Patrick Provost

Patrick Provost
Laval University | ULAVAL · Department of Microbiology and Immunology

PhD Biomedical Sciences

About

131
Publications
16,570
Reads
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13,610
Citations
Citations since 2016
38 Research Items
5000 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
Introduction
Our ongoing research effort aim at improving our understanding of the role and function of the ribonuclease Dicer and microRNAs in regulating gene expression in humans, and to elucidate the link between microRNAs and specific genetic diseases. These studies may provide key insights into the nature, etiology and pathogenesis of human diseases related to microRNAs and lead to the development of novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of infectious, inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases.
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - present
Laval University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2002 - present
CHUQ Research Center / CHUL
Position
  • Senior Researcher
October 1996 - December 2001
Karolinska Institutet
Position
  • Postdoctoral Training
Education
January 1986 - May 1989
Université du Québec à Montréal
Field of study
  • Biochemistry

Publications

Publications (131)
Article
Full-text available
RNA-sequencing has led to a spectacular increase in the repertoire of bacterial sRNAs and improved our understanding of their biological functions. Bacterial sRNAs have also been found in outer membrane vesicles (OMVs), raising questions about their potential involvement in bacteria-host relationship, but few studies have documented this issue. Rec...
Preprint
Numerous proteomic and transcriptomic studies have been carried out to better understand the current multi-variant SARS-CoV-2 virus mechanisms of action and effects. However, they are mostly centered on mRNAs and proteins. The effect of the virus on human post-transcriptional regulatory agents such as microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in the regulation o...
Article
Full-text available
RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) is the gold standard for the discovery of small non-coding RNAs. Following a long-standing approach, reads shorter than 16 nucleotides (nt) are removed from the small RNA sequencing libraries or datasets. The serendipitous discovery of an eukaryotic 12 nt-long RNA species capable of modulating the microRNA from which they d...
Article
Full-text available
Small RNA sequencing (sRNA-Seq) approaches unveiled sequences derived from longer non-coding RNAs, such as transfer RNA (tRNA) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) fragments, known as tRFs and rRFs, respectively. However, rRNAs and RNAs shorter than 16 nt are often depleted from library preparations/sequencing analyses, although they may be functional. Here, w...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important gene regulatory molecules involved in a broad range of cellular activities. Although the existence and functions of miRNAs are clearly defined and well established in eukaryotes, this is not always the case for those of viral origin. Indeed, the existence of viral miRNAs is the subject of intense controversy, especi...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, we discovered a new family of unusually short RNAs mapping to 5.8S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and which we named dodecaRNAs (doRNAs), according to the number of core nucleotides (12 nt) their members contain. To confirm these small RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) data, validate the existence of the two overly abundant doRNAs-the minimal core 12-nt doR...
Article
Full-text available
Using a modified RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) approach, we discovered a new family of unusually short RNAs mapping to ribosomal RNA 5.8S, which we named dodecaRNAs (doRNAs), according to the number of core nucleotides (12 nt) their members contain. Using a new quantitative detection method that we developed, we confirmed our RNA-seq data and determined...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their contents (proteins, lipids, messenger RNA, microRNA, and DNA) are viewed as intercellular signals, cell-transforming agents, and shelters for viruses that allow both diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. EVs circulating in the blood of individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) may prov...
Article
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Malnutrition impacts approximately 50 million children worldwide and is linked to 45% of global mortality in children below the age of five. Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is associated with intestinal barrier breakdown and epithelial atrophy. Extracellular vesicles including exosomes (EVs; 30–150 nm) can travel to distant target cells through bio...
Article
Full-text available
Ebola virus (EBOV) is a virulent pathogen, notorious for inducing life-threatening hemorrhagic fever, that has been responsible for several outbreaks in Africa and remains a public health threat. Yet, its pathogenesis is still not completely understood. Although there have been numerous studies on host transcriptional response to EBOV, with an emph...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are intercellular messengers with epigenetic potential since they can shuttle microRNA (miRNA). EVs and miRNA play a role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection immunopathogenesis. Chronic immune activation and systemic inflammation during HIV infection despite effective antiretroviral therapy (ART...
Article
Milk is a complex fluid that contains various types of proteins and extracellular vesicles (EVs). Some proteins can mingle with EVs, and interfere with their isolation. Among these proteins, caseins form micelles of a size comparable to milk EVs, and can thus be co-isolated with EVs. Preliminary steps that affect milk are crucial for EV isolation a...
Article
Full-text available
Despite improvements in donor screening and increasing efforts to avoid contamination and the spread of pathogens in clinical platelet concentrates (PCs), the risks of transfusion-transmitted infections remain important. Relying on an ultraviolet photo activation system, pathogen reduction technologies (PRTs), such as Intercept and Mirasol, utilize...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The lymphatic system is a circulatory system that unidirectionally drains the interstitial tissue fluid back to blood circulation. Although lymph is utilized by leukocytes for immune surveillance, it remains inaccessible to platelets and erythrocytes. Activated cells release submicron extracellular vesicles (EV) that transport molecules...
Article
Full-text available
Proteins have long been considered to be the most prominent factors regulating so-called invasive genes involved in host-pathogen interactions. The possible role of small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs), either intracellular, secreted or packaged in outer membrane vesicles (OMVs), remained unclear until recently. The advent of high-throughput RNA-sequencin...
Article
Background: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are intercellular messengers with epigenetic potential since they can shuttle microRNA (miRNA). EVs and miRNA play a role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection immunopathogenesis. Chronic immune activation and systemic inflammation during HIV infection despite effective antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are involved in cell-to-cell communication and modulation of numerous physiological and pathological processes. EVs are found in large quantities in milk and contain several inflammation- and immunity-modulating proteins and microRNAs, through which they exert beneficial effects in several inflammatory disease models. H...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNA (miRNA) are small gene-regulatory noncoding RNA that are highly enriched in cow milk. They are encapsulated in different extracellular vesicle (EV) subsets that protect them from the extracellular milieu and the harsh conditions of the gastrointestinal tract during digestion. Here, we isolated pellets enriched in 4 different EV subsets, vi...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs responsible for regulating 40% to 60% of gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. The discovery of circulating microRNAs in several biological fluids opened the path for their study as biomarkers and long‐range cell‐to‐cell communication mediators. Their transfer between individuals in the case of blood t...
Article
Full-text available
The advent of RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) technologies has markedly improved our knowledge and expanded the compendium of small non-coding RNAs, most of which derive from the processing of longer RNA precursors. In this review article, we will present a nonexhaustive list of referenced small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) derived from eukaryotic ribosomal R...
Preprint
The advent of RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) technologies has markedly improved our knowledge and expanded the compendium of small non-coding RNAs, most of which derive from the processing of longer RNA precursors. In this review article, we will discuss about the biogenesis and function of small non-coding RNAs derived from eukaryotic ribosomal RNA (rRN...
Article
Extracellular vesicles (EVs), like exosomes, are small membrane vesicles involved in cell-to-cell communications that modulate numerous biological processes. We previously discovered a new EV subset in milk (sedimenting at 35,000 g; 35 K) that protected its cargo (RNAs and proteins) during simulated digestion and was more enriched in microRNAs than...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs are small gene-regulatory RNAs that are found in various biological fluids, including milk, where they are often contained inside extracellular vesicles (EVs), like exosomes. In a previous study, we reported that commercial dairy cow’s milk microRNAs resisted simulated digestion and were not exclusively associated with canonical exosomes....
Article
Full-text available
The transfusion of platelets is essential for diverse pathological conditions associated with thrombocytopenia or platelet disorders. To maintain optimal platelet quality and functions, platelets are stored as platelet concentrates (PCs) at room temperature under continuous agitation-conditions that are permissive for microbial proliferation. In or...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: MicroRNAs are short (~22 nucleotides), non-coding RNAs that play an essential role in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Found in several biological fluids, including milk, they are often associated with extracellular vesicles (EVs), like exosomes. In a previous study, we found that commercial dairy cow milk microRNAs resist digest...
Article
Full-text available
A wide variety of clinical conditions, associated with low circulating platelet counts, require platelet transfusion in order to normalize hemostatic function. Although single-donor apheresis platelets bear the lowest risk of transfusion-transmitted infections, pathogen reduction technologies (PRT) are being implemented worldwide to reduce this ris...
Article
Circulating blood platelets play a central role in the maintenance of hemostasis. They adhere to subendothelial extracellular matrix proteins that become exposed upon vessel wall damage, which is followed by platelet activation, further platelet recruitment, platelet aggregation and formation of an occlusive, or non-occlusive, platelet thrombus. Pl...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular vesicles (EV) are small membrane vesicles produced by cells upon activation and apoptosis. EVs are heterogeneous according to their origin, mode of release, membrane composition, organelle and biochemical content, and other factors. Whereas it is apparent that EVs are implicated in intercellular communication, they can also be used as...
Article
Full-text available
The ribonuclease Dicer plays a central role in the microRNA pathway by processing microRNA precursors (pre-microRNAs) into microRNAs, a class of 19- to 24-nucleotide non-coding RNAs that regulate expression of ≈60% of the genes in humans. To gain further insights into the function and regulation of Dicer in human cells, we performed a yeast two-hyb...
Article
Full-text available
Background: MicroRNAs are small, gene-regulatory noncoding RNA species present in large amounts in milk, where they seem to be protected against degradative conditions, presumably because of their association with exosomes. Objective: We monitored the relative stability of commercial dairy cow milk microRNAs during digestion and examined their a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
MicroRNAs are small, gene regulatory non-coding RNA species that are present in large amounts in milk where they seem to be protected against degradative conditions, presumably because of their association with exosomes. We monitored the relative stability of commercial dairy milk microRNAs, under the gastrointestinal (GI) tract conditions that pre...
Article
The transfusion of platelet concentrates (PCs) is mainly used for treatment of thrombocytopenic, trauma or surgery patients. The integrity and safety of these platelet preparations, however, is compromised by the presence of pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria and parasites. The transfer of allogeneic donor leukocytes contaminating PCs can also po...
Article
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In this issue of Blood, Alhasan et al1 report the existence of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in circulating human platelets, thereby revealing yet another facet of their already diverse transcriptome.
Article
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Key Points Dicer1 deletion in MKs alters platelet miRNA and mRNA profiles. Dicer1-deficient platelets display increased integrins αIIb and β3 levels and enhanced in vitro and in vivo functional responses.
Article
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Platelet microparticles (MPs) represent the most abundant MPs subtype in the circulation, and can mediate intercellular communication through delivery of bioactives molecules, such as cytokines, proteins, lipids and RNAs. Here, we show that platelet MPs can be internalised by primary human macrophages and deliver functional miR-126–3p. The increase...
Article
Full-text available
Platelet concentrates (PCs) are prepared at blood banks for transfusion to patients in certain clinical conditions associated with a low platelet count. To prevent transfusion-transmitted infections via PCs, different pathogen reduction (PR) systems have been developed that inactivate the nucleic acids of contaminating pathogens by chemical cross-l...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Because of factors only partly understood, the generalized elevated immune activation and inflammation characterizing HIV-1–infected patients are corrected incompletely with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) including exosomes and microvesicles released by several cell types may contribute to immune activation a...
Article
Full-text available
Significance On activation, blood platelets package components from their cytoplasm into microparticles (MPs), tiny vesicles released by cytoplasmic membrane budding and shedding. Given that MPs can impact other cellular lineages on internalization, we aimed to decipher the mechanisms promoting MP internalization by cellular recipients. We modeled...
Conference Paper
Background: Platelet concentrates (PCs) are prepared at blood banks for patient transfusion in certain clinical conditions, associated with a low platelet count. To prevent transfusion-transmitted infections via PCs, different pathogen reduction (PR) systems have been developed that inactivate the nucleic acids of contaminating pathogens by chemica...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA species generated by the processing of longer precursors by the ribonucleases Drosha and Dicer. Platelets contain large amounts of miRNA that are altered by disease, in particular diabetes. This study determined why platelet miRNA levels are attenuated in diabetic individuals and how decreased levels of t...
Article
Full-text available
Pathogen reduction (PR) systems for platelets, based on chemically induced cross-linking and inactivation of nucleic acids, potentially prevent transfusion transmission of infectious agents, but can increase clinically significant bleeding in some clinical studies. Here, we documented the effects of PR systems on microRNA and mRNA levels of platele...
Article
Full-text available
Platelets play an important role in haemostasis, as well as in thrombosis and coagulation processes. They harbour a wide variety of messenger RNAs (mRNAs), that can template de novo protein synthesis, and an abundant array of microRNAs, which are known to mediate mRNA translational repression through proteins of the Argonaute (Ago) family. The rela...
Article
Background: Because of factors only partly understood, the generalized elevated immune activation and inflammation characterizing HIV-1-infected patients are corrected incompletely with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) including exosomes and microvesicles released by several cell types may contribute to immune activation a...
Article
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX) catalyzes two steps in conversion of arachidonic acid to proinflammatory leukotrienes. Lipoxygenases, including human 5-LOX, consist of an N-terminal C2-like ß-sandwich and a catalytic domain. We expressed the 5-LOX domains separately, these were found to interact in the yeast two-hybrid system. The 5-LOX structure suggested...
Article
Full-text available
The transactivating response (TAR) element of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), is the source of two functional microRNAs (miRNAs), miR-TAR-5p and miR-TAR-3p. The objective of this study was to characterize the post-transcriptional regulation of host messenger RNAs (mRNAs) relevant to HIV-1 pathogenesis by HIV-1 TAR miRNAs. We demonstrat...
Article
Full-text available
Platelets play a crucial role in the maintenance of hemostasis, as well as in thrombosis. Upon activation, platelets release small membrane-bound microparticles (MPs) containing bioactive proteins and genetic materials from their parental cells that may be transferred to, and exert potent biological effects in, recipient cells of the circulatory sy...
Article
Full-text available
Playing a central role in the maintenance of hemostasis as well as in thrombotic disorders, platelets contain a relatively diverse messenger RNA (mRNA) transcriptome as well as functional mRNA-regulatory microRNAs, suggesting that platelet mRNAs may be regulated by microRNAs. Here, we elucidated the complete repertoire and features of human platele...
Data
Flowchart applied for the discovery of novel platelet microRNAs. (TIF)
Data
Correlation of the number of reads obtained for each microRNA sequences detected in Pool 1 and Pool 2. (TIF)
Data
Expression of 4 selected novel platelet microRNAs was confirmed by qPCR analyses. (TIF)
Data