Patrick Christie Humphreys

Patrick Christie Humphreys
The London School of Economics and Political Science | LSE · Institute of Social Psychology

BSc PhD FRSA

About

71
Publications
9,012
Reads
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1,234
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
198 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030
20172018201920202021202220230102030
20172018201920202021202220230102030
Additional affiliations
October 1982 - present
The London School of Economics and Political Science
Position
  • Professor of Social Psychology
October 1982 - present
The London School of Economics and Political Science
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • www.lml.lse.ac.uk

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
This paper offers a unique and powerful bottom-up methodology for social innovation promoting and securing Sustainable development goals (SDG’s) in a wide variety of social innovation contexts founded on a bottom-up approach : it identifies four sustainable development enabling factors, (SDEFs) that make social innovation contributions to sustainab...
Book
This monograph presents a unique and powerful bottom-up methodology for promoting and securing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through innovative and creative decision-making and enactment in a wide variety of entrepreneurial innovation contexts. The authors identify four sustainable development enabling factors – (1) the presence of a trustwo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper extends some current decision-Making and DSS perspectives that were originally identified in Herbert Simon’s decision-making and action process model, socialising them in theory and practice to account for the effective development of decision support systems that can profitably be incorporated in the context of multisided platform- powe...
Article
The focus of this paper is observation, self-observation, and enactive management of organizational conflict situations whereby a community, an organization, or a human being has the possibility of recognizing their resources and generating changes in their practices if they so desire, and making fresh decisions, in the sense that different ontolog...
Article
Purpose In line with an emerging critical trend in the field of intellectual capital (IC), the aim of this paper is to probe the evolutionary path of IC research and practices. The paper aims to argue that IC research and practices need to shift from the measuring paradigm to a learning paradigm. Design/methodology/approach A total of 15 interview...
Article
This paper introduces a flexible methodology and toolset for efficient online management of intellectual capital (IC) in groups or clusters of SMEs called CROFT: CADIC Relational Online Framework and Toolset. Driven from the 'bottom-up' by the requirements of the cluster participants themselves, CROFT provides a flexible framework to assist in mana...
Conference Paper
An international consensus has emerged on the need for strong and early action on sustainable development, involving creative initiatives aimed at improving the quality and diversity of life in new ecologically and creatively informed developments. But there has been relatively little research completed on how the collaboration and internationaliza...
Chapter
Problem solving has been defined as the complex interplay of cognitive, affective, and behavioural processes with the aim to adapt to external or internal demands or challenges (Heppner & Krauskopf, 1987). In the realm of organizational decision-making, Herbert Simon (1977) describes the problem-solving process as moving through three stages: intel...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates ways in which context can be enriched, permitting identification of new resources and pathways for innovative decision making in situations where the restricted languages of conventional decision analysis offer only social exclusion to the decision makers. It describes how young decision makers in "socially excluded" communi...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces a fundamental evolution of the group decision support model from the single “decision-spine” which focuses on a single proceduralized context, to provide comprehensive Group Communication and Decision Support (GDACS). We show how GDACS can support creative decision-making through collaborative authoring of outcomes, within a...
Article
This paper explores how collaborative decision-making can be improved through expanding decision makers’ ability to access and process information related to intellectual capital. We describe the ICS (Intellectual Capital Statement) Process, and supporting ICS toolkit developed by Partners in the InCaS EU project. We describe how they were validate...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter introduces a fundamental evolution of the group decision support model from the single “decision-spine” which focuses on a single proceduralized context, to provide comprehensive Group Communication and Decision Support (GDACS). We show how GDACS can support creative decision-making through collaborative authoring of outcomes, within a...
Chapter
Ordering and classification of objects by their properties are among the typical problems in multiple criteria decision aiding (MCDA). The difficulties of choice problems increase when the same object may exist in several copies with different attributes’ values, and values of different attributes may be repeated within the object description. For...
Chapter
The discourses established as the foundations of group decision support systems (GDSS) have been called into question not only in the interests of advancing the academic GDSS field (Bannon, 1997), but also out of the perceived need to plug gaps that sophisticated GDSS systems throw up in practice (Huber, 1981; Humphreys & Brezillon, 2002; Humphreys...
Chapter
The selection of the right cost calculation method is of critical importance when it comes to determining the real product profitability (as well as clients and other calculation objects). Traditional cost calculation methods often provide false information. The literature offers many examples of big companies that have given up traditional methods...
Chapter
Decision support systems (DSSs) have been researched extensively over the years with the purpose of aiding the decision maker (DM) in an increasingly complex and rapidly changing environment (Sprague & Watson, 1996; Turban & Aronson, 1998). Newer intelligent systems, enabled by the advent of the Internet combined with artificial-intelligence (AI) t...
Article
In today's global economy, and as a result of the complexity surrounding the working world, new ways of working are emerging. In particular, collaboration and networking gain increasing importance as they enable firms to face the new demands of a global economy. Within this context, it is necessary to understand how new ways of organising influence...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a Problem Solving Process Model for personal decision support (PSPM-DS). The model was used to provide decision support in the counseling of young adults facing difficulties in life decisions, in their career decision making, their intimate relationships, their choice of friends and life style, as well as, their academic or jo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper draws on analysis of a variety of problems emerging from practical applications of Group Decision Support Systems (GDSS) to propose a fundamental evolution of decision support models from the traditional single decision-spine model to the decision-hedgehog. It positions decision making through the construction of narratives making the rh...
Article
This paper draws on analysis of a variety of problems emerging from practcal applcatons of Group Decision Support Systems (GDSS) to propose a fundamental evoluton of decision support models from he radional single decision-spine model, focusing on a single proceduralsed context to he decision-hedgehog. It positons decision making hrough he construc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines requirements and possibilities for decision support situations where conventional decision analysis would indicate that the decision-makers have little chance of centralising the control of decision making about their own futures, thus offering only social exclusion. It describes how creative support for innovative decision maki...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how to support individual tourists in choosing locations/accommodation to visit during their stay in a locality. We show how this kind of decision making can be aided through a multi-stage verbal decision making process, including both formal and informal aspects, supported by an information system which can provide descriptions...
Article
Full-text available
Modern business in Russia, being a new phenomenon in cultural traditions, is characterized by a lot of special features due to the recency of its ascendance within the new economic, social and political conditions. Many of these features seriously prevent the further development of organizations and are anyhow realized by agents of business activit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Textbook accounts and case studies of decision making in the social and organisational contexts of decision support typically concentrate on modelling the representation of the decision problem, and/or of information which may be relevant in its solution and/or the motivations of interested parties, etc. They employ the discourses of the participan...
Chapter
Initially, modelling of the decision process was based on the comparison and the establishment of the preference ordering of the various options of a decision problem in terms of utilities and values (Keeney & Raiffa, 1976; von Winterfeldt and Edwards, 1986). This approach was soon questioned by a number of researchers (Berkeley and Humphreys, 1982...
Chapter
This book presents a selection of contributions to the conference on Decision Support in Organizational Transformation held in La Gomera, Canary Islands, in September, 1997. The conference was organized by the International Federation of Information Processing’s Working Group 8.3 on Decision Support Systems and the Organisational Research Group of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Every organisational change creates some organisational stress and makes personnel both winners and losers within the organization. To a large degree this is a result of the inevitable change of the organization perspective as well as ensuing organisational restructuring. In this paper we investigate the organisational perspectives generally adopte...
Book
The main purpose of this paper is to contribute to the discussion about the design of computer and communication systems that can aid the management process. 1.1 Historical Overview We propose that Decision Support System can be considered as a design conception conceived within the computer industry to facilitate the use of computer technology in...
Conference Paper
This paper describes SASOS, an interactive computer-based system supporting analysts in embedding knowledge about an organisation (as is, as might be) in decision making on change, where knowledge generation, elicitation and synthesis, decision making and implementation of changes all comprise processes distributed throughout the organisation invol...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the requirements for project risk action management techniques which can assist clients and project managers to assess and pre-empt potential sources of risk. These sources may be external or internal to the project and include those which may result from the manager's own actions. The aim is to encourage project managers to be...
Article
Full-text available
This report represents an extension to, and update of, Technical Report 87-1: Methods and tools for structuring and analysing decision problems: A review and catalogue, and Technical Report 88-1: Building a decision problem structuring library: a review of some possibilities. It surveys and describes the potential applications of 58 tools for struc...
Article
This paper discusses issues involved in decisions to bear a child given the knowledge that the child may be subjected to a genetic risk. It argues that the problem of whether to take the risk or not is predicated on the way the prospective parents have conceptualised this risk and its effects. Five levels of abstraction are described at which this...
Article
Full-text available
The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has been conducting a multiyear research program to investigate different methods for using expert judgments to estimate human error probabilities (HEPs) in nuclear power plants. One of the methods investigated, derived from multi-attribute utility theory, is the Success Likelihood Index Methodolocy implem...
Chapter
Decision problems encountered in everyday life are invested with uncertainty; if this were not the case, they would not have been conceptualized as problems in the first place.
Article
Full-text available
As part of a pilot study for a larger project on provision of abortion counseling within general practice, a retrospective study was conducted of the demands made on a group general practice by patients who had been referred for an abortion between 1962-77 and who were currently registered with either of the 2 surgeries of the practice. A group pra...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is presented to provide a basis for developing an adequate methodology for the design, development and implementation of decision aiding systems for structuring ill-defined decision problems. It will examine issues involved in supporting decision making in unique rather than repeated situations, where the decision maker cannot make the d...
Article
Full-text available
This two-volume report presents the procedures and analyses performed in developing an approach for structuring expert judgments to estimate human error probabilities. Volume I presents an overview of work performed in developing the approach: SLIM-MAUD (Success Likelihood Index Methodology, implemented through the use of an interactive computer pr...
Article
Structuring techniques developed so far for use in decision analyses have concentrated on structuring uncertainty or the decompostion of worth of alternatives while the specification of the options to be considered within the analysis has usually been considered as something which happens a priori to the decision analysis, which does not comprise a...
Chapter
In any study of individual decision making, it is essential to take into account the social context in which the decision making activities take place and within which the decision maker conceptualizes the consequences of his or her actions. Analysis of the way the social context is taken into account in the process of decision making has largely b...
Article
This paper examines our understanding of the decomposition of immediate acts when structuring decision problems. Seven different types of uncertainties are identified, and four of these are shown to be taken explicitly into account in models within the province of decision theory, described in terms of four interlocking systems interfaced with sema...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses how heuristics can be incorporated in decision aids that are used for structuring decision problems. First, decision theory in terms of linked subsystems is described; this permits identification of the sites where it is necessary to employ heuristic rather than normative, algorithmic procedures. These sites lie on the interfac...
Article
Full-text available
This report describes the use and operation of Multiattribute Utility Decomposition (MAUD), an interactive computer program for the structuring, decomposition, and recomposition of preferences between multiattributed alternatives. MAUD is designed as a decision aid, helping the decision maker in any and all of the above operations. MAUD is of use i...
Article
Discusses the process of political socialization, the relevance of political attitudes to vote choice, attitudes and vote change, perceptions and evaluations of parties' stands, and the structure of political attitudes in relation to 178 24–25 yr old males. Implications of the findings for social psychology are discussed. (6½ p ref) (PsycINFO Datab...
Article
This paper is about how or what a decision aid can aid, based on our experiences with a particular interactive computer based decision aid called MAUD (MultiAttribute Utility Decomposition), designed to help decision makers in the structuring, decomposition and recomposition of preferences between multiattributed alternatives. MAUD is of use in sit...
Chapter
Tversky (1967) identified a major goal of scientific investigation as the decomposition of complex phenomena into sets of ‘basic’ factors according to specifiable rules of combination. Following this approach, this review evaluates Multi-attribute Utility Theory (MAUT) in terms of its claim to success in providing an axiomatization of decomposition...
Chapter
This paper reports an investigation linking Raiffa’s (1969) analysis of preference for multi-attributed alternatives with a technique for the elicitation of attribute dimensions known as the ‘repertory grid’. Providing the assumptions underlying the repertory grid were reasonably upheld, people’s actual preference orderings were closely replicated...
Article
Full-text available
Stemming from a variety of methodological and practical needs and various degrees of understanding, the current practices in the field of intellectual capital (IC) reporting vary from case to case. Nevertheless, almost all of the IC models in use seem to prioritise the "measuring paradigm", that is, the calculation, numbering, ranking, and quantifi...

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