Patrick Hubert Wagner

Patrick Hubert Wagner
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne | EPFL · Institute of Mechanical Engineering

Doctor of Engineering

About

20
Publications
4,713
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117
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses in the area of small-scale turbomachinery, oil-free bearing technology, integrated system simulation and optimization, and advanced energy conversion systems.

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
The nonlinear behavior of a rigid rotor supported by herringbone grooved journal gas bearings (HGJBs) was investigated in this study. The two-dimensional narrow groove theory (2D-NGT) was adopted to model the HGJBs. A set of integrated rotor-bearing state equations were built by coupling the rotor motion equations and the bearing Reynolds equation....
Article
A micro steam turbine with a tip diameter of 15 mm was designed and experimentally characterized. At the nominal mass flow rate and total-to-total pressure ratio of 2.3 kg/h and 2, respectively, the turbine yields a power of 34 W and a total-to-static isentropic efficiency of 37 %. The steam turbine is conceived as a radial-inflow, low-reaction (15...
Conference Paper
A micro steam turbine with a tip diameter of 15 mm was designed and experimentally characterized. At the nominal mass flow rate and total-to-total pressure ratio of 2.3 kg h−1 and 2, respectively, the turbine yields a power of 34 W and a total-to-static isentropic efficiency of 37%. The steam turbine is conceived as a radial-inflow, low-reaction (1...
Conference Paper
The blade tip clearance loss was studied experimentally and numerically for a micro radial fan with a tip diameter of 19.2mm. Its relative blade tip clearance, i.e., the clearance divided by the blade height of 1.82 mm, was adjusted with different shims. The fan characteristics were experimentally determined for an operation at the nominal rotation...
Article
Full-text available
While the global fuel utilization of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is limited by the stack aging rate, the fuel excess is typically used in a burner, and thus limiting the system electrical efficiency. Further, natural-gas-fueled SOFCs require treated water for the steam reforming process, which increases operational cost. Here, we introduce a nov...
Article
The Laboratory for Applied Mechanical Design (LAMD) designed, manufactured, and experimentally tested a novel recirculation fan for a 10 kWe solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The fan uses oil-free bearings, more specifically herringbone-grooved journal and spiral-grooved thrust gas bearings. The radial inducer-less fan with a tip diameter of 19.2 mm fe...
Conference Paper
The Laboratory for Applied Mechanical Design (LAMD) designed, manufactured, and experimentally tested a novel recirculation fan for a 10 kWe solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The fan uses oil-free bearings, more specifically herringbone-grooved journal and spiral-grooved thrust gas bearings. The radial inducer-less fan with a tip diameter of 19.2 mm fe...
Article
While the global fuel utilization of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is limited by the stack aging rate, the fuel excess is typically used in a burner, and thus limiting the system electrical efficiency. Further, natural-gas-fueled SOFCs require treated water for the steam reforming process, which increases operational cost. Here, we introduce a no...
Thesis
Full-text available
This thesis presents the results of the design and experimental investigation of a patented 10 kWel solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system with a thermally-driven anode off-gas recirculation (AOR) fan, the so-called fan-turbine unit (FTU). The system has the advantage of higher global fuel utilization, and thus higher efficiencies and/or lower local f...
Article
To improve the industry benchmark of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems, we consider anode off-gas recirculation (AOR) using a small-scale fan. Evolutionary algorithms compare different system design alternatives with hot or cold recirculation. The system performance is evaluated through multi-objective optimization (MOO) criteria, i.e., maximiza...
Conference Paper
To improve the industry benchmark of solid oxide fuel cell systems (SOFC), we consider anode off-gas recirculation using a blower as an add-on to our next-generation SOFC system. Evolutionary algorithms compare the different design alternatives, i.e. co-flow or counter-flow stack operation with hot or cold recirculation. The system performance is e...
Article
Full-text available
One of the advantages of solar thermal power plants (STPPs) with molten salt as heat transfer fluid is the direct storage system. This means that the thermal energy collected by the solar field and the electric power generation can be fully decoupled. The plant operator must therefore make the daily decision when to start-up or to shut-down the pow...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the advantages of solar thermal power plants (STPPs) with molten salt as heat transfer fluid is the direct storage system. This means that the thermal energy collected by the solar field and the electric power generation can be fully decoupled. The plant operator must therefore make the daily decision when to start-up or to shut-down the pow...
Thesis
Full-text available
The Gemasolar solar power tower plant uses molten salt as heat transfer fluid and is therefore the first commercial project to apply this technology. Current research and development in line focusing systems is concentrated on transferring this proved salt technology to solar thermal power stations with parabolic trough collectors. This thesis iden...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
I am investigating a small-scale recirculator system for a solid oxide fuel cell at high temperatures. The small-scale fuel recirculator is propelled by an electric motor. Due to the high operational temperatures (up to 800°C), the high rotor speeds (< 200 krpm), and the required lifetime, the rotor is supported on dynamic gas lubricated bearings. An integrated approach will allow to find an optimal system design while maximizing efficiency and performance and reducing cost.