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Pasquale Valente

Pasquale Valente
Azienda Sanitaria Locale Roma 5

MD, PhD

About

40
Publications
3,537
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519
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - December 2006
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
Background: In Italy, an anti-smoking law was issued in 2003, with the aim of reducing tobacco smoking inside public places. Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the observance of the smoking ban in Italy, during the period 2010-2014, in several workplaces and to evaluate the perception of workers, both smokers and non-smokers, on this...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To perform an analysis of the perception of alcohol use among workers of the transportation, healthcare and building sectors. Methods: A survey was carried out on alcohol consumption and knowledge of deriving health effects. Socio-demographic characteristics of the workers were collected. Risk indexes for habitual alcohol and binge consumpt...
Article
BACKGROUND: Data on individual risk factors for chronic diseases (smoking, physical activity, body mass) are collected by company physicians in heterogeneous ways. This makes comparisons, researches and evaluations difficult. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to find a consensus on evaluation tools for chronic diseases risk factors and for hea...
Research
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Background: At the present there is no consensus on the levels of exposure to carcinogenic agents which can be considered "acceptable". Different countries and international agencies have proposed or have adopted different limits, on the basis of different criteria, for those exposed in the occupational setting and for the general populati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Materiali formativi realizzati per i Corsi di formazione ECM "Comunicazione dei rischi” e Counselling per soggetti con pregressa esposizione ad amianto" rivolti a operatori sanitari dei servizi di prevenzione e Sicurezza sul Lavoro della regione Lazio, nell'ambito del Progetto CCM 2012 “Assistenza alle persone esposte ad amianto attraverso la creaz...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Article
We thank Drs Gasparrini and Gorini for their interest in our work.1 They suggested that we test for a nonlinear time trend in the occurrence of coronary events. We did so for the reference period (2000 to 2004) before the smoking ban. A quadratic term gives a better fit to the …
Article
Several countries in the world have not yet prohibited smoking in public places. Few studies have been conducted on the effects of smoking bans on cardiac health. We evaluated changes in the frequency of acute coronary events in Rome, Italy, after the introduction of legislation that banned smoking in all indoor public places in January 2005. We an...
Article
Full-text available
A smoking ban in all indoor public places was enforced in Italy on 10 January 2005. We compared indoor air quality before and after the smoking ban by monitoring the indoor concentrations of fine (<2.5 microm diameter, PM2.5) and ultrafine particulate matter (<0.1 microm diameter, UFP). PM2.5 and ultrafine particles were measured in 40 public place...
Article
Full-text available
The study is a further follow-up of a cohort of 168 urban pesticide applicators of the municipality of Rome who were first employed in 1946. An earlier analysis of the mortality of this group concerned the deaths observed up to 1987, and showed a significant excess in mortality from liver cancer. In this report we present an updated follow up of th...
Thesis
Full-text available
Il fumo negli ambienti di lavoro: caratterizzazione dell'esposizione a fumo passivo nei pubblici esercizi, prima e dopo l'applicazione della Legge n.3/2003, mediante misurazione del particolato fine, ultrafine e della cotinina urinaria.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il fumo negli ambienti di lavoro: caratterizzazione dell'esposizione a fumo passivo nei pubblici esercizi, prima e dopo l'applicazione della Legge n.3/2003, mediante misurazione del particolato fine, ultrafine e della cotinina urinaria.
Article
In our study, we attempted to jointly consider THM concentration data collected from drinking waters and carcinogenic risk assessment derived from mathematical models commonly used in this field (multi-stage models for laboratory animal experimentation data, and 'unit risk' derived from the relative risk in the case of epidemiological data). In ord...
Article
The mortality of a cohort of 2310 male workers who obtained a licence to handle pesticides in the period 1973–1979 in the province of Rome was investigated. The cohort contributed 26846 person-years of exposure. The vital status of the cohort was determined up to the end of 1988. The causes of death of the 207 who had died were ascertained from dea...
Article
Full-text available
The mortality of a cohort of 168 pesticide applicators employed in the disinfestation service of the city of Rome for an average of 20 years is examined. Exposure data were abstracted from work records, and causes of death for the 42 workers who had died, were obtained from death certificates. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for specific causes...
Article
Acetylcholine esterase (ACHE) inhibitors at toxic doses induce profound biochemical alterations in the brain of animals, and also induce changes in motor behavior, learning and memory, REM sleep, vision, audition and thermoregulation (Karczmar, 1977). However, biochemical effects exerted by these drugs in general show a poor correlation to behavior...
Article
Carcinogenic risk assessment may be based on epidemiological as well as experimental data; the aim of the present study is to compare these two procedures and to verify the efficiency of some animal bioassays for the prediction of tumor incidence and relative risk in man. The predictability obtained from animal models has been found to be fairly co...

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