Patrick De Clercq

Patrick De Clercq
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Plants and Crops

Professor (Full)
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About

292
Publications
136,080
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Introduction
Patrick De Clercq works at the Department of Plants and Crops, Ghent University, Belgium. His research is in the field of Plant Protection with focus on Entomology and Biological Control.
Additional affiliations
January 1998 - present
Ghent University
Description
  • Professor of agricultural entomology and biological control

Publications

Publications (292)
Chapter
This chapter covers several key aspects of rearing procedures for predatory bugs. The value of natural, factitious, and artificial foods for the major species used in biological control is reviewed. Whereas several types of factitious foods are routinely used in the production of heteropteran predators, the adoption of artificial diets in mass prod...
Article
Full-text available
Two iolinid predatory mites were studied in the laboratory as potential biological control agents of the tomato russet mite, Aculops lycopersici (Acari: Eriophyidae). The development, reproduction and predation capacity of Pronematus ubiquitus and Homeopronematus anconai (Acari: Iolinidae) on A. lycopersici were investigated. Developmental time fro...
Article
Full-text available
When quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa Willd., is cultivated in South America outside of its Andean origin, the heteropterans Liorhyssus hyalinus (Fabricius) and Nysius simulans Stål may emerge as important pests. Here we studied the development and reproduction of both species at different constant temperatures in the laboratory. Egg and nymphal developm...
Article
1. Bacterial symbionts can play a key role in the interactions between trophic levels. Certain symbionts are known to confer protection against natural enemies of their arthropod hosts. However, whether natural enemies evolve and adapt to prey symbionts is not well understood. 2. In this study, we found that a free‐living strain of aphid symbiont S...
Article
In recent years, Liorhyssus hyalinus (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Rhopalidae) and Nysius simulans Stål (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) have emerged as important pests of quinoa in Peru, when the crop started to be cultivated at relatively low elevations. The potential of the native lacewing Chrysoperla externa (Hagen) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) was evaluated as a...
Preprint
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Many animals lay their eggs in clusters. Eggs on the periphery of clusters can be at higher risk of mortality. We asked whether the most commonly occurring clutch sizes in pentatomid bugs could result from geometrical arrangements that maximize the proportion of eggs in the cluster's interior. Although the most common clutch sizes do not correspond...
Article
The cover image is based on the Research Article Selectivity and molecular stress responses to classical and botanical acaricides in the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias‐Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae) by Sabina A Bajda et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.6747. The cover image is based on the Research Article Selectivity and molecular str...
Article
Full-text available
The invasion of Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) worldwide has disrupted existing or developing integrated pest management (IPM) programs in soft-skinned fruits. Currently, with a reliance on only broad-spectrum insecticides, there is a critical call for alternative control measures. Behavioural control is one of the pillars...
Article
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The ladybird beetle Micraspis discolor is a potential biological control agent in the rice ecosystems of Asia. Besides attacking a range of arthropod prey the ladybird also feeds on pollen. To explore the mechanism of pollinivory of M. discolor, we compared the transcriptomes and microbiomes of the ladybird when fed rape pollen versus insect foods...
Article
BACKGROUND Acaricide application remains an integral component of IPM for the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae. Species and strains of phytoseiid predatory mites vary significantly in their response to acaricides. For the success of IPM, it is imperative to identify the determinants of selectivity and molecular stress responses of acaric...
Article
Full-text available
The scelionid parasitoid Trissolcus basalis (Wollaston,1858) has been detected in Belgium for the first time based on specimens reared from a parasitized egg mass of Nezara viridula (Linnaeus,1758) collected in an urban garden at Sint-Amandsberg, Ghent. Identification was based on adult morphology and DNA barcoding. This is presently believed to be...
Article
Full-text available
The Chinese cordyceps, a parasitic Ophiocordyceps sinensis fungus–Thitarodes/Hepialus larva complex, is a valuable biological resource endemic to the Tibetan Plateau. Protection of the Plateau environment and huge market demand make it necessary to culture this complex in an artificial system. A method for the large-scale artificial rearing of the...
Article
Full-text available
During the last few years, quinoa, a traditional Andean crop, has been cultivated at low elevations where pest pressure is high and farmers resort to intensive use of insecticides. This field study investigated the impact of four insecticides (cypermethrin, imidacloprid, teflubenzuron and emamectin benzoate) on insect pests of quinoa and their side...
Article
The spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii , is an invasive pest in Europe and North America. Access to resources may be challenging in late fall, winter and early spring and flies may suffer from food deprivation along with cold stress in these periods. Whereas a plethora of studies have been performed on the overwintering capacity of D. suzu...
Article
Full-text available
The ladybird Cryptolaemus montrouzieri and the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea have shown potential for use in augmentative biological control of mealybug pests in greenhouse crops. In the context of combining these predators within an integrated pest management system, the risk of negative intraguild interactions between both predators was evalu...
Preprint
Full-text available
The spider mites Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard and Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) are key tomato pests worldwide. Biological control of spider mites using phytoseiid predatory mites remains challenging. The glandular trichomes on the tomato leaves and stem severely hamper the movement and establishment of the predatory mites...
Article
Full-text available
Background The ladybird beetle Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant, 1853 (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) is used worldwide as a biological control agent. It is a predator of various mealybug pests, but it also feeds on alternative prey and can be reared on artificial diets. Relatively little is known about the underlying genetic adaptations of its feedin...
Article
Over the last decade, the tomato russet mite, Aculops lycopersici, has become a major pest in tomato crops worldwide, both in open‐field and protected cultivation. Its minute size of 150‐200 μm complicates early detection and monitoring in tomato crops. Passive dispersal occurs via air currents, crop management practices and commercial trade. Chemi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The ladybird beetle Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) is used worldwide as a biological control agent. It is a predator of various mealybug pests, but it also feeds on alternative prey and can be reared on artificial diets. Relatively little is known about the underlying genetic adaptations of its feeding habi...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last decade, the sown area of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) has been increasingly expanding in Peru, and new production fields have emerged, stretching from the Andes to coastal areas. The fields at low altitudes have the potential to produce higher yields than those in the highlands. This study investigated the occurrence of insect p...
Article
Full-text available
The Chinese cordyceps is a unique and valuable parasitic complex of Thitarodes / Hepialus ghost moths and the Ophiocordyceps sinensis fungus for medicine and health foods from the Tibetan Plateau. During artificial cultivation of Chinese cordyceps, the induction of blastospores into hyphae is a prerequisite for mummification of the infected Thitaro...
Article
BACKGROUND Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is a pest of stone and small fruits causing considerable economic losses. Current management strategies primarily rely on calendar‐based spraying, due to the poor relationship between monitoring data and damage levels and the lack of success of mass t...
Article
Quinoa is an Andean grain that is increasingly gaining international attention. In recent years, the crop has also emerged in Peruvian regions at lower altitudes (including the Coast). This study investigated the insect diversity associated with quinoa by collecting insects with pitfall traps throughout the crop phenology in three altitudinal zones...
Article
The commercial production of Orius spp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), including Orius majusculus (Reuter), relies on the use of eggs of Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as rearing diet. However, E. kuehniella eggs have become an expensive fodder thus increasing the price of these key biological control agents. The use of artificia...
Article
Full-text available
The marking of Drosophila suzukii can be an important instrument for studying the ecology and behaviour of this economically important fruit pest, aiding the development of new Integrated Pest Management (IPM) tools or strategies. There is, however, a need for a cost-effective methodology that provides an easily detectable and stable mark. Whereas...
Conference Paper
There is an increasing body of evidence demonstrating that biological control using generalist predators can be a successful strategy. A major benefit of generalist predators is their possibility to establish in a crop before pest food is available. In the present study, we compared the pre-establishment potential of the phytoseiid predatory mites...
Article
Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) (Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) is considered a specialized predator of spider mites and has mainly been used to control Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae). However, this phytoseiid is also able to feed and reproduce on certain pollens. In the present laboratory study, survival, development time, and rep...
Article
Background: The temperature size-rule is a well-known example of phenotypic plasticity in ectothermic organisms. When exposed to colder temperatures, ectotherms develop slower, but mature at larger body sizes and vice versa at higher temperatures. We investigated whether a phytoseiid predatory mite can obtain a larger body size by rearing it at a...
Thesis
The tomato russet mite, Aculops lycopersici (Tryon) (Acari: Eriophyidae) is one of the most common pests of tomato crops on a worldwide scale. It removes cell contents from leaves, stems and fruits and results in bronzing of the stems due to destruction of trichomes. The detection and monitoring of A. lycopersici on tomato plants are hard due to th...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide monitoring programs of the invasive fruit pest Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), using fermentation baits like apple cider vinegar (ACV), revealed a counterintuitive period of low trap catches during summer, followed by an autumn peak. In this study, we demonstrate that ACV baited traps indeed provide a distorted imag...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide monitoring programs of the invasive fruit pest Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), using fermentation baits like apple cider vinegar (ACV), revealed a counterintuitive period of low trap catches during summer, followed by an autumn peak. In this study, we demonstrate that ACV baited traps indeed provide a distorted imag...
Article
It is generally assumed that predation by phytoseiid mites (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) on thrips is mainly limited to the first and, to a lesser extent, the second thrips instars. Thrips eggs are imbedded in plant tissue and are supposed to be out of reach of most predators. Using a dual approach combining feeding trials with molecular gut content anal...
Article
Development, survival and reproduction of Proprioseiopsis lenis (Corpuz and Rimando) (Acari: Phytoseiidae), a predatory mite distributed in parts of Southeast Asia, were assessed on different foods. These included four pollens (Typha latifolia, Luffa aegyptiaca, Zea mays, Ricinus communis), the natural prey Tetranychus urticae(mixed stages) and Fra...
Article
Full-text available
Exorista larvarum (L.), a polyphagous gregarious larval parasitoid of lepidopterans, can be mass produced both in vivo, using the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as a factitious host, and in vitro, on artificial media composed of crude components. The present study was focused on another aspect of E. larvarum rear...
Article
Full-text available
The International Organization for Biological Control Global Working Group on Mass Rearing and Quality Assurance (MRQA) was established in 1980 as the Working Group on Quality Control (WGQC) to assure success of insect mass rearing for pest management that was being developed in the 1950s and 1960s. Due mostly to the efforts of WGQC, quality contro...
Article
Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is one of the most efficient biological control agents of tetranychid mites and is commercially used in various countries around the world. In this study, four artificial diets were tested as an alternative food source for rearing N. californicus, and life table studies were performed to eval...
Article
The availability of oviposition sites for the predators of arthropod pests is crucial for the success of biological control. The resources for oviposition and offspring survival offered to the predators by crops and the surrounding natural vegetation are relevant in the context of conservation biological control. The endophytic oviposition of Orius...
Article
• The life‐history parameters and predation capacity of Macrolophus pygmaeus Rambur and Nesidiocoris tenuis (Reuter) (Hemiptera: Miridae) fed on eggs of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) at 25 °C were investigated in the laboratory and analyzed based on the age‐stage, two‐sex life table. Also, we evaluated the survival and the dur...
Article
Species distribution modelling is a very useful tool in vector management. Ticks are vectors of various pathogens which cause serious problems in livestock production in tropical countries. They have a high dispersal potential which is mainly facilitated by the movement of animals from one area to another. In light of the observed geographic expans...
Article
The tomato russet mite (TRM), Aculops lycopersici, is a worldwide pest of cultivated tomatoes. Currently, no effective biological control agents are available on the market. Therefore, chemical spray applications are required. Fast and reliable detection, monitoring and evaluation of interventions are a challenge, slowing down the development of an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Introduced biological control agents have opportunities of population admixture through multiple introductions in the field. However, the importance of population admixture for their establishment success often remains unclear. Previous studies based on genetic markers have suggested a history of population admixture in the predatory l...
Article
Recently there was an expansion in the geographic range of Rhipicephalus microplus in Zimbabwe. In order to understand gene flow patterns and population structure in this highly invasive and adaptable cattle tick, a population genetics study was carried out. Eighty-seven R. microplus tick samples drawn from 5 distinct populations were genotyped usi...
Article
Acaricide resistance is one of the greatest threats towards the successful control of vector ticks worldwide. Communal farmers of Zimbabwe use amitraz as the most common acaricide with occasional usage of pyrethroids and organophosphates. As a strategy towards developing an effective acaricide resistance management system in Zimbabwe, screening was...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation deals with the Tachinid Exorista larvarum (L.), the importance to rear it continuously and the improvements achieved in the in vitro culture on artificial media
Article
Full-text available
A set of putative marker genes to study plant defense responses against Polyphagotarsonemus latus, a key pest in the production of Rhododendron simsii hybrids, was selected and validated. Genes belonged to the biosynthetic pathway of phytohormones jasmonic acid (JA) (RsLOX, RsAOS, RsAOC, RsOPR3 and RsJMT) and salicylic acid (SA) (RsPAL and RsICS)....
Article
Full-text available
Development time, survival, reproduction, and sex ratio were determined for the predatory mite Neoseiulus longispinosus (Evans) at six constant temperatures (20, 25, 27.5, 30, 32.5 and 35 oC) reared on citrus red spider mite Panonychus citri (McGregor). No predatory mite reached adulthood at 35oC. All female and male immature stages of N. longispin...
Article
Prepupae of the black soldier fly (BSF) are a potential source of high value protein that could be incorporated in feed for monogastric farm animals. These prepupae are also rich in fat, with lauric acid (C12:0) as the predominant fatty acid, known for its antimicrobial effects on Gram positive bacteria. First, the effects of BSF fat on the porcine...
Article
Full-text available
Neoseiulus californicus and N. cucumeris are both potential candidates for the biological control of key pests in China. Whereas N. californicus has mainly been used to control spider mites, N. cucumeris has been released for the control of thrips and spider mites. To understand the potential of the combined use of N. californicus and N. cucumeris...
Article
Background: Black soldier fly (BSF) larvae are converters of organic waste into edible biomass, of which the composition may depend on the substrate. In this study, larvae were grown on four substrates: chicken feed, vegetable waste, biogas digestate, and restaurant waste. Samples of prepupae and substrates were freeze-dried and proximate, amino a...
Article
The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.), shows potential as a resource for animal feed. However, industrial production in regions where the insect is not native, like northwestern Europe, could lead to permanent establishment, which might entail environmental risks. In temperate climates, establishment depends on the insect's ability to overw...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has suggested that increasing neighbourhood tree species diversity may mitigate the impact of pests or pathogens by supporting the activities of their natural enemies and/or reducing the density of available hosts. In this study, we attempted to assess these mechanisms in a multitrophic study system of young oak (Quercus), oak powde...
Data
Data (including metadata) collected in this study. (XLSX)
Data
Results of the full model for the choice feeding experiment. (DOCX)
Data
Parameter estimates for the identity models of the field experiment. (DOCX)
Article
Macrolophus pygmaeus Rambur (Hemiptera: Miridae) is a key biological control agent in greenhouse tomato crops. In the present study, we describe the population dynamics of M. pygmaeus after release during two generations in semi-commercial greenhouses in order to optimize biocontrol programs. We tested the effect of the number of weekly supplementa...
Article
Full-text available
In an attempt to update information on the ecological distribution of ixodid ticks (Ixodida: Ixodidae) in Zimbabwe, a cross-sectional survey was carried out between September 2013 and May 2015 at 322 dip tanks. A total of 15 tick species were collected, namely: Amblyomma hebraeum Koch (65.2%, n = 210/322), Amblyomma variegatum Fabricius (14.9%, n =...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: The tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) is a key tomato insect pest. At present, it is considered to be a serious threat in various countries in Europe, North Africa, and Middle East. The extensive use and the developed resistance of T. absoluta to spinosad causes some concern, which leads to the need for alter...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Previous studies have indicated the control potential of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) against Tuta absoluta. Here, the potential of Steinernema feltiae, S. carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora is studied when applied against larvae of T. absoluta inside leaf mines in tomato leaf discs by means of an automated spray boom....
Article
Full-text available
Food supplementation is an emerging strategy to improve the establishment and resilience of generalist predators in greenhouse crops. This study was conducted to assess the pre-establishment of the generalist predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot (Phytoseiidae) on two ornamental greenhouse crops, chrysanthemum and ivy. In the first gree...
Article
Full-text available
The potential risks that genetically modified plants may pose to non-target organisms and the ecosystem services they contribute to are assessed as part of pre-market risk assessments. This paper reviews the early tier studies testing the hypothesis whether exposure to plant-produced Cry34/35Ab1 proteins as a result of cultivation of maize 59122 is...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The specialist predatory ladybird Cryptolaemus montrouzieri is an effective natural enemy of mealybugs and plays a key role in the biological control of these pests. However, its mass production is complicated by the dependence on parallel cultures of mealybugs or the need for Ephestia kuehniella eggs as an expensive factitious prey....
Article
Artificial introduction in classical biological control provides a unique opportunity to understand mitochondrial evolution driving adaptation to novel environments. We studied mitochondrial genomes of a world-wide introduced agent, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri. We detected positive selection in complex I genes (ND5 and ND4) against a background of wi...