Pascale Salameh

Pascale Salameh
Lebanese University · Faculty of Pharmacy

PharmD, MPH, PhD, HDR
Professor of Epidemiology and Accreditation Leader at the Lebanese University; Founder and Director of INSPECT-LB.

About

718
Publications
186,230
Reads
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Introduction
Pascale Salameh, PharmD, MPH, PhD, HDR, Diploma in Biostatistics, PhD in Epidemiology. Professor at Lebanese University; Quality Representative, Accreditation leader, Education expert. Medal of French Pharmacy Academy. Invited Professor at University of Nicosia, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin; Université Paris Est & Université Libre de Bruxelles. Habilitation in Directing Research. Published 505 international peer-reviewed papers in medical epidemiology, clinical pharmacy and public health.
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - present
INSPECT-LB
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • INSPECT-LB has the mission to promote health-related multidisciplinary research and optimize professional practice in Lebanon, to become strategic partner of health-related public and private organizations and professional associations.
September 2016 - present
Lebanese University
Position
  • CEO
Description
  • Full Professor of Epidemiology & Biostatistics; Quality Representative of the President and leading on Accreditation projects of health faculties; Founder of the Research Laboratory INSPECT-LB.
September 2016 - present
Lebanese University
Position
  • Professor
Education
October 1998 - April 2020
Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2
Field of study
  • Epidemiology

Publications

Publications (718)
Article
Objective: Computer vision syndrome (CVS) refers to a group of ocular and extraocular symptoms due to prolonged digital device screen use. The objective of this study was to assess the correlation between CVS, insomnia, and migraine, taking into consideration stress as a mediating factor between these 3 variables. Methods: This cross-sectional stud...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background: Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a clinical syndrome characterized by the acute onset of weakness and paralysis with reduced muscle tone. This study explored the incidence and different aspects of AFP in Lebanese children between 2009 and 2019. Methods: AFP data were collected from the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health. Incide...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the effect of depression, anxiety, stress, insomnia, work fatigue, religiosity and spirituality on quality of life among family caregivers of people with mental Illness and those who care for family members without mental illness. Methods: A case-control study was conducted between July and September 2019, which enrolled 600...
Article
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(1) Background: The provision of healthcare is transforming, necessitating changes in descriptions and frameworks for ethical leadership. This study aimed to assess the association of the different leadership skills with the work ethical constructs and attitudes among healthcare professionals. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional study design using a sno...
Article
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Background: In the year 2020, the coronavirus pandemic invaded the world. Since then, specialized companies began to compete, producing many vaccines. Coronavirus vaccines have different adverse events. Menstrual disorders have been noticed as a common complaint post-vaccination. Aim: Our study fills an important gap by evaluating the relationsh...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Evaluation of the knowledge about stroke in the general population is extremely vital as it prevents stroke development, limits complications, and achieves better quality of life. We assume that the general Lebanese population lacks awareness about stroke and its associated complications. This study aims to evaluate stroke knowledge and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background In Lebanon, there is a scarcity of data related to road traffic injuries (RTIs), and the available one is of poor quality. Thus, a hospital-based RTI surveillance system was launched by the Lebanese ministry of health in 2013 in private and public-run hospitals in the Bekaa governorate. This paper aimed to describe the characteristics an...
Preprint
Background: The increased risk of myocardial infarction has been well established following and infection, however, few articles explore the complications and mortality rates associated with simultaneous infections and myocardial infarctions. Our article explores this scope with the hope of better understanding how the management of infections in p...
Article
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the willingness to pay (WTP) for a hypothetical vaccine and its associated determinants among the Lebanese general population during one of the peak episodes during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Lebanon. Methods An online survey was developed and delivered to the Lebanese general pop...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid‐19) is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Pharmacologically targeting the different mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction may improve clinical outcomes and lead to reduced morbidity and mortality. In this pilot, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled, randomized clinical trial we assigned patients who were admitted t...
Article
Background Over the last several decades, the field of lung transplantation has made significant advances. Despite these advancements, morbidity and mortality rates are still high when compared to other solid organ transplants. Clinical trials have a significant role bringing new medications with better effects than their predecessors. Our study is...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lebanon is undergoing multiple overlapping crises, affecting the food security, financial well-being, and quality of life (QOL) of its residents. Objective: The primary objective was to assess the food insecurity (FI) status of a sample of the Lebanese population. The second objective was to explore factors related to QOL parameters and...
Article
Introduction: Xenotransplantation is the transplantation of animal parts into humans. This study’s aim is to assess the Lebanese medical students’ attitude toward xenotransplantation and their knowledge of its related ethical issues. Methods: A questionnaire was answered by 120 Lebanese medical students. Statistical analysis and ethical reflections...
Article
Background: Febrile neutropenia is a prevalent oncologic complication. Initiating rapid treatment with empirical antimicrobials in febrile neutropenia patients reduces mortality due to infections. Objectives: The study aims to evaluate antimicrobial utilization among FN patients in Lebanon in terms of drug choice, dose, and duration of treatment...
Article
Objectives: to determine the prevalence of social anxiety among Lebanese adolescents and assess its association with bullying, and child abuse. Methods: This cross-sectional investigation was conducted between January and May 2019 that recruited 1810 adolescents selected randomly from private school from all Lebanese “Mohafazat” (Beirut, Mount Leba...
Article
Objective: This study aimed to examine the outcomes of COVID-19 and a collapsing economy on the mental well-being (MWB) of the general Lebanese population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted online in May 2020 and enrolled 502 adults. Results: MWB had a mean of 14.80[14.37;15.24]. A lower MWB was associated with female gender (beta=-1.5...
Article
Background Patients' preferences towards their physicians constitute a crucial part of providing patient-centered care. Gender preference of patients towards gynecologists/obstetricians is controversial. Objective Authors aimed to develop and validate a scale that specifically assesses gender preferences of patients towards physicians in the obste...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To date, research on public awareness of stroke warning symptoms, risk factors and practice in the general adult population in Lebanon is scarce. The aim of our study is to identify the level of stroke awareness in order to develop and implement preventive measures particularly in relationship to primary stroke prevention. Methods It is...
Article
Background and objectives Migraine is a common neurologic disorder and has a great influence on medical students’ life. This study aims to determine the prevalence of migraine as well as its association with different factors, and its impact on daily activities among medical students in the Lebanese university. Methods This is a cross sectional, m...
Article
Full-text available
Background The practice of pharmacy continues to evolve. Comprehensive research to monitor and assess the development of the practice is needed. Good Pharmacy Practices (GPP) have been adopted by many countries to enhance the quality of services. Little information is available concerning how pharmacy practices are being implemented in developing c...
Article
Full-text available
Research is known to serve society and optimise educational institutions’ reputation, hand in hand with knowledge; this applies to all disciplines, including those related to health professions education, such as pharmacy and medicine. Institutional reputation attracts high-quality students and instructors, which will, in turn, enhance productivity...
Article
Background: In Lebanon, depression, social phobia are much prevalent, as well as suicide ideations. Consistent violence in Lebanon is likely to cause distress and even mental illness among some children and adolescents. The present study aimed to generate the first general population-based survey estimates on the association between insecure attach...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The objective of our study was to evaluate the association between the transition to menopause, body dissatisfaction, and abnormal eating habits (restrained eating, binge eating, and orthorexia nervosa) in a sample of middle-aged Lebanese women. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted between July 2019 and January 2020 enrolled 10...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This project is a collaborative work between the Order of Pharmacists of Lebanon and the Ministry of Public Health, the World Health Organization (Lebanon Office), the Syndicate of Pharmaceutical Industries in Lebanon, and the Lebanese Pharma Group. The Order of Pharmacists of Lebanon aimed to develop a nationally acceptable strategy that gets the...
Article
Full-text available
1) Background: The study aims to assess cigarette smoking and waterpipe experimentation among Lebanese adolescent school students with respect to their gender, region, age, and socioeconomic status. (2) Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, where students between 11 to 18 years of age were included from all over Lebanon. (3) Results: A total of...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: The study aims to assess cigarette smoking and waterpipe experimentation among Lebanese adolescent school students with respect to their gender, region, age, and socioeconomic status. (2) Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, where students between 11 to 18 years of age were included from all over Lebanon. (3) Results: A total o...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility and pretest the effectiveness of an educational and telemonitoring program in a sample of Lebanese COPD patients to inform the design of a randomized study. Patients and methods: This study recruited a convenient sample of 15 patients from the pulmonology departments of four...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mobile phones use has not been without several social and psychological problems, specifically during the fast spread of the COVID-19 infection, which imposed strict restrictions and isolation. This research principal aims were to (1) confirm the validity of the Generic Scale of Phubbing in Arabic (GSP), and (2) evaluate the association...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The idea that attachment styles can affect the level of anger in an individual educes a reason why people develop anger issues and behavioral problems in adolescence that escalate into adulthood. Lebanon suffers from a shortage of data pertaining to insecure attachment styles and the affective and cognitive aspects of anger and behavior...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Women are increasingly concerned by coronary heart disease (CHD), with peculiarities of their own, particularly concerning risk factors. The aim of the study was to assess the risk factors for CHD in Lebanese women over forty. Patients and methods: A case-control study was carried out in 6 hospitals in Beirut and Mount-Lebanon, from Dec...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Evaluation of the knowledge about stroke in the general population is extremely vital as it prevents stroke development, limits complications, and achieves better quality of life. We assume that the general Lebanese population lacks awareness about stroke and its associated complications. This study aims to evaluate stroke knowledge and...
Article
Full-text available
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) remain a global concern in both developed and developing countries. Given that diet constitutes the major route of exposure to these pollutants, the objective of the current study is to investigate PCBs and OCPs serum levels in relation to dietary quality indices in a sample of L...
Preprint
Background : The Traffic Locus of Control scale (T-LOC) measures a personality attribute revealing how a driver generally perceives possible causes of traffic crashes. Objective : This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of T-LOC (T-LOC-A) among Lebanese drivers and to test its reliability and construct validity....
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study aimed to explore whether screen time and the screen type impacted various health aspects of children, including physical activity (PA), sleep quality, and eating habits. Additionally, we investigated whether children’s eating behavior while using electronic devices affects their physical and mental health. Methods We conducted...
Article
Full-text available
Background Online surveys have triggered a heated debate regarding their scientific validity. Many authors have adopted weighting methods to enhance the quality of online survey findings, while others did not find an advantage for this method. This work aims to compare weighted and unweighted association measures after adjustment over potential con...
Preprint
Background: The World Health Organization and the Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region recommend the self-assessment of public health core competencies to strengthen the public health workforce proficiency and prepare them for future challenges. A framework for these competencies is lacking and highly needed in Lebanon. Th...
Article
Background: Competency-based medical education has been emerging as a new educational model for learning. The development of medical education in Middle Eastern countries lacks basic literature in the area of medical education, particularly competency-based medical education (CBME). Aim: Our objective is to validate a brief/rapid scale that inform...
Article
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Objectives: To explore the possible moderating relation between impulsive behavior and maladaptive personality traits in regards to Orthorexia Nervosa (ON). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between July and December 2019 and recruited 519 Lebanese adults from seven community pharmacies randomly selected from a list provided by the...
Article
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Purpose Research on child marriage has increased in volume but remains scarce in humanitarian settings. This study aimed to investigate rates, correlates, and consequences of child marriage among Syrian refugees in South Lebanon. Methods A sample of 1,593 female adolescents and 893 adults was selected using a multistage stratified cluster survey d...
Article
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Background: Lebanon has the fastest growing older adult population in the Arab region but few social resources to address their needs. No studies have explored the experience of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Lebanon. Aims: Exploring the experiences of individuals living with COPD in Lebanon. Method: Using a descripti...
Article
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Non-adherence to medications can lead to several consequences that range from waste of drugs to death. Consequently, a tool to assess the adherence to chronic medication is a necessity. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to conduct the translation and cross-cultural adaptation process of ARMS into the Lebanese Arabic version (ARMS-A) and to...
Article
Full-text available
Background Home confinement and lockdowns have created challenges and vulnerabilities, causing relevant changes in sexual health and couple stability, particularly in women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the socio-economic and psychological factors related to current pregnancy status and unwanted pregnancy among Lebanese women during...
Article
Full-text available
Lebanese cancer patients are facing a war on two fronts, between the COVID-19 pandemic and one of the most severe financial crises globally in recent times. This multicentric cross-sectional study was conducted, aiming to analyse challenges and perspective of this particularly vulnerable population. A questionnaire was prepared to assess socio-demo...
Article
Background The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief cognitive impairment screening tool suitable for a rapid diagnosis of cognitive functioning. The primary objective was to examine the ability of the MoCA to detect cognitive impairment and functioning (autonomy and social cognition) among Lebanese patients with schizophrenia. The second...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Vaccination rates remain suboptimal in multiple areas around the world in spite of evidence that immunization is one of the most effective interventions for precluding morbidity and mortality. Non-traditional vaccine providers are proposed to augment immunization coverage. Pharmacists can have multiple vital roles to educate, facilitat...
Article
In Lebanon, the methods of teaching employed are mostly conventional. Teachers spend a lot of time giving lessons and homework to students, as well as reading assignments and correcting exercises completed in class. Students usually play a passive role in the education process; they listen calmly, occasionally question what is presented, and copy t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Pharmacologically targeting the different mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction may improve clinical outcomes and lead to reduced morbidity and mortality Methods In this pilot, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial we assigned patients...
Article
Full-text available
To date, no comprehensive strategy nor an official national competency framework are available in Lebanon regarding pharmacy education, specialization into pharmaceutical areas, or early career development programs. In 2017, the Order of Pharmacists of Lebanon (OPL, the national pharmacists’ association in Lebanon) attempted to fill that gap by dev...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Lebanon has witnessed an increase in the rates of several cancer subtypes over the last years. The aim of this study is to examine the incidence rates of kidney cancer in Lebanon over 12 years and to compare them to other countries. Methods: Data were collected from the Lebanese National Cancer Registry (NCR) for the time period 2005-2016...
Article
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the need of social media as a medium for gathering health-related information. Simultaneously, a slew of false information, primarily about COVID-19's origin, dissemination, prevention, treatment, and fatality surfaced, making it difficult to distinguish fake from genuine material. However, the possibl...
Article
Full-text available
The history of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) evolution and the diversity of the environmental resistome indicate that AMR is an ancient natural phenomenon. Acquired resistance is a public health concern influenced by the anthropogenic use of antibiotics, leading to the selection of resistant genes. Data show that AMR is spreading globally at diffe...
Article
Purpose: The goal of epilepsy treatment is to control seizures without drug related problems (DRPs). The evaluation of anti-seizure drugs (ASD) strategies and identification of DRPs are rarely studied. This study aimed primarily to evaluate the choice of ASD according to international guidelines and secondarily to identify and describe anti-seizur...
Article
Objectives: to evaluate factors associated with the social anxiety disorder (SAD) among the Lebanese society, to draw a new model joining these factors and compare its uniformity with a theoretical framework. A total of 789 participants was enrolled in this cross-sectional survey. Methods: The cross-sectional study lasted from November 2017 to Marc...
Article
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate factors and profiles associated with the earlier onset of cigarette/waterpipe smoking and alcohol consumption among Lebanese adolescents in schools. Methods: A total of 4000 adolescents (mean age= 15.31 ± 2.01 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. The standardized questionnaire was taken from th...
Article
Objective: To evaluate factors associated with social anxiety disorder among the Lebanese population, construct a new model associating these factors, and compare its uniformity with a theoretical framework. Methods: A total of 789 participants were enrolled in this cross-sectional survey study. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale was used to asses...
Article
Introduction: Food allergy (FA) is a global health problem with an ongoing rise in prevalence, especially in developed countries. It has been reported to be most prevalent in children, although cases in adults have been increasing as well. FA may lead to life-threatening clinical manifestations. Data in Lebanon and the Middle East are limited. To...
Article
Background Eating disorders (EDs) have an important impact on both physical and mental wellbeing, especially in a young population. There is a lack in research about EDs in the Middle East, and especially in Lebanon, where the co-occurring obesity is a widespread health problem.AimOur study aims to assess the relation between night eating syndrome...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to determine the correlation between sealer penetration into dentinal tubules and interfacial adaptation to root canal walls using a hydraulic calcium silicate-based sealer, the EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA, USA), and an epoxy resin-based sealer, the AH Plus (Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany). Me...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most common and distressing complaints reported by cancer patients during chemotherapy considerably impacting all aspects of a patient’s life (physical, psychosocial, professional, and socioeconomic). The aim of this study was to assess the severity of cancer-related fatigue in a group of breas...
Article
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Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an inherited autoinflammatory disease. One of the feared complications of FMF, amyloidosis is often correlated with an increased mortality rate. The severity of the disease is linked with different mutations in the MEFV gene that may favor different outcomes (amyloidosis, Bechet’s disease…). Although several co...
Article
Full-text available
Behçet’s disease (BD), a rare multisystemic disorder, has an unknown etiology. Interactions between genetic and environmental factors play a major role in this disorder. Human leukocyte antigen B51 allele is the strongest risk factor for the development of Behçet disease. The high prevalence of BD in the Arab world makes it necessary to undergo loc...
Article
Full-text available
Background and ObjectiveaaOur aim is to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on screen time among Lebanese high school students (grades 9–12). MethodsaaAn anonymous online questionnaire was distributed among 510 school students from different governorates in Lebanon; this included questions regarding screen time, food habits, and physical activity. P...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: There is a well-established relationship between myocardial infarction and infection. Multiple articles describe the increased risk of myocardial infarction, both type 1 and 2, following an infectious process. However few articles have described the relation between concomitant myocardial infarction and infections on same admission mort...