y perspectivas que existe entre los estudiosos actuales de la protesta latinoamericana; tercero, muestra que el continente tiene su especificidad propia en el estudio de los...
Chapter
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Over the past 30 years, a new form of contention spread across the globe focusing on issues and grievances related to economic liberalization and integration. Besides ongoing ethnic and religious conflicts (Jenkins and Gottlieb 2007; Olzak 2006), economic-based protests may be mobilizing the largest numbers of participants in social movement-type a...
Article
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Historical shifts in global economic formations shape the strategies of resistance movements in the global South. Neoliberal forms of economic development over the past thirty years in Central America have weakened traditional actors sponsoring popular mobilization such as labor unions and rural cooperatives. At the same time, the free market refor...
Article
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The mass mobilizations against neoliberal reforms are rooted in the weakening of the state-led development model and the erosion of social citizenship rights. At the same time, infrastructures created by the developmental state provide the organizational capacity to resist market-driven globalization. The study develops a conceptual framework for u...
Chapter
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Democratization largely occurred in Central America at the end of the twentieth century. The region also experienced two waves of antineoliberal protest during this democratic transition. Beginning in the late 1990s, the region’s fifty million inhabitants experienced an upsurge in popular movement activity against economic policies directly related...
Book
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This handbook covers social movement activities in Latin American countries that have had profound consequences on the political culture of the region. It examines the developments of the past twenty years, such as a renewed upswing in popular mobilization, the ending of violent conflicts and military governments, new struggles and a relatively mor...
Chapter
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Social movements operate under a variety of political environments. One of the fundamental tasks for movement scholars in the twenty-first century centers on classifying a delimited number of political climates and corresponding forms of mobilization likely to emerge. This entry analyzes the political context of war and the multiple ways students o...
Technical Report
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Con las manos en la protesta! Un estudio comparativo de motivaciones, contextos y dinámicas de movilización en la Ciudad de México. www.cide.edu OCTUBRE 2013 Importante Los Documentos de Trabajo del CIDE son una herramienta para fomentar la discusión entre las comunidades académicas. A partir de la difusión, en este formato, de los avances de inves...
Article
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Resumen del libro "Dinámica de la protesta social en Honduras", de Eugenio Sosa
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Eduardo Silva (ed.), Transnational Activism and National Movements in Latin America: Bridging the Divide (New York and London: Routledge, 2013), pp. xv + 211, £85.00, hb. - Volume 47 Issue 2 - PAUL ALMEIDA
Article
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Rose J. Spalding, Contesting Trade in Central America: Market Reform and Resistance. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2014. Tables, figures, appendixes, bibliography, index, 334 pp.; hardcover $60; paperback $29.95. - Volume 57 Issue 4 - Paul Almeida
Article
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This article examines the historic presidential elections in El Salvador in 2009. Special attention is given to the evolution of the FMLN political party in the post-civil war era and its relationship with social movements in civil society. The combined forces of democratization and neoliberal policy implementation in the 1990s and early 2000s assi...
Article
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This article examines the historic presidential elections in El Salvador in 2009. Special attention is given to the evolution of the FMLN political party in the post-civil war era and its relationship with social movements in civil society. The combined forces of democratization and neoliberal policy implementation in the 1990s and early 2000s assi...
Book
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A compilation of syllabi sets for teaching courses on social movements by social movement scholars and instructors.
Article
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To Rise in Darkness offers a critical reassessment of the dramatic events leading to the 1932 rebellion and repression in El Salvador. These two political events (the 1932 popular uprising and state-sponsored massacre) offer key subjects of study because the popular revolt represents one of the largest uprisings in Latin America during the Great De...
Article
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In the 1990s and early 2000s, government privatization and austerity programs served as the cornerstone of free market reforms implemented throughout the developing world. The selling off of government utilities, resources, and services laid the groundwork for a highly contested battleground in the global South over social and economic distribution...
Article
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In the current wave of defensive collective action across Latin America in response to neoliberal globalization, working-class groups appear most frequently in the documented protest events. The new wave of popular movement activity emerged in the region in the late 1990s and early twenty-first century and is driven by the erosion of the economic a...
Article
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The paper addresses a core question in the literature on states and political challenges from excluded social classes: how is large-scale collective action possible against repressive governments in the global periphery? Using the case of El Salvador's 1932 peasant-worker uprising, the paper contributes to theories of organizational expansion and r...
Article
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The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Chapter
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Social movements aligning with oppositional political parties against health care privatization in El Salvador
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Overview of Globalization and Social Movements in Latin America
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What accounts for the varying outcomes of popular struggles that continue to contest the character and content of neoliberal reforms throughout the developing world? Below, we examine three campaigns against the implementation of second-phase neoliberal policies in Central America to better assess the kinds of situations in which movements challeng...
Article
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The article focuses on varying protest intensities of social movement activists in an authoritarian political environment. Drawing on a sample of participants in El Salvador's El movimiento popular, the paper examines how structural location in the resistance movement's multi-sectoral organizational infrastructure shapes the level of participation....
Article
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This study examines the role of loosely-coupled state actor-social movement coalitions in creating positive policy outcomes. it specifies the organizational locations within the state most conducive to state actor-social movement ties. Using the case of Japanese anti-pollution politics between 1956 and 1976, we demonstrate that favorable policy out...
Article
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We compare activist-based internet data with four other media sources—Lexis Nexis Academic Universe, The Seattle Times, Global Newsbank, and The New York Times—on their coverage of the local, national, and international protests that accompanied the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Third Ministerial Conference in Seattle, Washington in late 1999. U...
Article
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The article combines two strands of political process theory ( opportunity and threat) in a changing authoritarian context. Through the use of protest event, archival, and secondary sources on El Salvador between 1962 and 1981, the study examines the outbreak and forms of two protest waves that are generated by the temporal sequencing of political...
Article
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No hay resúmenes disponibles Realidad: Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades No. 86, 2002: 177-189</p
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This paper examines the Minamata mercury victims' grassroots movement. Our analysis demonstrates the value of using a political opportunity framework to understand local grassroot environmental movement (LGEM) outcomes. We explain the variation over time in a LGEM's ability to achieve successful outcomes across different political environments. Spe...
Article
Richard Moore counts more than a quarter of a century of experience as a community activist and organizer. Today a national leader of what he calls the “environmental and economic justice movement” and what some other leaders and organizations call the “environmental justice” or “environmental and social justice movement” — Moore was a central figu...

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