Patrick Gaudreau

Patrick Gaudreau
University of Ottawa · School of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

149
Publications
86,916
Reads
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5,532
Citations
Citations since 2017
59 Research Items
3239 Citations
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Introduction
Achievement, motivation, and self-regulation in the school and sport domains. A current focus on perfectionism and excellencism and psychology of human achievement (broadly defined). Define myself as personality and social psychology.
Additional affiliations
May 2016 - present
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2005 - April 2016
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2005 - present
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (149)
Article
Full-text available
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent among university students, yet risk models for NSSI are rarely contextualized to the experiences of university students. The current study explored a risk model for NSSI among university students, with a focus on parent-child relational risk factors and intrapersonal vulnerabilities likely to be heighten...
Preprint
The team identification-social psychological health model outlines that fans of local sport teams are more likely to experience feelings of social connectedness compared to fans of distant teams. We tested this proposition across two sufficiently-powered studies. In both studies, sport fans (Study 1 N = 291, Study 2 N = 430) completed online survey...
Article
The grades of students have been shown to severely decrease during the transition from high school to university. Although past findings have shown that procrastination negatively relates to academic achievement, no study has examined the influence of procrastination on the grade trajectory of students during this critical academic transition. Ther...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster showcase the moderating effect of the perception of scientific productivity on the relation between perfectionistic standards and impostor feelings, among a population of graduate students (N=375). Our results suggest that the self-esteem of perfectionist is highly contingent to their own performance evaluation.
Article
Obsessive passion predicts many maladaptive workplace outcomes (Vallerand & Houlfort, 2019). However, we hypothesized that people hold the lay belief that obsessive passion is needed to succeed in workplaces that focus on singular objectives (e.g., productivity) at the expense of competing goals (e.g., well-being) – that is, workplaces characterize...
Article
The winners of the 2017 World Series were found guilty of illegally using electronic devices to steal the signs of their opponents. Many but not all sport fans negatively reacted to this cheating incident. We relied on the model of excellencism and perfectionism to determine if perfection strivers are less unfavorable toward electronic sign stealin...
Preprint
The winners of the 2017 baseball World Series were found guilty of illegally using electronic devices to steal the signs of their opponents. Many but not all sport fans negatively reacted to this cheating incident. We relied on the Model of Excellencism and Perfectionism (MEP; Gaudreau, 2019) to determine if perfection strivers are less unfavorable...
Preprint
A pervasive problem in the coping literature has been the tendency for traditional confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) to reject hierarchical models of coping. In this study, we examined the first-order and hierarchical factor structure of the Coping Inventory for Academic Strivings with two independent samples of students. Results of traditional CF...
Article
An unresolved and controversial issue in the perfectionism literature is whether perfectionism is beneficial, harmful, or unneeded. The model of excellencism and perfectionism (MEP) was recently developed to address this question by distinguishing the pursuit of perfection from the pursuit of excellence (Gaudreau, 2019). In this article, we report...
Article
Full-text available
Much is known about the antecedents and outcomes of procrastination when comparing students to one another (i.e., between-person level). However, little is known about the antecedents and outcomes of procrastination when comparing the courses taken by the students during a semester (i.e., within-person level). In this study, we proposed that examin...
Article
Research relying on the dualistic model of passion has consistently found that harmonious passion for sport is positively associated with adaptive outcomes and that obsessive passion for sport is positively associated with maladaptive outcomes. In this research, we tested if various sport outcomes were related to within-person combinations of both...
Article
Perfectionism involves aiming and striving toward excessive goals accompanied with overly critical self-evaluations. In my current theory elaboration, I propose that the cognitive, socio-cognitive, and socio-behavioral manifestations that accompany perfectionism should be operationalized as correlates rather than indicators of the core definitional...
Preprint
Full-text available
The standards that a person pursue in life can be set in a rigid or flexible way. The recent literature has emphasized a distinction between high and realistic standards of excellence, from high and unrealistic standards of perfection. In two studies, we investigated the role of striving toward excellence (i.e., excellencism) and striving toward pe...
Article
Full-text available
The standards that a person pursue in life can be set in a rigid or flexible way. The recent literature has emphasized a distinction between high and realistic standards of excellence, from high and unrealistic standards of perfection. In two studies, we investigated the role of striving towards excellence (i.e., excellencism) and striving towards...
Preprint
Research relying on the dualistic model of passion has consistently found that harmonious passion for sport is positively associated with adaptive outcomes and that obsessive passion for sport is positively associated with maladaptive outcomes (e.g., Vallerand & Verner-Filion, 2020). In this research, we tested if various sport outcomes were relate...
Preprint
Athletes can respond to positive experiences in sport by engaging in savoring – that is, by attempting to prolong or amplify their positive feelings (Bryant & Veroff, 2007). In this research, we tested if savoring was predicted by levels of harmonious or obsessive passion for sport, and if savoring was associated with symptoms of burnout. In Study...
Article
Full-text available
More research is needed to understand the different vulnerability profiles of university students who engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). This study sought to classify university students (n = 479; 83.8% female) aged 17–25 years (M = 18.77; SD = 1.42) who had engaged in NSSI within the past year into latent profiles based on their self-perce...
Preprint
Objective: Passion research has focused extensively on the unique effects of both harmonious passion and obsessive passion (Vallerand, 2015). We adopted a quadripartite approach (Gaudreau & Thompson, 2010) to test whether physical and psychological well-being are distinctly related to subtypes of passion with varying within-person passion combinati...
Article
Athletes can respond to positive experiences in sport by engaging in savoring—that is, by attempting to prolong or amplify their positive feelings. In this research, the authors tested if savoring was predicted by levels of harmonious or obsessive passion for sport and if savoring was associated with symptoms of burnout. In Study 1 ( n = 499), the...
Article
This study examined if there are cross-cultural and cross-generational similitudes and differences between Canada and the United States through their famous songs across 5 decades. We used the software Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC2015; Pennebaker, Boyd, Jordan, & Blackburn, 2015a) to analyze the evolution of lyrics for songs that were no...
Article
Full-text available
Given the negative relations between parental psychological control and various aspects of emerging adults' social and emotional adaptation, there is a need to determine whether similar relations exist for emerging adults' academic adjustment. The current study tested an integrative model using an interactionist approach of dyadic gender compositio...
Article
This chapter reviews the empirical articles published between 2012 and 2016 in journals to help get a sense of the prevalence of multilevel designs in sport and exercise psychology research. It explains the most commonly used techniques to analyze data from longitudinal and group‐based multilevel designs. The chapter introduces two frequently used...
Article
The aim of this research was to test if the ways passionate sport fans respond immediately after an important team victory depend on the extent to which passion is harmonious or obsessive. Fans of Liverpool F.C. ( n = 299) and the Winnipeg Blue Bombers ( n = 334) completed online surveys shortly after their teams had won an important championship g...
Preprint
Our aim in this research was to test if the ways passionate sports fans respond immediately after an important team victory depend on the extent to which passion is harmonious or obsessive. Fans of Liverpool F.C. (n = 299) and the Winnipeg Blue Bombers (n = 334) completed online surveys shortly after their teams had won an important championship ga...
Article
Background Feelings of satisfaction fluctuate across time and situations, and focusing on within‐person experiences opens up the door to a better understanding of the daily lives of university students. Aims Our overarching goal was to situate academic satisfaction not only as a relatively enduring characteristic but also as a transient state that...
Article
Full-text available
How do people react when they experience a positive event while pursuing a passionate activity? In this research, we conducted three studies to test if the extent to which people respond to positive events by engaging in savoring (i.e., attempting to maintain or enhance positive emotions) and dampening (i.e., attempting to down-regulated or stifle...
Preprint
Are assessments of an athlete’s mental toughness influenced by how that athlete performs in a single moment in a game? We conducted three experimental studies to address this question and conclude that the answer is yes. In each study, sports fans (total N = 1,097) read vignettes that depicted a mentally tough basketball player, either by describin...
Article
People generally recognize the benefits of responding to failures with self-compassion (i.e., with self-kindness, a sense of common humanity, and mindfulness) rather than self-criticism. In this research, we replicated this effect with passionate students who had all reported that academics was a pursuit that they enjoyed and was important to them,...
Preprint
Obsessive passion predicts many different types of maladaptive intra- and inter-personal outcomes (Vallerand, 2015). Our aim in this research was to explore one potential force that might promote or sustain obsessive passion in the workplace: lay beliefs about the relationship between obsessive passion and work success. We hypothesized that people...
Article
We examined the prospective relationship between harmonious passion and post-treatment health outcomes among female breast cancer survivors. Participants reported passion toward a favorite activity, physical pain symptoms, and mental health after their final breast cancer treatment (Time 1, N = 188). Twelve months later (Time 2, N = 148), participa...
Article
Self-determination theory (SDT) assumes that students who act with more volition and autonomy are more likely to be successful in their academic career. In this study, we sought to investigate two lingering issues about the association between autonomous motivation (AM) and academic achievement. On the one hand, past academic achievements are most...
Preprint
How do people react when they experience a positive event while pursuing a passionate activity? In this research, we conducted three studies to test if the extent to which people respond to positive events by engaging in savoring (i.e., attempting to maintain or enhance positive emotions) and dampening (i.e., attempting to down-regulated or stifle...
Preprint
Introduction: People generally recognize the benefits of responding to failures with self-compassion rather than self-criticism (Robinson et al., 2016). In this research, we replicated this effect in a sample of undergraduates who were passionate for academics and, relying on a quadripartite approach to passion (Schellenberg et al., in press), test...
Article
University students set career goals during their academic journey in order to facilitate their transition to the labor market. Career goals can nonetheless be accompanied by doubt, even among the most determined students. Little is known, however, about the nomological network of career doubt. Using a dual-domain approach, the purpose of the prese...
Article
We proposed and tested a novel multilevel perspective on procrastination by examining the prospective relation between procrastination and grades across students (i.e., between-person level) and across the courses taken by each student (i.e., within-person level). A sample of 208 university students completed repeated measures of procrastination fo...
Article
Research on perfectionism is flourishing, but the unspecified distinction between perfectionism and the pursuit of excellence is a lingering issue that urgently needs conceptual, theoretical, and empirical attention. In this article, excellence and perfection are defined as distinct goals that form the basis of two different but related constructs....
Article
While self-compassion presents as a viable resource for managing difficult events in sport, little is known about how it functions in the stress process. In 2 studies with women university athletes (N = 122 and 131), the authors examined self-compassion as a prospective predictor of appraisal, coping, goal progress, and affect in a competition. Dir...
Article
Background: Academic procrastination is common among university students and its effect on their achievement is worrisome. Although procrastination is often depicted as self-regulation failure, research still needs to examine the self-regulatory mechanisms involved in the relationship between procrastination and achievement. Objectives: In this pro...
Preprint
University students set career goals during their academic journey in order to facilitate their transition to the labor market. Career goals can nonetheless be accompanied by doubt, even among the most determined students. The purpose of this study (N = 234) was to investigate the role of career doubt on the progress made by university students in...
Preprint
Psychological research in tertiary education typically follows the achievement as an outcome approach in which the focus is placed on inter-individual differences in the achievement level of students (e.g., semester GPA, cumulative GPA). In this article, the achievement as a process approach is proposed to reconceptualise academic achievement as a...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we examined the role of morphological awareness in reading and spelling performance across three languages varying in orthographic consistency (English, French, and Greek), after controlling for the effects of phonological awareness and rapid automatized naming (RAN). One hundred fifty-nine English-speaking Canadian, 238 Frenc...
Article
Music is often believed to be a universal cultural language that may bring different people together, in harmony. In this article, we review studies that examined interrelations between music and prejudice reduction during youth development. More specifically, our aim is to reflect on potential circumstances under which music listening and music ma...
Article
In their 2 × 2 model of perfectionism, Gaudreau and Thompson (2010) proposed that 4 prototypical subtypes of perfectionism—nonperfectionism, pure self-oriented perfectionism, pure socially prescribed perfectionism, and mixed perfectionism—are distinctively associated with antecedents, processes, and outcomes. The purpose of this study was to test w...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Breast cancer (BC) is associated with serious physical and psychological health sequelae that affect quality and quantity of life. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour can prevent or diminish these sequelae; yet, little is known about how these lifestyle behaviours change after cancer treatment and if these changes affect pos...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Passion research has focused extensively on the unique effects of both harmonious passion and obsessive passion (Vallerand, 2015). We adopted a quadripartite approach (Gaudreau & Thompson, 2010) to test whether physical and psychological well-being are distinctly related to subtypes of passion with varying within-person passion combinat...
Article
The 2 × 2 model of perfectionism proposes that self-oriented perfectionism (SOP) and socially prescribed perfectionism (SPP) can coexist at different levels within individuals and can be captured into four subtypes of perfectionism (i.e., non-perfectionism, pure SOP, pure SPP, and mixed perfectionism). This study tested the associations between sub...
Article
In previous research, autonomous motivation (AM) has been found to be associated with school achievement, but the relation has been largely heterogeneous across studies. AM has typically been assessed with explicit measures such as self-report questionnaires. Recent self-determination theory (SDT) research has suggested that converging implicit and...
Article
According to the two-factor theory of perfectionism (Stoeber & Otto, 2006), perfectionism comprises two superordinate dimensions—perfectionistic strivings (PS) and perfectionistic concerns (PC)—that show different, and often opposite, relations with psychological adjustment and maladjustment, particularly when their overlap is partialled out. Recen...
Article
Full-text available
Although in recent years researchers have begun to utilize dyadic data analyses such as the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM), certain limitations to the applicability of these models still exist. Given the complexity of APIMs, most researchers will often use observed scores to estimate the model’s parameters, which can significantly limit...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined whether the good or bad outcomes associated with mastery-approach (MAP) and performance-approach (PAP) goals depend on the extent to which they are motivated by autonomous or controlled motivation. A sample of 515 undergraduate students who participated in sport completed measures of achievement goals, motivation of achievement...
Article
The 2 × 2 model of perfectionism conceptualizes perfectionism as the within-person combinations of self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism to define four subtypes of perfectionism. This model posits that each subtype is distinctively associated with self-determined motivation and psychological adjustment. Results of latent moderated str...
Article
Objectives: This study examined how autonomy support from parents and autonomy support from coaches are associated with sport-related outcomes of adolescent-athletes. Two alternative hypotheses were proposed: (a) a synergistic socialization interaction in which high levels of autonomy support provided by parents and coaches are both needed to obtai...
Article
This study proposed an extension of the 2 × 2 model of perfectionism to assess the effect of four subtypes of perfectionism (i.e., pure self-oriented, mixed, pure socially prescribed, non-perfectionism) at the between-person and within-person levels of analysis. Sample comprised 338 students (80% female) aged between 16 and 48 years old (M = 19.03,...
Article
Full-text available
Dyadic data analysis with distinguishable dyads assesses the variance, not only between dyads, but also within the dyad when members are distinguishable on a known variable. In past research, the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) has been the statistical model of choice in order to take into account this interdependence. Although this meth...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives: In this study, we examined the mediating role of university students' coping strategies in the unique/additive influence of affective states and goal motivation on upward changes in affect during a midterm exam period. Design: Using a short-term prospective design, key assumptions from the Self-Concordance Model and th...
Article
The moderating role of academic goal conflict in the relations between action planning (AP) and coping planning (CP) with physical activity was tested using samples of university students concurrently pursuing an academic and a physical activity goal. In Study 1 (N = 317), AP was found to positively relate to physical activity goal progress at low,...
Article
We examined the utility of the bi-factor model for disentangling general motivation and specific motivations (i.e., amotivation, external, introjected, identified, and intrinsic regulations) in relation to goal progress and physical activity (PA). Participants (N = 186 undergraduate students; Mage = 19.26 years) completed assessments of motivation...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined (a) the developmental trajectories of athlete burnout perceptions, (b) the gender differences on these trajectories, and (c) the interactions in the developmental trajectories of the three burnout dimensions. A five-wave longitudinal study was conducted with 895 athletes (47.6% female; Mage=15.67). Results of multilevel growth m...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To use polynomial regression analysis with response surface methodology to examine the extent to which autonomous motivation (AM) and controlled motivation (CM) as separate constructs, as well as how the degree of agreement/differentiation and the direction of differentiation among them, can predict outcomes in academic and health contexts...
Article
The goal of this study was to examine the multi-level associations between state anxiety and various indicators of golf putting performance. Participants were 35 amateur golfers who completed golf putting tasks under a neutral condition fol-lowed by a social-evaluative condition. Participants were equipped with a high-speed infrared camera to measu...
Article
Full-text available
Motivation and self-regulation are two building pillars of sport, exercise, and physical education. The goal of this special issue is to create bridges between these two pillars to better explicate how they respectively influence consequential outcomes of athletes, exercisers, and physical education students. Before presenting the special issue, an...
Article
The 2 × 2 model of perfectionism examines the relation between four subtypes of perfectionism and psychological adjustment (Gaudreau & Thompson, 2010). Researchers have investigated subtypes of perfectionism using common multivariate statistical analyses. The development of a new measure is warranted to evaluate whether individuals can, with a dece...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adolescent student-athletes face stress in both academic and sport domains, yet little is known about the processes responsible for explaining satisfaction across domains. Aims: We examined a dual-domain model wherein optimism-pessimism are indirectly related to sport and school satisfaction through sport and school coping, respectivel...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the 2 × 2 model of perfectionism to predict competition- related stress variables in intercollegiate athletes. A sample of 179 athletes (n=99 women) completed measures of sport perfectionism at Time 1 and 4-5 weeks later completed measures of coping, appraisal, affect, and goal progress after a competition. Results of moderated...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: In the current study, we (a) describe naturally occurring changes in self-presentation processes (i.e., impression motivation, impression construction) and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) over a period of 6 months among women who were treated for breast cancer; (b) evaluate the associations of cancer-specific fa...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to revisit the complex nature of serial dependency of performance during a match, examining the prospective associations between psychological processes and subsequent performance at the within-person level of analysis, and explore whether psychological processes are associated with the likelihood of winning series of points. A pro...
Article
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t Two studies were conducted to examine what undergraduate students do on their laptops during class time and the extent to which laptop usage behaviors are associated with academic success. In Study 1, a sample of 1129 students from a Canadian university completed a survey measuring prototypical be-haviors emitted on laptops during c...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to test the invariance of a predictive model of psychological health at work (PHW) in Canada and France. The model a) defines PHW as an integrative second-order variable (low distress, high well-being) and b) includes three categories of PHW inductors (job demands, personal resources and social-organizational resources...
Article
Full-text available
The purposes of the current study were to identify affective profiles of athletes both before and during the competition and to examine differences between these profiles on coping and attainment of sport goals among a sample of 306 athletes. The results of hierarchical (Ward's method) and nonhierarchical (k means) cluster analyses revealed four di...
Article
Music is among the most pleasurable, motivating, and satisfying everyday artistic activities in adolescence. Although the domain of music psychology has shown that listening to music can induce happiness as an emotional state, there is a rarity of research examining whether music listening can be associated with a global happiness, namely, subjecti...
Article
The 2 × 2 model of perfectionism has recently been analyzed in a critical commentary from Stoeber (2012). The purpose of this article was to have another look at some of the key assumptions of the 2 × 2 model – with a particular focus on the ones that were critically reviewed by Stoeber (2012). In this article, I have tried to clarify our theoretic...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the relationship between harmonious and obsessive passion and coping, and assessed whether coping mediated the relationship between passion types and changes in burnout and goal attainment. College- and university-level volleyball players (N = 421) completed measures of passion, coping, burnout, and goal attainment at the start...
Article
Objectives The main objective of this review was to provide summary effects for spontaneous and experimentally induced action planning (AP) and coping planning (CP) for physical activity (PA). These summary effects were then used to test key theoretical postulates using meta-analytic path analysis, and examine possible boundary conditions via moder...