Patria Hume

Patria Hume
Auckland University of Technology | AUT · School of Sport and Recreation

PhD

About

508
Publications
478,805
Reads
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10,514
Citations
Introduction
Current projects include Te Kukunetanga Physical Evolution through Pregnancy, sports traumatic brain injury, gymfit injury prevention.
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Auckland University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Professor Human Performance, SPRINZ Director, Associate Dean Research Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences
January 2013 - December 2015
Auckland University of Technology
Position
  • Associate Dean Research
June 1996 - December 2000
University of Auckland
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (508)
Article
Full-text available
Background This study aimed to provide reference values for body fat (BF) of basketball players considering sex, measurement method, and competitive level. Methods A systematic literature research was conducted using five electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, Scopus). BF values were extracted, with analyses conducted u...
Article
Full-text available
Background The extent of concussion injury in the rugby codes for women is unclear. Objective Our aim was to review all published studies reporting concussion injuries from match and training participation in rugby codes and report the pooled data estimates for rugby league and union concussion injury epidemiology. Methods We conducted a systemat...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To provide epidemiological data for cricket injuries in New Zealand. Methods A retrospective analytical review using epidemiological cricket data obtained from the national Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) for 2005–2016. Injury incidence was calculated per 1000 participants. Results There were 86 562 injuries (77 212 males and 9...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To determine the test–retest reliability of the Brain Injury Screening Tool (BIST), which was designed to support the initial assessment of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) across a variety of contexts, including primary and secondary care. Design Test–retest design over a 2-week period. Setting Community based. Participants Sixty-ei...
Article
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Background There is limited research on associations between playing rugby union and player health post-retirement. Objective This study investigated differences in self-reported sport injury history and current self-reported health characteristics between former New Zealand rugby and non-contact sport players with a view to identifying issues to...
Article
Although athletes from sports such as rugby have greater lean mass and strength during their playing careers, little is known about these characteristics post-retirement. Therefore, this study investigated lean mass, strength, and muscle quality in retired elite and amateur rugby players and non-contact athletes. Retired elite male rugby players (n...
Article
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Background Concerns have intensified over the health and wellbeing of rugby union and league players, and, in particular, about the longer-term effects of concussion. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there were differences in mental health, sleep and alcohol use between retired elite and amateur rugby code players and non-contac...
Article
In studies reporting rugby league injuries, match injuries varied depending upon participation level. To review and update pooled data estimates for rugby league injury epidemiology and add information for participation levels in match and training environments. A systematic review and pooled analysis for published studies reporting rugby league ma...
Article
Objectives RugbySmart is a safe tackle technique education programme. Our objective was to identify whether the RugbySmart-recommended safe tackle technique was exhibited by club rugby players and whether tackle-related injuries showed poor tackle technique characteristics. Methods The prospective cohort design enabled 28 senior club based amateur...
Article
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Background: Treatment approaches often differ dependent upon whether a person experiences a sports-related or a non-sports-related mild traumatic brain injury. It remains unclear if recovery from these injuries is comparable or unique to context of the injury. Objective: To identify knowledge gaps on self-reported outcomes and trajectories between...
Article
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Objective: To document baseline King-Devick (K-D) oculomotor function scores for male and female participants aged between 4 and 20 years old. Methods: Utilising a cross section of schools, rugby clubs and gymnastic clubs, 1936 participants (1300 male, 636 female) completed the spiral-bound K-D test for the identification of disturbed oculomotor...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To evaluate the clinical utility of tactile somatosensory assessments to assist clinicians in diagnosing sport-related mild traumatic brain injury (SR-mTBI), classifying recovery trajectory based on performance at initial clinical assessment, and determining if neurophysiological recovery coincided with clinical recovery. Research Desig...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The age-associated loss of muscle mass and strength, otherwise known as sarcopenia, represents a major health challenge. We investigated the impact of previous participation in rugby codes by assessing differences in lean mass, body fat percentage, muscle strength and quality in retired rugby players and retired noncontact athletes and n...
Article
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Objective: Regular participation in weight-bearing sports is osteogenic. However, it is not clear if the benefits are sustained after cessation of sport or if current exercise levels in later life are more influential. This study investigated differences in BMD and its association with past and current levels of physical activity in retired rugby p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background There are limited injury data for Rugby-7s, and even less data analysed by participation level or days return-to-sport after injury. O Bjective To describe injury incidence, severity, and injury burden for three levels of Rugby-7s competition. Design Prospective descriptive epidemiology study. Setting U.S. Rugby-7s tournaments/serie...
Article
Aim To determine how anthropometric characteristics cluster in the New Zealand Defence Force, and to describe the characteristics of each cluster. This information can inform the development of new uniform sizing systems for the New Zealand Defence Force. Methods Anthropometric data (n = 84 variables) from 1,003 participants (212 females; 791 male...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brain Injury Screening Tool (BIST) symptom scale in a sample of people with a mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) through Rasch analysis, and to obtain an interval level measurement score for potential clinical use. Materials and methods Data were obtained from 114 adults aged over 16 years,...
Article
Aim To determine how well decision tree models can predict tailor-assigned uniform sizes using anthropometry data from the New Zealand Defence Force Anthropometry Survey (NZDFAS). This information may inform automatic sizing systems for military personnel. Methods Anthropometric data from two separate samples of the New Zealand Defence Force milit...
Article
The purpose of this review was to systematically summarize studies measuring body composition of competitive bodybuilding athletes to provide recommended values for preparation and during competition. The protocol was pre-registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020197921) and followed the guidelines of the Preferred Reported Items for Systematic Reviews and...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To determine whether an AI model and single sensor measuring acceleration and ECG could model cognitive and physical fatigue for a self-paced trail run. Methods: A field-based protocol of continuous fatigue repeated hourly induced physical (~45 min) and cognitive (~10 min) fatigue on one healthy participant. The physical load was a 3.8 km,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim: To determine whether an AI model and single sensor measuring acceleration and ECG could model cognitive and physical fatigue for a self-paced trail run. Methods: A field-based protocol of continuous fatigue repeated hourly induced physical (~45 minutes) and cognitive (~10 minutes) fatigue on one healthy participant. Physical load was a 3.8 km,...
Book
This book describes how to conduct a large-scale anthropometric survey in the military with a specific focus on the New Zealand Defence Force Anthropometry Survey. This book provides a historical introduction to surface kinanthropometry (Part I), 3D scanning technology (Part II) and an overview of military anthropometry surveys in Part IV. It also...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brain Injury Screening Tool (BIST) symptom scale in a sample of people with a mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) through Rasch analysis, and to obtain an interval level measurement score for potential clinical use. Materials and Methods Data were obtained from 114 adults aged over 16 years,...
Article
Full-text available
Currently health care pathways (the combination and order of services that a patient receives to manage their injury) following a mild traumatic brain injury vary considerably. Some clinicians lack confidence in injury recognition, management and knowing when to refer. A clinical expert group developed the Brain Injury Screening Tool (BIST) to prov...
Article
Introduction Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) measurements are subject to artificial elevation in the presence of structural abnormalities that are more common with age and injury, including osteoarthritis, fracture and osteophytes. The aims of this study were to investigate the presence of vertebral ab...
Preprint
Full-text available
Goal: To develop and validate a field-based data collection and assessment method for human activity recognition in the mountains with variations in terrain and fatigue using a single accelerometer and a deep learning model. Methods: The protocol generated an unsupervised labelled dataset of various long-term field-based activities including run...
Article
Full-text available
Background Rugby union and rugby league are popular team contact sports, but they bring a high risk of injury. Although previous studies have reported injury occurrence across one or several seasons, none have explored the total number of injuries sustained across an entire career. As the first to do so, the aim of this study was to report on cumul...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To describe the training injury incidence in amateur women’s rugby union in New Zealand over two consecutive seasons. Design A prospective cohort observational study Methods A total of 69 amateur women’s rugby 15s team playerswere observed. Training exposure and training injury incidence were calculated. Results The 38 training injuri...
Article
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for significant global health burden. Effects of TBI can become chronic even following mild injury. There is a need to develop effective therapies to attenuate the damaging effects of TBI and improve recovery outcomes. This literature review using a priori criteria (PROSPERO; CRD42018100623) summarized 43 studi...
Article
Objective: To investigate the use of the King-Devick (K-D) test for sideline assessment of concussive injuries in a New Zealand amateur women's rugby union team. Design: Prospective cohort observational. Methods: All players were K-D tested during pre-season using a tablet (iPad; Apple Inc., Cupertino, CA). Differences in K-D scores and test-retest...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is a lack of injury data for the new Olympic sport of Rugby-7s, particularly for involved youth. Objective: To determine injury rates and characteristics for players participating in U.S. Rugby-7s U19 (under 19 years of age) tournaments. Methods: Injury data were collected, using the Rugby Injury Survey & Evaluation report me...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To determine knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward concussion in cyclists and to identify predictors of concussion knowledge. Methods Cycling organizations sent members a web link to online information about the study and a questionnaire. Anyone aged >16 years, living in New Zealand and engaged in a cycling activity was invited to pa...
Article
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In order to address gaps in the literature, this study assessed the reproducibility (i.e., difference between and within sessions) of joint and muscle forces using wearable sensors during stationary cycling. Seventeen male cyclists performed two sessions on a cycle ergometer cycling at a combination of three power outputs (1.5, 2.5 and 3.5 W/kg) an...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To identify which aspects of initial clinical assessment for sport-related mild traumatic brain injury (SR-mTBI) predict whether an athlete achieves symptom resolution within 14 days of the injury. Research Design Retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected data. Methods Clinical assessment data were collected from 568 pat...
Article
Purpose. The study assessed within-and between-session reliability of power output (PO) and pedal force effectiveness and compared PO from the pedals with the Lode Excalibur cycle ergometer. Methods. Seventeen male cyclists performed 10 trials at 3 levels of PO (1.5, 2.5, and 3.5 W/kg) and 3 cadences (60, 80, and 100 rpm) in 2 sessions. Instrumente...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To determine knowledge, attitudes and behaviour towards concussion in adult equestrian athletes. Design Nationwide, cross-sectional, questionnaire. Methods Participants were recruited via advertisements circulated through social media, community presentations and equestrian organisations. Participants were sent a web link to an online q...
Article
This study examined the agreement between force platform and inertial measurement unit (IMU) measures of backward somersault landings. Seven female gymnasts performed three trials, taking off from a 90 cm vaulting box and using competition landing technique. Two force platforms (1000 Hz) covered with a 6.4 cm thick carpeted landing surface measured...
Article
Sports-related concussion (SRC) is a risk across all sports. New Zealand physiotherapists are more frequently in attendance at sporting events than medical doctors. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours of physiotherapists potentially working with SRC, using a 35-item, multi-choice questionnaire. The survey...
Article
Objectives This study aimed to (1) quantitatively assess external knee abduction moments between legs, and (2) qualitatively assess anterior cruciate ligament injury risk between group mean and individual athlete data during the sidestep manoeuvre. Design Descriptive cross-sectional study. Methods Sixteen male academy-level rugby union athletes (...
Article
This study aimed to analyze the effects of a strength training injury-prevention program (STIPP) on injuries associated with weakness of the gluteal muscles for professional handball players. Twenty-seven professional Spanish male handball players from the same club, who competed at the Spanish Second National League level, participated in this stu...
Article
Takamori, S, Hamlin, MJ, Kieser, DC, King, D, Hume, P, Yamazaki, T, Hachiya, M, and Olsen, PD. Senior club-level rugby union player's positional movement performance using individualized velocity thresholds and accelerometer-derived impacts in matches. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-Game demands of professional rugby union players have be...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: This study investigated cerebral hemodynamic responses to a neurovascular coupling (NVC) test in retired contact athletes with a history of repeated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and in controls with no history of mTBI. Methods: Twenty-one retired rugby players (47.7 ± 12.9 year old; age at retirement: 38.5 ± 8.9 year; number of years pla...
Article
Introduction: Whilst there are many benefits to participating in sports and recreational activities, there is also a risk of injury including sports-related traumatic brain injury -(SR-TBI). To inform injury prevention initiatives, it is important to explore the burden of SR-TBI at the population level. This review aimed to estimate the incidence...
Article
Full-text available
Background Within the last two decades, attitudes have shifted from considering sports-related concussion as an insignificant minor injury with no long-term repercussions to a potentially serious brain injury garnering attention from media, clinicians, researchers, and the general public. Objectives To conduct a case study to determine the underly...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is a paucity of studies reporting on women’s injuries in rugby union. Objective The aim of this systematic review was to describe the injury epidemiology for women’s rugby-15s and rugby-7s match and training environments. Methods Systematic searches of PubMed, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science Core Collection, Scopus, CINAHL(EBSCO) and...
Article
Objective Determine if augmented feedback (AF) used during jump landing training can improve ACL biomechanical injury risk factors. Methods Articles that used AF in jump landing training were identified through database searches. Pre-identified ACL injury risk parameters were compared between AF and control groups for immediate and delayed (>24 h)...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Epidemiological studies report that females experience greater rates of concussion when compared with males. Biomechanical factors may result in greater post-impact head velocities and accelerations for a given force for females when compared with males.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Cognitive and physical fatigue in multi-day adventure sport is key to performance and safety. Real world testing in the field can incorporate responses to risk and other factors that cannot be simulated in the lab. However field based research brings challenges in data collection, validation and practical considerations on support and...
Article
Aim: To provide epidemiological data and related costs to the national health insurance scheme for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in New Zealand. Method: A retrospective analytical review utilising detailed descriptive minor and moderate-to-severe epidemiological TBI data obtained from the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) for 2012-2016. Inj...
Article
Running is associated with a higher risk of overuse injury than other forms of aerobic exercise such as walking, swimming and cycling. An accurate description of the proportion of running injuries per anatomical location and where possible, per specific pathology, for both genders is required. The aim of this review was to determine the proportion...
Article
Full-text available
Coaching technology, wearables, and exergames can provide quantitative feedback based on measured activity, but there is little evidence of effective qualitative feedback to aid technique improvement. To achieve personalized qualitative feedback, we demonstrated a proof-of-concept prototype combining kinesiology and computational intelligence that...
Article
Full-text available
Background Head/neck dynamic response to perturbation has been proposed as a risk factor for sports-related concussion. Objectives The aim of this systematic review was to compare methodologies utilised to assess head/neck dynamic response to perturbation, report on magnitude, validity and reliability of the response, and to describe modifying fact...
Article
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Objectives: To provide epidemiological data and related costs for moderate-to-serious and serious injury claims for women’s rugby union in New Zealand. Methods: A retrospective analytical review utilising detailed descriptive epidemiological data obtained from the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) database for 2013-2017. Results: Over 2013 to...
Article
Although there is an increasing body of evidence in relationship to sports-related concussion, these injuries do occur outside of the sporting field. For example, in New Zealand, over a five-year period, there was an average of one ACC injury claim lodged every 88 min for a sport-related traumatic brain injury costing a total of $83 million NZ doll...
Article
Full-text available
Background A review of the literature has indicated that lower body stiffness, defined as the extent to which the lower extremity joints resists deformation upon contact with the ground, may be a useful measure for assessing Achilles injury risk in triathletes. The nature of overuse injuries suggests that a variety of different movement patterns co...
Article
Introduction Lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral density measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) may be abnormally elevated by conditions in or around the spine. The International Society for Clinical Densitometry recommends excluding vertebrae if there is a focal structural abnormality (FSA) affecting some but not all of the scanned vertebra...
Article
Introduction Regular exercise that delivers impact forces to the skeleton are positively associated with bone strength. Athletes from high impact sports such as rugby have higher bone density than non-athletes (Hind et al., 2015). Engaging in regular impact exercise is widely suggested as a means for reducing the risk of osteoporosis in later life...