Pascal Antoine

Pascal Antoine
Université de Lille, Lille, France · UMR CNRS 9193 SCALab

PhD

About

182
Publications
58,511
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,453
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - January 2015
Université de Lille
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2003 - present
September 2003 - present

Publications

Publications (182)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: A 20-minutes-a-day, self-help, mindfulness-based intervention was conducted for 6 weeks with a French community sample. First, the intervention effects on affective and functioning variables were evaluated. Then, a differential approach was used to examine improvement potentiality and the perceived benefits of mindfulness according to t...
Article
Objectives: A 6-week multicomponent positive psychology intervention (PPI) was assessed with the primary aim of determining its effects on affective variables including anxiety, depression and psychological distress, as well as processual ones, such as mindfulness and emotion regulation. Exploratory investigations were conducted to consider changes...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The growing interest in early-onset dementia has attracted attention to the situation and experiences of the caregiver, most often the spouse. Several qualitative studies on caregiving spouses have underlined the importance of the feeling of loss, the change of role reported by the caregiving spouses, and the strategies used to protect...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the difficulties couples face in relation to anorexia nervosa. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis, five couples in which one of the partners lives with anorexia nervosa were interviewed separately. The findings are conceptualized into three areas: first, the encounter ‘at the crossroads between remission and relapse’...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The progressive mobilization of spouse caregivers who take care of a person with dementia (PWD) can lead to situations of distress. Objective: The current study sought to investigate the influence of the characteristics of the caregiving context on spousal caregiver distress. Methods: 125 spousal caregivers participated in this stu...
Article
Full-text available
We assessed how Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients would imagine their self in the future. AD patients and healthy controls were asked to generate statements beginning with “I-will-be” to describe how they saw themselves or how they wished to be in the future. These statements were analyzed in terms of four self-dimensions, i.e., physical self, soci...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have reported the major role of apathy in awareness assessment among Alzheimer’s patients using the patient-caregiver discrepancy method, whatever the awareness dimension assessed. Using the Apathy Evaluation Scales among other awareness scales, we report that apathy is the sole awareness dimension distinguishing healthy controls (...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) can cause substantial psychological distress in patients. We thus assessed how patients with AD remember the announcement of diagnosis. Methods: We recruited 47 participants with mild AD (26 women; M age=68.89 y, SD=7.37; M years of formal education=9.74, SD=3.00). We invited the participants to re...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The benefits of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for stress, depression, and anxiety have been shown in various studies. However, only a few studies have investigated the effects of MBI on positive psychological functioning, and even fewer studies have simultaneously studied positively and negatively valenced variables. Nevertheles...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims Autobiographical memory serves to recall past personal experiences and share them with others, promoting social bonding and communication. In this study, we investigated whether encouraging patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) to share autobiographical memories during formal neuropsychological testing may boost the patient–cli...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Objective Several studies have examined the impact of Parkinson’s disease (PD) on the quality of couples’ relationships. To date, few studies have explored how couples experience their relationship dynamic by taking into account the disease stage. The objectives of this study were to understand the experience of each partner and to study...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To understand awareness and fluctuations of awareness in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), it is fruitful to consider the objects of awareness, e.g., cognitive functioning or recognition of the disease, as well as the mechanisms and modes of expression underlying awareness. With a holistic and discourse-centered approach, we aimed to identify di...
Article
Full-text available
A common question in the neuropsychological testing of patients with Alzheimer’s Disease is whether or not patients should be tested in the presence of their spouses. We addressed this issue by assessing the neuropsychological performances of Alzheimer’s Disease patients in the presence or absence of spouses. Results showed no significant differenc...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to examine the temporal dynamic of the affective trajectories of participants exposed to a self-help mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) compared to those in the control condition. This interventional study employed an experience sampling method with two nonrandomized groups: a control group (n = 44, M = 37.04) on the waiting list...
Article
Introduction Inspired by Carol Dweck's work on naive theories of intelligence, the implicit theory of emotions refers to beliefs regarding the general functioning of emotions, specifically, their controllability. Some individuals view emotions as uncontrollable (entity theory), while others think that emotions can be modulated (incremental theory)....
Article
Objective This study assessed the ability of patients with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) to produce “when, where, and who” information during future thinking. Methods AD patients and control participants were invited to imagine future scenarios. Future thinking was analyzed with respect to the number of “when, where, and who” details. Analysis showed f...
Article
Objectives We recently reported the major role depression and apathy in awareness among Alzheimer patients, using the stage of the disease as an exposure factor and exploring different assessment methods. Using the same patient data, we aimed here to explore the different dimensions of awareness assessed by different sub-scales in awareness scales....
Article
Background: The increased tasks and responsibilities involved in supporting a parent with dementia (PWD) can induce distress in adult-child caregivers. Previous studies have shown that distress can be influenced by PWD and caregiver determinants, but few studies have considered the associations between these variables. Objective: This study test...
Article
Background: Multiple sclerosis, a chronic degenerative disease, impacts persons with the disease and their caregivers, usually the spouse. Few studies have considered the dyadic adjustment to the disease, and even fewer have considered the type of multiple sclerosis. This study aimed to explore the experiences and strategies of couples in which one...
Article
Résumé Objectif L’objectif de cette étude était de valider une version française de l’échelle de satisfaction sexuelle. Méthode Un total de 646 participants, 468 femmes et 178 hommes âgés en moyenne de 35,18 ans (ET: 13,77), ont rempli en ligne 3 questionnaires: l’échelle de satisfaction sexuelle (Comeau & Boisvert, 1985), l’échelle d’évaluation...
Article
Full-text available
Compassion focused-imagery (CFI), one of the psychological interventions of compassion-focused therapy, is receiving increasing attention. It is a therapeutic tool that targets the process of self-criticism by prompting individuals to imagine themselves as compassionate or to imagine receiving compassion from an ideal compassionate other. This rese...
Conference Paper
Introduction – Les études sur l’anosognosie dans la maladie d’Alzheimer (MA) montrent des résultats contrastés en raison de méthodes d’évaluation, d’objets et de stades pathologiques divers. Jacus et al. (2020) ont rapporté des associations tenant compte du stade pathologique et de la méthodologie d’évaluation [(a) écart patient-proche, (b) évaluat...
Article
Objective: In this study, we assessed a support program based on acceptance, role transition, and couple dynamics for spouses of people with young-onset dementia. The qualitative feedback from the caregivers' experience is analyzed. The goal was to explore how this home-based support program is perceived and to appraise the impact of the different...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: This study investigated the effect of pictorial cues on autobiographical memory in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We assessed autobiographical memory of patients with AD and cognitively normal older adults in two conditions. Methods: In one condition, the participants were provided with verbal instructions to retrieve three autobiograph...
Article
Enhancing positive affect (PA) and reducing negative affect (NA) are targets of positive psychology interventions, and well‐being and positive functioning are core elements of mental health. However, the underlying temporal dynamics of these elements are unknown. This study aimed at identifying how a 42‐day daily positive psychology intervention (P...
Article
Full-text available
Most research has mainly focused on the decline of the subjective experience in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, few attempts have been made to evaluate whether subjective experience may be maintained in AD. In this narrative review, we attempt to provide a positive view, according to which patients with AD can enjoy, to some extent, subjective e...
Article
Full-text available
Aim The caregiving situation differs according to the type of relationship between the patient caregiver, and among dementia caregivers, living with the person with dementia can contribute to caregiver distress. This study aimed to identify the predictors of caregiver distress based on caregiver profile: spouse, adult child living with the person w...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to provide a model of awareness in Alzheimer’s disease using the stage of the disease as a risk factor. Awareness was assessed using three methods (patient-caregiver discrepancy, prediction-performance discrepancy, clinical rating). Twenty-five healthy control subjects and sixty-one patients participated, with measures of cognition...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Little is known about mind wandering in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In this study, we evaluated the subjective experience of mind wandering in AD. Methods: We invited AD patients and control participants to rate the occurrence, intentionality, emotionality, visual imagery, specificity, self-relatedness and temporal orientation of mind w...
Article
In this randomised study, a multi‐component, theory‐driven, autonomous self‐help positive psychology intervention (PPI) for couples was examined. This intervention was not designed for distressed couples but rather to address autonomous couples with a good initial level of functioning who, nonetheless, wished to improve it. The objective was to ass...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Assessments of unawareness in Alzheimer’s disease mainly focus on the objects (the “what”) of unawareness. A recent person-centered approach proposes to also assess the processes (the “how”). The present study combines 2 approaches to understand this heterogeneity in assessments of unawareness. Method We recruited 46 participants from 8...
Article
Background Self‐help interventions intended to help nonclinical individuals regulate their emotions can have important social benefits (i.e. mental disorder prevention, well‐being promotion). However, their mean effect size on well‐being is generally low, possibly because there are considerable between‐individual differences in the response to thes...
Article
Background: Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is a rare genetic disease characterized by variable radial upper limb and cardiac defects. The aim of this research was to shed light on people’s subjective perceptions of their diseases, how these perceptions provide meaning, and the consequences the syndrome can have in daily life and across all life stages. M...
Article
Full-text available
Background The “time perspectives theory” describes how individuals emphasize some time frames over others (e.g., present vs. future) and thus create their unique approach to time perception. Building on this theory, we investigated three time orientations in Alzheimer’s disease (AD): (1) present-hedonistic orientation, which focuses on current sen...
Article
Background: Self-criticism and self-reassurance are internal processes of self-to-self relating that have received increasing attention in psychology. The Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking & Self-reassuring Scale (FSCRS), which was first studied by Gilbert, Clarke, Hempel, Miles, and Irons (2004) is a self-report instrument that has been used in...
Article
Purpose: This study aimed to compare the self-reported perceptions of the repercussions of the disease and its treatments and emotional distress in young women with breast cancer and their partners. Design: Cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires. Sample: 491 couples in which women were aged <45 years when diagnosed with non-metast...
Article
Objective: To explore types of caregivers’ management approaches, to develop a scale to assess caregivers’ management behaviors and their relationship implications and to examine the scale’s psychometric qualities. Method: First, based on a qualitative study, developing the corpus of items to align as closely as possible to caregivers’ experience u...
Presentation
INTRODUCTION : Une préoccupation croissante consiste à donner une place centrale à la personne atteinte d'une maladie d'Alzheimer (MA) dans son parcours de soin (Manthrope & Samsi, 2016). Le nombre de personnes atteintes de la maladie en constante progression entraînant une augmentation des entrées en institution, pose le défi de considérer le vécu...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated emotional regulation of autobiographical memories in Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD patients and control participants were asked to retrieve memories in response to "happy" and "sad" cues. Participants were also asked to rate the emotional valence of memories at retrieval as well as at the moment the events were encoded. Results showe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: People with Alzheimer's disease (PwAD) remain able to speak coherently about their daily life for a long time, and their level of awareness could be determined through their discourse. In a grounded-theory approach, awareness of self and awareness of disease are intertwined and can be observed through three domains: mechanisms, objects...
Article
Nail‐Patella syndrome (NPS) is a genetic disorder generating physical malformations and, in approximately one in three cases, ocular and renal damage. The present research aimed to deeply understand patients' subjective experience with NPS, particularly the aspects of the syndrome that affect patients' adaptation and to propose interventions that c...
Chapter
Distress and discord within couples lead to several impairments, including physical and psychological deterioration, and dramatically reduce life satisfaction levels. This chapter raises the following question: Is it possible to maintain and improve a dyadic bond, individual well-being and life satisfaction through a specific intervention? Although...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated, for the first time, how people with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) reflect on continuity of their self (i.e., whether they are the same person they were before). We invited people with mild AD and control participants to conduct The Thinking about Life Experiences (TALE) Scale. More specifically, we invited participants to indicate...
Presentation
De plus en plus de recherches étudient les processus de la régulation émotionnelle au niveau des différences intra-individuelles à l’aide de données temporelles. Les modélisations statistiques en réseaux permettent d’appréhender les relations entre les dimensions de la régulation émotionnelle (Bringmann et al., 2016, 2013; Pavani, Le Vigouroux, Kop...
Presentation
Les émotions représentent un facteur descriptif majeur pour comprendre les troubles anxieux (McLaughlin & Nolen-Hoeksema, 2011) et dépressifs (Bylsma, Taylor-Clift, & Rottenberg, 2011). Ce lien s’explique notamment par des difficultés liées à une forte expression et persistance des affects négatifs chez les personnes les plus anxieuses. De plus en...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated whether autobiographical retrieval would improve the sense of self in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Participants with AD and controls were asked to produce statements describing their self, i.e., statements to the question “Who am I?”, after two conditions: after autobiographical retrieval and after a control verbal fluency task. The pr...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of this study is to test the effects of a customized intervention on distress among caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) using a quasi-experimental design. Method: Fifty-one spouse caregivers in the experimental group and 51 in the control group participated in the study. The effects of the intervention were examined by c...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: A body of experimental, neuropsychological, and neuroanatomical evidence suggests a relationship between autobiographical memory and the ability to generate mental images. This study investigated this relationship in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Method: Twenty six AD participants and 28 control participants were asked to retrieve 2 autob...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Despite the recent upsurge of interest in mind wandering (i.e. the occurrence of task‐unrelated and stimulus‐independent thoughts), little research has attempted to evaluate mind wandering in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We addressed this issue by evaluating intentional and unintentional mind wandering, as well as the relationship between both min...
Book
Cet ouvrage offre un panorama détaillé des approches éprouvées en thérapie comportementale et cognitive de couple actualisé dans le sens de la 3e vague des TCC. Il traite : des conditions d'émergence des thérapies de couple ; de quatre approches internationalement reconnues issues des principaux courants : la thérapie comportementale et cognitive d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A body of research showed positive effects of olfactory stimulation on autobiographical memory. However, no research has evaluated the influence of such stimulation on autobiographical memory in Alzheimer's disease. Objective and methods: We invited participants with Alzheimer's disease and controls to retrieve autobiographical memor...
Conference Paper
Despite various methods of performance validity measurement, little is known regards response bias qualitative aspects. This study aimed to describe and compare behaviors related to response bias on a memory task, in clinical and non-clinical group. 10 neurology inpatients with mild to moderate cognitive impairment and 10 controls were instructed t...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to understand the effects of an autonomous mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) on rumination and mindlessness propensities (automatic pilot functioning and attentional distractibility). The ecological momentary assessment was completed by participants assigned to the following non-randomized groups: an experimental group (n = 43)...
Article
Full-text available
Relatively to "standard" prospective memory, i.e., remembering to perform a future action, little is known about negative prospective memory, i.e., remembering not to perform a future action. This study investigated the latter ability in Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD participants and healthy older adults were asked to click on the keyboard or not to...
Article
Aim: Evaluate the influence of emotional distress of young women with breast cancer and their spouses on their daily subjective experience of the disease, through application of the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. Patients & methods: A total of 112 women under 45 years of age were diagnosed with nonmetastatic breast cancer and their spouses...
Article
L’analyse interprétative phénoménologique permet au chercheur d’explorer l’expérience de participants, le sens qu’ils donnent à leur expérience et les mécanismes psychologiques sous-jacents. Elle est devenue une des approches les plus reconnues en psychologie et elle est utilisée de façon croissante dans d’autres disciplines. Étant donné cet intérê...
Article
Full-text available
Research suggests that odors may serve as a potent cue for autobiographical retrieval. We tested this hypothesis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and investigated whether odor-evoked autobiographical memory is an involuntary process that shares similarities with music-evoked autobiographical memory. Participants with mild AD and controls were asked to r...
Article
Background: Deception can be associated with a heterogeneous network of concepts such as exaggeration, misleading, white lies, and faking. This paper assesses the tendency to deceive in aging. Objective: Our main aim was to assess whether older adults would demonstrate a low tendency to deceive. Methods: A total of 42 older adults (mean age 67...
Poster
Full-text available
Depuis les années 50, les vacances sont intégrées à la pratique des seniors. Toutefois, moins de 48% des +70ans partent en vacances (CREDOC, 2014). Beaucoup y renoncent. Ce renoncement est vécu comme une frustration car il est la conséquence d’une santé défaillante et de moindres ressources financières (Fondation de France, 2014 ; INSEE, 2003). Ces...
Article
Backward and forward telescoping are opposite timing biases. The former refers to misattributing events to earlier dates, whereas the latter refers to misattributing events to later dates. The present study investigated both biases in participants with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and healthy older adults, matched on age, sex, and education level. Part...
Article
Objective: Context memory, a component of episodic system, refers to the ability to retrieve conditions under which an event has occurred, such as who was present during that event and where and when it occurred. Context memory has been found to be compromised in older adults, an issue that we investigated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: T...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To investigate the characteristics of the caregiving experience according to age at onset of dementia to adapt support programs. Method: Fifty-seven spouse caregivers of persons with early-onset dementia (PEOD) and 93 spouse caregivers of persons with late-onset dementia (PLOD) participated. The characteristics of the caregiving experie...
Article
Full-text available
A body of research has investigated the cognitive and affective features of imagining the future. Our study aimed at extending this research by evaluating expressions that are triggered by future thinking. Participants were asked to remember and to imagine personal events. Both past and future thinking were video-recorded and the recording was late...
Article
Full-text available
A pilot mindfulness home intervention was conducted for 6 weeks among 8–12-year-old children born with esophageal atresia and their parents. Participants were randomly assigned to a waiting list control (WLC) group (n = 8) and an experimental group (n = 12). When all participants had completed the mindfulness-based program, data were pooled and tre...
Article
The authors investigated retrospective timing in participants with Korsakoff's syndrome. Patients were assessed on four retrospective tasks on which they were instructed to read three-digit numbers aloud (15 seconds), fill connected squares (30 seconds), decide whether words were abstract or concrete (45 seconds), or read aloud a text about mushroo...