Patrick Brandful Cobbinah

Patrick Brandful Cobbinah
University of Melbourne | MSD · Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning

PhD

About

96
Publications
110,355
Reads
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2,501
Citations
Introduction
Patrick holds a PhD in Human Geography (Regional Planning and Resource Conservation) from Charles Sturt University, Australia and BSc (hons) in human settlement planning from the KNUST, Ghana.His research is focused on sustainable development and urban and regional planning, and environmental conservation. He has collaborated on several international projects with Australian and Ghanaian universities.
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
University of Melbourne
Position
  • Lecturer
December 2016 - June 2019
Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science and Technology
Position
  • Lecturer
June 2015 - present
Charles Sturt University
Position
  • Sessional lecturer
Description
  • Instructor for Principles of Ecotourism subject
Education
June 2011 - June 2014
Charles Sturt University
Field of study
  • Regional planning and rural resource conservation
August 2005 - May 2009
Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science and Technology
Field of study
  • Human Settlement Planning

Publications

Publications (96)
Research
Full-text available
Urban Green Spaces (UGS) contribute to the functioning of a city´s urban (eco)system. With the rapid urban expansion and the emergence of new slums, there is the need to include the residents in protecting UGS.
Article
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Africa contributes the least to global greenhouse gas emissions, yet it faces climate change's harshest consequences. Ramifications of climate change pose daunting multi-scalar urban challenges, specifically because urbanisation across most African countries is embedded in, linked to and defined by various notions of informality. However, there is...
Chapter
This chapter analyzes global climate change impacts discussing the major climate events and the efficacy of global responses. Global commitments have highlighted the need to intensify efforts toward minimizing global GHG emissions, while building resilience and adaptation to climate change impacts. This chapter demonstrates that cities, particularl...
Article
This paper uses spatial statistical techniques to reflect on geographies of COVID-19 infections in metropolitan Melbourne. We argue that the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has become widespread since early 2020 in Melbourne, typically proceeds through multiple built environment attributes – diversity, destination accessibility, distance...
Article
The growing assumption in urban studies literature is that the urban poor remain vulnerable to climate change impacts yet excluded from planning interventions and their formation. However, at present, there is dearth of research examining the adaptation practices by the urban poor in African cities. Focusing on Ghana's capital, Accra, the purpose o...
Article
This paper compares everyday land administration systems and local planning practices involving traditional authorities and local statutory planning officials in the transformation of peri-urban areas in Ghana. First, it analyses the processes and conflicts in local plan preparation for peri-urban transformation. Second, it examines the power relat...
Article
The world is experiencing the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic – from lockdown restrictions to economic uncertainty. Though troubling, the COVID-19 crisis presents an opportunity to galvanize support to strengthen urban planning's capacity in Africa. This paper draws on the global response to the pandemic to proffer three lessons that can bolster plann...
Article
Urbanization is threatening wetlands that provide multiple ecosystem services essential for urban functionality across African cities. With large urban agglomerations characterized by rapid and uncontrolled urban development , wetlands in African cities are under intense pressure of extinction. Yet, research exploring their urban planning implicati...
Chapter
With ongoing sustainable development challenges confronting African countries despite increasing global commitment towards sustainable futures, it is important not to overly focus on the problems of urban development but highlight the opportunities available and how they can be harnessed for development. The purpose of this chapter is to demonstrat...
Article
The purpose of this study is threefold: (i) to analyse local perceptions on climate change and events; (ii) to examine the impact of climate change on local livelihoods and food security; and (iii) to explore climate change adaptive responses and challenges thereof. Using the Dormaa West District in Ghana as a case study, data were obtained from 19...
Article
African cities, faced with rapid urbanization and haphazard land use practices, struggle to address their fast-declining urban green space (UGS). Yet the spatial extent of UGS, and the influence of city planning legislation and frameworks, remains largely unexplored. Using a case study of Kumasi, Ghana, this study draws on mixed methods to address...
Article
The growing assumption in urban studies literature is that residents of slum communities struggle to find space to live but not a place to recreate and enjoy green space. However, at present no research has explored slum res-idents' perspectives and attitudes towards urban green spaces. The purpose of this study is threefold: (i) to establish a spa...
Article
In this era of rapid urbanisation across Africa, an understanding of the role of culture in advancing urban planning and development is important for effective urban management, especially in Africa where the culture of informality is dominant. Yet, there is a dearth of research on the relationship between informal culture and urban planning in Afr...
Article
Past and ongoing research shows that African cities remain one of the vulnerable zones of climate change, yet the least prepared. With an expected increase in climate change impacts coupled with rapid urbanization in African cities, this paper inquires: what if more attention is devoted to urban planning in the efforts towards addressing climate ch...
Chapter
Global commitments reflected in the UN SDGs, the NUA and the Africa Urban Agenda 2063 bring to the fore the challenges facing twenty-first century cities in their sustainable development efforts, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Yet are African cities prepared to respond to global shocks and stresses? Do African cities consider resilience...
Article
Global literature reporting on land governance indicates considerable differences between land ownership and land administration. Yet, in many Sub-Saharan African countries, particularly Ghana, this relationship is blurred in complex land governance regimes. An understanding of this relationship in Ghana's customary land sector-the dominant land ow...
Article
The profession of urban planning contributes to the design and spatial arrangement of cities, and has been recognized as a key potential facilitator of action on climate change. Yet, there has been limited research to understand if, or how, urban planning students are being educated for climate change competency. This paper investigates the coverag...
Article
The prevalence of urban poverty and its spatial manifestations have been thoroughly discussed in the academic literature. This paper contributes to that ongoing discussion, by unpacking that geographies of poverty in Kumasi, a rapidly growing African city. It analyses the spatial patterns and changing concentrations of poverty over the last five ye...
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Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic raises questions about the effectiveness of urban planning practice in Africa and offers an opportunity to reflect on more constructive protocols for planning that can promote the public health agenda in the continent. This commentary analyzes three critical areas of urban planning concern that limit the capacity of cities in...
Article
While housing research in the developed world illustrates rental information channels, little is known about the situation in developing countries. This study examines the channels of information that are used in the private rental housing market by renters using Kumasi metropolis in Ghana as a case study. Using qualitative research methods involvi...
Article
This paper presents a set of four derived attributes that define and operationalize the concept of ecotourism. Using these four attributes, data collection focused on interviews with officials and tour operators from 25 ecotourism agencies in Ghana, and analysis of six most recent and relevant national tourism documents to determine how congruent t...
Article
Full-text available
For years, flood vulnerability management in Accra, the capital of Ghana, has been limited to demolition of affected buildings, forced eviction of flood victims or distribution of relieve items. While such approaches have either been resisted or condemned by affected households, state and city authorities have defended them as the most appropriate...
Article
Worldwide, there is increasing acknowledgement of the dangers of improper human waste management, particularly open defecation, on the environment and human wellbeing. With about 85.7% of Ghana's population without access to decent toilet facilities as of 2017, Ghana ranks highly in the world among countries with poor human waste management practic...
Article
Kumasi is the administrative capital of the Ashanti Region of, and the second largest city in, Ghana. The city also remains the seat of the traditional Asante Kingdom with its establishment around the late 17th century. It was given the accolade the 'Garden City of West Africa' in the 1940s due to its greenery cityscape. Over the years, Kumasi's de...
Chapter
With recent and expected record-breaking urban population growth in developing countries, African cities ought to undertake or revisit sustainable planning efforts necessary for managing population growth and dealing with rapid urbanization. This chapter examines how African cities are responding and adapting to rapid population growth in the area...
Article
While research in the developed world has shown that aspirations for home-ownership are influenced in part by negative experiences in the private rented sector, little is known about the situation in developing countries. To address this gap, this article presents a situational analysis of renters and how their current tenure situations shape their...
Article
Literature is replete with information indicating that the roles, status and positions of men and women in society have evolved significantly over the years. Yet, there is a little understanding of how such changes have occurred in homeownership attainment in developing countries where there is male dominance. Using Ghana as a case study, this stud...
Article
Recognition of the importance of land access in mining resettlement communities in the context of sustainable development discourse in many African countries has not necessarily been translated into practice. This paper describes the livelihood challenges and sustainable development implications of a mining-induced resettlement programme in Ghana w...
Article
Accra, the capital of Ghana, has been experiencing severe flood events since 1939, with the most affected often being the people living in vulnerable communities. Unfortunately, the flood management regimes by state agencies have been limited to weak urban planning response in terms of demolition exercises, forced evictions or distribution of relie...
Article
This paper examines gentrification and redevelopment in the context of an ongoing phenomenon of changing traditional residential land uses into modern multi-purpose commercial and mixed uses in the Central Business District (CBD) of Kumasi, Ghana. The paper explores the implications of such changes towards understandings of gentrification and redev...
Article
Urban planning is commonly blamed for its failure to exert a positive influence on managing climate change impacts in urban Africa; yet little is known about planning agencies' perspectives on climate change-urban planning conundrum, and corresponding policy responses. It is in response to this gap, this paper explores agency perspectives and polic...
Chapter
Climate change and associated manifestations are creating significant stress in many parts of the world. Increased climate variability especially altered temperature and rainfall patterns, is predicted to be one of the major factors to aggravate the everyday shocks and stressors facing Africa’s growing poor urban populations. Consequently, respondi...
Chapter
Global responses to climate change are skewed towards reducing greenhouse gases, despite considerable research emphasizing adaptation. This chapter situates spatial planning in the Ghanaian climate change adaptation discourse by reviewing the centrality of climate adaptation in medium term development plans. Findings indicate that although climate...
Chapter
Climate change is a global phenomenon, yet its impacts are more localized in vulnerable and poor regions. This chapter finds answers to how urban residents in a Ghanaian city of Tamale have been responding locally to the adverse effects of climate change. Four suburbs were studied using in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions for the data...
Book
This book take a comprehensive look at several cases of climate change adaptation responses across various sectors and geographical areas in urban Africa and places them within a solid theoretical context. Each chapter is a state-of-the-art overview of a significant topic on climate change adaptation in urban Africa and is written by a leading expe...
Chapter
Climate change presents urban areas in Africa with significant challenges relating to adaptation to dynamic climate risks and protection of critical infrastructure systems and residents’ livelihoods. This chapter argues for the need to adopt multidisciplinary approaches, perspectives and theoretical frameworks that espouse the transformations of cl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Traditionally, urbanization is hailed as an important force for socioeconomic development of countries. In fact, recent research on Africa suggests that urbanization has the potential to stimulate socioeconomic development. Yet, many African countries experiencing rapid urban growth continue to bear a disproportionate amount of the costs associated...
Article
Climate change and unplanned urban growth remain two emerging environmental and health threats with widespread implications for poor countries. Yet, despite attempts by governments and international organisations at addressing these challenges, they remain unabated. Understanding the challenges through a resilience lens can support actions for addr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Urbanization, in theory, should result in human advancement by stimulating socio-economic development. However, recent studies indicate that African urbanization tends to compound urban poverty, stall socio-economic development, and disrupt urban functionality. Unfortunately, African urbanization is expected to intensify in the foreseeable future w...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, transport literature indicates a strong effect of land use on urban travel as people living in low density suburban areas tend to travel more by car than people living in high density urban areas. This is because in dense areas, public transport is organised more efficiently and travellers tend to travel shorter distances. However, this a...
Article
This paper explores the influence of mining activities on towns in Ghana in order to appreciate their political economy and implications for urban planning. It first provides a historical account of the relations between mining activities and emergence of towns. Second, the legal environment informing the development or otherwise of mining towns is...
Article
This article reports on a research conducted in major Ghanaian cities of Accra and Kumasi that explored urban planners’ perspectives on the urban resilience philosophy, and evaluated the available strategies for absorbing disturbances (e.g., floods, rapid population growth, and slum development) while retaining the identity, structure and functiona...
Article
Full-text available
Accessibility is frequently reported in transportation and urban planning studies as an important factor in the location or design of residential neighbourhoods. But, to what extent does accessibility influence residential location decisions of households remains unknown in urban Ghana. This paper uses household surveys and agency consultations to...
Article
Full-text available
This research uses empirical data to explore the link between spatial plans and ‘actual development’ occurring in Kumasi, Ghana. The research found that urban development is determined by both spatial plans and spontaneous informal development patterns (i.e. self-organisation). However, self-organisation is more widespread compared to spatially pla...
Article
Full-text available
More recently, driven by rapid and unguided urbanisation and climate change, Ghanaian cities are increasingly becoming hotspots for severe flood-related events. This paper reviews urbanisation dynamics in Ghanaian cities, and maps flood hazard zones and access to flood relief services in Kumasi, drawing insight from multi-criteria analysis and spat...
Article
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Through an analysis of Ghana’s political and administrative structure, which established the basis of urban planning practice, this paper shows how urban planning has failed to create liveable and functional cities in Ghana. This paper uses semi-structured interviews and agency consultations to supplement document reviews and news paper articles to...
Article
This study interrogates the demand and supply of transport infrastructure and services in peri-urban areas of Sunyani Municipality in Ghana. Structured one-on-one interviews were conducted with 100 households across three peri-urban communities in Sunyani (Abesim-Kyidom, Asuakwaa and Adomako). Findings revealed that a majority of peri-urban househo...
Article
This study explores local people’s attitudes towards urban planning, and the effects of development benefits on local support for planning in Kumasi, Ghana. Kumasi is a rapidly urbanising city in Ghana where urban growth between 2000 and 2010 exceeded 5%, and where local support for urban planning has not been studied adequately. Based on Kumasi Me...
Article
Full-text available
In many rural areas of Africa, creation of protected areas and introduction of ecotourism result in changes in local livelihoods. Yet, despite assurances of improved and alternative livelihood options by conservationists and governments, rural communities often tend to be worse-off following creation of protected areas and introduction of tourism p...
Article
In this paper, an analysis of civic initiatives to collectively realise a particular community ambition amongst informal settlers in a Ghanaian metropolitan area is presented. This community ambition is grounded in collective intent with no government or city authority intervention. Using secondary data review and interviews conducted in two select...
Article
In Ghana, chieftaincy institutions act as custodians for about 80% of the total land area, and are responsible for leasing or allocating land while official planning institutions determine and manage its use. Yet, the extent to which chieftaincy institutions impede or contribute to sustainable urban land use planning in Ghana has received limited r...
Article
The purpose of this research is twofold: to explore the complexity of spatial plan preparation and implementation in Ghana using Kumasi as a case study; and second, to examine the contradictions of spatial plans and ‘actual development’ occurring in Kumasi. Using social science research methods (semi-structured interviews) and physical survey (land...
Article
This paper sets forth a set of four principles that define and operationalise the concept of urban resilience. Using these four principles, 105 registered planners with the Ghana Institute of Planners were interviewed and five most recent and relevant national planning documents (four legislation, and one policy) were evaluated to determine how wel...
Article
Conventional wisdom views municipal solid waste management (MSWM) as the responsibility of government or city authorities in Ghana with urbanites always calling on government to deliver them from the problem. Overwhelmed with the scale of the problem, city authorities frequently seek public-private partnerships with firms (both local and internatio...
Article
In this era of rationalism, ‘good’ urban planning and management decisions are deemed to be those that are able to identify a tangible balance of environmental benefits (i.e., safeguarding environmental resources such as nature reserves and open spaces, and health) and socio-economic development, with little or no negative implications for urban su...
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Community-based natural resource management approaches including joint venture partnerships provide opportunities to achieve biodiversity conservation and associated tourism development. The African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) conservation enterprise model aims to improve the quality of life of communities and promote positive local attitudes towards...
Article
In this paper, an analysis of urbanisation in a Ghanaian city of Kumasi in relation to its impacts on commercialisation of residential land use is presented. The analysis further highlights the impacts of residential land use makeover on urban functionality and the urban poor. Using physical survey, interviews, agency consultations and review of se...
Article
With its inception in urban studies in the 1930s, the notion of urban sprawl was institutionalised and globalised. However, urban sprawl research has mostly focused on developed countries compared with the situation in African countries. To address part of this gap, this paper appraises urban sprawl in Ghana, using Ejisu a peri-urban area of Kumasi...
Article
Full-text available
The establishment of protected areas is an accepted means of achieving biodiversity conservation and associated tourism development; yet, there is limited evidence of the relationship between the two and how this influences local communities’ attitudes to conservation and tourism. Joint venture models are one way to achieve these two outcomes. The...
Article
While the evolving nature of the tourism industry has tended to be a major focus of much recent debate, there is a growing body of literature reporting on policy implementation limitations hindering tourism’s role in environmental conservation and local development in Africa. This paper traces the historical evolution of tourism policies in Ghana,...
Article
Our reflections on recent treatment of African urbanisation begins with the assertion that implicit recognition and acceptance of “rapid urbanisation” as a legitimate and primary cause of urban management challenges—e.g. poverty, slum development, haphazard development, etc.—has impoverished the appreciation of other fundamental causes of poor urba...
Article
Although there is an abundance of literature on sustainable development and urban planning in Africa, it remains to be demonstrated whether urban planning in Africa is founded on the ideology of sustainable urban development or has positive or negative effects on sustainable urban development of Africa. This paper reviews a variety of definitions o...
Article
Pedestrian fatalities constitute 42% of road traffic fatalities in Ghana, and 68% of the total pedestrian fatalities are related to pedestrian crossing facilities and behaviour. This study examines the state of pedestrian crossing facilities (crosswalks) and behaviour on urban roads in Ghana, and its consequences on pedestrian safety, using New Jua...
Chapter
With recent and expected record-breaking urban population growth in developing countries, African cities ought to undertake or revisit sustainable planning efforts necessary for managing population growth and dealing with rapid urbanization. This chapter examines how African cities are responding and adapting to rapid population growth in the area...
Chapter
Full-text available
Urbanization, in theory, should result in human advancement by stimulating socio-economic development. However, recent studies indicate that African urbanization tends to compound urban poverty, stall socio-economic development, and disrupt urban functionality. Unfortunately, African urbanization is expected to intensify in the foreseeable future w...
Article
Whilst the issue of urban greenery has received considerable research attention in many individual African countries in recent years, little has been done to explore and document the influence and the management implications of urbanisation on urban greenery across Africa. To address this gap, this paper reviews the state of urban greenery across A...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates spatial distribution of places of worship (PoW) and its implications on sustainable land use planning in a rapidly urbanising city of Kumasi, Ghana. Using semi-structured interviews, document reviews and agency consultations, this paper focused on three issues: (a) the location and distribution of PoW, (b) factors considered...
Article
Full-text available
In principle ecotourism should support environmental conservation and local development; however, achieving success in delivering on frequently competing objectives of conservation and development has often proven difficult in many ecotourism destinations in Africa. This paper focuses on the implementation of ecotourism in the Kakum Conservation Ar...
Article
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In Ghana, the agricultural sector is climate-dependent and susceptible to threatening impacts of climate change, yet, little is known about climate change adaptation in rural farming communities. This article examines the effects of, and local adaptation response to, climate change in rural farming communities in the Jaman North District of Ghana....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Local support is fundamental in natural resources management (NRM). However, recent studies indicate that NRM in protected areas in developing countries is often faced with local resistance due to its impacts on livelihoods. The purpose of this paper is to examine local attitudes – positive and negative responses – towards NRM in protecte...
Article
Full-text available
Urban greenery remains the bastion of urban landscape and a key to sustainable development due to its integral connections to the general health and wellbeing of urban residents. However, in an era of rapid urbanisation, recent studies indicate that urban greenery, especially ecologically sensitive areas, in many African cities is becoming increasi...
Article
Full-text available
Although the importance of small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) to local development is globally recognized, less attention is given to their design, development and promotion particularly in developing countries. The main focus of this paper is to examine the process of designing, developing and promoting SMEs in developing countries. Results...
Article
Full-text available
The 21 st century has been characterized by rapid urbanization with its associated environmental sanitation challenges especially in developing countries. However, studies have focused largely on institutional capacity and the resources needed to manage environmental sanitation challenges, with few insights on the attitudes of city residents. This...