Patrick C Shih

Patrick C Shih
Indiana University Bloomington | IUB · Department of Informatics

PhD in Information and Computer Science

About

121
Publications
89,997
Reads
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1,959
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on the study of sociotechnical systems and mechanisms to support health and wellbeing and reduce health disparity of marginalized and underserved populations. Specifically, my lab designs, prototypes, and deploys novel personal health informatics devices, interfaces, and platforms to support people with physical, developmental, and mental conditions. I also design technologies to improve animal welfare.
Additional affiliations
July 2016 - present
Indiana University Bloomington
Position
  • Assistant Professor of Informatics
July 2016 - present
Indiana University Bloomington
Position
  • Professor
June 2016 - July 2016
Consortium for the Science of Sociotechnical Systems
Position
  • Pre-tenure Faculty and Emerging Multi-disciplinary Research Team
Education
September 2006 - December 2011
University of California, Irvine
Field of study
  • Information and Computer Science
August 2003 - May 2005
Carnegie Mellon University
Field of study
  • Information Networking
September 2000 - June 2003
University of California, Los Angeles
Field of study
  • Computer Science and Engineering

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
Full-text available
The pervasiveness of online health communities and recent exponential growth of health tracking technologies provide new possibilities for weight management, an important health issue that remains prevalent. To enhance the understanding of how to support them to succeed, we investigate people’s practices and experiences over the course of weight ma...
Article
Human-Pet-Computer Interaction (HPCI) is the study of how technology can be designed and used to advance human-pet companionships. Trends in pet ownership are rising, as are pet obesity rates. Paralleling these trends are advancements in personal data collection and visualization – the quantified self (QS) movement – that allow individuals to self-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The experience of grief and death is an inevitable part of life. Grief, a natural response to death, can be a challenging and emotionally taxing journey. Bereaved individuals often feel lost in a fog, unaware of resources available to them and unsure of which resources could be useful for supporting their healing process. Complicated grief, a more...
Article
This study explores current drinking practices and attitudes of college students and design opportunities for encouraging safe and responsible drinking behaviors in this population. With 86 participants in total, we conducted surveys, interviews, and a two-week user study that involved the use of BACtrack Mobile Pro, an FDA-approved personal breath...
Article
Full-text available
Primary symptoms of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), such as pervasive social deficits in social interaction and communication, cause adults with ASD to adopt a sedentary lifestyle. Meanwhile, gamified and behavioral theory-based interventions have been shown to improve physical activity in a fun and unobtrusive way. In this paper, we de...
Article
Full-text available
Virtual reality (VR) has seen increased use for training and instruction. Designers can enable VR users to gain insights into their own performance by visualizing telemetry data from their actions in VR. Our ability to detect patterns and trends visually suggests the use of data visualization as a tool for users to identify strategies for improved...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Physical activity (PA) has an impact on physical and mental health in neurotypical populations, and addressing these variables may improve the prevalent burden of anxiety in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Gamified mobile applications using behavior change techniques (BCTs) present a promising way to increase PA and reduce se...
Preprint
Full-text available
Virtual reality (VR) has seen increased use for training and instruction. Designers can enable VR users to gain insights into their own performance by visualizing telemetry data from their actions in VR. Our ability to detect patterns and trends visually suggests the use of data visualization as a tool for users to identify strategies for improved...
Preprint
Full-text available
Patients with complex conditions and treatment plans often find it challenging to communicate with multiple providers and to prioritize various management tasks. The challenge is even greater for patients with discordant chronic comorbidities (DCCs), a situation where a patient has conditions that have unrelated and/or conflicting treatment plans....
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper drew its inspiration from the DC^3 model. We present a case study of how to use design sprints (with design experts) in a complex design context (the case study can be a model for future studies). We propose an ecosystem that seeks to address the challenges of managing DCCs and discuss strategies to further optimize and standardize the p...
Article
Full-text available
A virtual reality (VR) controller plays a key role in supporting interactions between users and the virtual environment. This paper investigates the relationship between the user experience and VR control device modality. We developed a VR firefighting training system integrated with four control devices adapted from real firefighting tools. We ite...
Article
Full-text available
Working with organs and extracted tissue blocks is an essential task in many medical surgery and anatomy environments. In order to prepare specimens from human donors for further analysis, wet-bench workers must properly dissect human tissue and collect metadata for downstream analysis, including information about the spatial origin of tissue. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The rise of ridesharing platforms has transformed traditional transportation, making it more accessible for getting to work and accessing grocery stores and healthcare providers, which are essential to physical and mental well-being. However, such technologies are not available everywhere. Additionally, there is a scarcity of HCI work that investig...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent research on creativity support tools (CST) adopts artificial intelligence (AI) that leverages big data and computational capabilities to facilitate creative work. Our work aims to articulate the role of AI in supporting creativity with a case study of an AI-based CST tool in fashion design based on theoretical groundings. We developed AI mod...
Article
Objectives Preadolescence substance exposure, which increases the risk of regular substance use, has been a public health concern. Although studies found that impulsivity is a predisposing factor of early substance exposure, the pathways through which impulsivity is associated with early substance exposure remain unclear. This study examined how fa...
Article
Full-text available
Music therapists provide critical, evidence-based care to a diverse range of clients. However, despite their active role in empowering individuals affected by disability, stigma, grief, and trauma, music therapists remain understudied by the HCI community. We present the results of a mixed methods study of 10 interviewees and 20 survey respondents...
Article
Full-text available
There are over three million people living with epilepsy in the U.S. People with epilepsy experience multiple daily challenges such as seizures, social isolation, social stigma, experience of physical and emotional symptoms, medication side effects, cognitive and memory deficits, care coordination difficulties, and risks of sudden unexpected death....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Movement is one of the key elements in virtual reality (VR) and significantly influences user experience. In particular, walking-in-place is a method of supporting movement in a limited space, and many studies are being conducted on its effective support. However, most studies have focused on forward movement despite many situations in which backwa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Working with organs and tissue blocks is an essential task in medical environments. In order to prepare specimens for further analysis, wet-bench workers must dissect tissue and collect spatial metadata. The Registration User Interface (RUI) was developed to allow stakeholders in the Human Biomolecular Atlas Program (HuBMAP) to register tissue bloc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of using BACtrack Skyn wearable alcohol monitors in a college student population. Method: In September 2019, we enrolled n=5 Indiana University undergraduate students in a study to wear alcohol monitor wristbands continuously over a 5-day period. Concurrently, participants completed daily surve...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to conduct the first usability inquiry of a gamified, behavior change theory-guided mobile app PuzzleWalk for increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior in adults with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Eighteen adults with and without ASD participated in a mixed-methods study that consisted...
Article
Full-text available
People living with HIV experience a high level of stigma in our society. Public HIV-related stigma often leads to anxiety and depression and hinders access to social support and proper medical care. Technologies for HIV, however, have been mainly designed for treatment management and medication adherence rather than for helping people cope with pub...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Respite care can provide a chance for family caregivers to take a temporary and flexible break from their long-term caregiving work. Despite its beneficial aspects and value, there is little research on how technology might mitigate barriers to using respite care. The purpose of this paper is to understand the current practices and challenges that...
Poster
Full-text available
Transportation has evolved throughout the past several years through developments in HCI and sociotechnical systems. However, there has been a lack of studies examining transportation in rural areas for vulnerable populations. Our study focuses on the transportation facilitators and barriers faced by people living with HIV in rural areas. We were i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Outdoor enrichment has a variety of potential uses for increasing physical activity and strengthening companion animal bonds. In this pilot protocol, we aim to explore a species-centric evaluation of drone flying patterns and distances for enrichment purposes. This includes presenting participants with introductory and training phases to encourage...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Animal enrichment in zoos is evolving faster than ever, with more technical approaches being found across disciplines, particularly in Animal-Computer Interaction (ACI). Captive orangutans are a unique population that are commonly im-pacted by health concerns that may be alleviated through increased physical activity. In this study protocol, we aim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
PURPOSE: Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are purportedly inactive, but this conclusion is inferred from data on children and youth, and parent proxy reports. Objective assessment using activity monitors is needed to better understand physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior in this population segment. The purpose of this study was t...
Article
Full-text available
This resource was created to support researchers who might be newly conducting crisis informatics research in light of the pandemic of 2020. It also might support creation of new course syllabi on related topics. It has been produced by members of the crisis informatics research community in May 2020 to consolidate and organize the literature on in...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Participation in regular physical activity (PA) helps reduce anxiety in the neurotypical population, but there have been no attempts to use PA as part of a treatment approach for anxiety in people with ASD. Anxiety is one of the most common and debilitating co-occurring conditions in adults with autism spectrum diagnoses (ASD) and there...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Care and support of discordant chronic comorbidities (DCCs) are challenges not only for patients but also for their healthcare providers.DCCs are health conditions in which patients have multiple, often unrelated, chronic illnesses that may need to be addressed concurrently but may also be associated with conflicting treatment instructions. Previou...
Preprint
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This paper uncovers the tensions and constraints that arise for providers when supporting patients with DCCs and shows the contrast between providers' and patients' perspectives.
Conference Paper
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Conducting HCI research with people living with HIV in face-to-face settings can be challenging in terms of recruitment and data collection due to HIV-related stigma. In this case study, we share our experiences from conducting research remotely in two studies using the Asynchronous Remote Communities method with participants recruited from in-pers...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mealtimes serve important social functions in our everyday lives. Public dining spaces on college campuses are positioned to be social and engaging spaces to make new connections. With the prevalence of digital devices, technology usage introduces new dynamics into students' mealtimes. In this study, we explored the current mealtime technology usag...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Wildlife rehabilitation centers are tasked with the difficult challenge of providing medical care to wildlife while limiting human contact to ensure a successful transition into the wild. Building off of interviews with volunteers and 6 months of participatory observation work, we present a smart habitat design for the rehabilitation of Virginian o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The dog park going experience has the potential for many positive experiences for dogs. Through observations, interviews and focus groups, we designed Barks & Rec, a cooperative system that encourages community connections and behaviors awareness in dogs park goers through interweaving the dog park community. With activity tracking integration, our...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Wildlife rehabilitation involves caring for sick, injured, and orphaned non-domesticated native animals to re-release into the wild. While rehabilitators face similar hurdles as animal shelters such as limited funding and technology challenges, wildlife rehabilitation requires minimal human contact to ensure a successful reintroduction to the wild....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Analysis of social support in online forums for people living with HIV has been relying, for the most part, on self-report instrumentation and manual coding of data. Our study applies a fully automated data analysis method based on clustering and network embedding of the largest online support forum (POZ forum)for people living with HIV. Results sh...
Poster
Full-text available
Equine-assisted therapy has provided various treatments and activities with horses to improve one's physical and mental health. Few technologies has been utilized to promote the therapy in terms of its system and influences on clients and other stakeholders. We are conducting a study aiming to (1) understand stakeholders and their current practices...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research shows that fewer female players participate in competitive games than male players. However, it has been reported that there are more female than male players in King of Glory (KoG), one of the most popular multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) games on the mobile platform in China. This study aims to investigate how KoG captures...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Asynchronous Research Communities methodology (ARC) has been used to explore HCI topics in a range of contexts. This innovative methodology takes advantage of the technological tools and platforms that are often the subject of HCI research to extend existing methods of data collection, pushing methodology beyond historical modes and allowing better...
Poster
Full-text available
Over two million people in the U.S. are living with epilepsy, which is one of most common chronic neu-rological condition. They have experienced challenges such as quality of health care, care coordination, and risks of sudden unexpected death. People with epilepsy and their caregivers (PWEC) desire for more resources and improvement in self-manage...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Limited research indicates that adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) do not meet physical activity (PA) guidelines and are highly sedentary. Inadequate PA is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, but little is known about PA, sedentary time (ST), and factors influencing these variables in adults with ASD. Technology is u...
Chapter
Full-text available
Over the past twenty years, people have seen considerable growth in film industry. There are two common measurements for movie quality, financial metric of net profit and reception metric in the form of ratings assigned by moviegoers on websites. Researchers have utilized these two metrics to build models for movie success prediction separately, wh...
Chapter
Full-text available
Concerns regarding the environment and the impact humans constantly have on the environment has been a growing concern for decades, but there is still a substantial lack of environmental literacy and action among most of the population in what they can do to reduce the damage they may be indirectly causing. Given that many people express an interes...
Chapter
Full-text available
Timebanking refers to community-based volunteering in which participants provide and receive services in exchange for time credits. Although timebanking takes advantage of web technologies, the lack of flexibility in managing web-based timebanking transactions and the difficulty of attracting younger adults whose contributions would be highly valua...
Conference Paper
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Animal shelter and rescue facilities in the United States provide a vital service to over 6 million animals in dire need each year. Unfortunately, these facilities are running on limited resources and will need to adjust to accommodate the number of growing homeless animals in the coming years. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 18 indivi...
Conference Paper
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The majority of studies of social relationships and cognitive function have focused on the general older population regardless of their living arrangements. Given that older adults living alone (OALA) are more likely to be isolated from social network and formal sources of support than those who reside with others (non-OALA), investigating whether...
Conference Paper
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The goal of this workshop is to bring together CSCW audiences who engage in studies and interventions related to care work. Our aims are to understand how care has been conceptualized in the extant CSCW community, identify core issues and concerns, and formalize how CSCW concepts could be used as a lens to inquire into this domain. We will explore...
Conference Paper
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Conducting research with communities who are at risk of being stigmatized can be a challenging endeavor. It is often difficult to reach and recruit individuals for research purposes regarding a stigmatized condition or situation. Yet, researchers in our field have recognized the importance of work in this area and have individually developed a rang...
Poster
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The additional fee must be paid to ACM. This text field is large enough to hold the appropriate release statement assuming it is single spaced in a sans-serif 7 point font. Every submission will be assigned their own unique DOI string to be included here. Abstract When older adults develop certain medical or physical challenges , a family member ty...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents Capsule, a design prototype using augmented reality to encourage students to learn the cultural heritage on campus. Based on a pilot study with prospective and current students, Capsule not only provides students the cultural histories of campus but strengthens the connection between students and heritage by adding features of i...
Conference Paper
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Wars are often described and discussed from a single point of view. Vietnam War Stories: Stories from All Sides is an interactive digital storytelling platform that incorporated video interviews recorded from over 150 Vietnam War veterans and survivors from all sides, including U.S., North Vietnam, South Vietnam, Europe, and Asia on a historically...
Article
Full-text available
Research is scarce on how direct and indirect support seeking strategies affect support exchange in online health communities. Moreover, prior research has relied mostly on content analysis of forum posts at the post level. In order to generate a more fine-grained analysis of support exchange, we conducted content analysis at the utterance level, t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Patients with discordant chronic comorbidities (DCCs) have multiple, often unrelated, chronic illnesses with opposing treatment instructions that need to be addressed concurrently. While many tools are available for a single chronic condition or a set of well-defined health behaviors, there is a lack of tools designed to support patients in managin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research shows that adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are less physically active than those without ASD. Persuasive augmented reality smartphone apps may be an effective intervention to target this health disparity. A gamified mobile app, Puzzle Walk was developed to elevate physical activity (PA) engagement in the target population follow...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The widespread adoption of home robots shows a high demand of in-home assistance. Since single women account for a large proportion of the Chinese population, it is important to design home robots to support their lives at home. This study aims to explore the possible design features of home robots to support single women in China. Interviews and a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Previous research shows that females participate less in competitive games than males. However, it is reported that there are more female players are than male players in King of Glory (KoG), one of the most popular multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) games on the mobile platform in China. This study aims to investigate how can KoG capture the i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Advances in data analytics and human computation are transforming how researchers conduct science in domains like bioinformatics, computational social science, and digital humanities. However, data analytics requires significant programming knowledge or access to technical experts, while human computation requires in-depth knowledge of crowd manage...
Conference Paper
Full-text available