Patricio Pliscoff

Patricio Pliscoff
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Departamento de Ecología

Associated Professor

About

80
Publications
37,340
Reads
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1,096
Citations
Citations since 2016
52 Research Items
866 Citations
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Introduction
Patricio Pliscoff currently works at the Department of Ecology and Institute of Geography, Catholic University of Chile. Patricio does research in Botany, Ecology and Biogeography.

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Full-text available
As the United Nations develops a post-2020 global biodiversity framework for the Convention on Biological Diversity, attention is focusing on how new goals and targets for ecosystem conservation might serve its vision of ‘living in harmony with nature’1,2. Advancing dual imperatives to conserve biodiversity and sustain ecosystem services requires r...
Article
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Ecological models used to forecast range change (range change models; RCM) have recently diversified to account for a greater number of ecological and observational processes in pursuit of more accurate and realistic predictions. Theory suggests that process-explicit RCMs should generate more robust forecasts, particularly under novel environmental...
Article
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Estimation of biodiversity patterns in poorly known areas is hampered by data availability and biased collecting efforts. To overcome the former, patterns can be estimated at higher taxonomic levels and larger spatial units. To deal with the latter, species distribution models (SDMs) can be employed. We explored the ability of higher-rank taxonomic...
Article
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Bioturbators shape their environment with considerable consequences for ecosystem processes. However, both the composition and the impact of bioturbator communities may change along climatic gradients. For burrowing animals, their abundance and composition depend on climatic and other abiotic components, with ants and mammals dominating in arid and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Burrowing animals influence surface microtopography and hillslope sediment redistribution, but changes often remain undetected due to a lack of autonomous high resolution field monitoring techniques. In this study we present a new approach to quantify microtopographic variations and surface changes caused by burrowing animals and rainfall-driven er...
Article
Davison’s Mastiff Bat Promops davisoni is a poorly studied species, only present in Ecuador, Peru and more recently in Chile, where its known geographic distribution is supported by very few records from the extreme north of the country. Using ultrasonic recordings, we reported new records of P. davisoni in northern Chile, extending its distributio...
Article
Constitución County in Chile shows one of the highest landscape transformations in the world due to the expansion of forest plantations. This work describes the land use/cover dynamics over a long period extending over 60 years in Constitución County. The results showed that 60% of the county extent was covered by natural vegetationt in 1955. Howev...
Article
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Abstract Mechanisms that reliably and efficiently guide practitioners to find relevant evidence are urgent for conservation decision‐making in Chilean Patagonia. The objective of this study was to systematically collect, characterize, and synthesize the extensive evidence about conservation knowledge in Chilean Patagonia focusing on the impacts of...
Article
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Microgyne trifurcata is a rare native plant species from one of the areas with the highest human impact on the environment in southern South America. Its habitat, mostly grasslands suitable for agriculture, has been increasingly covered by crops since the late 1800s. Microgyne trifurcata provides an excellent case study to understand how different...
Article
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Burrowing animals are important ecosystem engineers affecting soil properties, the redis-tribution of nutrients and soil carbon sequestration through their burrowing activity. The magnitude of these effects depends on the spatial density and depth of the burrows, but a method to derive this type of spatial explicit data of is still missing. Here, w...
Chapter
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Resumen. Este capítulo analiza la información disponible respecto de los principales motores de cambio global que operan en la Patagonia: cambio climático y su impac-to sobre la biodiversidad; la introducción de especies exóticas; cambio en el uso y cobertura del suelo, y algunos motores de cambio global emergentes tales como las floraciones algale...
Article
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Coastal urban areas have dramatically increased during the last decades, however, coastal research integrating the impacts and challenges facing urban areas is still scarce. To examine research advances and critical gaps, a review of the literature on coastal urban ecology was performed. Articles were selected following a structured decision tree a...
Article
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Chile is a country that depends on the extraction and export of its natural resources. This phenomenon has exacerbated different processes of transformation and disturbance of natural and human ecosystems. Land use change has become a key factor for the transformation of ecosystems, causing consequences for biodiversity conservation. In this study,...
Article
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1. The Mediterranean-type climate region of Chile is a globally unique biodiversity hotspot but its protected area system does not adequately represent the biological diversity, nor does it provide equitable access to people. 2. We explored options to expand the protected area system to cost-effectively improve the conservation of forest ecosystem...
Article
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Mexico is floristically the fourth most species-rich country in the world, and Asteraceae is the most diverse vascular plant family in this country. The species exhibits a wide range of growth forms, but the tree-like habit, appropriately named daisy trees, is heavily underestimated, even though slightly different tree definitions are handled. Very...
Article
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Delayed flowering due to later snowmelt and colder temperatures at higher elevations in the alpine are expected to lead to flowering phenological adjustment to prevent decoupling of peak flowering from the warmest time of the year, thereby favoring pollination. However, even if flowering is brought forward in the season at higher elevations, an ele...
Article
• A greater taxonomic and functional diversity of natural enemies in agroecosystems is frequently positively associated with more effective pest control, due to the complementarity of species or traits. But this diversity has declined with landscape homogenisation and loss of natural covers, particularly losing native species, which play an importa...
Conference Paper
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O presente trabalho consistiu na elaboração do cálculo da distribuição espacial da recarga nos aquíferos, na delimitação das áreas principais de recarga e na avaliação do risco de contaminação na bacia hidrográfica do rio Maipo (Chile), para dois anos diferentes (1995 e 2016). Pretendeu-se assim, averiguar a evolução das áreas de máxima infiltração...
Chapter
The Valdivian temperate rainforests ecoregion in southern Chile and Argentina, together with the Juan Fernandez Islands in the Pacific Ocean, are two geographic zones defined by their evolutionary history and their biota's isolation. This situation has allowed the development of unique lineages defining unique ecosystems with great importance for c...
Article
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Rising temperatures and increasing drought in Mediterranean-type climate areas are expected to affect plant–pollinator interactions, especially in plant species with specialised pollination. Central Chile experienced a mega drought between 2010 and 2020 which reached an extreme in the austral summer of 2019–2020. Based on intensive pollinator sampl...
Article
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Scherson, R. A., Luebert, F., Pliscoff, P., and Fuentes‐Castilllo, T. 2020. Flora of the hot deserts: emerging patterns from phylogeny‐based diversity studies. American Journal of Botany. 107( 11): 1– 3.
Article
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Climate changes during the late Pleistocene influenced the demography and distribution of species in Patagonia. During the last glacial maximum (LGM), ice sheets covered a great extent of the temperate rainforest in the western Patagonian Andes. The persistence of forest species in refugia during the LGM has been debated for many vertebrates, but r...
Article
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Aim The conservation of biodiversity is hampered by data deficiencies, with many new species and subspecies awaiting description or reclassification. Population genomics and ecological niche modelling offer complementary new tools for uncovering functional units of phylogenetic diversity. We hypothesize that phylogenetically delineated lineages of...
Article
Between January 1 and February 10, 2017, the central southern area of Chile faced several mega-fires events that were considered the second largest of the history, 518,174 ha were affected. The devastating consequences of this fire also include the loss of 12 human lives, as well as an enormous financial cost in the fight against fires. Due to the...
Article
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Forestry plantations of Pinus radiata, managed through clearcutting method, would offer resistance to the movement of native fauna among remnants of native forest. In this study, we evaluate the possibilities of establishing connectivity corridors for native fauna in a forest landscape dominated by P. radiata, focusing on seven species with some le...
Article
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Any conservation strategy must deal with the uncertainty caused by anthropogenic climate change. In order to forecast such changes, the climate change velocity approach has been used to measure ecosystem exposure to this phenomenon. The Tropical Andes and the Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests (Central Chile) hotspots are priority for conser...
Technical Report
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Latinoamérica y el Caribe es una potencia global de diversidad natural y cultural, al mismo tiempo, lidera índices de desarrollo desigual, con impactos en pobreza y degradación de la naturaleza. Considerando el aporte marginal que hace a la generación de gases invernadero, la crisis climática afecta desproporcionadamente a la región impactando mayo...
Article
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Aim Mediterranean Chile is part of the five recognized mediterranean‐type climates in the world and harbours a very rich floral diversity. Climate change has been reported as a significant threat to its biodiversity. We used the flora of Mediterranean Chile to analyse how biodiversity patterns, as measured by phylogenetic diversity, genus and speci...
Article
Despite increasing scientific understanding of the global environmental crisis, we struggle to adopt the policies science suggests would be effective. One of the reasons for that is the lack of inclusive engagement and dialogue among a wide range of different actors. Furthermore, there is a lack of consideration of differences between languages, wo...
Article
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The identification of research questions with high relevance for biodiversity conservation is an important step towards designing more effective policies and management actions, and to better allocate funding among alternative conservation options. However, the identification of priority questions may be influenced by regional differences in biodiv...
Article
Biodiversity is facing a crisis at global scale due to fragmentation and loss of natural habitats which are modifying their traditionally evaluation risk focus from species to eco systems. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) established an official standard for assessing the risk of collapse of ecosystems. Proposing a conceptu...
Article
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In 2014, the International Union for Conservation of Nature adopted the Red List of Ecosystems (RLE) criteria as the global standard for assessing risks to terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecosystems. Five years on, it is timely to ask what impact this new initiative has had on ecosystem management and conservation. In this policy perspective, w...
Preprint
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This document contains the draft of Chapter 4 of the IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Chapter 4 focuses on scenarios and models that explore the impacts of a wide range of plausible future changes in social, economic and institutional drivers on Nature, Nature's Contributions to People and Good Quality of Life.
Preprint
Full-text available
In 2014, the International Union for Conservation of Nature adopted the Red List of Ecosystems (IUCN RLE) criteria as the global standard for assessing risks to terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecosystems. Identifying and quantifying the impacts of biodiversity assessments on the status of nature is key to justifying continued investment in asse...
Chapter
The urgency for conserving biodiversity has elicited much research on how to determine its “value” for conservation. The use of phylogenetic diversity (PD) has provided a quantitative framework to assess biodiversity at different taxonomic levels and spatial scales. PD assessments at any spatial resolution need a reasonably well-resolved phylogeny...
Presentation
Regions with Mediterranean-type climate are characterized by both high species richness and high levels of endemism. From the five recognised Mediterranean-type climates in the world, Mediterranean Chile (MedCh) harbour some of the world’s richest biota and diversity at the genus level. In MedCh, climate change has been reported as one of the signi...
Article
Six subtropical montane forest species of Kaunia are remarkable by its superficial morphological similarity. We aim to explore different sources of data in order to clarify species delimitation within this complex in Kaunia. Morphological variation and environmental data of the species of the complex were assessed by using multivariate morphometric...
Article
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During the extreme precipitation event related with "El Niño”, which occurred in August 2015 on the coast of the Tarapaca region, Atacama Desert, rainfall of 50 mm was recorded at the Alto Patache Fog Oasis (annual average of 1 mm), activating germination of many species present on the site. After the event, transects were demarcated and the presen...
Article
Early-career experts can play a fundamental role in achieving planetary sustainability by bridging generational divides and developing novel solutions to complex problems. We argue that intergenerational partnerships and interdisciplinary collaboration among early-career experts will enable emerging sustainability leaders to contribute fully to a s...
Chapter
Dispersal strategies are essential for species survival. Animals need to move to search for food, to locate potential sexual partners, to find refuge and escape from predators, and to avoid inbreeding and local competition for resources. The degree of plasticity of those traits will determine the ability of the species or population to respond succ...
Article
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Countries that are signatories of the Convention of Biological Diversity are committed to the goal of protecting 17% of their natural ecosystems by 2020. The lack of an up-to-date, operational classification and cartography of regional ecosystems seriously limits the assessment of progress towards this goal. Here, we present a broad ecosystem frame...
Article
Scenarios provide a platform to explore the provision of ecosystem services under global change. Despite their relevance to land-use policy, there is a paucity of such assessments, particularly in developing countries. Central Chile provides a good example from the Latin American realm as the region has experienced rapid transformation from natural...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is a major threat to biodiversity; the development of models that reliably predict its effects on species distributions is a priority for conservation biogeography. Two of the main issues for accurate temporal predictions from Species Distribution Models (SDM) are model extrapolation and unrealistic dispersal scenarios. We assessed t...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation planning relies heavily on representativeness patterns. In Chile, this has not been assessed at the species level. This study evaluates floristic representativeness in the National System of Protected Areas (SNASPE). Species rarefaction and non-parametric estimators were used to extrapolate total representativeness. Given that conserva...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Anthropogenic climate change is a major threat to biodiversity, and the development of models that reliably predict their effects on species distributions is a priority to conservation biogeography. Common issues to temporal predictability of Species Distribution Models (SDM) are model extrapolation and realistic incorporation of dispersal capaciti...
Technical Report
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La Lista Roja de Ecosistemas desarrollada por la Unión internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza (UICN), busca establecer un estándar internacional para evaluar la condición de los ecosistemas a nivel local, nacional, regional y global. Esta iniciativa nace de la experiencia desarrollada en la lista roja de especies, que se ha transformad...
Article
The effects of using alternative sets of climatic predictor variables on the performance, spatial predictions and future projections of species distribution models (SDMs) and its consequences on extinction risk estimates have remained insufficiently studied. Here, we modelled the present and future potential distributions of 13 species of Heliotrop...
Data
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Capítulo 4: Cambio Climático y Ecosistemas 4 Los cambios que está su-friendo el clima son cada día más evidentes y amena-zantes para la biota del planeta. En Chile, el importante descenso de las precipitaciones en las zonas coste-ras entre Caldera y Puerto Montt, y en menor medida en zonas interio-res y precordilleranas, asociado a una tendencia cr...
Article
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The Valparaiso Region in its continental area is located under the influence of a Mediterraneanclimate. Analyses of data from meteorological stations and climatic surfaces suggest that elevationand topographical position respect to Andes and Coastal Cordilleras determine the climatic variationwithin the Region. Climate change projections in the con...
Article
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Climate change effects on biodiversity occur at different level of organization (organisms, species and ecosystems). Vegetation type bears a close relationship with climate, such that global warming is ex-pected to alter the distribution of major vegetation types in the near future. Using a bioclimatic envelope modeling approach, the major vegetati...
Article
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Because protected areas are a major means of conservation, the extent to which ecosystems are represented under different protection regimes needs to be ascertained. A gap analysis approach was used to assess the representativeness of Chile's terrestrial ecosystems in differing kinds of protected areas. Terrestrial ecosystems were described in term...
Article
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Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar el marco conceptual y metodológico en que se desarrollan las técnicas de modelos de distribución para especies y ecosistemas. Se hace una revisión histórica de los conceptos que fundamentan estas técnicas y se presentan las principales etapas metodológicas involucradas en estos análisis. Se discute cómo e...
Article
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This article aims to present the conceptual and methodological framework in which models techniques for species and ecosystems distribution are developed. An historical review of concepts behind these techniques is made as well as the presentation of the major methodological steps involved in these tests. A discussion on how these approaches are us...
Article
Aim To identify the bioclimatic niche of the endangered Andean cat (Leopardus jacobita), one of the rarest and least known felids in the world, by developing a species distribution model. Location South America, High Andes and Patagonian steppe. Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina. Methods We used 108 Andean cat records to build the models, and 27 to t...
Chapter
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At first glance, the Valdivian temperate rainforest of Chile and Argentina (see figure 5-1) is a mirror image of the Pacific Coast of North America in appearance and climate, but upon closer inspection this strikingly unique rainforest is dominated by broadleaf evergreen flowering trees that evolved in near complete isolation from the temperate for...
Technical Report
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En este estudio se identifican los sitios prioritarios para la conservación de la biodiversidad en la provincia de Chiloé a través de entrevistas a expertos, la aplicación de un programa computacional llamado SPOT y la revisión de otros estudios. Se identificaron cómo “expertos”, tanto a aquellas personas que habían trabajado en especies, ecosistem...
Article
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Se discute respecto al estado de Conservación de las especies de Asteraceae leñosas nativas de Chile y el estado de su conocimiento.
Article
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Knowledge of species richness centers is necessary for the design of conservation areas. In this study, we present a GIS analysis of two years of field data on animal and plant diversity distributions in evergreen, coastal rain forests of southern Chile (39°30′–41°25′S). Despite their high endemism, these forests have remained largely unprotected....
Article
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We surveyed the mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians in six distinct habitat types in the Futaleufú National Reserve, in the province of Palena, Chile. These habitats occur from 700 masl up to 2.000 masl: cypress forest, mixed shrubland, lenga and coigüe forest, early successional Nothofagus tree areas, scrubland and ñirre trees in rocky areas w...
Article
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Se realizó un catastro de los mamíferos, aves, reptiles y anfibios presentes en seis hábitats de la Reserva Nacional Futaleufú, provincia de Palena, Chile. Estos hábitats se encuentran desde la cota 700 hasta los 2000 msnm, ellos son: cipresal, matorral mixto, bosque de lenga y coigüe, renoval de Nothofagus, mallín y bosque achaparrado de ñirres en...