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Patrick W Serruys

Patrick W Serruys
National University of Ireland, Galway / Imperial College London · Cardiology

MD, PhD

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4,495
Publications
363,106
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207,204
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Publications

Publications (4,495)
Article
Background Several studies have compared surface electrocardiographic changes following different self-expandable (SE) (Evolut (Medtronic, USA); Acurate (Boston Scientific, USA); Portico (Abbott, USA); and Allegra (NVT, Germany)) and balloon-expandable (BE) Sapien-3 (Edwards Lifesciences, USA) transcatheter heart valves. We aimed to compare these p...
Article
Full-text available
Background In the GLOBAL LEADERS trial, ticagrelor monotherapy beyond 1 month compared with standard antiplatelet regimens after coronary stent implantation did not improve outcomes at intention‐to‐treat analysis. Considerable differences in treatment adherence between the experimental and control groups may have affected the intention‐to‐treat res...
Article
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More than half of heart failure (HF) patients have concomitant pulmonary hypertension, impacting symptoms and prognosis. The role of exercise in this category of patients is still unclear, probably because of the lack of a clear relationship between exercise and acute and chronic pulmonary artery pressure variations and related changes in symptoms....
Article
Background Both quantitative flow ratio(QFR) and fractional flow reserve derived from computed tomography(FFRCT) have shown significant correlations with invasive wire-based fractional flow reserve. However, the correlation between QFR and FFRCT is not fully investigated in patients with complex coronary artery disease(CAD). The aim of this study i...
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Background and aims Accurate classification of plaque composition is essential for treatment planning. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has limited efficacy in assessing tissue types, while near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) provides complementary information to IVUS but lacks depth information. The aim of this study is to train and assess the effica...
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Objectives To compare the quantitative angiographic aortic regurgitation (AR) of six self-expanding valves after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background Quantitative videodensitometric aortography (LVOT-AR) is an accurate and reproducible tool for assessment of AR following TAVR. Methods This is a retrospective central core-lab...
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Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common valvular congenital anomaly and is apparent in nearly 50% of candidates for AV replacement. While transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a recommended treatment for patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) at all surgical risk levels, experience with TAVI in severe bicuspid AS i...
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Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) has significantly contributed to reducing the mortality of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) even in cardiogenic shock and is now the standard of care in most of Japanese institutions. The Task Force on Primary PCI of the Japanese Association of Cardiovascular Intervent...
Article
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the impact of mechanical factors at baseline on the patency of a restorative conduit for coronary bypass grafts in an ovine model at serial follow-up up to 1 year. Methods: The analyses of 4 mechanical factors [i.e. bending angle, superficial wall strain and minimum and maximum endothelial shear stress...
Article
Background : Current ESC guidelines recommend the use of intra-coronary pressure guidewires for functional assessment of intermediate-grade coronary stenoses. Angiography-derived quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel method of assessing these stenoses, and guiding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods/Design : The PIONEER IV trial i...
Article
Objectives The aim of this study was to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with heavily calcified lesions (HCLs) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Background Limited data are available on very long term outcomes in patients with HCLs according to the mode of revascularization...
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Introduction: Cyclic plaque structural stress has been hypothesized as a mechanism for plaque fatigue and eventually plaque rupture. A novel approach to derive cyclic plaque stress in vivo from optical coherence tomography (OCT) is hereby developed. Materials and Methods: All intermediate lesions from a previous OCT study were enrolled. OCT cross-s...
Article
Background Compared with visual angiographic assessment, pressure wire-based physiological measurement more accurately identifies flow-limiting lesions in patients with coronary artery disease. Nonetheless, angiography remains the most widely used method to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In FAVOR III China, we aimed to establish wh...
Article
Background The optimal revascularisation strategy for patients with left main coronary artery disease is uncertain. We therefore aimed to evaluate long-term outcomes for patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods In this individual patient data meta...
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Background Clinical presentation with STEMI is considered as a highly prothrombotic condition often associated with recurrent ischemic events. The role of aspirin as part of antiplatelet regimens in STEMI patients needs to be clarified especially in the context of new potent P2Y12 inhibitors Aim To assess the benefit and risk of 23-month ticagrelo...
Article
Background: Creatinine clearance (CrCl) is an independent determinant of mortality in predictive models of revascularisation outcomes for complex coronary artery disease. Aims: This study aimed to investigate the impact of preprocedural biological markers on 10-year mortality following coronary revascularisation. Methods: The SYNTAX Extended S...
Article
Background In clinical trials, the optimal method of adjudicating revascularization events as clinically or nonclinically indicated (CI) is to use an independent Clinical Events Committee (CEC). However, the Academic Research Consortium-2 currently recommends using physiological assessment. The level of agreement between these methods of adjudicati...
Article
Background The SYNTAX score II 2020 (SSII-2020), which was derived and externally validated from randomized trials, was designed to predict death following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with three-vessel disease and/or left main disease. We aimed to investigate its value in identifyi...
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Background Available data comparing Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (PCI) and Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) in multivessel or left main coronary artery disease (CAD) suggest higher rates of repeat revascularization events after PCI than CABG, with a negative influence on outcomes up to 5 years. The impact of repeat revascularization on ve...
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The new-generation ACURATE neo2 system was commercially released in September 2020. In this study, we sought to compare the aortic regurgitation (AR) severity of the ACURATE neo2 versus the ACURATE neo transcatheter heart valve, using quantitative videodensitometric angiography (qAR). This is a retrospective, Corelab analysis of final post-transcat...
Article
Background New‐generation drug‐eluting stents (DES) reduce target‐vessel revascularization compared with bare‐metal stents (BMS), and recent data suggest that DES have the potential to decrease the risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality. We evaluated the treatment effect of DES versus BMS according to the target artery (left ant...
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Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the long-term differences in survival between multiple arterial grafts (MAG) and single arterial grafts (SAG) in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the SYNTAX study. Methods: The present analysis included the randomized and registry-treated CABG patients (n = 1509) from the...
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Aims: The SYNTAX II study evaluated the impact of advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), integrated into a single revascularization strategy, on outcomes of patients with de novo three-vessel disease. The study employed decision-making utilizing the SYNTAX score II, use of coronary physiology, thin-strut biodegradable polymer drug-e...
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Background Coronary bypass artery grafting (CABG) has a higher procedural risk of stroke than percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but may offer better long-term survival. The optimal revascularization strategy for patients with prior cerebrovascular disease (CEVD) remains unclear. Methods and results The SYNTAXES study assessed the vital sta...
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Aims To investigate the impact of established cardiovascular disease (CVD) on 10-year all-cause death following coronary revascularization in patients with complex coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods The SYNTAXES study assessed vital status out to 10 years of patients with complex CAD enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. The relative efficacy of PCI v...
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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine Syntax scores based on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and to assess whether heavy coronary calcification significantly limits the CCTA evaluation and the impact of severe calcification on heart team’s treatment decision and procedural planning...
Article
Background The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after coronary drug‐eluting stent placement in adults with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) versus acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remains uncertain. Methods and Results This was a prespecified subgroup analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS trial. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 to...
Preprint
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Objectives: Non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) affects millions of patients. Although an invasive strategy can improve survival, the optimal treatment (i.e., percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] or coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]) is not clear. We performed a meta-analysis of studies reporting outcomes between PCI and CA...
Article
Background Medical and/or economic reasons sometimes necessitate the staging of percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) procedures in patients with complex coronary artery disease; however, the impact of this on very long-term outcomes is unknown. The aim of the present study is to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with the three-ves...
Article
Background: The SYNTAX score II 2020 (SSII-2020) was derived from cross correlation and externally validated in randomized trials to predict death and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACE) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with 3-vessel disease (3VD) and/or l...
Article
An 81-year-old female presented with chronic coronary disease (Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina severity grading III). The patient underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) that revealed three-vessel coronary artery disease (3VD). This case illustrates that in a patient with 3VD, planning and execution of coronary artery bypas...
Article
Purpose of review: Multicenter studies showed that the characterization of coronary atherosclerosis by coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography (CCTA) provides independent and incremental prognostic value above and beyond traditional measures of coronary artery disease (CAD) and is able to identify patients at risk of future event. Aim of the...
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Background: Valve-in-Valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (ViV-TAVI) is a growing alternative for redo-surgery in patients with degenerated surgical valves. To our knowledge, data are lacking on the determinants on ViV-TAVI procedural success in patients with degenerated surgical valves. Methods: All consecutive patients undergoing ViV-TA...
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Aims The aim of this article was to compare rates of all-cause death at 10 years following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with or without diabetes. Methods and results The SYNTAXES study evaluated up to 10-year survival of 1800 patients with three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main...
Article
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Aim The aim of this study was to compare long-term all-cause mortality between patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using multiple (MAG) or single arterial grafting (SAG). Methods and results The current study is a post hoc analysis of the SYNTAX Extended Survival Study, which compa...
Article
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Background Volumetric intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis is currently performed at a fixed frame interval, neglecting the cyclic changes in vessel dimensions occurring during the cardiac cycle that can affect the reproducibility of the results. Analysis of end-diastolic (ED) IVUS frames has been proposed to overcome this limitation. However,...
Article
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Background: The significant interaction between major infection and 5-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for complex coronary artery disease (CAD) was observed previously. However, the very long-term outcomes beyond 5 years remains unclear. Methods and results: This is a subgroup...
Article
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Objectives: We aimed to compare the quantitative angiographic aortic regurgitation (AR) into the left ventricular out flow tract (LVOT-AR) of five different types of transcatheter self-expanding valves and to investigate the impact of the learning curve on post-TAVR AR. Background: Quantitative video densitometric aortography is an objective, ac...
Article
Aims Data suggest that women have worse outcomes than men after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but results have been inconsistent across studies. Due to the large differences in baseline characteristics between sexes, suboptimal risk adjustment due to low-quality data may be the reason for the observed differences. To overcome this limitat...
Article
Objectives: To assess the safety and efficacy of using vascular closure devices (VCDs) in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for left main coronary artery disease (LM-CAD). Background: VCDs provide rapid hemostasis for patients undergoing PCI with transfemoral access (TFA); however, the safety and efficacy of VCDs continues to be debated....
Article
Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has shown great technological improvements over the last 2 decades. High accuracy of CTA in detecting significant coronary stenosis has promoted CTA as a substitute for conventional invasive coronary angiography in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. In patients with coronary stenosis, CTA...
Article
Over the last 4 decades, percutaneous coronary intervention has evolved dramatically and is now an acceptable treatment option for patients with advanced coronary artery disease. However, trialists have struggled to establish the respective roles for percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, especially in patients...
Article
Background: The Xeltis biorestorative transcatheter heart valve (BTHV) leaflets are made from an eletrospun bioabsorbable supramolecular polycarbonate-urethane and are mounted on a self-expanding nitinol frame. Acute hemodynamic performance of this BTHV was favorable. Aims: We sought to demonstrate preclinical feasibility of a novel BTHV by eval...
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Abstract Aim To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor monotherapy beyond 1 month and up to 24 months vs. standard 12-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and ticagrelor followed by aspirin monotherapy among ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the GLOBAL L...
Article
Background: The EXCEL trial reported similar five-year rates of the primary composite outcome of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for treatment of obstructive left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). Aims: We sought to determine whet...