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Patti Kristjanson

Patti Kristjanson
Independent Consultant

PhD Agricultural Economics

About

139
Publications
59,211
Reads
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6,402
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
3896 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
Introduction
I'm interested in agricultural research in, for, and with development partners. Linking knowledge with action experience suggests strategic and structured partner engagement efforts, capacity strengthening, attention to and investments in gender transformative approaches, and innovative communication strategies are needed to increase research impact on sustainable poverty reduction goals. How best to do this in different contexts remains a challenge and a researchable issue to invest in.

Publications

Publications (139)
Technical Report
Full-text available
This paper asks ‘What kinds of approaches and institutions, under what sorts of conditions, are most effective for harnessing scientific knowledge in support of strategies for environmentally sustainable development and poverty alleviation?’ In applying an innovative conceptual framework to a diverse set of sustainable poverty-focused projects unde...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we examine conditions that underlie vulnerability and resilience possibilities for households and communities that face and respond to climate- and other changes, in nine East and West African countries. We base our analysis on a unique integrated qualitative and quantitative dataset composed of household surveys and village focus gro...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural development efforts that do not address persistent gender gaps miss opportunities for greater impact. This synthesis reflects on key findings from integrated quantitative and qualitative analyses at the nexus of gender, agricultural development, and climate change. Linked farm household-, intrahousehold-, community-, and institutional-...
Article
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Agriculture is critical to sustainable development, and agricultural production by smallholders in lower-income countries contributes substantially to the food security of both rural and urban populations. Smallholders face many challenges related to urbanisation, sustainable use of natural resources and climate change. While there will be differen...
Article
Full-text available
We develop a framework to conceptualize the multiple ways forests contribute to poverty reduction and inform development interventions in forest landscapes. We identify five key strategies for reducing poverty in forest landscapes: a) improvements in productivity (P) of forest land and labor; b) governance reform to strengthen community, household...
Article
The alleviation of global poverty is a major objective of the 2030 UN Sustainable Development Goals (notably SDG1 “to end poverty in all its forms everywhere”). Many rural people experiencing poverty often rely on forests and tree-based systems, such as agroforestry, suggesting the existence of links between such systems and poverty outcomes. This...
Article
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Recent research evidence shows that women and men often have different knowledge, capabilities, interests and roles in the management of forest landscapes and use of forest resources. The importance of examining the intersection of gender issues in forest landscapes with other socially differentiating factors such as ethnicity, age, poverty, and vu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This pilot gender study in Zambia supported by TerrAfrica aims to build evidence on gender concerns in the context of projects and programs focused on sustainable land and forest management, and climate-smart agriculture. This study is aimed at assisting dialogue between the World Bank Group (WBG), the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) and...
Article
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The promotion of agroforestry as a mitigation practice requires an understanding of the economic benefits and its acceptability to farmers. This work examines the agro-ecological and socio-economic factors that condition profitability and acceptance of agroforestry by smallholder farmers in Western Kenya. We differentiate the use of trees according...
Article
Full-text available
Background Forests provide an essential resource to the livelihoods of an estimated 20% of the global population. The contribution of forest ecosystems and forest-based resources to poverty reduction is increasingly emphasized in international policy discourse and conservation and development investments. However, evidence measuring the effect of f...
Article
Full-text available
Background Forests provide an essential resource that support the livelihoods of an estimated 20% of the global population. Forests are thought to serve in three primary roles to support livelihoods: subsistence, safety nets, and pathways to prosperity. While we have a working understanding of how poor people depend on forests in individual sites a...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural practices have constantly changed in West Africa, and understanding the factors that have driven the changes may help guide strategies to promote sustainable agriculture in the region. To contribute to such efforts, this paper analyzes drivers of change in farming practices in the region using data obtained from surveys of 700 farming...
Research
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Agroforestry is increasingly recognized as having a central role in sustainable agriculture. Research has shown that trees can deliver multiple benefits in agriculture – from combating climate change and con- tributing to food production and household nutrition, to providing sustainable fuel and timber (Mbow et al, 2014; Righe et al, 2014). Women f...
Article
Using data from a household survey of 2660 farmfamilies in Bihar state of Eastern India, Terai of Nepal and coastal Bangladesh, we explore the significance of climatic and non-climatic factors in affecting farmers' decision to change their farming practices over time in a wide range of environments. We find evidence across all sites, irrespective o...
Article
Full-text available
Using data from a household survey of 2660 farm-families in Bihar state of Eastern India, Terai of Nepal and coastal Bangladesh, we explore the significance of climatic and non-climatic factors in affecting farmers' decision to change their farming practices over time in a wide range of environments. We find evidence across all sites, irrespective...
Article
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br/>What are the key factors that contribute to household-level food security? What lessons can we learn from food secure households? What agricultural options and management strategies are likely to benefit female-headed households in particular? This paper addresses these questions using a unique dataset of 600 households that allows us to explor...
Article
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This paper asks: What have been the impacts of farmer- or community-led (informal) processes of research and development in agriculture and natural resource management in terms of food security, ecological sustainability, economic empowerment, gender relations, local capacity to innovate and influence on formal agricultural research and development...
Research
Full-text available
Crop and climate models predict how climate change will impact yields of various crops in different regions. However, it is difficult to predict the impact of climate change on individuals' lives. Different groups and types of people experience the impacts of climate change differently depending on their position in society, which is determined by...
Research
Full-text available
In Kenya and elsewhere, male and female farmers have different roles and responsibilities on the farm. What this means in terms of how they will adapt their farming practices in the face of a changing climate, and what governments, development agencies, NGOs, and researchers can do to facilitate this, is not so well known. We set out to explore gen...
Research
Full-text available
and ifferences in the roles and responsibilities of men and women in farm households are likely to influence their capacity to adapt to climate change as well as the choice of adaptation strategies. However, governments, development agencies, and NGOs often lack the information needed to facilitate gender-sensitive adaptation to climate change. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptation strategies to reduce smallholder farmers’ vulnerability to climate variability and seasonality are needed given the frequency of extreme weather events predicted to increase during the next decades in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in West Africa. We explored the linkages between selected agricultural adaptation strategies (crop divers...
Article
Full-text available
Carbon market projects have focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, often at the expense of achieving sustainable development goals. A central pillar in sustainable development is equity, yet most projects pay little attention to equity implications for underrepresented farmers, especially women. Agricultural carbon market projects that expli...
Article
Full-text available
In Uganda, Ghana and Bangladesh, participatory tools were used for a socio-economic and gender analysis of three topics: climate-smart agriculture (CSA), climate analogue approaches, and climate and weather forecasting. Policy and programme- relevant results were obtained. Smallholders are changing agricultural practices due to observations of clim...
Technical Report
Full-text available
• Elaborating a gender and social differentiation outcome story that we wanted to tell by 2016 generated greater ownership of the program by the research team, and eased partner engagement in the plan. • Monitoring, Learning and Evaluation (ML&E) can be simplified by narrowing the number of indicators across projects, with often more than one proje...
Technical Report
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Theme Linking Knowledge with Action (K2A) engaged in a two-year social learning process to develop tools, best practices and capacity building trainings around gender sensitive and participatory research for climate change. The output was the resource guide, “Gender...
Technical Report
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Theme Linking Knowledge with Action (K2A) engaged in a two-year social learning process to develop tools, best practices and capacity building trainings around gender sensitive and participatory research for climate change. The output was the resource guide, “Gender...
Technical Report
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Theme Linking Knowledge with Action (K2A) engaged in a two-year social learning process to develop tools, best practices and capacity building trainings around gender sensitive and participatory research for climate change. The output was the resource guide, “Gender...
Technical Report
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Theme Linking Knowledge with Action (K2A) engaged in a two-year social learning process to develop tools, best practices and capacity building trainings around gender sensitive and participatory research for climate change. The output was the resource guide, “Gender...
Technical Report
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Theme Linking Knowledge with Action (K2A) engaged in a two-year social learning process to develop tools, best practices and capacity building trainings around gender sensitive and participatory research for climate change. The output was the resource guide, “Gender...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Theme Linking Knowledge with Action (K2A) engaged in a two-year social learning process to develop tools, best practices and capacity building trainings around gender sensitive and participatory research for climate change. The output was the resource guide, “Gender...
Technical Report
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Theme Linking Knowledge with Action (K2A) engaged in a two-year social learning process to develop tools, best practices and capacity building trainings around gender sensitive and participatory research for climate change. The output was the resource guide, “Gender...
Technical Report
Full-text available
• It is important for all team members in a CGIAR research program (CRP) to appreciate the value of a theory of change (TOC) approach to planning. Developing an impact pathway is a team effort and benefits from a wider range of experience and knowledge. • Flexibility when designing TOCs and impact pathways is key. It demands a lot of time, and it i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This blog book tells the story of CCAFS research theme ‘Linking Knowledge with Action’; its approach and lessons learned throughout the years, especially 2014, while illustrating its many achievements through blogs and photos.
Article
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International research for development is under increasing pressure to demonstrate development outcomes that enhance people's food security and well-being while preserving the natural resource base. The CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) integrates thematic research at several levels with multiple glob...
Technical Report
Full-text available
• Reflection on the theory of change (TOC) is just as important as measuring indicators of progress in a monitoring, learning and evaluation (ML&E) plan. • Developing a brief outcome story for your impact pathway helps you to think through the necessary changes in next-user behaviours, why those changes are important, and what results those changes...
Technical Report
Full-text available
• Invest in capacity for outcomes thinking to increase participation and cohesion. • Establish a space where research and development practitioners can objectively learn from one another – developing a theory of change (TOC) is a consultative process, not a desk job. • Create time and space for iterative discussion, so that consensus evolves and im...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
How do we achieve large-­‐scale smallholder agricultural development in the urgent context of climate change?
Article
Full-text available
Emerging sustainability challenges, such as food security, livelihood development and climate change, require innovative and experimental ways of linking science, policy and practice at all scales. This requires the development of processes that integrate diverse knowledge to generate adaptive development strategies into the future. Social learning...
Data
Full-text available
This paper examines the development and use of scenarios as an approach to guide action in multi-level, multi-actor adaptation contexts such as food security under climate change. Three challenges arehighlighted: (1) ensuring the appropriate scope for action; (2) moving beyond intervention-based decision guidance; and (3) developing long-term share...
Article
Full-text available
A long history of household-level research has provided important local-level insights into climate adaptation strategies in the agricultural sector. It remains unclear to what extent these strategies are generalizable or vary across regions. In this study we ask about three potential key factors influencing farming households’ ability to adapt: ac...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the development and use of scenarios as an approach to guide action in multi-level, multi-actor adaptation contexts such as food security under climate change. Three challenges are highlighted: (1) ensuring the appropriate scope for action; (2) moving beyond intervention-based decision guidance; and (3) developing long-term shar...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Impact pathways are living documents that require a flexible design process that includes learning and harmonisation between different parts of a collaborative research program. • Capacity to develop, monitor and communicate theories of change, impact pathways and monitoring and evaluation needs to be mainstreamed throughout a collaborative researc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Livestock make substantial contributions to the livelihoods of poor women in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, yet the factors that enhance or constrain livestock-related opportunities for women have received relatively little empirical analysis. This review applies a gender lens to a conceptual framework for understanding the role of livestock in...
Article
Full-text available
To understand what social learning approaches can offer the sciences of adaptation and mitigation, we need to assemble an appropriate evidence base.
Technical Report
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For cross-site comparison, it may not be possible to fully standardise participatory studies when the sites have very different social-cultural profiles. • To allow for more in-depth probing of issues critical to community members, limit the number of topics covered and tools used. • Practitioners of participatory research should be rigorous in ter...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the initial data analyses of the CCAFS gender survey implemented in four sites in Africa. Using descriptive statistics we show gender differences in terms of perceptions of climate change, awareness and adoption of climate smart agricultural (CSA) practices, and types and sources of agro-climatic information in the four sites.We...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The food systems/global environmental change nexus is a key area of research that links two major interconnected challenges humanity faces in the 21st century. This paper discusses the role of strategic foresight for tackling these challenges in spaces that aim to facilitate deliberative, multi-actor governance. First, we reflect on the role of for...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The research programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is a major research partnership between the CGIAR and the global environmental change community. It started with three initial regions (South Asia, East Africa and West Africa), and in 2013 two new regions (Latin America and Southeast Asia) were added. The programme emp...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents 4 scenarios for the future of food security, agriculture, livelihoods and environments in East Africa. These scenarios were developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security in collaboration with a wide range of regional stakeholders. The report discusses the theory and development process...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a synthesis of an IFPRI-led program on Policy, Institutions and Markets (PIM) contributions to knowledge about gender and its influence on tenure security and landscape governance. The focus of Flagship 5’s research was on gender and social inclusion in relation to tenure (land and natural resources) and to landscape governance...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses data from a household-level survey of 980 agricultural and fishing households in seven sites across southern Bangladesh. We examine the relationship between assets, livelihood strategies, food security and farming practice changes. These households are coping with huge demographic, economic, and environmental changes. The result...
Article
Full-text available
How effective are multi-stakeholder scenarios-building processes to bring diverse actors together and create a policy-making tool to support sustainable development and promote food security in the developing world under climate change? The effectiveness of a participatory scenario development process highlights the importance of “boundary work” th...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture and food security are key sectors for intervention under climate change. Agricultural production is highly vulnerable even to 2C (low-end) predictions for global mean temperatures in 2100, with major implications for rural poverty and for both rural and urban food security. Agriculture also presents untapped opportunities for mitigation...
Article
Full-text available
We explore the relationship between farming practice changes made by households coping with the huge demographic, economic, and ecological changes they have seen in the last 10 years and household food security. We examine whether households that have been introducing new practices, such as improved management of crops, soil, land, water, and lives...