Patricia A Resick

Patricia A Resick
Duke University Medical Center | DUMC · Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science

Ph.D., ABPP

About

357
Publications
244,749
Reads
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22,914
Citations
Citations since 2016
123 Research Items
11853 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,000
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,000
Additional affiliations
October 2013 - present
Duke University Medical Center
Position
  • Professor
October 2013 - present
Duke University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2004 - present
Boston University
Position
  • Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology

Publications

Publications (357)
Article
Although there is ample evidence that PTSD is effectively treated by first-line therapies such as Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), it is less clear to what degree these treatments improve quality of life (QOL), a common presenting concern of treatment-seeking individuals (Rosen et al., 2013). Only two studies, both conducted in military veteran...
Article
Full-text available
Tinnitus is a common, functionally disabling condition of often unknown etiology. Neuroimaging research to better understand tinnitus is emerging but remains limited in scope. Voxel-based physiology (VBP) studies detect tinnitus-associated pathophysiology by group-wise contrast (tinnitus vs controls) of resting-state indices of hemodynamics, metabo...
Article
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is recommended for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) but is infrequently delivered. Many clinicians have concerns about CPT that impact usage. Common concerns include (a) CPT’s effectiveness in “real-world” settings, (b) whether CPT can be individualized, (c) the possibility of making clients w...
Article
Objective: This study evaluated implicit associations (i.e., associations in memory that are automatically activated and difficult to control consciously) related to trauma and one's self in the context of a clinical trial for active duty service members seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous studies with nontreatment...
Article
This study examined the impact of a history of head injury (HHI) on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms in active duty military personnel following group and individual cognitive processing therapy (CPT). Data for these secondary analyses were drawn from a clinical trial comparing group and individual CPT. Service members (...
Article
Purpose Military service personnel are at increased risk for developing tinnitus due to heightened exposure to acoustic trauma. The auditory disorder is the leading service-connected disability among veterans and is highly comorbidly diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The biopsychosocial model illustrates that chronic health condi...
Article
Objective: Evidence-based psychotherapies are efficacious at reducing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but military and veteran samples improve less than civilians. The objective of this secondary analysis of two clinical trials of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) was to determine if hyperarousal symptoms were more resistant to cha...
Article
Full-text available
Importance: Posttraumatic headache is the most disabling complication of mild traumatic brain injury. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are often comorbid with posttraumatic headache, and there are no established treatments for this comorbidity. Objective: To compare cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) for headache and PTSD with tr...
Article
Objective: A common concern is whether individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and hazardous drinking will respond to PTSD treatment or need a higher dose. In a sample of active-duty military, we examined the impact of hazardous drinking on cognitive processing therapy (CPT) outcomes and whether number of sessions to reach good end-s...
Article
Objective: Tinnitus and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are among the top service-connected disabilities within the Veterans Health Administration. Extant research shows that there is considerable overlap between tinnitus-related distress and PTSD, including sleep difficulty, irritability, hyperarousal, and concentration problems. However, no...
Article
Study objectives: Characterize associations between sleep impairments and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, including anger, in service members seeking treatment for PTSD. Methods: Ninety-three US Army personnel recruited into a PTSD treatment study completed the baseline assessment. State of the science sleep measurements included...
Article
Full-text available
Irritability, angry outbursts, and aggression are common among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although aggression can be a problem among many individuals with PTSD, research suggests that the relationship between PTSD and aggression might be particularly relevant among military/veteran populations as compared to civilians. T...
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Importance: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent and serious mental health problem. Although there are effective psychotherapies for PTSD, there is little information about their comparative effectiveness. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of prolonged exposure (PE) vs cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for treating PTSD in...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background Trauma-focused psychotherapies for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military veterans are efficacious, but there are many barriers to receiving treatment. The objective of this study was to determine if cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD among active duty military personnel and veterans would resul...
Article
Full-text available
Importance Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs more commonly among military service members than among civilians; however, despite the availability of several evidence-based treatments, there is a need for more efficient evidence-based PTSD treatments to better address the needs of service members. Written exposure therapy is a brief PTSD i...
Article
Full-text available
Research supports the efficacy of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for reducing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and comorbid conditions among survivors of sexual assault and other traumas. To date, there are no known studies using CPT with adolescents exposed to commercial sexual exploitation (CSE). The pilot study implemented a modified ver...
Article
Background: The assessment of therapeutic adherence is essential for accurately interpreting treatment outcomes in psychotherapy research. However, such assessments are often neglected. Aims: To fill this gap, we aimed to develop and test a scale that assessed therapeutic adherence to Cognitive Processing Therapy – Cognitive Only (CPT), which was a...
Article
Objective: Previous research with civilian populations has found strong associations between fibromyalgia (FM) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study is the first large-scale investigation of the prevalence of FM in military service members with and without PTSD. Methods: Participants were active duty military recruited into either...
Article
Objective: Failing to account for temporal dynamics can hinder our understanding of suicidal ideation and the potential mechanisms underlying increased risk for suicide death and suicide attempts associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). To address these limitations, this study used an analytic approach based on Dynamical Systems Theor...
Article
Objective: To characterize the relationship between head trauma types (blast injury, blunt injury, combined blast+blunt injury) with subsequent headache presentations and functioning. Background: Posttraumatic headaches (PTHs), the most common sequelae of traumatic brain injury (TBI), are painful and disabling. More than 400,000 veterans report...
Article
The STRONG STAR Consortium (South Texas Research Organizational Network Guiding Studies on Trauma and Resilience) and the Consortium to Alleviate PTSD are interdisciplinary and multi-institutional research consortia focused on the detection, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid con...
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Full-text available
Background Although there has been research connecting PTSD and social support, there has been little research on effects of treatment, especially in military samples. The current study examined the relationship between these variables over the course of PTSD treatment and assessed differences based on treatment modality (i.e. group versus individu...
Article
We examined whether extinction or changes negative trauma-related beliefs occur either prior to or concurrently with changes in posttraumatic stress symptoms among individuals who received either Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) or Written Exposure Therapy (WET) using statistical methods that permit proper discernment of temporal sequence. Commun...
Article
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, not every client achieves optimal outcomes. Data were pooled from four randomized trials in which female interpersonal trauma survivors completed CPT (N = 179). Random forests of classification trees were used to investigate the role of b...
Article
Introduction Sleep disturbances are common in active duty military personnel and play a key role in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Research indicates that although insomnia and nightmares improve with successful PTSD treatment, they may remain clinically significant. Few previous PTSD studies have assessed...
Article
Objective: Many clinicians question whether patients with a history of childhood trauma will benefit from trauma-focused treatment. In this secondary analysis, we examined whether reports of childhood abuse moderated the efficacy of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for active-duty military with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods: Serv...
Article
Sexual assault (SA) often occurs in the context of substances, which can impair the trauma memory and contribute to negative cognitions like self‐blame. Although these factors may affect posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment, outcomes for substance‐involved SA have not been evaluated or compared with other types of SA. As such, we conducte...
Article
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is a gold‐standard treatment for adults with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, adolescents may also benefit from CPT, particularly when existing evidence‐based treatments for adolescents are unavailable or not a good fit. In this program evaluation study, a modular version of CPT was delivered by comm...
Article
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is an evidence-based therapy recommended for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, rates of improvement and remission are lower in veterans and active duty military compared to civilians. Although CPT was developed as a 12-session therapy, varying the number of sessions based on patient response has impro...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Several recent studies have demonstrated that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and insomnia treatments are associated with significant reductions in suicidal ideation (SI) among service members. However, few investigations have evaluated the manner in which suicide risk changes over time among military personnel receiving PTSD or ins...
Preprint
Although patient intelligence may be an important determinant of the degree to which individuals may comprehend, comply with, and ultimately benefit from trauma-focused treatment, no prior studies have examined the impact of patient intelligence on benefit from psychotherapies for PTSD. We investigated the degree to which educational achievement, o...
Article
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with accelerated progression of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the underlying pathophysiological pathway has remained elusive and it is unclear whether there is a direct link between PTSD and CHD risk. This paper describes the methods of a randomized controlled trial developed to exam...
Article
Full-text available
Posttraumatic headache (PTH) is a common debilitating condition arising from head injury and is highly prevalent among military service members and veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Diagnosis and treatment for PTH is still evolving, and surprisingly little is known about the putative mechanisms that drive these headaches. This manuscript...
Article
Objective: This study sought to understand the extent and influence of head injuries (HIs) on recovery from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of treatment-seeking survivors of interpersonal violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV). Method: Three randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) investigating the efficacy of co...
Article
Many individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) also suffer from insomnia and nightmares, which may be symptoms of PTSD or constitute partially independent comorbid disorders. Sleep disturbances are resistant to current treatments for PTSD, and those suffering from PTSD, insomnia, and nightmares have worse PTSD treatment outcomes. In add...
Article
Many veterans receiving treatment for PTSD in the VA health care system are also living with a disability and utilize assistive technologies for communication and/or mobility. While evidence-based treatments for PTSD have been disseminated in VA hospitals nationwide, clinicians may have concerns about implementing these treatments with people with...
Article
There is a strong comorbidity between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and bipolar disorder. Unfortunately, there is lack of dissemination regarding modifications of evidence-based therapies for PTSD among individuals with comorbid bipolar I disorder. Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is one such evidence-based, gold-standard psychotherapy for...
Article
Full-text available
This study was a secondary data analysis of clinical trial data collected from 268 active duty U.S. military service members seeking cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at Fort Hood, Texas, related to combat operations following September 11, 2001. Our primary aim was to evaluate changes in PTSD symptom sever...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Military service personnel are at increased risk for developing tinnitus due to heightened exposure to acoustic trauma. The auditory disorder is a leading service-connected disability among veterans and is highly comorbidly diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The biopsychosocial model illustrates that chronic health con...
Article
Fidelity monitoring is a critical indicator of psychotherapy quality and is central to successful implementation. A major barrier to fidelity in routine care is the lack of feasible, scalable, and valid measurement strategies. A reliable, low-burden fidelity assessment would promote sustained implementation of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs)....
Article
Full-text available
Background Posttraumatic headache is difficult to define and there is debate about the specificity of the 7-day headache onset criterion in the current definition. There is limited evidence available to guide decision making about this criterion. Method A nested cohort study of 193 treatment-seeking veterans who met criteria for persistent headach...
Article
Importance Childhood abuse significantly increases the risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), often accompanied by symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and other co-occurring mental disorders. Despite the high prevalence, systematic evaluations of evidence-based treatments for PTSD after childhood abuse are sparse. O...
Article
Full-text available
Background The purpose of this study was to examine demographic, psychological, military, and deployment variables that might predict posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom improvement in a sample of active duty service members who received either group or individual cognitive processing therapy (CPT).Methods Data were analyzed from 165 activ...
Article
Full-text available
Current research into Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) examines how and for whom CPT works best, with a focus on understanding treatment outcomes in special populations. Session timing appears to have an effect on CPT outcomes in civilian samples, but the role of timing in CPT has not yet been investigated in a military sample. Thus, this study e...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Military personnel are at significantly greater risk for developing tinnitus, due to increased exposure to acoustic trauma. Many psychiatric disorders are common among individuals with chronic tinnitus, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although tinnitus and PTSD are clearly different, research supports the notion of...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is a cognitive behavioral treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). CPT is effective in treating combat-related PTSD among Veterans and active duty service members. It is unknown whether improvement in PTSD is related to accommodation of patient preference of the modality of therapy, su...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The emotion of anger and behavioral acts of aggression can lead to severe negative consequences, including family violence, legal charges, and death. Anger can be a symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), particularly in service members. Service members report difficulties managing their anger and trouble with the subsequent r...
Article
The global outbreak of COVID‐19 has required mental health providers to rapidly rethink and how they provide care. Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is a trauma‐focused, evidence‐based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder that is effective when delivered in‐person or via telehealth. Given current limitations on the provision of in‐person me...
Article
Full-text available
Background Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) face symptoms that can hinder access to treatment, such as avoidance and guilt. Telemedicine offers a technological solution to increase access to mental health care and overcome barriers to treatment. Although an increasing body of literature focused on synchronous telehealth (eg, li...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have demonstrated poor retention of extinction learning among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Gonadal hormone signaling in brain appears to influence the retention of extinction learning differently in women with and without PTSD. Women with PTSD, compared to trauma-exposed women without PTSD, show relative de...
Article
Although patient intelligence may be an important determinant of the degree to which individuals may comprehend, comply with, and ultimately benefit from trauma-focused treatment, no prior studies have examined the impact of patient intelligence on benefit from psychotherapies for PTSD. We investigated the degree to which educational achievement, o...
Article
Aggressive behavior is prevalent among veterans of post-9/11 conflicts who have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, little is known about whether PTSD treatments reduce aggression, or the direction of the association between changes in PTSD symptoms and aggression in the context of PTSD treatment. We combined data from three clinical tri...
Article
Objective: Approximately 5%-20% of U.S. troops returning from Iraq and Afghanistan have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and another 11%-23% have traumatic brain injury (TBI). Cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs) are empirically validated treatment strategies for PTSD. However, cognitive limitations may interfere with an individual's ability...
Article
Full-text available
For many decades, the U.S. military's general operational guideline has been to limit the use of trauma-focused treatments for combat and operational stress reactions in military service members until they have returned from deployment. Recently, published clinical trials have documented that active duty military personnel with combat-related postt...
Article
Full-text available
Although there are a number of effective treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), there is a need to develop more efficient evidence-based PTSD treatments to address barriers to seeking and receiving treatment. Written exposure therapy (WET) is a potential alternative that is a 5-session treatment without any between-session assignments...
Article
Objective: To examine whether treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) reduces anger and aggression and if changes in PTSD symptoms are associated with changes in anger and aggression. Method: Active duty service members (n = 374) seeking PTSD treatment in two randomized clinical trials completed a pretreatment assessment, 12 treatment sess...
Article
Cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (CBCT for PTSD; Monson & Fredman, 2012) is efficacious in improving PTSD symptoms and relationship adjustment among couples with PTSD. However, there is a need for more efficient delivery formats to maximize engagement and retention and to achieve faster outcomes in multiple do...
Article
Full-text available
Resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) is an emerging means of understanding the neurobiology of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, most rsFC studies to date have limited focus to cognitively related intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs), have not applied data-driven methodologies, or have disregarded the effect of...
Article
Objective: We evaluated patterns and predictors of change from three efficacy trials of trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral treatments (TF-CBT) among service members (N = 702; mean age = 32.88; 89.4% male; 79.8% non-Hispanic/Latino). Rates of clinically significant change were also compared with other trials. Method: The trials were conducted in...
Article
Full-text available
There are multiple well-established evidence-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, recent clinical trials have shown that combat-related PTSD in military populations is less responsive to evidence-based treatments than PTSD in most civilian populations. Traumatic death of a close friend or colleague is a common deploym...
Article
Both negative posttraumatic cognitions and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms decrease over the course of cognitive behavior therapy for PTSD; however, further research is needed to determine whether cognitive change precedes and predicts symptom change. The present study examined whether weekly changes in blame predicted subsequent chan...