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Pascale Richardin

Pascale Richardin
Ministère de la culture C2RMF / CNRS UMR 8068 TEMPS

PhD in Physical Sciences

About

138
Publications
61,534
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909
Citations
Citations since 2017
42 Research Items
426 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Introduction
- Development and application of radiocarbon dating method and micro-analytical techniques - Cultural Heritage objects - Mummies - Biological materials - Organic Mass spectrometry
Additional affiliations
January 1983 - May 2020
Ministère de la culture et de la communication
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (138)
Article
Full-text available
The painting materials of the Portrait of Nicolaes van Bambeeck (Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, inv. 155) painted by Rembrandt van Rijn in 1641 has been studied using high resolution cluster-TOF-SIMS imaging. In the first step, a moderate spatial resolution (2 μm) was used to characterize the layer structure and the chemical compo...
Article
Full-text available
A skin sample from a South-Andean mummy dating back from the XI(th) century was analyzed using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging using cluster primary ion beams (cluster-TOF-SIMS). For the first time on a mummy, skin dermis and epidermis could be chemically differentiated using mass spectrometry imaging. Differences in amino-ac...
Article
Full-text available
The protocol of preparation of keratinized samples (e.g. hair, furs …) for radiocarbon dating that we have developed is based on the selective extraction of keratin from the bulk part of the shaft (cortex). The aim of this method is to eliminate the cuticle which could contain exogenous carbon from external contaminations. The total treatment takes...
Article
Full-text available
Millions of mummified birds serving for religious purpose have been discovered from archeological sites along the Nile Valley of Egypt, in majority ibises. Whether these birds were industrially raised or massively hunted is a matter of heavy debate as it would have a significant impact on the economy related to their supply and cult, and if hunted...
Article
Stable hydrogen isotope measurement of body tissues faces analytical and interpretative challenges such as hydrogen exchange with atmosphere or competitive influence of drinking water and food intake. Samples from the Gallic site of Thézy-Glimont, France, have already been investigated isotopically for climate reconstruction and diet investigation...
Article
Full-text available
Ribemont‐sur‐Ancre, France, is the biggest excavated human skeletal assemblage of Northern Gaul. It is interpreted as a post‐battle deposit constructed to celebrate war. However, the chronology of the site, its organization and the origin of the buried warriors are still poorly understood. These problems are studied by a multi‐proxy approach, based...
Article
Notre-Dame de Paris, the so famous Catholic cathedral standing on Ile de la Cité in Paris, was partially destroyed by fire on April 15 of 2019. This unfortunate destruction miraculously spared a part of the frame and made these woods accessible to the scientific community. As scientists particularly interested in the isotopic composition of wood as...
Article
The island of Madagascar is home to a distinctive fauna and flora whose biogeographic history is not fully understood. Today's crocodylian population consists of a single species, the Nile crocodile, Crocodylus niloticus, whose colonization of the island may be very recent. In Madagascar, the genus Crocodylus has so far been described from a single...
Article
Full-text available
The Gauls, who occupied most of Western Europe during the Second Iron Age (500 BCE–50 BCE), exploited their environ- ment through farming and trading of local resources. The study of carbon (δ13C), nitrogen (δ15N), and sulfur (δ34S) stable isotopes of 8 humans and 12 animals from the Gallic site of Thézy-Glimont, Picardie, France, provides an insig...
Article
L’acquisition de nombreux objets de musée ne s’est pas toujours accompagnée d’une documentation précise et les origines de ces derniers peuvent donc demeurer imprécises. C’est pourquoi, parallèlement aux travaux des historiens de l’art qui proposent des estimations chronologiques, les méthodes de datation, comme la datation par le carbone 14, peuve...
Article
Background Biomolecular archaeometry is an interdisciplinary discipline integrating humanities and hard sciences to support better knowledge of past societies. Some human remains, such as hair, are among the archaeomaterials likely to be studied by these invasive techniques, which provide access to molecular data thanks to mass spectrometry among o...
Article
The hard and soft tissue remains of a pre-Hispanic population of the Gran Canaria Island at six different archaeological localities were studied using 14C dating and stable isotope compositions. Radiocarbon dating indicates island occupation ranging from the beginning of the 7th to the mid-14th century. We analyzed the oxygen isotope compositions o...
Article
The Roman Warm Period (from ≈300 BCE to ≈300 CE) is a climatic optimum, which had a key role in the development of the Roman civilization. This study provides new Mean Air Temperatures (MATs) inferred from the oxygen isotope composition of 80 bones and teeth apatite from 8 humans and 8 animals of the Gallic site of Thézy-Glimont, Picardie, France,...
Article
Full-text available
Study of the anatomic reports between cervical column and skull basis on a series of Egyptian mummified heads (Collection of the Confluences Museum in Lyon) On a series of 46 Egyptian mummies’ heads, coming from Upper Egypt, the authors are interested in the occipito-cervical region, and, particularly, the position of the atlas relative to the occi...
Article
Recent paleopathological cases have shown the usefulness of interdisciplinary odontological studies in the investigation of historical figures. A macroscopic examination of the mandible of Saint-Louis (13th c. AD), conserved in the cathedral of Notre-Dame (Paris, France) was carried out, and compared with biographical data about the life and death...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: This paper aims to provide some elements of reflection focus on the use of radiocarbon and the design of the different hypotheses about the establishment of North African populations in the Canary Islands. In addition, a set of carbon 14 dates from some funeral contexts of Gran Canaria are presented. These new dates, together with others...
Article
Full-text available
Small pieces of charcoal, inserted into a plaster mold from the Palissy’s collection and kept at the national museum of Renaissance at Ecouen, were submitted to radiocarbon dating. The challenge was twofold: their extremely small sample sizes and the rather rare dating results on charcoal inserted in plaster. Two measurements were done on one of th...
Article
In this study, we provide a new application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) to evaluate whether ancient bones contain sufficient organic material before radiocarbon dating, which can avoid a complex preliminary analysis of the samples or unnecessary sampling. We examined, as the first step, the plasma induced by a UV (266 nm) ns-lase...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent archaeological investigations (2009-2016) in the Sistema 7 Venado, a ceremonial complex located on the south part of the Monte Albán hill, Oaxaca, Mexico, demonstrates that occupation and ceremonial activity on the site can be traced back until 800 BCE. Around 200-300 CE, this site was ritually abandoned and its structures covered by a thick...
Chapter
Full-text available
Phénomène emblématique de l’Égypte pharaonique, la momification d’animaux est globalement datée de la Basse époque à l’époque romaine (VIIIe siècle avant J.-C. jusqu’au IVe siècle après J.-C.). Malgré le nombre impressionnant de momies disponibles pour la recherche, mais aussi le nombre de programme d’études actuellement en cours sur le sujet, forc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Actuellement engagé dans un vaste projet de rénovation, le Palais des ducs de Lorraine – Musée lorrain conserve une exceptionnelle collection de sculptures. Au XXe siècle, bien que la politique d’acquisition du musée se concentre déjà en priorité sur des pièces de provenance lorraine, la donation de la collection d’Henri Marcus et le legs effectué...
Conference Paper
Actuellement engagé dans un vaste projet de rénovation, le Palais des ducs de Lorraine – Musée lorrain conserve une exceptionnelle collection de sculptures. Au XXe siècle, bien que la politique d’acquisition du musée se concentre déjà en priorité sur des pièces de provenance lorraine, la donation de la collection d’Henri Marcus et le legs effectué...
Poster
Full-text available
The church of Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul, built from 1955 as a part of the reconstruction of the city of Maubeuge, preserves the treasure called "of St. Aldegonde of Maubeuge" (°around 630, †684). It is composed of many items including a relic of the veil, a cross stick, a set of items consisting of a chasuble, a veil, a stole and a modern reliquary c...
Poster
Full-text available
Hair is a powerful bioindicator used in toxicological and environmental studies since it can incorporate toxic elements during its growth. As part of a project on the characterization of mummy hair, elemental analyses by particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) were carried out using the AGLAE accelerator from the C2RMF. The objective was to detect t...
Article
Full-text available
Omics technologies have far-reaching applications beyond clinical medicine. A case in point is the analysis of ancient hair samples. Indeed, hair is an important biological indicator that has become a material of choice in archeometry to study the ancient civilizations and their environment. Current characterization of ancient hair is based on elem...
Article
Full-text available
As part of a multidisciplinary project concerning the practices of mummification in ancient Egypt, we studied a series of 33 human remains, collected during the late 19th century. These heads of human mummies belong to the Osteology collection from the Musée des Confluences of Lyon. One of the important issues of this research project was to estab...
Article
Full-text available
The ancient Egyptians mummified animals as part of cultic activity from the Late Period into the Roman era (7th century BC to the 4th century AD). Necropolises have provided millions of animal mummies, reflecting the religious fervour of Egyptians with regard to sacred animal cults during this period. Despite the number of sites containing mummies,...
Chapter
Full-text available
L’ensemble funéraire de La Gorge-Meillet a livré, lors des fouilles de 1876, les restes de deux individus inhumés successivement dans une sépulture à char de La Tène ancienne. Les fouilles de contrôle de 2006 ont fourni de nouveaux fragments osseux issus au total d’un ensemble de trois enclos, parmi lesquels des ossements de chevaux. Il s’agissait,...
Article
Full-text available
Les analyses de laboratoire sont devenues un outil nécessaire, voire indispensable, pour apporter à l’historien d’art, au conservateur et au restaurateur, des éléments de réponse tant pour la lecture historique, technologique et artistique des œuvres que pour leur conservation / restauration. Nous aborderons ici les méthodes d’analyses utilisées po...
Article
Full-text available
L’église Saint-Pierre Saint-Paul, inscrite en totalité au titre des monuments historiques, a été construite à partir de 1955 par l’architecte André Lurçat (1894-1970) et Henri Lafitte (1988-1966), dans le cadre de la reconstruction de la ville de Maubeuge, pratiquement rasée pendant la seconde guerre mondiale. Cette église conserve le « trésor » di...
Article
Full-text available
Un grand nombre de musées conservent dans leurs collections des restes humains sous toutes les formes et en particulier un grand nombre de momies d’origines diverses (Égypte, Pérou, Chili, etc.). Ces momies ont souvent été acquises par les responsables de collections en dehors de tout contexte archéologique ou historique et sans véritable documenta...
Article
This article presents the radiocarbon dating applied on different samples (textiles, plants, hair) taken on the golden Egyptian mummy, preserved in the museum of Dunkerque, France. The results illustrate and validate the sample preparation protocols used: from the extraction steps of exogenous organic matter to those of the hair keratin. Indeed, th...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the radiocarbon dating applied on different samples (textiles, plants, hair) taken on the golden Egyptian mummy, preserved in the museum of Dunkerque, France. The results illustrate and validate the sample preparation protocols used: from the extraction steps of exogenous organic matter to those of the hair keratin. Indeed, th...
Article
Full-text available
The ancient Egyptians mummified animals as part of cultic activity from the Late Period into the Roman era (7th century BC to the 4th century AD). Necropolises have provided millions of animal mummies, reflecting the religious fervor of Egyptians with regard to sacred animal cults during this period. Despite the number of sites containing mummies,...
Poster
Full-text available
In the last few years, hair has become a major medium for toxicological, environmental and forensics studies, providing complementary information to urine and blood analyses. When it is well preserved thanks to extreme environmental conditions, ancient hair also represents a material of choice in archaeology to study ancient civilizations and their...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The multidisciplinary research project MAHES-French acronym for "Egyptian mummies of animals and humans"-aims to better understand the cult organized around sacred animals through its funerary and ritual practice. Researchers make use of the collection of animal mummies of the Confluences Museum in Lyon (France), the largest one in the world kept o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Carta Pisana, so called because it was acquired by the Bibliothèque Nationale in 1839 from a family old-established in Pisa, is neither dated nor signed. Since Edme-François Jomard first described it to the scientific community various dates have been proposed ranging from the 12th century to the end of the 14th century. In the early 1980s the...
Article
The ancient Egyptians mummified animals as part of cultic activity from the Late Period into the Roman era (7th century BC to the 4th century AD). Necropolises have provided millions of animal mummies, reflecting the religious fervour of Egyptians with regard to sacred animal cults during this period. Despite the number of sites containing mummies,...
Article
Full-text available
The Atacama region of Chile has the highest concentration of hallucinogenic paraphernalia from prehistoric cemeteries on the planet. These artifacts have been studied since the late 19th century, primarily from the perspective of stylistic classification, which has been used to infer their temporal assignation. However, direct chronological dating...
Article
Full-text available
Parmi les nombreux voiles funéraires présumés du Christ, le suaire de Cadouin est, au Moyen Age, celui qui a la plus grande renommée. Il doit sa célébrité aux nombreux miracles que lui attribue une légende très diffusée, qui commence par le voyage depuis la terre sainte et l’arrivée à Cadouin après la première croisade (1096-1099) : le suaire aurai...
Article
Full-text available
Tam Hang rock shelter was excavated in 1934 by the French geologist Jacques Fromaget who discovered 13 skeletons and a lot of stone tools. But after the second War World, the lithic assemblages were lost. Then the site was forgotten since 2003, when the department of archaeology of the Lao Ministry of Culture relocated it and made with a French tea...
Poster
Full-text available
En archéométrie, l’analyse de matériaux biologiques tels que les os, les dents ou encore les cheveux, permet d’obtenir de précieux indices pour retracer l’histoire des civilisations. L’analyse des os ou des dents est limitée lorsqu’il s’agit d’étudier les restes humains des collections muséales, d’une part du fait de la dégradation du matériau, com...
Poster
Full-text available
A series of 31 heads and skulls of human mummies, who belong to the osteologic collection of the Musée des Confluences (formerly Musée Guimet) in Lyon, was the subject of several scientific studies. The aim of this study is to collect the different earlier data (radiology, palaeopathology, anthropology, odontology) and to confront them to a complem...
Article
Full-text available
The Atacama region has the highest concentration of hallucinogenic paraphernalia from prehistoric cemeteries on the planet. These artifacts have been studied since the late 19th century, primarily from the perspective of stylistic classification, which has been used to infer their temporal assignation. However, direct chronological dating of the sn...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this article is restraint to the physic-chemical dating methods and results of the analyses realized by the Centre of Research and Restoration of the French Museums (C2RMF) on some «Khorasanian simples». This research is included in the framework of the Khorasan Project. Despite the different elements dating found in archaeology, this wo...
Article
Full-text available
Two pre-Hispanic mummies from the Andean coast, belonging to a corpus of 16 mummies from the San Miguel de Azapa (Arica, Chile), were radiocarbon dated and analyzed in order to replace them in their historical context and to study the conservation state of the hair fibers and the heavy metal presence. The radiocarbon dating placed both mummies in t...
Article
Full-text available
Tam Hang rock shelter was excavated in 1934 by the French geologist Jacques Fromaget who discovered 13 skeletons and a lot of stone tools. But after the second War World, the lithic assemblages were lost. Then the site was forgotten since 2003, when the department of archaeology of the Lao Ministry of Culture relocated it and made with a French tea...
Article
Introduction Among human remains from museum collections, mummies have intrigued researchers for a long time. There are subject to many researches in order to understand the mummification processes, to improve conservation and restoration protocols and to infer some interesting clues about the corresponding civilizations. We focus here on a corpus...
Article
Full-text available
Le musée Joseph Denais de Beaufort-en-Vallée conserve dans ses collections une momie pharaonique et un corps desséché copte qui ont fait l’objet d’une étude et d’une restauration en collaboration avec le C2RMF. Moment privilégié pour l’étude, cette opération de conservation-restauration souligne l’apport des analyses et de la restauration dans la c...
Poster
Full-text available
In the framework of the renovation of the Saint-Sauve chapel of Amiens Cathedral, a monumental statue underwent a restoration campaign during which an extensive scientific study was carried out [1,2]. An in-depth examination of the structure showed that it was made of several pieces of wood: two large wooden beams form the body and the arms of the...
Article
Full-text available
In 2010, the foundation Institut de paléontologie humaine (Paris) acquired an assembled skeleton of woolly rhinoceros, Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1799). Its exceptional state of preservation allowed a multidisciplinary study: anatomical, biometrical, geochronological (AMS radiocarbon dating on horn and some bones) and biogeochemical analy...
Article
Full-text available
Many French museums — museums of art and archaeology, ethnography, anatomy, and even natural history — keep in their reserves a great number of mummified human remains. Beyond any ethical or deontological issues, they constitute an important part of our archaeological and historical heritage. Their dating is often inexact and imprecise, and neverth...
Article
This paper describes the contribution of the radiocarbon dating method to the authentication of ethnographic objects on some significant examples coming from the collections of the Quai Branly Museum (Paris, France). The first one is a bludgeon of hard wood from the ethnic group of Tupinambá and supposed to be brought from Brazil (South America) by...
Article
Full-text available
Intégrée dans les collections du muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Nantes depuis le début du XIX e siècle, une momie égyptienne a récemment été étudiée, analysée et restaurée par un égyptologue, un médecin radiologiste, des physiciens, des chimistes, des conservateurs et des restaurateurs qui relatent ici les différentes étapes de cette collaboration...
Article
Full-text available
Radiocarbon dating applies to organisms that have been living (plants, animals) and which, during their life, absorbed carbon-14, a natural isotope of carbon. Many museum objects - archaeological, historical, ethnological or artworks - are made of materials that can be dated by this technique (wood, textiles, horn, bone, etc..). This method is simp...