Patrick Gontar

Patrick Gontar
DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung · Safety Intelligence

Dr.-Ing.

About

19
Publications
10,840
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
97
Citations

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze influences on interrater reliability and withingroup agreement within a highly experienced rater group when assessing pilots’ nontechnical skills. Background: Nontechnical skills of pilots are crucial for the conduct of safe flight operations. To train and assess these skills, reliable expert ratings...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to analyse pilots' decision-making behaviour in terms of naturalistic decision-making. In line with the highly experienced group of pilots (n = 120), recognition-primed decisions are expected to dominate. In a full-flight simulator experiment, with two groups of pilots (short-haul and long-haul pilots) with different...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of different methods to assess reliability when instructor pilots rate pilots regarding their non-technical skills (NOTECHS). In preparation for a major inter-rater reliability study, this pretest analyzes the rating behavior of two instructor pilots during a full-flight simulator mission. Besides inter-rater reliabi...
Article
Objective: This study evaluated airline pilots’ inceptor input patterns and flightpath control strategies during a manual instrument approach as a function of recent flight practice. Background: Manual flying skills erode due to an extensive use of automation and rare opportunity to practice these skills. Method: 126 randomly selected pilots of a...
Article
Full-text available
The safe and efficient operation of air traffic is highly dependent on the performance of the Air Traffic Control Officer (ATCO). The ATCOs control the traffic within defined areas by monitoring the traffic and granting clearances. A key element in analyzing the ATCOs is their interaction with the environment through their workplace. Especially the...
Article
Full-text available
We present the results of flight simulator experiments (60 runs) with randomly selected airline pilots under realistic operational conditions and discuss them in light of current fuel regulations and potential fuel starvation. The experiments were conducted to assess flight crew performance in handling complex technical malfunctions including decis...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to analyze aircraft ground operation processes from a human factors perspective with special emphases on the occurrence and influence of interruptions on pilots’ workload. Interruptions have been shown to increase workload and error probability as well as to contribute to fatal accidents in various fields. Countermeasures have been...
Article
The training and evaluation of the crew resource management skills of pilots play an essential role in increasing flight safety, as they aim to reduce human error in aviation operations. Communication between pilots is a critical crew resource management skill, as flying an airplane requires coordinated action and collaboration by the flight deck c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
N=60 commercial airline pilots holding valid ATPLs flew a manual ILS approach following a weather induced missed approach during a night mission in full flight simulators. Measures of subjective fatigue, sustained attention, and the NASA Taskload Index were collected before and after the mission. In addition, sleep history data were available cover...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Der vorliegende Aufsatz beschreibt ein Versuchsdesign zur Untersuchung der menschlichen Informationsverarbeitung am Beispiel von Linienpi-loten während des manuellen Fliegens. In einem kurzen Landesszenario (raw data ILS) wurden abwechselnd Informationsaufnahme und –umsetzung gestört und deren Auswirkungen auf den jeweils anderen Bereich menschlich...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper introduces a flight simulator study to evaluate procedures and checklists for use in abnormal situations. These utilities are meant to support pilots in hazardous situations, but for extreme situations, they might be inappropriate. Sixty crews (A340, A320) were required to fly in an abnormal flight scenario with a technical defect (loss...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Können professionelle Piloten ihre fliegerischen Fähigkeiten aus dem täglichen Flugbetrieb im Flugsimulator sofort anwenden und umsetzen? Basierend auf dieser Frage, wurde im Rahmen eines Flugsimulatorexperiments der Anpassungsvorgang an einen statischen Simulator beim manuellen Fliegen untersucht. Dabei flogen elf erste Offiziere einer Partnerairl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An diesem Flugsimulatorexperiment nahmen 57 zufällig ausgewählte Piloten mit unterschiedlich ausgeprägter Trainiertheit teil. Während sich eine Gruppe aus Langstreckenkapitänen (geringe Trainiertheit, hohe Erfahrung) zusammensetzte, wurden für die andere Gruppe Erste Offiziere der Kurzstrecke (hohe Trainiertheit, geringe Erfahrung) in einer Zufalls...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents an experimental evaluation of pilots’ ability to support their manual flying skills through visual behavior. To this end, two groups of pilots with different levels of practice and training are compared in a full flight simulator. Dif-ferent visual information acquisition strategies are used during the flight phases. In flight,...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
to determine effects of current practice and experience on the level of manual flying skills
Project
to determine endogenous and exogenous factors of mental fatigue and to examine how cognitive and motor performance are affected