Patty Nelemans

Patty Nelemans
Maastricht University | UM · CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care

About

141
Publications
14,467
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8,149
Citations
Citations since 2017
54 Research Items
4872 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800

Publications

Publications (141)
Article
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Abstract Background To quantify the relationship between [18F]FDG uptake of the primary tumour measured by PET-imaging with immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of ER, PR, HER2, Ki-67, and clinical subtypes based on these markers in breast cancer patients. Methods PubMed and Embase were searched for studies that compared SUVmax between breast cance...
Article
Background: To provide a systematic review and meta-analysis that evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) compared to standard contrast-enhanced breast magnetic resonance imaging (breast MRI). Like breast MRI, CEM enables tumour visualization by contrast accumulation. CEM seems to be a viable substitute for breast M...
Article
Aims The aim of this study is to evaluate whether agreement with autopsy-determined cause of death (COD) increases by use of postmortem CT (PMCT) or PMCT in combination with postmortem sampling (PMS), when compared with clinical assessment only. Methods This prospective observational study included deceased patients from the intensive care unit an...
Article
Background Punch biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis and subtyping of basal cell carcinoma. The aim of this study was to assess whether use of optical coherence tomography (OCT), a non-invasive imaging tool, might avoid the need for biopsy. Methods In a multicentre, randomised, non-inferiority trial, patients (aged ≥18 years) with an indicat...
Article
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Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a noninvasive treatment for patients with superficial basal-cell carcinoma (sBCC). The efficacy of PDT may vary with different photosensitizers and treatment schedules. Objective: Our objective was to evaluate whether fractionated 5-aminolevulinic acid 20% (ALA)-PDT is superior to conventional two-stage...
Article
Full-text available
Importance: Treatment of actinic keratosis (AK) aims to prevent cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). However, whether AK can progress into invasive cSCC is a matter of debate, and little is known about the effect of treatment on preventing cSCC. Objectives: To evaluate the risk of invasive cSCC and factors that may contribute to increased r...
Article
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Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive diagnostic method. Numerous morphological OCT features have been described for diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). In this study, we evaluate the diagnostic value of established features and we explore whether the use of a small set of features enables accurate discrimination between BCC and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) has shown to be superior to full-field digital mammography (FFDM), but current results are dominated by studies performed on systems by one vendor. Information on diagnostic accuracy of other CEM systems is limited. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CEM on an alternative vendor’s syste...
Article
Optical coherence tomography is a non-invasive imaging technique that enables high-resolution in vivo imaging of skin. Although optical coherence tomography is promising for diagnosing basal cell carcinoma, its limited penetration depth may impede basal cell carcinoma subtyping. This study evaluated whether topical application of glycerol can incre...
Article
Vismodegib has been used for the treatment of locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (laBCC) and metastatic BCC (mBCC) since 2011. Most efficacy and safety data are provided by clinical trials. This study evaluates the effectiveness of vismodegib for the treatment of laBCC, mBCC and basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS) patients, and the tumour character...
Article
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Objective High radiation exposure is a concern because of the association with cancer. The objective was to determine the probability of receiving a high radiation dose from CT (from one or more examinations within a 5-year period) and to assess the clinical context by evaluating clinical indications in the high-dose patient group. Design Observat...
Article
Background Despite tremendous improvement in molecular properties over the last century, intravascular injection of iodinated contrast material may still have systemic and hemodynamic consequences. Patients with pre-existing renal insufficiency may be at risk for acute kidney injury, which may be associated with an increased risk of the need for di...
Article
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The amount of training needed to correctly interpret optical coherence tomography scans of the skin is undefined. The aim of this study was to illustrate how cumulative sum charts can be used to determine how many optical coherence tomography scans novice assessors should evaluate in order to obtain competence in diagnosing basal cell carcinoma. Fo...
Article
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Background: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) plays a key role in patient assessment prior to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, to date no consensus has been established on what is the optimal pre-procedural imaging protocol. Variability in pre-TAVI acquisition protocols may lead to discrepancies in aortic annulus mea...
Article
Purpose Nodular basal cell carcinoma (nBCC) is mostly treated with surgical excision. Interest in minimally invasive treatment of these low-risk tumors is increasing. We assessed the effectiveness of nBCC treatment with curettage and imiquimod cream compared to surgical excision. Methods Patients with nodular BCC included in this randomized contro...
Article
Noninvasive diagnostic strategies such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) enable detailed examination of skin tissue architecture and have potential for identification and subtyping of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). To evaluate the additional diagnostic value of OCT, a prospective cohort study was performed in 182 patients with 250 lesions suspecte...
Article
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Background: The presence of intraplaque haemorrhage (IPH) has been related to plaque rupture, is associated with plaque progression, and predicts cerebrovascular events. However, the mechanisms leading to IPH are not fully understood. The dominant view is that IPH is caused by leakage of erythrocytes from immature microvessels. The aim of the pres...
Article
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Background: The histological subtype of basal-cell carcinoma (BCC) is often based on a punch biopsy; only a small part is evaluated, possibly leading to misclassification. Consensus on the optimal approach to process punch biopsies is lacking, though accurate subtyping is important for appropriate treatment. Objective: The aim is to investigate...
Article
Background: Incidence trends of nonmelanoma skin cancer show an increase. Few data have been published about the incidence of Bowen disease (BD). Three previous studies, conducted more than 15 years ago in North America, found large variation in incidence rates in Caucasians, and trends over longer periods have never been studied. Objective: To...
Article
Objectives: Clinical guidelines recommend prophylactic intravenous fluids for patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m to prevent adverse postcontrast outcomes. These patients represent a small minority of the population receiving intravascular iodinated contrast material, and data are not readily availa...
Article
Background Actinic keratosis is the most frequent premalignant skin disease in the white population. In current guidelines, no clear recommendations are made about which treatment is preferred. Methods We investigated the effectiveness of four frequently used field-directed treatments (for multiple lesions in a continuous area). Patients with a cl...
Article
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Background We evaluated the characteristics of a novel text message system notifying citizen rescuers in cases of out-of-hospital circulatory arrest (OHCA) in the Dutch province of Limburg, including their relation to incidence and survival. Methods and results The study area comprised 2,153 km² (831 mi²) with 1.12 mio. inhabitants. During the 2‑y...
Article
Background There have been concerns that recurrences after noninvasive therapy for basal cell carcinoma (BCC) transform into a “more aggressive” histologic subtype. Objective We sought to evaluate the proportion of patients with a nonsuperficial treatment failure after noninvasive therapy for superficial BCC. Methods An observational study was pe...
Article
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Background The aim of A MAastricht Contrast-Induced Nephropathy Guideline (AMACING) trial was to evaluate non-inferiority of no prophylaxis compared to guideline-recommended prophylaxis in preventing contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), and to explore the effect on long-term post-contrast adverse outcomes. The current paper presents the long-term re...
Article
In patients with neurofibromatosis type 1, transformation of neurofibromas into a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a severe complication of the disease. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) is a viable option for detecting malignant tumors in neurofibromatosis type 1 patients. The aim of this review was...
Article
Background Carotid atherosclerosis is an important cause of stroke. Intra-plaque haemorrhage (IPH) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) increases stroke risk. Development of IPH is only partly understood. Thrombin is an essential enzyme in haemostasis. Experimental animal studies have shown conflicting results on the relation between thrombin and pl...
Article
Objectives: Recently, safety guidelines for the use of intravascular iodinated contrast material have been updated, and the recommended threshold for giving prophylaxis to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has been reduced to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m. Data on this population in the context of...
Article
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To adequately identify patients at risk for surgical site infection in dermatological surgery and effectively prescribe antibiotic prophylaxis, a prediction model may be helpful. Such a model was developed using data from 1,407 patients who underwent dermatological surgery without antibiotic prophylaxis. The multivariable logistic regression model...
Article
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Correction to:Neth Heart J 2017 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-017-1057-1 In the version of the article originally published online, there was an error in the last section of the Discussion. It is stated that 'In 42% of the OHCAs a volunteer alert would have been appropriate, but the alert system ….
Article
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Background: Recently we showed that a citizen volunteer system using text message alerts improves survival of out-of-hospital sudden circulatory arrest (OHCA). It is important to characterise the OHCA population encountered by the volunteers regarding circumstances and causes of the arrests. Methods and results: Eligible for this study were 968...
Article
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Current literature on risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) in dermatological surgery in the absence of antibiotic prophylaxis is limited. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate patients presenting for dermatological surgery. A total of 1,977 procedures were reviewed. SSI was clinically suspected in 79 (4.0%) patients and co...
Article
For the treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma, a prospective non-inferiority randomized controlled multicenter trial with 601 patients showed that 5% imiquimod cream was superior and 5-fluorouracil cream not inferior to methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) at one and three year post-treatment. No definite conclusion could b...
Article
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Background: Patients with a recent ischemic stroke have a higher risk of recurrent stroke compared to (ocular) transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients. Plaque microvasculature is considered as a feature of plaque vulnerability and can be quantified with carotid dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI). The purpose of this cross-sectional study was...
Article
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Introduction Deep venous obstruction (DVO) has a great impact on quality of life (QoL) comparable to angina pectoris or chronic pulmonary disease. Post-thrombotic scar formation and May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) are the most common causes of DVO. Conventional treatment of DVO focuses on reducing pain or leg swelling by use of (pain) medication and the...
Article
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There is an ongoing search for noninvasive and targeted therapies in dermato-oncology. Superficial basal cell carcinoma (BCC), in particular, is accessible for topical treatments.
Article
Background The suturing technique and its associated complications could affect cosmetic outcome after facial surgery. Literature on this topic is limited. Objective To compare the cosmetic results 12 months after treatment and complications associated with simple interrupted sutures (SIS) versus running subcuticular sutures (RSS) in facial surger...
Article
Objectives: To evaluate diagnostic performance of follow-up MRI for detection of local recurrence of rectal cancer after transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM). Methods: Between January 2006 and February 2014, 81 patients who underwent TEM were included. Two expert readers (R1 and R2), independently evaluated T2-weighted (T2W) MRI and diffusion...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Recently we found that the text message alert system increases survival of sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The aim of the present study is to explore the contribution of the system to survival specifically in resuscitation settings with prolonged delay of start of resuscitation. Methods and results: Data were used from consecutive p...
Article
With the continuously rising incidence and changing populations of patients with basal cell carcinoma, evidence about the different treatment modalities is mandatory. Randomized clinical trials, such as the surgery versus imiquimod for nodular superficial basal cell carcinoma trial, can provide this evidence. Patients can then be informed about all...
Article
Background: Intravenous saline is recommended in clinical practice guidelines as the cornerstone for preventing contrast-induced nephropathy in patients with compromised renal function. However, clinical-effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this prophylactic hydration treatment in protecting renal function has not been adequately studied in the...
Article
Objective: The purpose of this article is to determine the accuracy of CT in the detection of tumor invasion beyond the bowel wall and nodal involvement of colon carcinomas. A literature search was performed to identify studies describing the accuracy of CT in the staging of colon carcinomas. Studies including rectal carcinomas that were inseparab...
Article
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Purpose: This study aims to explore the influence of chemoradiation treatment (CRT) on rectal cancer nodes and to generate hypotheses why nodal restaging post-CRT is more accurate than at primary staging. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with locally advanced rectal cancer underwent MRI pre- and post-CRT. All visible mesorectal nodes were measured...
Article
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Aims: The survival rate of sudden Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests (OHCAs) increases by early notification of Emergency Medical Systems (EMS) and early application of basic life support (BLS) techniques and defibrillation. A Text Message (TM) alert system for trained volunteers in the community was implemented in the Netherlands to reduce response...
Article
Background: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and vitamin-D derivatives can target signaling pathways activated in basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Objective: We investigated the efficacy of topically applied diclofenac sodium 3% gel, calcitriol 3 μg/g ointment, and a combination of both in superficial BCC (sBCC) and nodular BCC. Methods: Patien...
Article
A randomized controlled trial including 601 patients previously showed that the effectiveness of imiquimod and fluorouracil cream were not-inferior to methylaminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) in patients with superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC) after one year follow-up. We now present the three years follow-up results. The probabili...
Article
Background: There is limited literature on efficacy using a 2-fold illumination scheme in aminolevulinic acid (ALA) photodynamic therapy for superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC). Objectives: We sought to determine the efficacy of ALA photodynamic therapy for sBCC using a 2-fold illumination scheme after a single ALA application. Treatment fai...
Article
Introduction A study of diagnostic test accuracy compares a single index test to a gold standard to determine status of disease. The observed accuracy of a test varies among patient subgroups and is sensitive to bias. To achieve reliable estimates of diagnostic accuracy, an appropriate study design in a clinically relevant population is warranted....
Article
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with light emitting diode (LED) illumination is a frequently used treatment modality for actinic keratosis (AK) with excellent cosmetic outcome. A major disadvantage, however, is the high pain score. Use of illumination using pulsed dye laser (PDL) has been suggested, but the long-term efficacy of this treatment is unknow...
Article
Full-text available
Background The objectives of this study were to investigate the changes in routine laboratory tests and rotational thromboelastometry variables after cardiopulmonary bypass and to investigate the association of these variables with postoperative blood loss. Methods Blood was obtained at baseline, at admission to the intensive care unit, and at the...
Article
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The response to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for rectal cancer can be assessed by clinical examination, consisting of digital rectal examination (DRE) and endoscopy, and by MRI. A high accuracy is required to select complete response (CR) for organ-preserving treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of clinical examination (endoscopy w...
Article
Test performance is conventionally expressed by gain in diagnostic certainty. We propose net diagnostic gain and indication area as more appropriate measures of test performance; then, the loss in certainty due to misclassification and the information of "no test" would be performed are taken into account. A decision analytical model was developed...
Article
Any diagnostic test has an indication area of prior probabilities wherein the gain in diagnostic certainty outweighs its loss. Here, we investigate whether indication area and the maximum diagnostic gain are robust measures if we assume test dependence, alternative physician's heuristics, and varying patient's utilities. Three mathematical function...
Article
Noninvasive treatments are frequently used in treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC) because of better cosmetic results, lower costs, and less burden on health care services when compared with surgical excision. However, probability of treatment failure is higher after noninvasive therapies and may depend on histologic tumor character...
Article
Full-text available
Background - Contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) is a promising new breast imaging modality that is superior to conventional mammography for breast cancer detection. We aimed to evaluate correlation and agreement of tumor size measurements using CESM. As additional analysis, we evaluated whether measurements using an additional breast MRI...
Article
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Recent literature suggests that the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy (aCT) for rectal cancer patients might depend on the response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT). Aim was to evaluate whether the effect of aCT in rectal cancer is modified by response to CRT and to identify which patients benefit from aCT after CRT, by means of a pooled analysis...
Article
Background: In Bowen's disease (BD) there is no consensus on optimal treatment. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective non-invasive treatment modality for BD with excellent cosmetic results. Objective: This retrospective study examines whether clinical and histological features of BD impact PDT response. Methods: Patients with previously u...
Article
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Background Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cancer in Caucasians. Trichoepithelioma (TE) is a benign neoplasm that strongly resembles BCC. Both are hair follicle (HF) tumours. HFs are hypoxic microenvironments, therefore we hypothesized that hypoxia-induced signalling pathways could be involved in BCC and TE as they are in other human...
Article
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Background Delayed diagnosis and treatment of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) has a major adverse impact on prognosis in terms of both morbidity and mortality. Since conventional cardiac Troponin assays have a low sensitivity for diagnosing AMI in the first hours after myocardial necrosis, high-sensitive assays have been developed. The aim of thi...
Article
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Background: Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterised by the occurrence of benign, mostly facial, skin tumours called fibrofolliculomas, multiple lung cysts, spontaneous pneumothorax and an increased renal cancer risk. Current treatments for fibrofolliculomas have high rates of recurrence and carry a risk of...