Pari Patel

Pari Patel
University of Sussex · SPRU Science Policy Research Unit

About

55
Publications
20,136
Reads
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8,768
Citations
Citations since 2017
0 Research Items
2049 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Additional affiliations
January 1983 - October 2014
University of Sussex
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
The purpose of the paper is to examine the relationship between technological diversification and internationalisation of technology for large multinational firms, operating at the world technological frontier. More precisely we address the question as to whether internationalisation determines diversification. The analysis is based on a rich datab...
Article
A key emerging trend in the globalization of innovation is that an increasing share of R&D is being undertaken in Emerging Markets, especially in India and China. This paper focuses on the involvement EU MNEs in this process. It is based on 22 interviews conducted with managers of R&D centres of 15 EU-based companies located in India and China. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyses university-industry linkages based on co-publishing and patenting data for thirteen technical universities in different European countries, with a special focus on Central and East European Countries (CEECs). The paper address in what degree do researchers from technical universities in CEECs co-publish with industry and if ther...
Article
Full-text available
Based on a survey of the inventors of 9017 European patented inventions, this paper provides new information about the characteristics of European inventors, the sources of their knowledge, the importance of formal and informal collaborations, the motivations to invent, and the actual use and economic value of the patents.
Article
This paper reviews the economic literature on the role of fees in patent systems. Two main research questions are usually addressed: the impact of patent fees on the behavior of applicants and the question of optimal fees. Studies in the former group confirm that a range of fees affect the behavior of applicants and suggest that a patent is an inel...
Article
Full-text available
Debates on patenting DNA must evolve to reflect the global decline in filings and regional disparities in patenting activity.
Article
This paper examines the different channels through which academic researchers interact with industry and the factors that influence the researchers’ engagement in a variety of interactions. This study is based on a large scale survey of UK academic researchers. The results show that university researchers interact with industry using a wide variety...
Article
Full-text available
By drawing information from a survey of inventors of 9,017 European patents (PatVal-EU), this paper provides novel and detailed data about the characteristics of the European inventors, the sources of their knowledge, the importance of formal and informal collaborations among researchers and institutions, the motivations to invent, and the actual u...
Article
The aim of the article is to investigate the determinants of patent citations which are reasonably good proxy for the technological value of an invention. The analysis is based on patents granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to French and British inventors from 1969 to 1998. Our aim is to explain the frequency of citations rather t...
Chapter
Full-text available
We use US Patent Statistics to depict national patterns of technology accumulation in Japan and EU countries. Two properties of country profiles are confirmed, namely, stability over time with a country and differentiation across countries. The main novelty introduced here is the combined analysis of overall technological advantage, performance in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates empirically the importance of technological catch-up in explaining productivity growth in a sample of countries since the 1960s. New proxies for a country's absorptive capability--based on data for students studying abroad, telecommunications and publications--are tested in regression models. The results indicate that absorp...
Article
The purpose of the paper is to examine the relationship between technological diversification and internationalisation of technology for large multinational firms, operating at the world technological frontier. More precisely we address the question as to whether internationalisation determines diversification. The analysis is based on a rich datab...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the last decade research and innovation policy in Europe has focused on supporting the development of emerging science and technology fields and the dissemination of the results into the economic and social fabric. In the case of biotechnology, policy-makers in European countries have developed a variety of different policy concepts and instrume...
Article
This paper presents the findings of a study that aimed to contribute to the production of new S&T indicators and to improve existing indicators; the focus was on the development of indicators that could be used to benchmark biotechnology research institutions. This paper focuses on the general methodology that was developed within the investigation...
Article
Despite increasing interest amongst policy makers and academics, there have been few attempts at gathering systematic data on the nature and extent of research collaborations between universities and industry. This paper uses joint scientific publications as an indicator of such collaborations in the UK over 20 years. It finds that, although there...
Article
In this book, the editors and a team of distinguished international contributors analyse the nature of organizational capabilities, studying how organizations do things, use their knowledge base, and diffuse that knowledge in competitive environment. Offering both theoretical analysis and detailed evidence from a variety of individual firms and sec...
Article
Given the trends towards increasing globalisation of markets and of production, the globalisation of technology remains a subject of considerable interest to analysts and policy makers in the 1990s. This paper provides some new empirical observations for debate and discussion on the patterns of technological activities of large firms outside their...
Article
Full-text available
The central components of national systems of innovation in the advanced OECD countries are the innovative activities performed by practitioners (mainly businesses), and the basic research and related training performed by universities. The close linkages observed between the national science base and innovative activities in nationally owned firms...
Article
The world's largest, technologically active firms are more diversified in their technological competencies than in their product range, and this diversity is increasing over time. These firms invest beyond their distinctive core technological competencies in order to manage and co-ordinate technical change with their suppliers of components, equipm...
Article
Firm-specific technological competencies help explain why firms are different, how they change over time, and whether or not they are capable of remaining competitive. Data on more than 400 of the world's largest firms show that their technological competencies have the following characteristics: 1.1. They are typically multi-field, and becoming mo...
Article
Internationalization of technology remains a subject of considerable interest to analysts and policy makers in the 1990s. This paper is a modest attempt at providing some new empirical observations for debate and discussion on one dimension of the subject, namely, the nature and extent of the production of technology undertaken by large firms outsi...
Chapter
Until the early 1970s, it was commonly assumed that the open trading system would allow the rapid international diffusion of technology, both as easily transmissible information (e.g. blueprints and operating instructions), and embodied in machinery. As a consequence, the catching up of Western Europe and Japan to the levels of technology and effic...
Article
Given the trends towards increasing globalization of markets and of production, the globalization of technology remains a subject of considerable interest to analysts and policymakers in the 1990s. The main conclusion of this paper is that there is no systematic evidence to suggest that widespread globalization of technological activities occurred...
Article
Rosenberg's historical analyses of the varying sources and directions of technological change are confirmed by contemporary bibliometric data, in particular: (1) the growth of science-based technologies developed mainly in the R&D laboratories of large firms; (2) more pervasive improvements in production methods based on mechanical technology.The c...
Article
We shall argue that the notion of ‘national systems of innovation’ is a useful one, since it treats explicitly what was ignored in earlier models of technical change: namely, deliberate ‘intangible’ investment in technological learning activities that involve a variety of institutions (principally business firms, universities, other education and t...
Article
We present evidence for the advanced OECD countries of uneven and divergent patterns of technological accumulation. We show that 'global' firms will not smooth out the differences, since their technological activities are strongly influenced by conditionsin their own countries. We suggest that- in addition to diversity in cumulative technological t...
Article
Data on R & D expenditures and US patenting in the world's 660 largest, technologically active firms both show a linear relation between firm size and the volume of innovative activities, despite some inconsistencies between the two measures. Technological diversity increases with firm size, but relatively weakly, especially in R & D-intensive sect...
Article
What are the determinants of differences in the rate of innovation amongst companies and countries? This is a yawning gap in our knowledge. Recent research into the technological strategies of the world’s leading companies shows that home countries matter, if only because the overwhelming proportion of their technological activities are located the...
Article
Full-text available
US patenting by 686 of the world's largest manufacturing firms shows that their share of the world's production of technology is less than their share of R&D activities, and varies greatly amongst sectors. In most cases, the technological activities of these large firms are concentrated in their home country, the characteristics of which influence...
Article
Using a database built on company patenting in the U.S., the Authors examine the scale and distribution of the technological activities of the world's largest manufacturing firms. The relative importance of large firms in the world's technology is analysed to determine their share of the world total in 32 technical areas, their share of total techn...
Article
Technological activities are an important determinant of national economic performance. Data on R&D and on the national origins of patenting in the USA show that, compared to those of FR Germany and the UK, French technological activities have the following characteristics: (1) a relatively high rate of growth over the past 20 years in aggregate ac...
Chapter
Technological activities in Britain have been the subject of much recent debate, including discussion by the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology (1986), and by The Times, that not only published a series of articles (16–19 February 1987), but also scolded the Prime Minister for what it considered an unsatisfactory Parliamentar...
Article
Differences in the technological dynamism of the two countries are studied using research and development expenditure and the volume of patenting in the US as proxy measures. West Germany has an overall lead in patenting but this varies amongst sectors, so sectoral patterns and trends in technological activities are compared. Different patterns of...
Article
In this election year of 1987 the state of Britain's technology has remained high on the political agenda. Following the critical report from the House of Lords on civil research and development (1986), the government recently announced changes in its machinery and priorities and expressed concern about British industry's (lack of) funding of R and...
Article
Using a variety of indicators, this paper compares technological levels in Japan, the USA and W. Europe. There is no justification for assuming general European technological backwardness. Whilst it lags in electronics, and since 1975 has had a relatively slow rate of growth of innovative activities, it also has sectors of strength (chemicals, mach...
Article
Full-text available
[eng] R-D, international technology imports. And economic growth. an international comparison. Luc Soete, Pari Patel. This paper provides an attempt at relating the output and productivity growth performance of the largest OECD-Countries to their domestic R & D — expen-ditures and technology imports. It is found that the way estimated R & D and tec...

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