Patrícia Tzortzopoulos

Patrícia Tzortzopoulos
University of Huddersfield · School of Art, Design and Architecture

PhD in Design

About

156
Publications
122,436
Reads
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1,666
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2014 - present
University of Huddersfield
Position
  • Head of Department, Architecture and 3D Design
February 2004 - April 2014
University of Salford
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (156)
Article
Full-text available
Difficulties in managing the construction design process are strongly related to its nature, as a large number of interdependent decisions are involved, which need to be made by many different stakeholders, in an environment that has a high degree of uncertainty. Moreover, there is a growing use of digital tools to support design. Traditional commu...
Conference Paper
Resilience management of the built environment is crucial to the future performance of housing stock, as demonstrated by the focus of the UN's Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Provision of quality-environment-friendly-, resilient-, responsive- housing and adequate services are often scarce and expense-laden— as climate insecur...
Conference Paper
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Cities across South Africa are predominantly characterised by multiple forms of poverty, growing inequality, environmental degradation, slums and informal settlements, social and economic exclusion, and spatial segregation. These challenges present significant hurdles in planning for and coping with rapid population growth, urbanisation and protect...
Conference Paper
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The focus is on the influence of urban ‘woods’ on people’s quality of life in disadvantaged neighbourhoods investigated via the lens of architecture in a Sub-Saharan metropolis. The New Urban Agenda acknowledges that current urban and state-wide management plans, policies, and practices are failing. While the architectural sector— tasked with enhan...
Conference Paper
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A plethora of process models have been developed over the years with the aim to improve the performance of design and construction processes. However, effective adoption of process models is still limited; lack of guidance on which model type would be applicable in the given contexts, and an excessive focus on the design of the process models thems...
Article
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Social housing (SH) upgrades involve multiple stakeholders with sometimes divergent requirements and needs. Collaboration and participative processes are essential to ensuring an appropriate value for users is delivered through social housing upgrades. Living Labs are user-centred initiatives where researchers, public and private partners, and user...
Article
Automation has been long explored to improve regulatory compliance during building design. Despite substantial research efforts on developing means to enable this process, there has been limited success in practical implementations. Designers’ inputs are often undervalued in such developments, leading to solutions that are not effectively incorpora...
Article
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Regulatory frameworks associated to building design are usually complex, representing extensive sets of requirements. For healthcare projects in the UK, this includes statutory and guidance documents. Existing research indicates that they contain subjective requirements, which challenge the practical adoption of automated compliance checking, leadi...
Article
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Purpose This paper proposes a method for managing client requirements with the use of Building Information Modelling (BIM). The development of healthcare projects demands a large amount of requirements information, in order to deal with a diversity of clients and frequents changes in healthcare services. The proposed method supports healthcare desi...
Conference Paper
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This paper provides an introduction to ‘Ji Koutei Kanketsu’ (JKK) as a recently developed Lean method and illustrates its potential to support the improvement of BIM-based highways design work processes. JKK is developed based on the concept of jidoka to enhance the autonomation in non-physical work processes. This method provides the employees...
Conference Paper
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Living Labs (LLs) consist of social and dynamic environments that enable end-users and stakeholders to collaborate towards an innovation. This paper presents the concept of LLs and analysis on how it can foster communication and collaboration from a lean perspective. Key concepts, such as co-creation, common ground, shared understanding and boundar...
Conference Paper
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The Target Value Design (TVD) is a collaborative process where value drives the design process to achieve the client's expectations while maintaining the costs and schedule under control. Its application has been successful ing several construction projects, especially in the healthcare context. Applying TVD to the real estate context, however, can...
Article
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The interest in lean management in the UK’s civil infrastructure sector is on the rise. In parallel with this interest, a team-based, participative management technique called Continuous Improvement (CI) cells has been widely adopted by the sector. The research on the technique has been scarce even though it has been adopted widely in some sectors...
Article
This paper proposes a new conceptual approach to address the gap in the understanding of benefits realization, which is an increasingly central element in the delivery of successful projects in architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) design. The paper focuses on the link between uncertainty in front-end design (FED) and the delivery of pr...
Chapter
Subjectivity exists in requirements described in the healthcare regulatory framework. This is mainly due to the nature of regulatory requirements and the uniqueness of the design process. Past research identified that subjectivity in regulations is a key issue for automated code and rule checking. The aim of this paper is to discuss how requirement...
Article
Full-text available
Defects associated with dimensional and geometric variations (tolerance issues) are amongst the most costly and recurring defects in construction projects, yet the identification and mitigation of the causes of tolerance issues appear to be lacking in the construction industry. To enable the development of widely acceptable solutions for the perenn...
Article
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It is well known that the quality of healthcare facilities can contribute to health and wellbeing. Healthcare design is complex due to the large amount of information involved, with sometimes conflicting requirements which evolve over time. Therefore, strategies to deal with such complexity and volume of information is key. These include requiremen...
Conference Paper
It is well known that the quality of healthcare facilities can contribute to health and wellbeing. Healthcare design is complex due to the large amount of information involved, with sometimes conflicting requirements which evolve over time. Therefore, strategies to deal with such complexity and volume of information is key. These include requiremen...
Article
Full-text available
Social Housing is increasingly a focus of debate in many countries because of the escalating need for affordable housing that has become intertwined with the needs of society both emergent and traditional. The delivery of social housing, however, is often complex from the many stakeholders involved resulting in design challenges on account of confl...
Conference Paper
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There is an increasing interest in the role of Front-end Design (FED) as one of the vital stages of design processes. It is the stage in which project purposes and goals are defined, requirements captured, refined, and managed and trade-offs are made considering each consequence. It is also the stage where project requirements are transformed into...
Conference Paper
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The process of verifying the compliance of design solutions to regulations is critical in healthcare design due to the complexity of the requirements present in healthcare settings. The majority of previews research concentrates on "mistake-searching", assuming that design will not be compliant and, as such, necessitates an approach focussed on fin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social Housing is increasingly a focus of debate in many countries because of the escalating need for affordable housing that has become intertwined with the needs of society both emergent and traditional.The delivery of social housing, however, is often complex from the many stakeholders involved resulting in design challenges on account of confli...
Article
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The recent notable emergence of a body of research in requirements management on one hand and benefits realisation has contributed to addressing a growing need for improved performance in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) projects. However, front end design (FED) as one of the vital processes in the project life cycle and delivery ha...
Article
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This paper proposes a set of guidelines for using Building Information Modelling (BIM) to manage client requirements in the context of social housing projects. A process model representing main activities involved in requirements management has been devised, as well as nine constructs that can be used for assessing the effectiveness of using BIM fo...
Article
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No standardised approach appears to exist in the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry for the communication of tolerance information on drawings. As a result of this shortcoming, defects associated with dimensional and geometric variability occur with potentially severe consequences. In contrast, in mechanical engineering, geo...
Conference Paper
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Construction projects such particularly those with social perspective are increasingly a focus of debate because of the increasing need for value delivery that has become intertwined with the changing needs of society. The delivery of such projects, however, is often complicated by the many of stakeholders involved resulting in design challenges on...
Chapter
This chapter explores how Lean Construction initiatives address early project collaboration. Previous research identified that early project collaboration is hampered by misunderstandings between project stakeholders, who tend to conceptualise collaboration differently according to their background and experience. In this context, the development o...
Article
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The complexity of construction processes often means interaction between various stakeholders, activities and tasks in order to deliver the expected outcomes. The intensity and dynamics of front-end design (FED) mean decision techniques and methods are important in supporting projects benefits delivery more importantly those based on utility of dec...
Article
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Lean Construction (LC) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) are two of the prominent concepts challenging the traditional practices in construction management. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) often constitute the largest group in construction supply chains. Increasing BIM and LC adoption amongst SMEs is a key condition for achieving th...
Article
Full-text available
Defects associated with dimensional and geometric tolerance variability (tolerance problems) are often dealt with during the construction phase of projects. Despite the potentially severe consequences of those defects, tolerance management (TM) is a perennial challenge, and the construction industry lacks a systematic and practical process to provi...
Article
Traditionally, in heritage architecture, each discipline works independently, generating dispersed data. Heritage Building Information Modelling (HBIM) can provide benefits in managing heritage projects. However, the modelling task is laborious, BIM software tends to be complex, and historical databases are not synchronised with HBIM models. The ai...
Conference Paper
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This paper reports initial research findings exploring the assessment of regulatory requirements in the healthcare design process, using different levels of automation-code checking. The methodological approach is Design Science Research, with an empirical study undertaken in close collaboration with an institution responsible for Primary Healthcar...
Article
The design of social housing is multi faced endeavor like in many social projects such as mega projects whose expected benefits reach beyond a handful of stakeholders. Understanding the requirements of such projects can be a painstaking endeavor and without a structured process to guide decision making, such projects often fail to deliver on their...
Article
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Collaboration is essential for the success of Construction Projects. However, the concept of collaboration is unclear, and the term is often related to different meanings. Construction research defines collaboration in different ways, having been influenced by other research fields (e.g. Social Sciences and Philosophy). This paper discusses existin...
Article
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This paper reports results of a systematic literature review on the definitions and levels of user involvement in the design process. Although many studies have highlighted the importance of user involvement for the quality of both process and final product, the term still lacks a clear definition and different models describe diverse involvement l...
Article
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Healthcare projects are known for having a high degree of complexity. Furthermore, the design of healthcare facilities is highly constrained by regulations containing a wide range of requirements. Using BIM for automated rule checking has been pointed out as an opportunity to improve requirements management in these projects. However, most existing...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many projects continue to fail to deliver intended benefits amid uncertainty in benefits realisation (BR) programs. This is more so in Front End Design (FED) where processes remain not only understudied but also informal yet reliant on knowledge sharing. As a result, there is an emergent need for new decision support tools to support benefits deliv...
Conference Paper
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Engineering and construction design practice is faced with uncertainty that bears on the design processes often contributing negatively to value delivery of projects. Emergent needs at the same time bring about uncertainty in the knowledge and evidence base that’s a key element of front end design processes. This is in part due to changing needs an...
Conference Paper
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Tolerance problems are amongst the most common and recurring defects in construction projects. Since its establishment, Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been expected to prevent tolerance problems as it does for clashes between components. However, the solid modelling tools within BIM software do not contain tolerance information, but rathe...
Article
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The UK government made significant commitments to upgrading the energy efficiency of seven million British homes by 2020, aiming at reducing carbon emissions and addressing fuel poverty. One alternative to achieve better energy performance in existing houses is retrofit. However, there are difficulties associated with retrofitting social housing. I...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The design of healthcare projects is complex and presents a number of difficulties related to requirements management, e.g. conflicting requirements by stakeholders and changes of requirements over time. Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been proposed as a means to alleviate some of these difficulties. Within the healthcare design context, B...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The increasing complexity of construction is reflected in the management of the design process. Building design involves a growing number of disciplines, and as such requires increasing levels of coordination and collaboration. As a result, new skills are needed from the professional responsible for design coordination, who must allow the integrati...
Article
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Resumo Uma das possíveis estratégias para melhorar a qualidade dos empreendimentos de construção é o uso de Building Information Modelling1 (BIM), que envolve inovações relacionadas à tecnologia da informação e mudanças em processos críticos. Na habitação de interesse social no Brasil, um dos desafios enfrentados é a necessidade de avaliar em um pr...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss a production planning and control model known as the Lean construction management (LCM) model, which applies a number of visual tools in a systematic way to the planning and control process. The application of the visual tools in this way facilitates the flow of information, thus improving transparenc...
Conference Paper
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From early on, visual management (VM) has been an intrinsic ingredient of the Toyota Production System (TPS) and its derivatives like lean production. Akin to the evolution of most other parts of the TPS, it has been developed through practitioner efforts rather than being propelled by theoretical insights. Recently, scholars have started to create...
Conference Paper
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In line with its performance improvement and Lean Construction agenda, the highways supply chain in the UK has commenced many Continuous Improvement (CI) cells in recent years. The CI cell is a small-group work coordination and improvement technique that is frequently used in many industries as part of their lean transformations. The technique has...
Conference Paper
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Early Design Collaboration in construction projects can be hampered by misunderstandings between team members. Consequently, design actions are not supported by all, causing delays and frustration. This paper presents a study aiming to capture (a) misunderstandings between participants at early design stages, and (b) how these individuals resolved...
Conference Paper
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In Architecture Schools, Design Studio modules are conceived as the core learning activity, in which students must generate and develop a design proposal. In this context, there is an implicit notion that lecturers and students share a common idea of what the Design Activity is. However, this may not be true as divergent, and sometimes, contradicto...
Article
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The workflow in historic architecture projects presents problems related to the lack of clarity of processes, dispersion of information and the use of outdated tools. Different heritage organisations have showed interest in innovative methods to resolve those problems and improve cultural tourism for sustainable economic development. Building Infor...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to propose a model for planning and controlling the design process in companies that design, manufacture and assemble prefabricated engineer-to-order (ETO) building systems. This model was devised as an adaptation of the Last Planner® System for ETO multiple-project environments. Design/methodology/approach Des...
Article
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An investigation examined the structured scientific evidence on healthcare facilities (the healing built environment – HBE) and its impact on patients’ health outcomes under a holistic conceptual evaluative framework. The integrative review considered 127 papers (of which 59 were review papers). It found there was no adequate framework that could i...
Conference Paper
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This paper is part of a master's research developed to identify opportunities for improvement in architectural design process from lean design perspective. The aim of this work is to propose a new approach with lean tools to carry out the project diagnosis. Methodology is the qualitative type and research strategy is the case study of an architectu...