Pasquale Piombino

Pasquale Piombino
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Neuroscience and Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences

Medical Doctor, PhD, FEBOMFS

About

78
Publications
36,577
Reads
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1,048
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2018 - present
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 2010 - November 2018
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
May 2005 - November 2018
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Consultant

Publications

Publications (78)
Article
Full-text available
Mandibular condylar fractures have a high incidence but there is no consensus regarding the best choice of osteosynthesis. From a review of the literature, it is evident that the technique used most frequently for fixation is the positioning of a single plate despite complications concerning plate fracture or screw loosening have been reported by v...
Article
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Over 70% of patients suffering from dentofacial deformities mention esthetics as the biggest issue pushing them to look for orthodontic and orthognathic treatment. At present, several pieces of software for computer-aided surgery have been released on the market. This surgical planning software allows surgeons to manipulate digital representations...
Article
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Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous, chronic connective tissue disease, characterized by skin fibrosis as well as vascular and visceral lesions. It can involve the lungs, heart, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, and bones. The orofacial manifestations of SSc can cause functional, aesthetic, and social distress, resulting in significant psych...
Article
Purpose Orbital floor Fractures are the most common fractures involving the facial skeleton and usually occurs after trau- matic events. The reconstruction of the orbital floor can be performed with different biocompatible materials. The aim of our retrospective study is to analyze the short- and long-term outcomes of surgically treated patients ba...
Article
Background This is an observational cohort study on patients affected by malignant parotid tumors treated with total parotidectomy. The aim of our work is to analyze and compare the effects and complications after parotidectomy, using or not SurgiMend ®. Methods 40 patients were retrospectively enrolled between September 2014 and June 2020. Basing...
Article
This study aims to analyse the relationship between the incidence of bad splits and the surgical tools used to perform bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO). BSSROs performed by the same experienced surgeon over a 15-year period were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into three groups according to the surgical instrumen...
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Objective: To predict the risk of metastatic lymph nodes and the tumor grading related to oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) through the combination of clinical data with radiomics metrics by computed tomography, and to develop a supportive approach in the management of the lymphatic cervical areas, with particular attention to the early s...
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The appropriate surgical management of early-stage oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) remains a debated topic. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the pre-treatment neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and tumor depth of invasion (DOI) in predicting the presence of occult neck metastases in early-stage OTSCC. A retrospectiv...
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(1) Background: Persistent olfactory (POD) and gustatory (PGD) dysfunctions are one of the most frequent symptoms of long-Coronavirus Disease 2019 but their effect on the quality of life (QoL) of patients is still largely unexplored. (2) Methods: An online survey was administered to individuals who reported to have had SARS-CoV-2 infection at leas...
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Although the modifications of the aging face have been widely described, to our knowledge, there are no studies that quantitatively analyze the degree of soft tissues facial ptosis. Using a specific iPhone application, the faces of a heterogeneous group of volunteers were scanned and studied with the aim to virtually measure the entity of facial pt...
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Abstract Background: Harmonic instruments are becoming popular in head and neck surgeries. In this prospective, randomized study, the efficacy of the harmonic instruments and electrosurgical technique is compared. Materials and methods: A total of 48 patients undergoing unilateral neck dissection were divided into two groups. In one group, surgery...
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Background: COVID-19 is a global pandemic. The virus spreads through respiratory droplets and close contact. Therefore, the availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) for healthcare professionals is essential. 3D printing technology could represent a valid option to ameliorate PPE shortages. Methodology: Custom-made face mask were design...
Article
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Background: The first applications of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) in maxillofacial surgery date back to the 1980s. Since then, virtual surgical planning (VSP) has undergone significant development and is now routinely used in daily practice. Indeed, in an extraordinary period, such as that of the current COVID-19 pa...
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Background: The lack of objective data makes it difficult to establish the prognostic value of chemosensitive disorders in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. We aimed to prospectively monitor patients diagnosed with COVID-19 to see if the severity of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction associates with subsequent disease severity. Metho...
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Background In 1908 Sluder described a clinical picture of unilateral facial pain, lachrymation, rhinorrhea and mucosal congestion deriving from the Sphenopalatine Ganglion (SPG) irritation. We described a case of monolateral xerophthalmia, dry palate and mouth, deriving from SPG lesion after septoplasty that we called “SPG Deficit Syndrome”. Metho...
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– The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral infection caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which emerged in East Asia and spread around the world from December 2019. The most severe stage of COVID-19 pathology is characterized by respiratory distress requiring intubation. In specific cases, tracheostomy i...
Article
Mandibular fractures are the third most frequents maxillo-facial fractures. Most frequent site is the subcondylar region. Different approaches to reach subcondylar region, have been described. In the study was evaluated the advantages of neuromuscular block during endoscopic surgery for subcondylar fractures. Twenty-five patients affected by subcon...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the accuracy of a protocol for completely in-house, computer-assisted, orthognathic surgery, generating resin printed intermediate surgical guides. A retrospective, observational study was made on a cohort of 15 patients treated consecutively from September 2017 to May 2019, who underwent bimaxi...
Article
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Background: The esthetic characteristics of face and nose are commonly evaluated before rhinoplasty using a completely subjective method, due to the lack of validated and reliable methods for quantifying facial esthetics and for accurate nose treatment planning. The aim of the study was to review the literature to determine and evaluate the points...
Article
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The recent pandemic has led to an unprecedented overload of sanitary systems around the world. Despite that a maxillofacial department is not a frontline specialty in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 infections, our department has found itself faced with numerous problems in keeping the care system active and efficient while ensuring safet...
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From the first reports, ageusia and anosmia appear to be frequent clinical features in coronavirus disease 19 (COVID‐19) patients. We have performed a survey of the literature, analyzing the possible causes of these chemosensory alterations, which may be useful as a starting point for specific further studies. This article is protected by copyright...
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Abnormal elongation of mandibular coronoid process, often defined as coronoid hyperplasia, is a rare condition, which is frequently associated with limited mouth opening. In some cases, the enlarged coronoid pushes the zygoma forward causing facial asymmetry. This case report describes a 16-year-old boy whose chief complaint was a progressive diffi...
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Septal deviations are the most frequent cause of nasal obstruction, and represent a common complaint in rhinologic practice. Since the first description of Lanza et al. in 1991, the use of the endoscope for the correction of septal deformities is increasingly more frequent. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectivenes of the endoscopic...
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Background Reconstruction of moderate-sized mucosal defects of the oral cavity or oropharynx represents a surgical challenge. Buccinator myomucosal flaps seem to provide “ideal reconstruction” of oral/oropharyngeal defects because they carry a thin, mobile, well-vascularized, and sensitive tissue, like that excised or lost. Nevertheless, these flap...
Article
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Background Sensitive restoration is the primary aim of oral reconstructive surgery. Discriminative sensibility is an important index of innervation density of a tissue. Instruments normally used to assess this type of skin sensibility are bulky and difficult to introduce in the oral cavity, even in healthy patients with a normal mouth opening. This...
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Objective: To evaluate intraoperative complications and postsurgical sequelae associated with arthrocentesis of the TMJ, including injection of Sodium Hyaluronate. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated 433 arthrocentesis procedures performed in 315 patients between January 2009 and August 2016. The authors reviewed the complications identifie...
Article
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The osteogenesis is a complex process that involves an accurate control of bone development, growth as well as remodeling during postnatal life. In particular, osteoblasts arise from mesenchymal stem cells through a process regulated in several steps, that leads to the osteogenic differentiation. Class I homeobox genes (HOX in human and Hox in mice...
Article
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Objective: The purpose of our study was to compare Merocel (Merocel Hemox 10 cm) and BNP (biodegradable nasopore) during a septoturbinoplasty procedure in terms of efficiency and patient comfort. Patients and methods: We carried out a retrospective review of 72 patients who had undergone septoturbinoplasty between January 2015 and January 2016....
Article
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Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis and arthroscopy have recently exceeded open surgeries for disorders that failed to respond to conservative treatment. The efficacy of arthrocentesis in reestablishing normal mouth opening and reducing pain and dysfunctions is now commonly accepted, but in contrast to arthroscopy, there are no large series stud...
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Temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) metastases are a very rare event and only 73 cases are reported in literature. In about 40% of cases condylar metastases represent the first clinical manifestation of a tumor of elsewhere and may then allow an early diagnosis. However, the identification of this tumoral process can be difficult as in over 50% of the c...
Article
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Background Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in European country ranges in elderly patients from 4.5 to 12% of population and has a significant effect on quality of life. In these patients, rhinosinusitis is linked to immune functions changes with age and to mucosal paraphysiological alterations such as crusting formations with atrophic epithelium, vari...
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Background. The loss of a portion or the totality of the nose has great relevance on the perception of the beauty of a face and can result in a catastrophic quality of life impairment. Several surgical techniques are currently available for the reconstruction of the nasal pyramid. However, there are very few nasal reconstruction quality evaluation...
Article
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Objective: Permanent sensory changes after sagittal split osteotomy have been estimated by various methods of measure. The incidence after sagittal split osteotomy vary considerably. The purpose of this study was to evaluate sensory alterations in patients treated either with sagittal mandibular osteotomy and genioplasty or only with sagittal mandi...
Article
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Orbital fracture usually occurs as a result of blunt orbital and facial trauma and may involve ocular injuries. International studies on orbital floor fracture show several differences in epidemiology, diagnostic criteria, surgical treatment modalities, and complication rates; therefore, any comparison should be made with caution. Here we describe...
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In Literature fractures of the mandible that involve the condyle ranges from 20% to 35% and various possible surgical options are described according to the varying pathological situations. Up to the present, numerous techniques have been used for the surgical treatment of condylar fractures. In this article we are proposing the combination of two...
Article
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The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefits of the SMAS flap in patients with benign tumours of the parotid gland treated by superficial parotidectomy. We carried out a retrospective chart review on 123 patients suffering from benign tumours of the parotid gland admitted to our Institution between March 1997 and March 2010. A superficial...
Article
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The authors reported their surgical experience about structural fat grafting in the management of facial volumetric deficit. The purpose of this study was to assess the real indications, cosmetic results, complications, and global patient satisfaction of the Coleman technique in redefining facial contours in congenital and postoperative deformities...
Article
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Osteomas are benign tumors that frequently affect the cranio-facial region, especially the temporal bones, jaw and sinus. This lesion very rarely involves the maxillary bones. The aim of our study is to describe our surgical case series and to evaluate the diagnosis and management of peripheral craniofacial osteomas with a review of the literature....
Article
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Deep neck infections are rare but potentially fatal complication of pulpal abscess of the teeth. If an infection can progress rapidly from a toothache to a life threatening infection, then it is critical that dentists be able to recognize the danger signs and identify the patients who are at risk. Mediastinitis is a severe inflammatory process invo...
Article
The aim of this study is to present a case of maxillary odontogenic myxoma, a rare benign tumor accounting for less than 0.5% of bone tumors, and a review of the literature on the subject.
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study is to present a case of maxillary odontogenic myxoma, a rare benign tumor accounting for less than 0.5% of bone tumors, and a review of the literature on the subject.
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Myxofibrosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma that occurs in late adult life, peaking in the seventh decade, and it is mainly encountered in the lower extremities. Myxofibrosarcoma of the head and neck are extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only 19 cases have been described in the head and neck so far. This is a literature revi...
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Despite the volume of studies written after the initial report by Hildebrand (1895) on Warthin's tumour (WT), its aetiopathogenesis continues to be an unresolved and controversial question. Many different genetic and/or environmental aetiological factors seem to act on heterotopic ductal inclusions and may give rise to WT following an unknown tumor...
Article
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This is a literature review and retrospective chart review of ten years experience on the treatment of midcheek masses in our department. The purpose of this study is to provide the reader with an overview of the pathology of this complex anatomic area focusing the attention on the differential diagnosis and the recent surgical strategies. From May...
Article
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Background: During the last 2 decades, many studies on the treatment of mandibular condyle fracture have been published. The incidence of mandibular condyle fractures is variable, ranging from 17.5% to 52% of all mandibular fractures. This retrospective study evaluated the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes after surgical treatment of 25...
Article
The neoplasms of the salivary glands account for 2% of head and neck tumors and the most common form is the Pleomorphic Adenoma (PA). Parotid gland is affected from 80% to 90% of cases. In elderly this tumors occurs mostly in females. These benign tumors are composed of epithelial and myoepithelial cells that are arranged with various morphological...
Article
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Only a few reports in the literature have described the use of specific instruments for assessing the quality of life in adolescents and young adults with cleft lip and palate (CLP). This condition markedly affects their lifestyle, even after surgical treatment. In the present study, we aimed to develop a quality-of-life assessment tool specificall...
Article
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Introduction Myositis ossificans traumatica is a pathological condition characterized by the extraskeletal formation of bony tissue, induced by violent or repeated trauma. Case presentation A 30-year-old Italian man, after surgical treatment for multiple facial fractures, presented with a progressive limitation of mouth opening. A computed tomogra...
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Castleman's disease (giant lymph node hyperplasia, angiofollicular hyperplasia, lymphoid hamartoma, benign giant lymphoma), is a quite rare and complex disease of lymphoid tissue that causes progressive lymph node enlargement, typically presenting as a solitary mediastinal mass. It was first described by Castleman et al in 1956. The head and neck r...