Patrizia Piro

Patrizia Piro
Università della Calabria | Università della Calabria · Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile

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152
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Publications

Publications (152)
Article
Full-text available
The latest progress in information and communication technology (ICT) and the Internet of Things (IoT) have opened up new opportunities for real-time monitoring and controlling of cities’ structures, infrastructures, and services. In this context, smart water management technology provides the data and tools to help users more effectively manage wa...
Article
Full-text available
Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have been proven to effectively mitigate and solve resource depletion and climate-related challenges in urban areas. The COST (Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action CA17133 entitled “Implementing nature-based solutions (NBS) for building a resourceful circular city” has established seven urban circularity challe...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is globally causing more intense meteorological phenomena. Our cities experience increased rainfall intensity, more intense heat waves, and prolonged droughts providing economic, social, health and environmental challenges. Combined with population growth and rapid urbanization, the increasing impact of climate change will make our c...
Conference Paper
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The advantages of green roofs and walls are plenty, such as flood management, decreasing energy consumption, improving air and water quality, and reducing noise pollution. However, the water requirements during the summer should be taken into consideration. Moreover, the potential of atmospheric water harvesting is enormous in different climates bu...
Article
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The purpose of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are to create optimum thermal comfort and appropriate indoor air quality (IAQ) for occupants. Air ventilation systems can significantly affect the health risk in indoor environments, especially those by contaminated aerosols. Therefore, the main goal of the study is to analyze...
Article
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Many complex problems require a multi-criteria decision, such as the COVID-19 pandemic that affected nearly all activities in the world. In this regard, this study aims to develop a multi-criteria decision support system considering the sustainability, feasibility, and success rate of possible approaches. Therefore, two models have been developed:...
Article
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The simulation of the ventilation and the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems of vehicles could be used in the energy demand management of vehicles besides improving the air quality inside their cabins. Moreover, traveling by public transport during a pandemic is a concerning factor, and analysis of the vehicle's cabin environ...
Patent
Full-text available
The present invention relates to a new green roof design with specific atmospheric water harvesting systems, including fog harvesting mesh and dew collecting by PV panels, which produces greater efficiency in reducing water consumption and energy. Moreover, it could show a higher thermal impact on the building, higher efficiency in stormwater manag...
Article
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Electrical and energy production have a noticeable water footprint, and buildings share of global energy consumption is about 40%. This study presents a comprehensive experimental analysis of different thermal impacts and water consumption of green roofs in a Mediterranean climate. The study aims to investigate the use of water directly for green r...
Patent
Full-text available
The present invention relates to a green wall system with a specific atmospheric water collection system (mist / dew) which produces greater efficiency in terms of reduction of water consumption, energy, installation time and costs. This system while maintaining the appearance of conventional green walls, overcomes the limitations and negative impa...
Article
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The real-time control (RTC) system is a valid and cost-effective solution for urban stormwater management. This paper aims to evaluate the beneficial effect on urban flooding risk mitigation produced by applying RTC techniques to an urban drainage network by considering different control configuration scenarios. To achieve the aim, a distributed re...
Article
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At the outlet of the Vermicelli catchment-a peri-urban area located in the campus of University of Calabria (Cosenza, Southern Italy)-a sedimentation tank is located, aiming at collecting the basin surface runoff and improve its quality. First, experimental results of the treatment effects are here presented and analyzed. In addition, a monitoring...
Article
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Nowadays, an infectious disease outbreak is considered one of the most destructive effects in the sustainable development process. The outbreak of new coronavirus (COVID-19) as an infectious disease showed that it has undesirable social, environmental, and economic impacts, and leads to serious challenges and threats. Additionally, investigating th...
Article
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Sustainable development has been a controversial global topic, and as a complex concept in recent years, it plays a key role in creating a favorable future for societies. Meanwhile, there are several problems in the process of implementing this approach, like epidemic diseases. Hence, in this study, the impact of climate and urban factors on confir...
Article
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Nowadays, sustainable development is considered a key concept and solution in creating a promising and prosperous future for human societies. Nevertheless, there are some predicted and unpredicted problems that epidemic diseases are real and complex problems. Hence, in this research work, a serious challenge in the sustainable development process w...
Chapter
Urbanization affects ecosystem health and downstream communities by changing the natural flow regime. In this context, Low Impact Development (LID) systems are important tools in sustainable development. There are many aspects in design and operation of LID systems and the choice of the selected LID and its location in the basin can affect the resu...
Article
Full-text available
The GHGs emissions by different activities show that the main part that is 25% belongs to electricity and heat production and the industrial activities counting as 21% of total emission. About 37% of the electricity consumption in Europe belongs to manufacturing and share of industrial activities in GHGs are among 30% to 40%. The electricity produc...
Article
Permeable Pavement (PP) represents a good solution to solve stormwater management problems. In this way, the potential removal efficiency of a PP in treating dissolved metals was assessed by performing a monitoring campaign at a lab-scale system. Based on literature experiences, different relatively high-level concentrations of copper and zinc were...
Article
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Buildings portion in global energy consumption is 40%, and in the building envelope, the roof is a crucial point for improving indoor temperature, especially in the last and second last floors. Studies show that green roofs can be applied to moderate roof temperature and affect the indoor temperature in summer and winter. However, the performance o...
Patent
Full-text available
The analysis of GHGs emissions by different activities shows that one of the main contributions (about 25%) comes from electricity and heat production. For what concerns electricity, the motor pumps used for both urban water supply and agricultural water systems represent a significant consumer. In the agricultural sector, the highest consumption c...
Article
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The objective of this review paper is to survey the state-of-the-art on nature-based solutions (NBS) in the built environment, which can contribute to a circular economy (CE) and counter the negative impacts of urbanization through the provision of ecosystem services. NBS are discussed here at three different levels: (i) green building materials, i...
Conference Paper
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The GHGs emissions by different activities show that the main part that is 25% belongs to electricity and heat production and the industrial activities counting as 21% of total emission. The Global energy-related CO2 emissions increased 1.4% in 2017 and reached to 32.5 gigatonnes. In Italy, the distribution of final energy uses among the various se...
Chapter
Here we present the results of a global sensitivity analysis (GSA) applied for a microscale hydrodynamic model, which combines pipe infrastructure and small scale source treatments in terms of raingardens (RGs). The aim is to identify the most influential model parameters to support the decision for future measurement installation sites and smart w...
Chapter
Here we investigate the influence of Low Impact Development (LID) practices implementation at urban catchment scale, by applying SWMM model to a densely urbanized area of the city of Cosenza, using monthly storms events. Among the source-control measures, Green Roofs and Permeable Pavements were chosen, being particularly suitable for highly urbani...
Article
Full-text available
In urban water management, green roofs provide a sustainable solution for flood risk mitigation. Numerous studies have investigated green roof hydrologic effectiveness and the parameters that influence their operation; many have been conducted on the pilot scale, whereas only some of these have been executed on full-scale rooftop installations. Sev...
Article
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The combination of an appropriate design and careful management of green infrastructures may contribute to mitigate flooding (stormwater quantity) and pollutant discharges (stormwater quality) into receiving water bodies and to coping with other extreme climate impacts (such as temperature regime) on a long-term basis and water cycle variability. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The urbanization affects the ecosystem health and downstream communities by changing the natural flow regime. In this context, Low impact development (LID) systems are important tools in sustainable development. There are many components in design and operation of the LID systems and even choosing the selected LID and the location of that in the ba...
Chapter
In recent decades, the development of methodologies for the hydromorphological stream assessment has significantly expanded (Belletti et al., 2015; Rinaldi et al., 2017). This process has been accelerated by the implementation of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60 / EC (WFD) (European Commission, 2000), which recognises hydromorphology as an im...
Article
Low impact development (LID) systems provide sustainable solutions for flood risk mitigation. Given their relevant role in urban water management, accurate estimation of the outflow rate of such systems is crucial to assess their retention efficiency and the corresponding volumes discharged into the drainage network. Thus, the selection of an appro...
Conference Paper
Low Impact Development systems represent an ecological alternative for mitigating the effects of urbanization and climate change on the environment, such as urban flooding risk, water pollution, urban heat islands, etc. These systems include significant tools in urban planning and retrofitting strategies; among others: green roofs, permeable paveme...
Chapter
In an urban environment, sewer flooding and combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are a potential risk to human life, economic assets and the environment. In this way, traditional urban drainage techniques seem to be inadequate for the purpose so to mitigate such phenomena, new techniques such as Real Time Control (RTC) of urban drainage systems and Low...
Chapter
Permeable Pavement (PP) represents a good solution to solve stormwater management problems both in quantitative and qualitative way. In this way, the potential removal efficiency of a permeable pavement in treating metals was assessed by performing a monitoring campaign at a lab-scale system constructed for the purpose. Based on literature experien...
Chapter
Urban flooding is recently affecting several towns in the Italian Mediterranean region. The study focuses on the interconnection between the sewer network of the town (Rossano Scalo) and the main water course (the Citrea Creek) flowing through it. An integrated approach considering both town planning and hydraulic aspects lead the search for potent...
Article
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Widespread overbuilding, the prevalence of asphalt surfaces on green areas, and the use of building materials with low heat dissipation abilities are among the main causes of Urban Heat Islands. Within urban areas, evapotranspiration and shade from plants can significantly reduce the UHI phenomenon, help in stormwater management, and reduce buildin...
Article
Full-text available
Green Roofs (GR) represent a sustainable technological solution for reducing the environmental footprint of urban areas. Despite their benefits, traditional GRs have been criticized regarding their economic feasibility, suggesting to develop advanced hybrid engineering solutions able to simultaneously maximize their hydrological and energetic benef...
Chapter
Un sistema fluviale è un sistema intrinsecamente complesso, e, per tale ragione, è opportuno applicare specifiche procedure che consentano di valutarne la qualità e la funzionalità, al fine di analizzare i processi evolutivi, individuare le zone critiche e definire possibili scenari per migliorarne le condizioni. In tale contesto, in Italia, un pri...
Article
The aim of this study is to investigate the use of different global sensitivity analysis techniques in conjunction with a mechanistic model in the numerical analysis of a permeable pavement installed at the University of Calabria. The Morris method and the variance-based E-FAST procedure are applied to investigate the influence of soil hydraulic pa...
Article
Climate change and the processes of urbanization alter the hydrologic and hydraulic regime of runoffs formation in urban areas. Low impact infrastructure development (LID) contributes to achieving conditions of invariance hydrological and hydraulics. The purpose of this work is to identify an index of synthetic sustainability (SSI) based on life cy...
Article
An adequate hydrological description of water flow in permeable pavement systems relies heavily on the knowledge of the unsaturated hydraulic properties of the construction materials. Although several modeling tools and many laboratory methods already exist in the literature to determine the hydraulic properties of soils, the importance of an accur...
Conference Paper
In urban environment, the Low Impact (LID) measures that, by following an ecologically-based approach allow the stormwater management directly at the source, may represent a solution to restore the pre-development hydrological cycle. Among these techniques, Green Roofs are a sustainable solution for mitigating stormwater volumes and hydrograph peak...
Chapter
Full-text available
I sempre più frequenti fenomeni di allagamento urbano che mandano in crisi la rete di drenaggio impongono l’impiego di sistemi costruttivi nuovi e sostenibili dal punto di vista ambientale, in alternativa alle tecniche costruttive che in passato hanno caratterizzato lo sviluppo urbano. Tra le soluzioni che vengono solitamente impiegate nella gestio...
Article
Full-text available
In urban and industrial environments, the constant increase of impermeable surfaces has produced drastic changes in the natural hydrological cycle. Decreasing green areas not only produce negative effects from a hydrological-hydraulic perspective, but also from an energy point of view, modifying the urban microclimate and generating, as shown in th...
Article
Mechanistic models have proven to be accurate tools for the numerical analysis of the hydraulic behavior of Low Impact Development (LIDs) techniques. However, their widespread adoption has been limited by their computational cost. In this view, surrogate modeling is focused on developing and using a computationally inexpensive surrogate of the orig...
Article
In an urban environment, sewer flooding and combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are a potential risk to human life, economic assets and the environment. To mitigate such phenomena, real time control systems represent a valid and cost-effective solution. This paper proposes an urban drainage network equipped by sensors and a series of electronically mov...
Article
Green roofs are sustainable solutions, widely used in urban environments in order to diminish the energy consumption of a building and decrease the risk of urban flooding on a large scale. Numerous researches and studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of such sustainable solution, yet there are barriers regarding market uptake of these systems...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable strategies and RTC for floods mitigation in urban environment: applications on the Cosenza’s drainage network
Conference Paper
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KEY POINTS:  Low Impact Development (LIDs) techniques as a viable alternative for the stormwater management in urban areas  Numerical modeling of the variably saturated hydraulic behavior of a permeable pavement using the mechanistic model HYDRUS-1D  Evaluation of the hydrologic benefits of permeable pavements for reducing the frequency of flood...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ASPETTI CHIAVE  Monitoraggio della qualità delle acque di scarico in uscita da un tetto vegetato in ambiente sub-Mediterraneo;  Analisi dei principali parametri chimico-fisici delle acque (pH, conducibilità elettrica, TSS, composti azotati);  Identificazione del comportamento da " serbatoio " e/o da " sorgente " da parte della copertura vegetata...
Article
The increasing frequency of flooding events in urban catchments related to an increase in impervious surfaces highlights the inadequacy of traditional urban drainage systems. Low Impact Development (LID) techniques have proven to be a viable and effective alternative by reducing stormwater runoff and increasing the infiltration and evapotranspirati...
Article
Full-text available
Particulate matter (PM), which may serve as a vector of pollutants in both natural as well as human-impacted waters, is of primary interest in water quality studies, particularly for those conducted in urban areas. Suspended PM is often measured as total suspended solids (TSS) and represents a dispersion system. Separating solids from the liquid ph...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Les toitures végétalisées (TV) représentent une solution durable pour atténuer le ruissellement pluvial dans l'environnement urbain. Sur la base de l'hypothèse que la capacité de rétention d'eau dépend principalement des conditions météorologiques et que chaque événement de pluie influence différemment la réponse d'une TV en termes de débit, cette...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La toiture végétalisée (TV) est une technologie émergente internationalement comme une approche alternative à faible impact (LID) pour la gestion des eaux pluviales dans les centres urbains. Cette étude propose le modèle conceptuel SIGMA DRAIN (SD), développé pour simuler la réponse hydrologique d'une TV extensive installée à l'Université de Calabr...
Article
Full-text available
Low-impact developments (LIDs), such as green roofs, have proven to be valuable alternatives for stormwater management and hydrological restoration. Mechanistic models are reliable and accurate tools for analysis of the hydrologic behavior of LIDs, yet only a few studies provide a comprehensive numerical analysis of the hydrological processes invol...
Article
In an urban environment, vegetated roofs are sustainable systems that provide a variety of valuable benefits, such as the reduction of stormwater volumes and the mitigation of urban heat islands strongly linked to their evaporative processes. The evapotranspiration (ET) is one of the most important processes of the hydrological cycle, but it also r...
Article
Full-text available
In an urban environment, green roofs represent a sustainable solution for mitigating stormwater volumes and hydrograph peaks. So far, many literature studies have investigated the hydraulic efficiency and the subsurface runoff coefficient of green roofs, showing their strong variability according to several factors, including the characteristics of...