Patrick Pharo

Patrick Pharo
centre national de la recherche scientifique France · sociology

About

68
Publications
3,063
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245
Citations
Citations since 2016
12 Research Items
87 Citations
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
Introduction
topics: addictive capitalism, philosophy of common, big data and individual liberty –recent books: La belle vie dorée sur tranche, Paris, Vrin, 2017, Le capitalisme addictif, Paris, PUF, 2018, Éloge des communs, Paris, PUF, 2020, Les data contre la liberté, Paris, PUF, 2022 –noticeable recent lecture: Sociétés morales sans morale, Conférence introductive XXIe congrès de l’Association Internationale des Sociologues de Langue Française, Tunis, 2021, Actes du congrès, Presses de Laval, 2022.
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (68)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Patrick Pharo Conférence Association Ithaque : Prévention et soins des addictions Strasbourg, 24 juin 2022 La fabrique des addictions collectives Summary: This conference, presented to an audience of caregivers and addiction practitioners, retraces the different stages of my research on the mechanisms of pleasure and addiction, culminating in my r...
Article
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Entretien de Jean Bastien avec Patrick Pharo : la liberté au temps du numérique sur https://www.nonfiction.fr The interview follows the publication on April 13, 2022 of the book by Patrick Pharo: Les data contre la liberté at the Presses universitaires de France. It deals with the in-depth transformation of the standards of conduct imposed by the...
Article
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En cas d'addiction sévère, il est rare d’aboutir à une guérison complète au sens de la disparition du désir pathologique qui pousse à retourner sans cesse vers l’objet addictif, malgré ses conséquences négatives. On peut néanmoins espérer « vivre avec » ce désir compulsif en contenant son emprise sur les pratiques ordinaires par des méthodes qui co...
Article
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This unpublished paper written in 1994 comes from two projects on the semantics of civil actions included in two research programs organized and financed by the French CNRS. It makes the assumption that ordinary methods for interpreting and categorizing action - i. e. the usual semantics of actions - are grounded in a common reflexive embodiment in...
Preprint
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Presentation
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The hypothesis on the current capitalism as an addictive process is based on the idea of a collective drift of the production, marketing and consumption modes of the same order as that observed in the individual addictions, causing many social agents to suffer from symptoms of wanting, craving, withdrawal, tolerance, and continuing problematic prac...
Chapter
There has been so much literature on the use of drugs from many disciplines and theories that researchers nowadays often deal with this matter in very small segments, avoiding any wider reflection on reasons for consumption. Prevention is one of these perfectly segmented matters, which is discussed in a somewhat ritualistic way in order to marginal...
Article
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Questions to Psychopathology of Work Based on inter-subjective conditions that are preceding the comprehension of the meaning, the author discusses the inception of different forms of action. The focus on inter-subjectivity leaves questions open related to affectivity and principles of dynamic inter-subjectivity. How to describe the content of the...
Article
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Este artigo propõe um panorama do procedimento e dos métodos da sociologia moral, que se baseiam em uma etnofilosofia da existência social comum e em uma antropologia natural. A primeira parte do texto situa a sociologia moral em relação ao desenvolvimento contemporâneo das pesquisas empíricas sobre a ética, sobretudo no âmbito da psicologia experi...
Article
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Seduction and market dependence This article deals with the role of pleasures and rewards in the experience of addiction or practical inability –market dependence constituting an illuminating intermediate case. The present text gives some examples of elective affinities between a natural motivation to consume and use pleasures and market expansion...
Article
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Experimental data strongly suggest that in animal and probably in man, noradrenergic and serotoninergic become uncoupled during repeated consumption of drugs of abuse, strongly suggesting that different drugs share common mechanisms for drug-dependence. Using cocaine-dependence as model of strong addiction we speculate that careful analysis of psyc...
Article
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This paper is concerned in physiological and practical functions of representations and cognition, from the example of addiction, which allows to disclose the functional dependences of ordinary social life. The first part pictures the neurobiological causes, which could explain the inequalities about risks of dependence, according to the four main...
Article
Well-being and dependences This text collates a “philosophical” and a “sociological” point of view on the issue of addiction. The first point of view leads to question the diagnosis of “brain illness” which dominates today in neurobiological analyses and to show the banality of the “addict” behaviour which is only a flight of the very ordinary sear...
Article
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Cognitive and moral sociology of addiction. This paper is concerned in physiological and practical functions of representations and cognition, from the example of addiction, which allows to disclose the functional dependences of ordinary social life. The first part pictures the neurobiological causes, which could explain the inequalities about risk...
Article
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This article explores the limits of social constructionism and criticizes the `demiurgic conception of society' associated with it. It contemplates the possibility of sociological realism by investigating the intrinsic and objective properties of action, cognition and morality. The incorporation of intrinsic meanings and intentions in social action...
Article
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In order to make clearer the distinction between two types of explanatory abstraction, either naturalist or phenomenological, this paper takes the example of addiction and substance abuse. Observing that sociological explanations of addiction are presently superseded by neuro-physiological ones, it strives to specify the role of an individualising...
Article
The Verstehen controversy, which stems from Wilhelm Dilthey, has today become an academic question. But, recently, cognitive sciences and new developments in action theory provided an interesting renewal of the topic. The classical problem of explanation vs. understanding has been reformulated in terms of explanation by causes vs. explanation by re...
Article
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Article
The Verstehen controversy, which stems from Wilhelm Dilthey, has today become an academic question. But, recently, cognitive sciences and new developments in action theory provided an interesting renewal of the topic. The classical problem of explanation vs. understanding has been reformulated in terms of explanation by causes vs. explanation by re...
Article
This paper on moral sociology first examines the moral aspect of criticisms traditionally levelled at capitalism and then analyses the attempted response and justification of capitalism based on the supposed naturally beneficial effects of competition. Social contests inherent in human ways of life are not restricted to economics and are unlikely t...
Article
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In its first part, the article reviews several methodological tools for the inquiry in moral sociology, which are reconstructed from the main trends of the sociological tradition : historical genealogy, study of values, social obligation, social functions and justifications. The second part focuses on the conceptual ways for identifying the moral,...
Article
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This paper makes explicit a distinction between two meanings of social link : a functional meaning which concerns only the physical or biological components ; and a civil meaning which concerns the ability of social agents to conceive and evaluate their own physical and biological life from a semantic and moral point of view. The paper stems from t...
Article
In a first part, this article presents some of the general elements about suffering through action, by studying the semantics of civil actions. It then exposes the particular cases of competitive acts, where it questions the « bio-anthropological » status. Finally, it gives some practical conclusions concerning the rational and autobiographical con...
Article
QUE FAIT-IL (ELLE) ? Récemment, en France, la cour de cassation a donné raison à une famille qui demandait réparation au nom de leur fils handicapé à la suite d'une erreur de diagnostic sur un test prénatal, erreur sans laquelle la mère aurait sans doute procédé à un avortement. 1 Les adversaires de cette décision disent que la cour a consacré un p...
Article
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Cet article rend compte d'un débat organisé à l'invitation d'une revue américaine entre J. Habermas et J. Rawls à propos de l'ouvrage de ce dernier, Libéralisme politique. Rawls y propose une révision de sa théorie de la justice, conçue désormais comme une doctrine strictement politique, compatible avec des doctrines morales diverses et beaucoup pl...
Article
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[fre] Cet article étudie quelques formes de maintien de l'union malgré les désaccords qu'on peut observer dans les zones rurales. Ces formes sont liées à l'existence d'espaces publics locaux, qu'on peut aussi appeler Cités rurales. Les Cités rurales se logent dans les institutions républicaines, mais s'en différencient par le caractère local des qu...
Article
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Cet article s'efforce d'élaborer un modèle alternatif aux théories du contrat social suivant lesquelles l'ordre civil et politique serait expliqué et légitimé par le respect de règles préalablement consenties. On pose l'hypothèse que la légitimité d'un ordre et des actions constitutives de cet ordre dépend d'une série illimitée de tests de validité...
Article
Resume : L'activite competente est ordonnee par des connaissances liees a sa dimension pratique, et depend du jugement ď autrui qui la sanctionne et la valide. Un modele sociologique de la competence ne peut donc la reduire aux seuls mecanismes cognitifs ni a une illusion sociale generee par des conduites strategiques. Le modele propose ici disting...
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Les fondements méthodologiques de la sociologie compréhensive de Max Weber ont toutes chances d'être oubliés, lorsque, négligeant que l'un des objets majeurs de son investigation est l'activité sociale, le sociologue néglige aussi de rendre raison des opérations qui l'autorisent à dire le sens de ces activités. Pourtant, la postérité de Weber, grâc...
Article
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Toutes les sources statistiques disponibles révèlent l'importance de l'infériorité sociale des salariés agricoles. Appréhendant cette structure d'ordre au travers des mécanismes concrets de mise en valeur du travail salarié par les exploitants agricoles et d'occupation des emplois par les salariés, cet article se propose de rendre compréhensible l'...
Article
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A partir d'une enquête effectuée sur le plateau de Millevaches, l'article s'efforce de mettre en évidence les liens qui unissent les pratiques productives et l'éthos des paysans corréziens. Après avoir analysé la signification éthique dont ces agriculteurs ont investi la production de veau de lait - considérée comme " traditionnelle " -, on fait ap...
Article
343 p., ref. bib. : 1 p.3/4 L'analyse de l'action est remise au premier plan par certains courants actuels de la philosophie et des sciences sociales. L'étude de la sémantique de l'action (intention, volonté, motif, désir, etc.) a fait apparaître le rôle important du langage dans la constitution du champ pratique. Elle a permis d'éclairer sous un j...

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