Parul Ichhpujani

Parul Ichhpujani
Government Medical College & Hospital | GMCH · Department of Ophthalmology

MS
Like working with Smart/Tech tools for glaucoma diagnosis. Looking for potential collaborators.

About

265
Publications
73,120
Reads
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1,111
Citations
Citations since 2017
146 Research Items
812 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction
Parul Ichhpujani currently is Faculty in Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College & Hospital,Chandigarh, India. She is a clinician, researcher and an author, in the field of Glaucoma.
Additional affiliations
March 2019 - present
Government Medical College & Hospital
Position
  • Professor (Full)
March 2015 - March 2019
Government Medical College & Hospital
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
February 2010 - March 2015
Government Medical College & Hospital
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (265)
Article
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cases of herpes simplex and zoster ophthalmicus after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and assess the clinical presentations in patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis of cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) between Decem...
Article
Introduction: The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) infection may remain asymptomatic or may have several different presentations. Although this disease primarily affects the respiratory system, systemic manifestations affecting the gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, neurological, otorhinolaryngologic, and ophthalmic systems have been reported. Opht...
Article
Background: Ultra-thin Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (UT-DSAEK) is a recently developed surgical procedure that has shown promising results for the management of various corneal endothelial diseases. Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes of the UT-DSAEK to the Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). Design: A sys...
Article
Full-text available
Visual impairment at a young age has lifelong consequences for the child, family, and society as a whole. To aim for the global development of such children in an inclusive manner and to ensure a good quality of life, children should be offered effective rehabilitation programs at an early age. This brief review aims to address the need and options...
Article
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Purpose: To compare the quality of life (QoL) in patients with glaucoma on medical therapy and after trabeculectomy and glaucoma drainage device (GDD) using vision, glaucoma, and surgery-specific questionnaires. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 30 patients of moderate to severe glaucoma, each in medical, trabeculectomy, and GDD group...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To determine the ability of the Internet-based Spaeth/Richman Contrast Sensitivity (SPARCS) in assessing the change in contrast sensitivity (both central and peripheral) post-treatment with travoprost 0.004%. Design This is a prospective observational study. Methods and participants. Data of 62 eyes (33 patients) undergoing treatment fo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To address the pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coro-navirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), vaccination efforts were initiated across the globe in December 2020 and are continuing. We report the onset interval and clinical presentations of ocular adverse effects following SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Methods: For this narrative review,...
Article
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Purpose: To ascertain normative database of contrast sensitivity (CS) using Spaeth/Richman CS test (SPARCS) in the Indian population. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 200 healthy individuals, and CS was tested in both eyes of each participant using SPARCS. A detailed ocular examination was done before enrollment to rule out pathologie...
Article
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Background: To counter the rapidly spreading severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2), global vaccination efforts were initiated in December 2020. We assess the risk of glaucoma following SARS‐CoV‐2 vaccination and evaluate its onset interval and clinical presentations in patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis...
Article
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Effective and safe ophthalmic anesthesia is essential for the delivery of ophthalmic perioperative care both for children and adults. Recent years have seen a major change in form of smaller incisions for most ophthalmic surgical techniques, thus making them less invasive. Additionally, most ophthalmic surgeries are now day‑care surgeries at ambula...
Article
Full-text available
Parul Ichhpujani, Hennaav Dhillon Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, IndiaCorrespondence: Parul Ichhpujani, Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, 160030, India, Tel +91-9501071591, Fax +91-172-2608488, Email parul77@rediffmail.comAbstract: Tablet based perime...
Article
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Purpose: To deliver educational curriculum to students, online learning has emerged as a new modality of teaching during COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to document the ocular, ergonomical, and mental health issues among undergraduate medical students due to online teaching programs. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study un...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To assess the current trend in the surgical management of glaucoma in India. Methods An anonymous online survey evaluating the preferred choices in the surgical management of glaucoma was circulated among the members of Glaucoma Society of India (GSI). Survey responses were compared to prior survey among GSI members in 2013 and members...
Preprint
PURPOSE YouTube is a popular social media platform accessed by people to obtain relevant health and disease-related information. In this study, we evaluate the videos on the platform as a source of information about amblyopia. METHODS In this prospective, cross-sectional study, a YouTube search was conducted using three keywords, “Lazy eye”, “ambly...
Article
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Purpose: COVID-19-associated mucormycosis (CAM) was a serious public health problem during the second wave of COVID-19 in India. We planned to analyze public perceptions by sentiment analysis of Twitter data regarding CAM. Methods: In this observational study, the application programming interface (API) provided by the Twitter platform was used...
Article
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COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted real-time, direct patient contact in all specialities of medicine and surgery including ophthalmology. Both undergraduate medical students and postgraduates in training, have borne the brunt of the pandemic. This brief review explores the changing trends brought about by the digital learning platforms and simulation...
Article
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Background Deterioration in peripheral contrast sensitivity (CS) can be an indicator to detect progressive deterioration of visual function in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in central and peripheral CS and optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters and in p...
Article
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Background Laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) is the current standard of care for primary angle-closure glaucoma. The existing literature lacks evidence regarding the effects of LPI on contrast sensitivity (CS) after the procedure. Objective This study evaluates central and peripheral CS in patients undergoing LPI using the computer-based, Spaeth/Ri...
Article
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Purpose: To study the impact of moderate and severe primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) on the quality of life (QoL) due to activity limitation using glaucoma-specific questionnaires. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 122 participants, 50% (n = 61) being controls and 50% were diagnosed cases of moderate/severe POAG. Three orally admini...
Article
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PurposeMacular diseases often lead to metamorphopsia, which is traditionally tested using the Amsler grid. This study evaluates a novel method for assessing metamorphopsia, based on the software AMD-A Metamorphopsia Detector, application MacuFix®.Methods In this observational study, the usability of a new smartphone-based testing method to assess m...
Article
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PurposeMost ophthalmic physicians are not formally trained for breaking the news of having sight threatening diseases, requiring lifelong therapy. This study aims to ascertain physician practices and patients’ experiences regarding delivery of bad news.Methods An online, anonymous questionnaire was sent to 400 ophthalmologists practising glaucoma t...
Preprint
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It has been established that smell and taste loss are frequent symptoms during COVID-19 onset. Most evidence stems from medical exams or self-reports. The latter is particularly confounded by the common confusion of smell and taste. Here, we tested whether practical smelling and tasting with household items can be used to assess smell and taste los...
Article
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Domestic pressure cooker trauma leading to severe ocular injuries is generally underreported. It can have varying manifestations ranging from penetrating ocular injury to thermal burns. We report a case of pressure cooker explosion presenting as autoevisceration in one eye and thermal burn in the other eye. This case highlights the importance of th...
Article
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Even though local anesthetic techniques are the cornerstone of ophthalmic anesthesia, the clinical and scientific impact of other kinds of anesthesia cannot be ignored. These include the rapid fluctuations of intraocular pressure (IOP), as well as ocular perfusion imbalance, and can even result in retinal ischemia, visual field defects, and asso...
Article
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Even though the healing effect of music has been recognised since time immemorial, there has been a renewed interest in its use in modern medicine. This can be attributed to the increasing focus on holistic healing, and on the subjective and objective aspects of well being In ophthalmology, this has ranged from using music for patients undergoing d...
Article
Purpose: Ophthalmology has seen numerous novel uses for smartphones over the years including fundus photography, telemedicine, and operative videography. However, anterior segment photography for assessing and documenting trabeculectomy bleb morphology using a smartphone has not been explored in detail. With the current study, we aim to characteriz...
Article
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Purpose: Coronavirus disease pandemic has impacted global healthcare tremendously and ophthalmology is one of the high-hit specialties. An increasing number of research items are upcoming with COVID-19-related research in ophthalmology and this report aims at performing a scientometric analysis of all the available research pertaining to COVID-19...
Book
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The book helps to explore the vast expanse of artificial intelligence-based scientific content that has been published in the last few years. Ophthalmology has recently undergone a silent digital revolution, with machine learning and deep learning algorithms consistently outperforming human graders in studies published across the globe. It is high...
Article
Introduction Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), is known to cause visual dysfunction during its prolonged course of administration. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and field tests are the commonly used screening tests. Not much is known about the role of contrast sensitivity (CS) as method for early detection of HCQ toxicity. This pilot study was designe...
Chapter
Optic nerve head appearance can vary significantly in glaucomatous as well as non-glaucomatous eyes. This creates difficulties in correct classification of the discs from glaucoma point of view, more so where the underlying structure is unexpected or not clearly identified. This chapter addresses some basic aspects that pose difficulty in interpret...
Chapter
As with any other disease, the severity of glaucoma varies and the disease progression happens at a variable pace. Understanding the importance of the severity of a finding in terms its significance for the particular person under consideration should be clear, but is often not considered. This chapter stresses the importance of assessing this issu...
Chapter
An integration of ophthalmology and artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to objectively revolutionize screening, diagnosing and management patterns of various ocular diseases. Applications of AI can make great contributions to provide support to patients in remote areas by sharing expert knowledge and limited resources. This chapter gives...
Chapter
Data protection and privacy, algorithmic fairness, informed consent and cybersecurity and an optimal liability framework are key issues that need to be taken into account for an ethically AI-based healthcare system. This chapter briefly apprises the readers about the ethical concerns with big data and AI in healthcare.
Article
Background Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) is a neurological disorder with varied presentation, visual morbidity being the most important one. Literature is sparse as regards the effects of IIH on the visual system in Asians. Objective Assessment of visual morbidity and change with treatment in IIH patients in North India through a pros...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Fibrous histiocytoma (FH), a mesenchymal tumour, usually have an orbital presentation. Rarely, FH in both benign and malignant forms have been reported at limbus and conjunctiva. Present narrative review was conducted to determine demographic profile, clinical presentation and management options for this rare tumour. Methods: PubMed da...
Article
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changing trends in terms of patient load, presenting complaints, surgical procedures and resource utilization in a multispeciality tertiary care hospital after lockdown due to COVID-19. Methods: Retrospective. data were collected from Ophthalmology in-patient and emergency services of a governm...
Article
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In the new era with ever-growing research and development of new concepts for patient care, it is important to interpret the information from the trials judiciously with the incorporation of patient targeted approach (precision medicine [PM]) along with evidence-based medicine to provide holistic care to the patient. As randomized controlled trials...
Article
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Purpose: The current grading systems used for bleb morphology assessment in patients post-trabeculec-tomy are based on standardized slit-lamp photographs and anterior segment imaging devices. The lack of availability of these expensive and non-portable devices in resource-deficient settings is a significant deterrent in their widespread utilization...
Book
Full-text available
The book provides a detailed description in color format of the optic nerve head changes that occur in glaucoma. It explains the normal and variant anatomy of an optic nerve head and why certain discs are more or less likely to develop glaucomatous changes. This book attempts to explain the anatomical basis of common and not so common signs seen in...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To assess changes in the central and peripheral contrast sensitivity in severe primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients using a computer-based Spaeth/Richman contrast sensitivity test (SPARCS) over a period of 24 months. Methods: Our pilot, observational study included 15 patients (30 eyes) with severe POAG. Visual acuity, intraocula...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) is a disease of elevated intracranial pressure without any known cause. Visual dysfunction is the major morbidity of this disease but not much is known about the way the contrast sensitivity (CS) function is affected. Objective: This prospective, interventional study attempted to evaluate the c...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the perimetric outcomes using a free application program of the iPad, ‘Visual Fields Easy’ (VFE), and Humphrey Visual Field Analyzer (HVFA), in normal as well as eyes with glaucomatous damage of varying severity. Methods:In this prospective, cross‐sectional, observational pilo...
Article
The current evidence suggests that masks are efficacious in limiting the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2). Although cloth masks are effective in outdoor environments, there is a consensus about the requirement of N95 masks or respirators when working in close proximity to patients who may be asymptomatic c...
Article
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Increase in the life expectancy has added to increased burden of providing adequate health facilities on the health care professionals all over the world. To overcome this problem, Artificial intelligence(AI),a computer based program which aims to stimulate human behavior offers promising solution. AI is a broad term encompassing multiple component...
Article
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Ophthalmic literature has been subjected to scientometrics in the past both for specific disease pathologies, such as, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy, and specific journals to add insight to the evolving trends. This short scientometric review looks at the distribution pattern and subject domain knowledge of wo...
Article
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Purpose: This study aims at examining patients across primary angle-closure disease (PACD) spectrum consisting of PAC suspect (PACS), PAC, and PAC glaucoma (PACG), their untreated first-degree relatives and studying their biometric parameters. Materials and Methods: Sixty newly diagnosed patients of PACD (22 with PACS, 20 with PAC, and 18 with PACG...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Objectives: The use of benzalkonium chloride (BAC)-preserved medications is associated with ocular surface disease (OSD) that can negatively affect quality of life (QoL) in glaucoma patients. This study aimed to compare QoL and correlate it with OSD in glaucoma patients receiving BAC-preserved and BAC-free travoprost. Materials and methods: A to...
Data
https://courses.edx.org/certificates/3188ca7fed8f441bba97ba98727f8207 Baby Steps into coding
Article
Full-text available
A 22‑year‑old female presented with bilateral, progressive diminution of vision. Slit‑lamp examination revealed bilateral sectoral corneal edema. Gonioscopy showed broad‑based peripheral anterior synechiae and a membrane obscuring angle structure in both the eyes. On ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM), a membrane extending from corneal endothelium to a...
Article
Full-text available
The delivery of ophthalmic drugs is challenging despite easy accessibility via the ocular surface. Topical instillation of eye drops is a relatively easy and most commonly used as a conduit for drug delivery for treating a myriad of ocular morbidities, particularly involving the anterior segment and has an additional benefit of avoiding the first p...
Article
The essential equipment needed for diagnostic ophthalmology is not universally available, and it is especially limited in emergency situations, primary care centers, and eye examinations camps. Recent technological advances, however, are bringing eye care providers new solutions for telemedicine and smartphone-based ophthalmic assessment. Between w...
Chapter
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of irreversible blindness worldwide. Active clinical research has enhanced our understanding of pathogenesis of glaucoma as well as added promising treatment options. In this chapter, we discuss the recent trends in diagnostic modalities.
Book
This book provides an overview of the latest technological advances in various ophthalmology subspecialties: from the latest glaucoma shunt devices to mobile adaptors for posterior segment evaluation, this book has it all. It gives readers a valuable head start for adopting the uber-new and cutting-edge products now available on the market. Being...
Article
Full-text available
Pointers for shortening the learning curve and improving image quality. In today’s digital world, smartphones have become ubiquitous, indispensable, sophisticated tools. These devices are revolutionizing medical care, and they have found numerous novel uses within ophthalmology. This article characterizes smartphone photography for ocular anterior...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. The topical medications containing benzalkonium chloride (BAK) as preservative is known to induce corneal toxicity and ocular surface disease (OSD) in glaucoma patients. Newer preservatives like SofZia or polyquaternium-1 (Polyquad) have been developed to replace BAK in many medications. The present study aimed at comparing the OSD in...
Article
Spatial contrast sensitivity decline occurs in different types and stages of glaucoma.In this short review we discuss methods of assessing contrast sensitivity, role of contrast sensitivity in the pathogenesis of glaucoma and its practical application in clinical practice.
Chapter
Glaucoma mangement entails use of effective treatment modalities to not only lower but also to maintain intraocular pressure. This chapter reviews the current literature regarding existing pharmacotherapies for glaucoma and those in pipeline.
Chapter
A number of theories have been presented over the years to explain the pathogenesis of glaucoma. Despite the research, the mechanisms underlying glaucomatous optic neuropathy GON remain unclear.
Chapter
Current advances in the laser therapy require revisiting treatment algorithms and integration of traditional and novel approaches in order to ensure optimal outcomes. This chapter provides an overview of recent developments and practice trends in the laser therapy for glaucoma.
Book
The goal of this book is to offer readers essential information on the morphological features of ophthalmic surgical instruments, their possible uses, and intraoperative handling of the standard and latest instrumentation across ophthalmology subspecialties. Detailed content on basic and advanced instruments for both anterior and posterior segment...
Chapter
“Surgical suture” is a medical device that helps to approximate and hold body tissues after a surgery or an injury.
Chapter
Surgical instruments are the proverbial “workhorse” of the ophthalmic surgeons. The instruments described in this chapter are some of the most commonly encountered by those dealing with ocular surgery. Although not always recognized, a proper understanding of surgical instruments plays a vital role in good surgical patient outcomes. Incorrect handl...
Book
Full-text available
This book covers all the latest aspects of what’s happening in all the micro-fields of glaucoma. The chapters cover pathogenesis, structural and functional tests, and medical, laser and surgical therapies. An entire chapter is devoted to the future of glaucoma management. All the chapters are supported with illustrations to enhance understanding of...
Chapter
The only evidence-based, accepted, and the most practiced therapeutic modality for management of glaucoma patients is reducing intraocular pressure. Topical ocular hypotensive medications, as well as laser and incisional glaucoma filtering surgeries, all aim to decrease the IOP, thereby preventing visual field damage by decreasing the rate of retin...
Chapter
Medical and/or laser treatment are the first line of treatment for most glaucoma patients. However, if the target intraocular pressure (IOP) is not attained on maximally tolerable medical therapy and glaucomatous damage is still progressing or is deemed likely to progress, then surgery is suggested to the patient. Usually, the surgeon and the patie...