Patrice Gouet

Patrice Gouet
University of Lyon

Professor

About

92
Publications
9,394
Reads
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11,302
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - present
January 2004 - present
University of Lyon
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (92)
Article
Full-text available
Integrase (IN) is an important therapeutic target in the search for anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) inhibitors. This enzyme is composed of three domains and is hard to crystallize in its full form. First structural results on IN were obtained on the catalytic core domain (CCD) of the avian Rous and Sarcoma Virus strain Schmidt-Ruppin A (RSV...
Article
PASTA (penicillin-binding protein and serine/threonine kinase associated) modules are found in penicillin-binding proteins and bacterial serine/threonine kinases mainly from Gram-positive Firmicutes and Actinobacteria. They may act as extracellular sensors by binding peptidoglycan fragments. We report here the first crystal structure of a multiple-...
Article
Full-text available
The fortran program ESPript was created in 1993, to display on a PostScript figure multiple sequence alignments adorned with secondary structure elements. A web server was made available in 1999 and ESPript has been linked to three major web tools: ProDom which identifies protein domains, PredictProtein which predicts secondary structure elements a...
Article
Full-text available
Retroviral integrase is a multimeric enzyme that catalyzes the integration of reverse-transcribed viral DNA into the cellular genome. Beyond integration, the Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase is also involved in many other steps of the viral life cycle, such as reverse transcription, nuclear import, virion morphogenesis and prov...
Preprint
Full-text available
Diffraction anisotropy is a phenomenon that impacts more specifically membrane proteins, compared to soluble ones, but the reasons for this discrepancy remained unclear. Often, it is referred to a difference in resolution limits between highest and lowest diffraction limits as a signature for anisotropy. We show in this article that there is no sim...
Preprint
Recent evidence indicated that HIV-1 Integrase (IN) binds genomic viral RNA (gRNA) playing a critical role in viral particle morphogenesis and gRNA stability in host cells. Combining biophysical and biochemical approaches we show that the C-terminal flexible 18-residues tail of IN acts as a sensor of the peculiar apical structure of trans-activatio...
Article
Full-text available
The Type II Secretion System (T2SS) transports fully folded proteins of various functions and structures through the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. The molecular mechanisms of substrate recruitment by T2SS remain elusive but a prevailing view is that the secretion determinants could be of a structural nature. The phytopathogenic γ-Proteo...
Article
Retroviral integrase (IN)proteins catalyze the permanent integration of the viral genome into host DNA. They can productively recruit cellular proteins, and the human Bromodomain and Extra-Terminal domain (hBET)proteins have been shown to be co-factors for integration of gamma-retroviruses such as Murine Leukemia Virus (MLV)into human cells. By usi...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of the retroviral genome into the chro-matin of the infected cell is catalysed by the inte-grase (IN)•viral DNA complex (intasome). This process requires functional association between the integration complex and the nucleosomes. Direct intasome/histone contacts have been reported to modulate the interaction between the integration...
Article
Full-text available
ArDock (ardock.ibcp.fr) is a structural bioinformatics web server for the prediction and the visualization of potential interaction regions at protein surfaces. ArDock ranks the surface residues of a protein according to their tendency to form interfaces in a set of predefined docking experiments between the query protein and a set of arbitrary pro...
Article
Full-text available
This data article makes available the informed computation of the whole Protein Data Bank (PDB) to investigate diffraction anisotropy on a large scale and to perform statistics. This data has been investigated in detail in “X-ray diffraction reveals the intrinsic difference in the physical properties of membrane and soluble proteins” [1]. Diffracti...
Article
Full-text available
Eukaryotic-like serine/threonine kinases (eSTKs) with extracellular PASTA repeats are key membrane regulators of bacterial cell division. How PASTA repeats govern eSTK activation and function remains elusive. Using evolution- and structural-guided approaches combined with cell imaging, we disentangle the role of each PASTA repeat of the eSTK StkP f...
Article
Full-text available
Membrane proteins are distinguished from soluble proteins by their insertion into biological membranes. This insertion is achieved via a noticeable arrangement of hydrophobic amino acids that are exposed at the surface of the protein, and renders the interaction with the aliphatic tails of lipids more energetically favorable. This important differe...
Article
Full-text available
Background Stable insertion of the retroviral DNA genome into host chromatin requires the functional association between the intasome (integrase·viral DNA complex) and the nucleosome. The data from the literature suggest that direct protein–protein contacts between integrase and histones may be involved in anchoring the intasome to the nucleosome....
Article
Full-text available
The unique eukaryotic-likeSer/Thrprotein kinases of S. pneumoniae, StkP, plays a primary role inthe cell division process. Itis composed of an intracellular kinase domain, a transmembrane helix and four extracellular PASTA subunits. PASTA domains were shown to interact with cell wall fragments but the key questions related to the molecular mechanis...
Article
Full-text available
Porcine Endogenous Retroviruses (PERVs) are present in the genomes of pig cells. The PERV-A/C recombinant virus can infect human cells and is a major risk of zoonotic disease in the case of xenotransplantation of pigs' organs to humans. Raltegravir (RAL) is a viral integrase (IN) inhibitor used in highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART). In...
Article
Full-text available
The taurocyamine kinase from the blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni (SmTK) belongs to the phosphagen kinase (PK) family and catalyzes the reversible Mg(2+)-dependent transfer of a phosphoryl group between ATP and taurocyamine. SmTK is derived from gene duplication, as are all known trematode TKs. Our crystallographic study of SmTK reveals the first at...
Article
Human C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein of the innate immunity system, which harbours both host defence and scavenging properties. In this study, we obtained two new crystal forms of CRP, where CRP forms a symmetric, staggered dimer of pentamers. In one of these structures, obtained in the presence of HIV-1 Tat protein, this dimer...
Article
Full-text available
Type II secretion system (T2SS) is a multiprotein trans-envelope complex that translocates fully-folded proteins through the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Although T2SS is extensively studied in several bacteria pathogenic for humans, animals and plants, the molecular basis for exoprotein recruitment by this secretion machine as well as...
Article
Full-text available
ENDscript 2 is a friendly Web server for extracting and rendering a comprehensive analysis of primary to quaternary protein structure information in an automated way. This major upgrade has been fully re-engineered to enhance speed, accuracy and usability with interactive 3D visualization. It takes advantage of the new version 3 of ESPript, our wel...
Article
Full-text available
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is a viral pathogen that infects domestic cats and wild felids. During the viral replication cycle, the FIV p15 matrix protein oligomerizes to form a closed matrix that underlies the lipidic envelope of the virion. Because of its crucial role in the early and late stages of viral morphogenesis, especially in vira...
Article
A functional study of mutants of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) was conducted with the support of a recently proposed HIV-1 intasome model. Firstly, we investigated the predicted position of the C-terminal domain (CTD) and the flexibility of the alpha-6 helix by mutating the residue Ile-203. This had no impact on the...
Article
Full-text available
The Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) capsid protein p24 oligomerizes to form a closed capsid that protects the viral genome. Because of its crucial role in the virion, FIV p24 is an interesting target for the development of therapeutic strategies, although little is known about its structure and assembly. We defined and optimized a protocol to o...
Article
Full-text available
The α-galactosidase AgaA from the thermophilic microorganism Geobacillus stearothermophilus has great industrial potential because it is fully active at 338 K against raffinose and can increase the yield of manufactured sucrose. AgaB has lower affinity for its natural substrates but is a powerful tool for the enzymatic synthesis of disaccharides by...
Article
Integrase (IN) is the enzyme responsible for the integration of the retroviral genome into the host cell DNA. Herein, three mutants of conserved residues (V79, S85 and I146) of the central core domain (CCD) of an Avian Sarcoma/Leukemia Virus IN were analyzed in vitro. Our data revealed (i) the inability of S85T mutant to form dimers and tetramers i...
Data
SEC-MALS/RI analysis of RAV-1 IN CCD in solution. Determination of the oligomerization state of RAV-1 IN CCD in solution was studied by the combination of UV spectrometry, multi-angle static light scattering (MALS), and refractometry, coupled on-line with an analytical size exclusion chromatography (SEC) column. UV, MALS and refractometry measureme...
Data
Residues involved in the novel dimeric interface. (DOC)
Data
Visualization of disulfide bonds in RAV-1 IN CCDH103C by SDS-PAGE in non-reducing and reducing conditions. RAV-1 IN CCDH103C was produced in E. coli Rosetta-gami™ B(DE3)pLysS competent cells (Novagen) as described in ‘Materials and Methods’. Track 1: RAV-1 IN in reducing conditions (β-mercaptoethanol 5%). A single band corresponding to the monomeri...
Article
Tat, the transcriptional activator protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), is critical for viral replication and is a potential HIV-1 vaccine candidate. This intrinsically disordered protein is present in the extracellular medium and is involved in the pathogenicity of HIV through its interaction with different cellular and viral bi...
Article
Full-text available
The 101-residue long Tat protein of primary isolate 133 of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), wt-Tat(133) displays a high transactivation activity in vitro, whereas the mutant thereof, STLA-Tat(133), a vaccine candidate for HIV-1, has none. These two proteins were chemically synthesized and their biological activity was validated. The...
Article
Full-text available
PASTA subunits (approximately 70 amino acids) are specific to bacterial serine/threonine kinases and to penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) and are involved in the synthesis of peptidoglycan. The human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus contains a serine/threonine kinase, Stk1, which plays a major role in virulence. A recombinant His-tagged portion of t...
Article
Heme oxidative degradation has been extensively investigated in peroxidases but not in catalases. The verdoheme formation, a product of heme oxidation which inactivates the enzyme, was studied in Proteus mirabilis catalase. The verdoheme was generated by adding peracetic acid and analyzed by mass spectrometry and spectrophotometry. Kinetics follow-...
Article
Full-text available
The 716-amino-acid guanidino kinase from the parasitic flatworm Schistosoma mansoni results from the fusion of two guanidino kinase subunits. Crystals of this 80 kDa protein have been obtained in the monoclinic space group P2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 52.7, b = 122.1, c = 63.2 A, beta = 108.5 degrees . Synchrotron data were collected to 2.8...
Article
Full-text available
The crystallographic structure of the family 3 polysaccharide lyase (PL-3) PelI from Erwinia chrysanthemi has been solved to 1.45Å resolution. It consists of an N-terminal domain harboring a fibronectin type III fold linked to a catalytic domain displaying a parallel β-helix topology. The N-terminal domain is located away from the active site and i...
Article
Full-text available
The human EED protein, a member of the superfamily of Polycomb group proteins, is involved in multiple cellular protein complexes. Its C-terminal domain, which is common to the four EED isoforms, contains seven repeats of a canonical WD-40 motif. EED is an interactor of three HIV-1 proteins, matrix (MA), integrase (IN) and Nef. An antiviral activit...
Article
The catalytic mechanism of bacterial tyrosine-kinases (PTK) is poorly understood. These enzymes possess Walker A and B ATP-binding motifs, which are effectively required for their autophosphorylation whereas these motifs are usually found in ATP-binding proteins but not in eukaryotic protein-kinases. It was previously shown that the PTK Wzc in Esch...
Article
Viruses are compact biological nanoparticles whose elastic and dynamical properties are hardly known. Inelastic (Brillouin) light scattering was used to characterize these properties, from microcrystals of the Satellite Tobacco Mosaic Virus, a nearly spherical plant virus of 17-nm diameter. Longitudinal sound velocities in wet and dry Satellite Tob...
Article
A parallel 5'-d(TGGGGT)-3' quadruplex was formed in Na(+) solution and crystallized using lithium sulfate as the main precipitating agent. The X-ray structure was determined to 1.5 A resolution in space group P2(1) by molecular replacement. The asymmetric unit consists of a characteristic motif of two quadruplexes stacked at their 5' ends. All nucl...
Article
Full-text available
In Erwinia chrysanthemi production of pectic enzymes is controlled by a complex network involving several regulators. Among them is ExpR, the quorum-sensing regulatory protein. ExpR is a member of the LuxR family of transcriptional regulators, the activity of which is modulated by the binding of diffusible N-acylhomoserine lactone pheromones to the...
Article
Full-text available
alpha-Galactosidases from thermophilic organisms have gained interest owing to their applications in the sugar industry. The alpha-galactosidases AgaA, AgaB and AgaA A355E mutant from Geobacillus stearothermophilus have been overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Crystals of AgaB and AgaA A355E have been obtained by the vapour-diffusion method and sync...
Article
Les virus sont responsables de plus de la moitié des maladies infectieuses développées chez l'homme. Ils sont caractérisés par un génome de petite taille, enfermé dans une capside résultant de l'assemblage de sous-unités identiques. Cette encapsidation préserve le génome viral contre les dispositifs de défense de l'organisme infecté. La compréhensi...
Article
Full-text available
Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis is a psychrophilic Gram-negative bacterium isolated in Antarctica, that lives on organic remains of algae. This bacterium converts the cellulose, highly constitutive of algae, into an immediate nutritive form by biodegrading this biopolymer. To understand the mechanisms of cold adaptation of its enzymatic components,...
Article
Full-text available
A series of 11 new analogues of N-acylhomoserine lactones in which the carboxamide bond was replaced by a sulfonamide one, has been synthesised. These compounds were evaluated for their ability to competitively inhibit the action of 3-oxohexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone, the natural ligand of the quorum sensing transcriptional regulator LuxR, which in...
Article
Full-text available
The structure of Proteus mirabilis catalase in complex with an inhibitor, formic acid, has been solved at 2.3 A resolution. Formic acid is a key ligand of catalase because of its ability to react with the ferric enzyme, giving a high-spin iron complex. Alternatively, it can react with two transient oxidized intermediates of the enzymatic mechanism,...
Article
During replicative cycle of retroviruses, the reverse-transcribed viral DNA is integrated into the cell DNA by the viral integrase (IN) enzyme. The central core domain of IN contains the catalytic site of the enzyme and is involved in binding viral ends and cell DNA as well as dimerization. We previously performed single amino acid substitutions in...
Article
The pectate lyase PelI is involved in the degradation of plant tissues by the phytopathogenic bacterium Erwinia chrysanthemi. It has been crystallized from a solution containing PEG 550 in the space group P2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 61.6, b = 70.7, c = 73.4 A, beta = 112.8 degrees. Crystals diffract to 1.45 A using synchrotron radiation. S...
Article
Full-text available
The psychrophilic alkaline metalloprotease (PAP) produced by a Pseudomonas bacterium isolated in Antarctica belongs to the clan of metzincins, for which a zinc ion is essential for catalytic activity. Binding studies in the crystalline state have been performed by X-ray crystallography in order to improve the understanding of the role of the zinc a...