Patrick P. Weis

Patrick P. Weis
University of Wuerzburg | JMU · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

27
Publications
5,038
Reads
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187
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
187 Citations
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Introduction
Patrick Weis received his PhD with Eva Wiese at George Mason University’s human factors program and is currently a postdoc at University of Wuerzburg’s Cognition & Behavior Lab. Before, he received a M.Sc. in Neuroscience from the International Max Planck Research School in Tuebingen, Germany. His research interests include cognitive offloading, embodied cognition, human-computer-interaction, and human-robot-interaction.

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
Agency is defined as the ability to assign and pursue goals. Given people’s focus on achieving their own goals, agency has been found to be strongly linked to the self. In two studies ( N = 168), we examined whether this self–agency link is visible from a linguistic perspective. As the preferred grammatical category to convey agency is verbs, we hy...
Preprint
Agency is defined as the ability to assign and pursue goals. Given people’s focus on achieving their own goals, agency has been found to be strongly linked to the self. In two studies (N =168), we examined whether this self–agency link is visible from a linguistic perspective. As the preferred grammatical category to convey agency is verbs, we hypo...
Article
Full-text available
Robots are becoming more available for workplace collaboration, but many questions remain. Are people actually willing to assign collaborative tasks to robots? And if so, exactly which tasks will they assign to what kinds of robots? Here we leverage psychological theories on person-job fit and mind perception to investigate task assignment in human...
Article
Full-text available
Investigating emotional processes has been vital for understanding human-human interaction. Specifically, emotional concepts of oneself and interaction partners shape interaction style and are associated with mental health and cognitive performance. Whether these concepts are equally relevant in human-robot interaction (HRI) has not been investigat...
Article
Full-text available
Social signals, such as changes in gaze direction, are essential cues to predict others’ mental states and behaviors (i.e., mentalizing). Studies show that humans can mentalize with nonhuman agents when they perceive a mind in them (i.e., mind perception). Robots that physically and/or behaviorally resemble humans likely trigger mind perception, wh...
Preprint
Full-text available
Investigating emotional processes has been vital for understanding human-human interaction. Specifically, emotional concepts of oneself and the interaction partner shape the interaction style and are associated with mental health and cognitive performance. Here, it is investigated whether these concepts areequally relevant in human-robot interactio...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Human problem solvers possess the ability to outsource parts of their mental processing onto cognitive "helpers" (cognitive offloading). However, suboptimal decisions regarding which helper to recruit for which task occur frequently. Here, we investigate if understanding and adjusting a specific subcomponent of mental models-beliefs abo...
Preprint
Social signals, such as changes in gaze direction, are essential cues to predict others’ mental states and behaviors (i.e., mentalizing). Studies show that humans can mentalize with non-human agents when they perceive a mind in them (i.e., mind perception). Robots that physically and/or behaviorally resemble humans likely trigger mind perception, w...
Article
Full-text available
Humans frequently use external (environment-based) strategies to supplement their internal (brain-based) thought. In the memory domain, whether to solve a problem using external or internal retrieval depends on the accessibility of external information, judgment of mnemonic ability, and on the problem's visual features. It likely also depends on th...
Preprint
Full-text available
When incorporating the environment into mental processing (cf., cognitive offloading), one creates novel cognitive strategies that have the potential to improve task performance. Improved performance can, for example, mean faster problem solving, more accurate solutions, or even higher grades at university [1]. Although cognitive offloading has fre...
Article
Full-text available
When incorporating the environment into mental processing (cf., cognitive offloading), one creates novel cognitive strategies that have the potential to improve task performance. Improved performance can, for example, mean faster problem solving, more accurate solutions, or even higher grades at university.1 Although cognitive offloading has freque...
Article
Full-text available
Humanlike but not perfectly human agents frequently evoke feelings of eeriness, a phenomenon termed the Uncanny Valley (UV). The Categorical Perception Hypothesis proposes that effects associated with the UV are due to uncertainty as to whether to categorize agents falling into the valley as “human” or “nonhuman”. However, since UV studies have tra...
Preprint
When engaged in cognitive tasks, humans possess the ability to outsource parts of their cognitive processing onto the environment (Cognitive Offloading). Although cognitive offloading is no novel approach, it will likely gain relevance in an increasingly technologized world that supplies an abundance of computerized helpers like smartphones or robo...
Preprint
Humanlike but not perfectly human agents frequently evoke feelings of eeriness, a phenomenon termed the Uncanny Valley (UV). The Categorical Perception Hypothesis proposes that effects associated with the UV are due to uncertainty as to whether to categorize agents falling into the valley as “human” or “nonhuman”. However, since UV studies have tra...
Preprint
Humans frequently use external (i.e., environment-based) strategies to supplement their internal (i.e., brain-based) thought. Frequency of external strategy use has been shown to depend on per-formance characteristics of the external strategy as well as on task difficulty. It is less clear whether people adjust external strategy use also based on p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most research on human cognition has focused on processes “inside the box”. Recently, researchers questioned this monopoly, promoting the relevance of cognitive processing “outside the box”, for instance, when using a GPS to navigate. For processing that is distributed between internal and external resources to work efficiently, humans need good he...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: A distributed cognitive system is a system in which cognitive processes are distributed between brain-based internal and environment-based external resources. In the current experiment, we examined the influence of metacognitive processes on external resource use (i.e., cognitive offloading) in such systems. Background: High-tech work...
Preprint
In human-human interaction, we use information from gestures, facial expressions and gaze direction to make inferences about what interaction partners think, feel or intend to do next. Observing changes in gaze direction triggers shifts of attention to gazed-at locations and helps establish shared attention between gazer and observer - a prerequisi...
Preprint
Most research on human cognition has focused on processes “inside the box”. Recently, researchers questioned this monopoly, promoting the relevance of cognitive processing “outside the box”, for in- stance, when using a GPS to navigate. For processing that is distributed between internal and external resources to work efficiently, humans need good...
Preprint
Objective: A distributed cognitive system is a system in which cognitive processes are distributed between brain-based internal and environment-based external resources. In the current exper-iment, we examined the influence of metacognitive processes on external resource use (i.e., cog-nitive offloading) in such systems. Background: High-tech worki...
Article
In social robotics, the term Uncanny Valley describes the phenomenon that linear increases in human-likeness of an agent do not entail an equally linear increase in favorable reactions towards that agent. Instead, a pronounced dip or ‘valley’ at around 70% human-likeness emerges. One currently popular view to explain this drop in favorable reaction...
Article
Full-text available
According to embodiment theories, language and emotion affect each other. In line with this, several previous studies investigated changes in bodily responses including facial expressions, heart rate or skin conductance during affective evaluation of emotional words and sentences. This study investigates the embodiment of emotional word processing...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep supports memory consolidation. However, the conceptually important influence of the amount of items encoded in a memory test on this effect has not been investigated. In two experiments, participants (n = 101) learned lists of word-pairs varying in length (40, 160, 320 word-pairs) in the evening before a night of sleep (sleep group) or of sle...

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Projects (2)
Project
Human problem solvers can distribute cognitive processes between brain-based internal and environment-based external resources (cf., cognitive offloading). In the current project, we examine the when and why people prefer external over internal resources.