Patrick Auguste

Patrick Auguste
French National Centre for Scientific Research and University of Lille · Unité Evo-Eco-Paléo UMR 8198

PhD, HDR

About

158
Publications
23,247
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Publications

Publications (158)
Article
Ancient preserved molecules offer the opportunity of gaining a deeper knowledge on their biological past. However, the development of a proteomic workflow remains a challenge. The analysis of fossils must involve a low quantity of material to avoid damaging the samples. In this study an enhanced proteomic protocol was applied to 5‐milligram samples...
Article
Palaeolithic sites associated with the Eemian Interglacial (MIS 5e) are very rare in NW Europe, and especially in Northern France, where their preservation is restricted to very specific geological contexts, in association with carbonated tufa (Caours) or peat deposits (Waziers). In order to check the reliability of ESR/U-series method to date teet...
Article
The detection of Middle Palaeolithic human activity areas represents a methodological challenge at the boundary between two disciplines: archaeology and spatial analysis. During the course of the past decades, with the democratisation of tools such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), prehistorians have developed a wide diversity of methods for...
Chapter
The Paleolithic site of Mutzig, discovered by chance in 1992 (Sainty 1992), has been the focus of several excavations since 2009. Located in Alsace (Bas-Rhin, France), it is presently one of only a handful of sites reliably attributed to the Mid- dle Paleolithic in this area, thus providing rare evidence for a zone still relatively unknown for Earl...
Conference Paper
The Acheulean site of Cagny-l’Épinette (Somme Valley, France) has been excavated for thirty years, from 1980 to 2010, a period during which archaeological data recording and management were concerned by a gradual computerization. The constant evolution of practices has yielded a large amount of analogue and digital archaeological documents. Through...
Preprint
The ancient preserved molecules offer the opportunity to gain a better knowledge on the biological past. In recent years, bones proteomics has become an attractive method to study the animal biological origin, extinct species and species evolution as an alternative to DNA analysis which is limited by DNA amplification present in ancient samples and...
Presentation
Middle and Upper Pleistocene European bears are generally well represented in faunal accumulations, especially for the typical cave bear Ursus spelaeus. During this time interval, the bears are characterized by two major groups: the arctoid (the extinct and extant brown bear U. arctos) and the spelaean groups (the archaic cave bear U. deningeri and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Révélé par l’érosion littorale à la fin des années 1960, le site du Rozel (Manche) correspond à un ensemble d’occupations néandertaliennes conservées dans un massif dunaire implanté dans une crique au pied d’une falaise de schiste, topographie favorable au retour périodique des paléolithiques. L’érosion s’intensifiant, une fouille de sauvetage est...
Chapter
VII. The Lower and Middle Palaeolithic in Northern France: forty years of archaeozoological discoveries and studies The archaeozoological studies carried out on the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic sites in northern France have been multiplied over the last forty years. New approaches and methodologies of analysis, make possible in particular to bette...
Presentation
Full-text available
Belonging to the third alluvial terrace of the Somme Valley, Cagny-l'Épinette has provided numerous archaeological layers in each the alluvial deposits and the loess cover. These levels include well preserved acheulean assemblages - lithic industries and faunal remains - embedded in the alluvium (MIS 10 and MIS 9) and Middle Palaeolithic industries...
Article
This is the second item in the list "Funny Geology" of our lists of publications.
Article
Résumé Dans le cadre de cette étude, la chronologie de plusieurs gisements intralœssiques du Paléolithique supérieur et moyen, situés en Moldavie, en Dobrogea et dans la plaine orientale du Danube, a été réexaminée et précisée en s’appuyant sur de nouvelles données chronologiques (dates IRSL sur lœss et dates ESR/U-Th sur dents) ainsi que sur des a...
Article
Résumé Le gisement paléolithique de Gentelles (Somme) se situe sur un plateau calcaire contrairement à la plupart des gisements du Paléolithique inférieur et moyen du bassin de la Somme dont le contexte environnemental est fluviatile (dépôts alluviaux et de versant). Le matériel archéologique provient du remplissage d’une doline. Il a été mis au jo...
Article
THE MIDDLE/UPPER WÜRMIAN ALLUVIO-LOESSIC SEQUENCES OF QUINCIEUX AND LYON (RHÔNE-ALPES, FRANCE): FIRST PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATIONS AND CORRELATIONS In 2013 and 2015, two 8-m-thick loess sequences with palaeosols were excavated in the lower Saône River valley in two sites 20 km away. At Quincieux, the sequence developed on a low terrace of th...
Article
THE MIDDLE/UPPER WÜRMIAN ALLUVIO-LOESSIC SEQUENCES OF QUINCIEUX AND LYON (RHÔNE-ALPES, FRANCE): FIRST PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATIONS AND CORRELATIONS In 2013 and 2015, two 8-m-thick loess sequences with palaeosols were excavated in the lower Saône River valley in two sites 20 km away. At Quincieux, the sequence developed on a low terrace of th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During middle Palaeolithic, northern France was occupied only by Neanderthals groups. However, the succession of glacial and interglacial periods explain a complex and discontinuous settlement, which involved complication in the study of the population dynamics at regional scale. Thereby, some aspects of Neanderthals behaviour are still obscure: in...
Presentation
Full-text available
Hominin footprints, and particularly those associated with Neandertals, are very scarce in the fossil record. They give information on the anatomy, the composition or the gait of a group which are not accessible with the other fossil remains. The site of Rozel delivered a set of occupation layers, corresponding to areas devoted to butchery, located...
Poster
Full-text available
During the middle Palaeolithic, the northern France was only occupied by Neanderthals groups. However, successions of glacial and interglacial cycles explain a complex and discontinuous settlement, raising complication in the study of its dynamics at a regional scale. Therefore, some aspects of Neanderthals behaviour are still mischaracterize: in m...
Article
Full-text available
Detailed paleobiological and taphonomic analyses were carried out on the bone accumulations discovered during the 2014 excavations at the Krasnoyarskaya Kurya site, southeastern part of western Siberia (Russia). The fossiliferous site contains three bone-bearing horizons. Mammal remains are rare in the upper level and they were not found during the...
Article
La séquence de Moulin Quignon a livré du matériel archéologique (restes osseux, outillages lithiques) dont la localisation stratigraphique est parfois signalée par Jacques Boucher de Perthes et ses collègues. Ce matériel a été utilisé comme preuve de l’authenticité du site et, encore davantage après la découverte des restes humains, de l’ancienneté...
Article
Dating the earliest human occupations in Western Europe and reconstructing links with climatic and environmental constraints is a central issue in Quaternary studies. Amongst the discovery of Palaeolithic artefacts ascribed to the Early Pleistocene in southeast Britain and central France the Somme Basin, where the Acheulean type-site Amiens Saint-A...
Article
La collection de Moulin Quignon est une collection cohérente, malgré la diversité de ses pièces, dans la certitude de sa provenance et dans son rattachement aux recherches menées sur le site en 1863–1864. Considérée comme historique et patrimoniale, son étude a permis néanmoins de livrer des informations scientifiques importantes et valables pour l...
Article
Quaternary small vertebrate assemblages from northern France, and more generally from northwestern Europe, are poorly recognized, and studied less than those from more southern, Mediterranean areas. However, important sites of human occupation are often found in these northern areas, with significant issues related to the occupation of these sites...
Research
Full-text available
Conference papers of a meeting held on October 2011 in Villeneuve d'Ascq (France)
Article
Le site de Mutzig, découvert fortuitement en 1992 (Sainty et al., 1994) est fouillé en contexte programmé depuis 2009. Localisé en Alsace (Bas-Rhin), il est à l’heure actuelle un des seuls témoins fiables attribués au Paléolithique moyen dans la région, permettant ainsi de documenter une zone assez méconnue pour la Préhistoire ancienne. La très bon...
Article
Full-text available
Bone retouchers are more common during the Middle Palaeolithic (from MIS 7 to 3) and are now considered as a part of the tool kit of Neanderthals. In Middle Pleistocene and Lower Palaeolithic assemblages, they are few in number and attest to the scarcity of use of bones as material for shaping tools. Some MIS 11 to MIS 9 sites allow the description...
Article
Full-text available
In connection with the future Canal Seine-Nord Europe (Seine-Scheldt), a large-scale rescue archaeological survey was conducted between 2008 and 2011 in northern France. At Havrincourt (Pas-de-Calais), the discovery of several levels of Palaeolithic flint artefacts embedded in a relatively thick loess sequence (~ 6-7m) preserved on a gentle slope f...
Article
Full-text available
In connection with the future Canal Seine-Nord Europe (Seine-Scheldt), a large-scale rescue archaeological survey was conducted between 2008 and 2011 in northern France. At Havrincourt (Pas-de-Calais), the discovery of several levels of Palaeolithic flint artefacts embedded in a relatively thick loess sequence (similar to 6-7m) preserved on a gentl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Available on demand. The Upper Pleistocene in the north of France is characterised by discontinuous human presence, closely linked to climatic fluctuations. Human groups were mainly present during the Eemian interglacial and at the beginning of the Weichselian glacial period, as well as during the Late Glacial, in correlation with large mammal popu...
Article
Dating the earliest human occupation of Western Europe and reconstructing its relations with climatic and environmental constrains is becoming a central question, especially with the discovery of Palaeolithic artefacts allocated to the Early Pleistocene in south-east Britain and in Central France. In this context, the Quaternary sequences of the So...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Middle Palaeolithic has gone through many climate changes where warmer and colder phases alternated. These changes modified the plant cover, fauna who lived in and, consequently, relationships between Neanderthals and their environment. This environment was also affected by the topography that includes, for the NW of Europe, vast plains bordere...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article a pour but de dresser un bilan des traces d’utilisation du feu par les premiers Néandertaliens du Nord de la France, durant la seconde partie du Saalien (SIM 8 à 6). Ce tour d’horizon rappelle la rareté des témoignages de feu durant la phase ancienne du Paléolithique moyen (300–130 ka BP) à l’échelle de l’Europe du Nord-Ouest. Pour le N...
Article
Sea ice activity is a normal feature for the shaping of tidal platforms at high latitudes. Anchore ice forms temporarily during cold winter of the Holocene in Western Europe, like in 1962-63. Many beaches anomalies have been found in Brittany and Normandy during the last 30 years: two marine high stands at 120 (+5m above the HWM) and 117 ka (at the...
Article
Full-text available
The first lower molars of the cave bear Ursus spelaeus Rosenmüller, 1794 exhibit a high variability in size and shape. An outline analysis via the elliptic Fourier transform has been performed on a population from the oldest archaeological deposit (Level 4, Upper Pleistocene) of the Trou du Sureau (Montaigle caves, Belgium) in order to quantify the...
Article
The area of Pleneuf-Val-Andre, Brittany, France, has delivered several Palaeolithic sites containing palaeontological remains, very rare into this granitic area. In order to precise the stratigraphical framework of the prehistoric human occupations of this zone, an ESR dating program was initiated in the late 1980s and different kinds of materials...
Technical Report
L’opération 2012 a été consacrée à la préparation du terrain pour le futur établissement d’une infrastructure (échafaudage, paliers fixes, toit permanent, grille) qui permettra des fouilles plus extensives et indépendantes des aléas du climat. Bien que le but ait été alors plutôt tourné vers l’aménagement et la stabilisation des zones à fouiller, l...