Patrick Müller

Patrick Müller
University of Vienna | UniWien · Institute for European Integration Research

About

48
Publications
6,106
Reads
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535
Citations
Citations since 2017
19 Research Items
417 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
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In recent years, populist radical right parties that openly contest the EU’s liberal consensus have acquired a reputation for restricting the space for civil society. Developing a novel conceptual framework of obstruction, this article examines how actors from the far right and the political mainstream obstruct humanitarian NGOs. We argue that whil...
Article
Despite a growing interest in the relationship between populism and foreign policy, we know little about how populists in power engage with Europeanized foreign policy institutions. Bridging between research on populism and foreign policy (de‐)Europeanization, this article develops a theoretical framework for examining the impact of PRR parties in...
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Bridging arguments between securitization theory and populist communication, this article shifts attention to the strategy of ‘populist securitization’. It argues that populist parties may seek to ‘securitize’ international political issues for the purpose of domestic political mobilization. Empirically, it demonstrates the relevance of populist se...
Article
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Recent years have witnessed renewed efforts to advance integration in the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), including in the domain of military and civilian capability development. The adoption of a Civilian CSDP Compact (CCC) and the creation of a European Peace Facility (EPF) are prominent examples of recent steps taken towards furt...
Article
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Developing a novel conceptualization of ‘de-Europeanisation’, this introduction provides a common theoretical framework to advance our understanding of EU foreign policy-making in times of internal and external challenges. De-Europeanisation relates to situations where EU foreign policy-making runs against the grain of certain Member States’ declar...
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This article bridges between the de-Europeanization framework and works on populism to theorize about de-Europeanization dynamics and their potential drivers. Empirically, the article explores Polish foreign policy under the PiS government for the case of EU-foreign policy cooperation toward the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. As a highly Europeanize...
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Transcending the established problem-solving perspective, this article proposes a novel conceptualization of orchestration as a strategy to escape legal responsibility. To test our conceptual argument, we study the case of EU migration governance vis-à-vis Libya in the Central Mediterranean. We show how legal constraints stemming from the 2012 Hirs...
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Previous research has primarily focused on the EU’s high-profile involvement as direct mediator in peace negotiations. Conversely, less attention has been devoted to the EU’s support to third parties’ mediation efforts, which is a significant component of its mediation activities. Addressing this research gap, this article develops a conceptual fra...
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This article conceives the EU’s normative power in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as a narrative that projects views of the international system, the EU’s identity as a peacebuilder, and its positions on specific conflict issues. Highlighting the importance of local narratives as cultural filters, this article argues that a high degree of alignme...
Article
The role of law has received only scarce attention in the emerging debate on framing EU policy. Addressing this research gap, we develop a concept of legal framing that identifies different strategies through which frame entrepreneurs can shape the policy debate by activating the structural power of the law. We demonstrate the relevance of these st...
Article
CFSP has traditionally been studied as a policy-making domain that is reserved to negotiations among formal representatives from the EU and its member states. In this article, we draw attention to the way in which the CFSP bureaucracy interacts with transnational actors from civil society. We conceptualize this relationship on the basis of three me...
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This article focuses on how the European Union's (EU) mediation activities during the Russia-Ukraine and Israel-Palestine conflicts are perceived by local elites. Our analysis is based on recent interviews with decision makers in Ukraine, Israel and Palestine. Consistent with this special issue, we investigate perceptions of EU roles, strategies an...
Article
Perception research can make a valuable contribution to the study of the local dimension in EU peacebuilding. The conceptual framework developed in this article distinguishes between perceptions of the “legitimacy,” “effectiveness,” and “credibility” of EU peacebuilding practices, which are crucial factors for successful peacebuilding. Relying on t...
Chapter
This chapter examines how changes related to intra-EU governance introduced by the 2009 Lisbon Treaty and the revised ENP have impacted on the EU’s policy toward the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which constitutes one of the most longstanding and widely debated issues on the European foreign-policy agenda. Continuity and change of the EU’s comprehe...
Article
The literature on policy transfer has paid little attention to how policy-makers strategically employ learning from abroad as a resource to advance their domestic policy preferences and successfully implement a policy program. Addressing this research gap, we further develop the concept of “political learning,” distinguishing three dimensions: “lea...
Article
The joint decision trap concept traditionally explains progress in EU policy-making through dynamics located within the EU's multi-level governance. Yet, with the expansion of global regulatory co-ordination, the EU governance system increasingly interacts with policy-making in international regimes, which influences the internal dynamics of the EU...
Article
Little systematic effort has been made to examine the role of law and its implications for EU foreign policy-making. Addressing this research gap, we identify key legal dynamics that operate in supranational policies, but have increasingly led to legal ‘spillovers’, both institutionally and discursively, into the Common Foreign and Security Policy....
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Multilateral cooperation schemes involving sub-sets of EU member states have proliferated over recent years. Yet, their implications for Europeanization research are little understood. Focusing on Austria's participation in the Salzburg Forum and in Central European Defence Cooperation, this article explores the implications of regional cooperation...
Article
The financial crises and profound external relations challenges provide a window of opportunity to upgrade EU foreign policy. Yet, whilst multiple crises faced by the EU today play a prominent role in the Union’s foreign policy discourse, escape from ‘EU decision traps’ at the policy level has often not been achieved. Changes were incremental in na...
Article
When Austria joined the EU in 1995 it had to find its place in a substantially altered world order. Yet, rather than conceiving its membership in the EU as an opportunity to reenergize its foreign policy through Europeanization, Austria has displayed little interest in developing an active foreign policy profile within, or through, the EU. While me...
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The transfer of European Union (EU) policies has predominantly been studied as an EU-driven process. Transcending this EU-centric perspective, we provide a novel conceptualization of the role of third country actors as initiators and drivers, rather than as reactive receivers, of policy transfer. Based on our novel conceptual framework, we identify...
Article
It is frequently argued that informal groups are established, designed and maintained because of their effectiveness in addressing common security challenges. The Quartet's poor record in conflict mediation defies this view. Putting forward a 'power-based' argument, this article identifies key motivations that can sustain informal cooperation even...
Article
The interactions between the European Union (EU) and international policy regimes are ever more important. Much of the existing literature has focused on the bottom-up dimension of the EU's role in global institutions, assuming that the EU predominantly seeks to project its policies to the global level. However, our review of empirical research rev...
Article
This article seeks to refine the joint decision trap model by introducing additional time-based exit mechanisms. The procrastination of decisions, temporary derogation, and transitory compensation enable European Union (EU) member states to escape gridlock by distributing the costs and benefits of a decision over the time axis. In addition, time-ba...
Article
Relying on the ‘EU actorness’ framework, this article examines the relationship between the EU's evolving institutional capacity as an international actor and its performance as an external mediator in the Arab–Israeli conflict. It shows that the EU's actorness has progressed in terms of diplomatic ‘cohesion’, enhanced ‘horizontal coordination’ bet...
Article
France's prominent role in Europe's policy towards the Arab-Israeli conflict represents an interesting case study for the evolving research on Europeanization. While France's involvement in the CFSP is frequently described as a case of national projection through the EU, this view needs qualification. Proposing a novel conceptual categorization of...
Article
The concept of Europeanization is relevant also to the foreign policy realm, as it facilitates an exploration of the distinctiveness of the foreign policies of states which are members of the European Union (EU). Reviewing the state of the art in the Europeanization of foreign policy, this article illustrates that the concept of Europeanization, al...
Article
Using the Europeanization concept as framework of analysis, this article examines the interaction of Germany's national policy with Europe's collective foreign policy in a central policy area – the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. It argues that Germany's conflict resolution policy evolved in close interaction with Europe's common foreign policy. Germ...
Article
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Patrick Müller, The United States, the European Union and the Crisis of the Annapolis Process - Learning the Lessons from Past Experiences in Middle East Peace-Making? The new American administration offers a window of opportunity to solve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. The United States and the European Union will hold a prominent position in t...
Article
Full-text available
Using the Europeanization concept as framework of analysis, this paper examines the interaction of Germany's national policy with Europe's collective foreign policy in a central policy area – the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It argues that Germany's conflict resolution policy evolved in close interaction with Europe's common foreign policy. German...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in applying the Europeanization concept to the study of foreign policy. Discussing how foreign policy Europeanization relates to Europeanization research in other areas of EU governance as well as to traditional approaches from the International Relations discipline, we examine the added value of study...
Article
Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in applying the Europeanization concept to the study of foreign policy. Discussing how foreign policy Europeanization relates to Europeanization research in other areas of EU governance as well as to traditional approaches from the International Relations discipline, we examine the added value of study...

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Projects (2)
Project
Set against scientific predictions, current international responses to climate change are widely perceived to be inadequate. There is a growing perception, that many mitigation and adaptation measures have been taken outside the international regime. In this sense governance has become considerably more polycentric, with pockets of dynamism especially evident at the national and subnational levels, but also in the so called transnational sphere. However, there is far less agreement on if and how these innovations can be scaled up, if and indeed how they should be coordinated, and where the necessary leadership to achieve this might originate. To address these gaps, INOGOV: - Identifies ways in which innovative forms of policy and governance for climate change have been stimulated and diffused across time, space and different modes and levels of governing - Builds a stronger evaluation capacity to assess their actual and intended effects and impacts - Shares usable knowledge with network participants to reach a fuller appreciation of what it means to govern climate change more innovatively. It draws together scholars and practitioners within and outside Europe who focus on particular aspects of policy and governance innovation, namely their: ‘sources’; ‘diffusion’; and ‘effects’. By using the full suite of COST networking instruments to explore the inter-relationships between these topics, it is extracting greater value from previous research investments. There are currently 28 countries signed up to the INOGOV Action, and the INOGOV mailing list currently has c.1200 members. To join INOGOV / access further details: http://www.inogov.eu/