Patrick Mardulyn

Patrick Mardulyn
Université Libre de Bruxelles | ULB · Evolutionary Biology and Ecology Unit

About

151
Publications
27,969
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3,908
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - December 2012
January 1999 - December 2007
January 1996 - December 1998
University of Arkansas

Publications

Publications (151)
Article
Oceanic islands have played an important role in our understanding of the diversification of organisms, and phylogenetic estimates have been used in this context to investigate the origin of island diversity and its relationship to the continent. Using a typical orchid genus rich in island endemics and with widespread continental relatives, we aim...
Article
The cold-tolerant leaf beetle Gonioctena quinquepunctata displays a large but fragmented European distribution and is restricted to mountain regions in the southern part of its range. Using a RAD-seq-generated large single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data set (> 10,000 loci), we investigated the geographic distribution of genetic variation within...
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Full-text available
Coleoptera is the most species-rich insect order, yet is currently underrepresented in genomic databases. An assembly was generated for ca. 1.7 Gb genome of the leaf beetle Gonioctena quinquepunctata by first assembling long sequence reads (Oxford Nanopore; ± 27-fold coverage) and subsequently polishing the resulting assembly with short sequence re...
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Full-text available
A large number of genetic variation studies have identified cases of mitochondrial genome introgression in animals, indicating that reproductive barriers among closely related species are often permeable. Because of its sheer size, the impact of hybridization on the evolution of the nuclear genome is more difficult to apprehend. Only a few studies...
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Mutualistic associations between insects and heritable bacterial symbionts are ubiquitous in nature. The aphid symbiont Serratia symbiotica is a valuable candidate for studying the evolution of bacterial symbiosis in insects because it includes a wide diversity of strains that reflect the diverse relationships in which bacteria can be engaged with...
Article
Social parasitism, i.e. the parasitic dependence of a social species on another free-living social species, is one of the most intriguing phenomena in social insects. It has evolved to various levels, the most extreme form being inquiline social parasites which have lost the worker caste, and produce only male and female sexual offspring that are r...
Article
Lowland tropical bryophytes have been perceived as excellent dispersers. In such groups, the inverse isolation hypothesis proposes that spatial genetic structure is erased beyond the limits of short‐distance dispersal. Here, we determine the influence of environmental variation and geographic barriers on the spatial genetic structure of a widely di...
Article
Coordination between nuclear and mitochondrial genomes is critical to metabolic processes underlying animals' ability to adapt to local environments, yet consequences of mitonuclear interactions have rarely been investigated in populations where individuals with divergent mitochondrial and nuclear genomes naturally interbreed. Genetic variation in...
Research
Effects of mitonuclear variation on performance and fitness characters measured under field and laboratory conditions.
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Heteroplasmy, the existence of multiple mitochondrial haplotypes within an individual, has been studied across different scientific fields. Mitochondrial genome polymorphisms have been linked to multiple severe disorders and are of interest to evolutionary studies and forensic science. Before the development of massive parallel sequencing (MPS), mo...
Article
Analysing genomic variation within and between sister species is a first step towards understanding species boundaries. We focused on two sister species of cold‐resistant leaf beetles, Gonioctena quinquepunctata and G. intermedia, whose ranges overlap in the Alps. A previous study of DNA sequence variation had revealed multiple instances of mitocho...
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Climatic fluctuations during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) exerted a profound influence on biodiversity patterns, but their impact on bryophytes, the second most diverse group of land plants, has been poorly documented. Approximate Bayesian computations based on coalescent simulations showed that the post‐glacial assembly of European bryophytes in...
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Bryophytes are a group of land plants wherein the role of hybridization has long been challenged. Using Genotyping by Sequencing to circumvent the lack of molecular variation at selected loci previously used for phylogeny and morphology, we determine the level of genetic and morphological divergence and reproductive isolation between the sibling Sy...
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Aim Genetic diversity is a key factor to species survival. This diversity is unevenly distributed across the species range, delimiting genetic diversity hotspots (GDH). Focusing conservation efforts on regions where GDH of several species overlap (i.e., multispecies GDH) could rationalize conservation efforts by protecting several taxa in one go. H...
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The Sahara silver ant Cataglyphis bombycina is one of the world’s most thermotolerant animals. Workers forage for heat-stricken arthropods during the hottest part of the day, when temperatures exceed 50 °C. However, the physiological adaptations needed to cope with such harsh conditions remain poorly studied in this desert species. Using transcript...
Article
Mitochondrial genome heteroplasmy - the presence of more than one genomic variant in individuals - is considered only occasional in animals, and most often involves molecules differing only by a few recent mutations. Thanks to new sequencing technologies, a large number of DNA fragments from a single individual can now be sequenced and visualized s...
Article
Whether non-arctic species persisted in northern Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) is highly debated. Until now, the debate has mostly focused on plants, with little consideration for other groups of organ- isms, e.g. the numerous plant-dependent insect species. Here, we study the late-Quaternary evolution of the European range of a bore...
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Studying the changes in species ranges during the last glaciation event is an important step towards the understanding of the observed patterns of intra-specific genetic variability. We focused on bumblebees, an interesting biological model to address these questions because cold-adapted species are likely to have experienced different geographical...
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The evolution in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology has led to the development of many different assembly algorithms, but few of them focus on assembling the organelle genomes. These genomes are used in phylogenetic studies, food identification and are the most deposited eukaryotic genomes in GenBank. Producing organelle genome assembly fr...
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We report the presence of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) hyperdiversity in the marine periwinkle Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758), the first such case among marine gastropods. Our dataset consisted of concatenated 16S-COI-Cytb gene fragments. We used Bayesian analyses to investigate three putative causes underlying genetic variation, and estimated...
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Paleontological evidence and current patterns of angiosperm species richness suggest that European biota experienced more severe bottlenecks than North American ones during the last glacial maximum. How well this pattern fits other plant species is less clear. Bryophytes offer a unique opportunity to contrast the impact of the last glacial maximum...
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Cataglyphis desert ants display unique variation in their breeding systems, making this genus a particularly interesting model to study the evolution of derived reproductive traits in eusocial Hymenoptera. Colonies may be headed by a single or several queens, and queens may be singly or multiply mated. Furthermore, in a number of species, both the...
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We characterised the phylogeographic patterns displayed by five species of bumblebees with largely overlapping ranges in Eurasia, but different levels of range fragmentation, range size and food specialization. Genetic variation across the range of each species was explored by using sequence variation of a total of 368 specimens at one mitochondria...
Article
1.Allele (or haplotype) networks are often used in phylogeographic studies to display genetic variation within a species or a group of closely related species. A global maximum parsimony approach to infer allele networks, arguably the method of choice to display genetic variation at the intraspecific level, consists in inferring all most parsimonio...
Article
ABSTRACT Aim Phylogeographical signatures of past population fragmentation and demographic change have been reported in several African rain forest trees. These signatures have usually been interpreted in the light of the Pleistocene forest refuge hypothesis, although dating these events has remained impracticable because of inadequate genetic mark...
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The perceived low levels of genetic diversity, poor interspecific competitive and defensive ability, and loss of dispersal capacities of insular lineages have driven the view that oceanic islands are evolutionary dead ends. Focusing on the Atlantic bryophyte flora distributed across the archipelagos of the Azores, Madeira, the Canary Islands, weste...
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While phylogeographic patterns of organisms are often interpreted through past environmental disturbances, mediated by climate changes, and geographic barriers, they may also be strongly influenced by species-specific traits. To investigate the impact of such traits, we focused on two Eurasian spruce bark beetles that share a similar geographical d...
Article
1.The Bayesian inference of demographic parameters under an Isolation-Migration (IM) model of population evolution offers a major improvement over previously available approaches. This method is implemented in a popular program, IMa, widely used in population genetic studies.2.While the robustness of the method to deviations of the IM model has pre...
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Past climate change is known to have strongly impacted current patterns of genetic variation of animals and plants in Europe. However, ecological factors also have the potential to influence demographic history, and thus patterns of genetic variation. In this study, we investigated the impact of past climate, and also the potential impact of host p...
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In phylogeography or population genetic studies, evolutionary relationships among DNA haplotypes can be depicted either as a graph, called a ‘network’, with cycles (or ‘loops’), or as a set of phylogenetic trees (i.e. connected graphs with no circuits), possibly with multifurcation(s) and/or ancestral haplotype(s) (both represented by collapsing ze...
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Computer simulations of genetic data are increasingly used to investigate the impact of complex historical scenarios on patterns of genetic variation. Yet, in most empirical studies, relatively large portions of species ranges are often treated as panmictic populations, ignoring the underlying spatial context. In some cases, however, a more accurat...
Article
While the importance for including multiple independent loci in phylogeographic studies is largely acknowledged, a majority of these still focus on a single species. We combine the study of multilocus DNA sequence variation (one mitochondrial and four unlinked nuclear fragments) at both the inter- and intraspecific levels to explore the evolutionar...
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SPADS 1.0 (for "Spatial and Population Analysis of DNA Sequences") is a population genetic toolbox for characterizing genetic variability within and among populations from DNA sequences. In view of the drastic increase in genetic information available through sequencing methods, SPADS was specifically designed to deal with multi-locus datasets of D...
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Inquiline ants are highly specialised social parasites. They usually do not produce their own worker caste but instead use the worker force of the host ant colony to ensure the rearing of their sexual progeny. Several barriers are expected to severely limit their migration, and the mechanism allowing them to disperse remains largely enigmatic. Here...
Article
There is an evolutionary trade-off between the resources that a species invests in dispersal versus those invested in reproduction. For many insects, reproductive success in patchily-distributed species can be improved by sibling-mating. In many cases, such strategies correspond to sexual dimorphism, with males-whose reproductive activities can tak...
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The leaf beetle Chrysomela aeneicollis occurs across Western North America, either at high elevation or in small, isolated populations along the coast, and thus has a highly fragmented distribution. DNA sequence data (three loci) were collected from five regions across the species range. Population connectivity was examined using traditional ecolog...
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Rapid geographic range expansions can have dramatic effects on the distribution of genetic diversity, both within and among populations. Based on field records collected over the past two decades in Western Europe, we report on the rapid geographic range expansion in Colletes hederae, a solitary bee species. To characterize how this expansion shape...
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The evolutionary events that have shaped biodiversity patterns in the African rainforests are still poorly documented. Past forest fragmentation and ecological gradients have been advocated as important drivers of genetic differentiation but their respective roles remain unclear. Using nuclear microsatellites (nSSRs) and chloroplast non-coding sequ...
Article
Bluetongue (BT) is a commonly cited example of a disease with a distribution believed to have recently expanded in response to global warming. The BT virus is transmitted to ruminants by biting midges of the genus Culicoides, and it has been hypothesized that the emergence of BT in Mediterranean Europe during the last two decades is a consequence o...
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Pollination by sexual deception is arguably one of the most unusual liaisons linking plants and insects, and perhaps the most illustrative example of extreme floral specialization in angiosperms. While considerable progress has been made in understanding the floral traits involved in sexual deception, less is known about how this remarkable mimicry...
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