Paquito Bernard

Paquito Bernard
Université du Québec à Montréal | UQAM · Department of Kinanthropology

PhD Exercise Science
Health behavior change for a better health and livable planet

About

161
Publications
52,548
Reads
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1,740
Citations
Citations since 2016
116 Research Items
1559 Citations
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Introduction
My research activity focuses on the effects and mechanisms of physical activity on mental health, and the health behavior change for a better health and a livable planet. https://avuer.hypotheses.org/author
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - July 2016
Laval University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2012 - present
Université de Montpellier
Description
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Full-text available
This commentary argues that health psychology, as a scientific discipline, needs to address the negative consequences of Anthropocene by helping individuals, communities and health systems to produce proactive efforts and prepare effective responses strategies for climate change consequences. The commentary addresses the following questions: How to...
Article
Full-text available
Background Climate change impacts are associated with dramatic consequences for human health and threaten physical activity (PA) behaviors.Objective The aims of this systematic review were to present the potential bidirectional associations between climate change impacts and PA behaviors in humans and to propose a synthesis of the literature throug...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It's time to tackle climate change in all university disciplines The entire university community should systematically incorporate issues of climate change and the collapse of biodiversity into introductory courses.
Article
According to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change experts, recent changes across the climate system are unprecedented, and the next decades are the most decisive in human history to drastically reduce global annual greenhouse gas emissions. This text argues that sport and exercise psychology, as a scientific discipline, needs to address anthro...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Human activities have changed the environment so profoundly over the past two centuries that human-induced climate change is now posing serious health-related threats to current and future generations. Rapid action from all scientific fields, including behavioral medicine, is needed to contribute to both mitigation of, and adaption to,...
Article
Full-text available
Few studies have focused on older public housing tenants' perceptions of physical activity. Greater understanding of how they define, appreciate, and engage in physical activity could lead to better targeted promotion and reduced health inequalities for this subgroup of the population. We conducted 26 walk-along interviews with older public housing...
Chapter
Full-text available
Across the world, young people do not have the same opportunities to develop their potential and become well-rounded adults. The world’s population is approximately 1.8 billion young people aged 10–24 years, and about 90% of them live in developing countries within an extreme development context. Optimal development of those generations depends on...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Changing current dietary patterns into sustainable healthy diets (i.e. healthy diets with low environmental impact and socio-economically fair) is urgent. So far, few eating behavior change interventions have addressed all the dimensions of sustainable healthy diets at once and using cutting edge methods from the field of digital health...
Preprint
Background: Changing current dietary patterns into sustainable healthy diets (i.e. healthy diets with low environmental impact and socio-economically fair) is urgent. So far, few eating behavior change interventions have addressed all the dimensions of sustainable healthy diets at once and using cutting edge methods from the field of digital health...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’éducation physique et sportive peut-être un vecteur fort dans l’éducation aux changements climatiques si les initiatives se concentrent sur des changements structuraux, et des connaissances et compétences clés.
Article
Full-text available
Background Physical exercise is an evidence-based treatment to reduce symptoms and negative affect in several psychiatric disorders, including depressive, anxiety, and psychotic disorders. However, the effect of physical exercise on negative affect in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) has not yet been investigated. In this pilot s...
Preprint
Changes in the food system are necessary for attaining the Sustainable Development Goals. A shift in current dietary patterns, especially in developed countries, is one of the most effective measures to achieve a sustainable and fair food system. In this viewpoint, we i) contend why, alongside structural changes to the food production and distribut...
Article
This systematic review and meta‐analysis assessed the feasibility and acceptability of exercise and controlled trial methods in adults awaiting or having undergone bariatric surgery (BS). Search methods used to identify relevant articles were inclusion of articles identified in a systematic review, new database search of articles published 2019–202...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction Borderline personality disorder is characterized by instability of self, relationships, and affect. It is highly comorbid with both mental and somatic disorders. Physical activity (PA) has shown great results in treating and alleviating symptoms of these disorders. PA intervention either for research or clinical purpose should consider...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Regular physical activity (PA) is recommended to optimize metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) weight and health outcomes. However, more than 70% of patients have low PA levels before MBS that persist after MBS. Whilst behavioural interventions delivered face-to-face have shown promise for increasing PA among MBS patients, many patients...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Regular physical activity (PA) is recommended to optimize weight and health outcomes in patients who have undergone metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS). However, >70% of patients have low PA levels before MBS that persist after MBS. Although behavioral interventions delivered face-to-face have shown promise for increasing PA among pa...
Chapter
Full-text available
Bouger ! C’est ce que les scientifiques nous recommandent pour une meilleure santé et cela fait consensus auprès des scientifiques (Carson, Chaput, Janssen et Tremblay, 2017). Mais plus encore, l’activité physique pratiquée à l’extérieur en plein air serait un excellent moyen de promouvoir un mode de vie sain et actif autant chez les jeunes, que ch...
Preprint
This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the feasibility and acceptability of exercise and controlled trial methods in adults awaiting or having undergone bariatric surgery (BS). Search methods used to identify relevant articles were: inclusion of articles identified in a systematic review, new database search of articles published 2019-21...
Preprint
This editorial adopted a cornucopian position, i.e., human ingenuity and market modification are the solutions to cope with climate change. Authors suggested that research priorities should focus on technological innovation regarding batteries, cars, and renewable energy. However, despite major research efforts in these areas in the past 30 years,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: The objectives were a) to test whether a Processes of Change (POC)-personalized Transtheoretical model (TTM)-based intervention could increase physical activity (PA) among inactive adults, and b) to examine whether the intervention increased the level of TTM theoretical constructs. The following hypotheses were formulated: 1) PA levels w...
Preprint
https://psyarxiv.com/zm39x/ Objective: Despite the established association between personality traits and physical activity, prior studies have failed to identify the dynamics between the momentary manifestation of personality traits (states) and cognitive-affective mechanisms in relation to physical activity. Based on the Whole Trait theory, the c...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the present study was to estimate whether physical activity on one day was associated with both sleep quality and quantity the following night and to examine to what extent sleep on one night was associated with physical activity the next day. We collected data from 33 young adults who were overweight or obese and consistently wore...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Despite the recognized benefits of physical activity on health, most youth, especially those with a migrant background, do not meet movement guidelines. Outdoor learning is recognized as a promising intervention to address this issue. The objective of this quasi-experimental study was to measure the effects of the PASE ('“Outdoors, He...
Preprint
Health risk behaviours such as physical inactivity, unhealthy eating, smoking tobacco, and alcohol use are each leading risk factors for non-communicable chronic disease and each play a central role in limiting health and life satisfaction. However, much less is known about how co-occurring behaviours are associated with health outcomes. Understand...
Article
Full-text available
Older public housing tenants experience various factors associated with physical inactivity and are locally dependent on their environment to support their physical activity. A better understanding of the person-environment fit for physical activity could highlight avenues to improve access to physical activity for this subgroup of the population....
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction Les derniers rapports du Lancet concluent que le changement climatique est la menace la plus importante pour la santé humaine et que la santé des générations futures est dépendante de notre capacité à réduire drastiquement nos émissions de gaz à effet de serre. Notre objectif était d’analyser la littérature scientifique qui examine les...
Chapter
Schizophrenia and other disorders of the schizophrenia spectrum are the 8th leading cause of disability in the world and affect 1–3% of the general population. These disorders are characterized by the presence of several symptoms, including negative symptoms such as decreased motivation. This type of symptom is particularly troublesome for people s...
Article
Objectives In recent years, issues related to physical health took on a major role in the care of youth who experienced a first episode psychosis (FEP). Compared to the general population, people with a psychotic disorder have a reduced life expectancy of 15 years, with physical health problems accounting for 60 to 70% of that part. With the increa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Hypertension is a serious health issue and a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Although various health education models have been used to improve lifestyle in patients with hypertension, the findings have been inconsistent. Objective: This study aims to assess the effects of a lifestyle intervention program...
Article
Work is reported as a major source of psychological stress. Because of its role in the onset of burnout and its impact on economic and health systems, work stress (WS) has become an issue of great concern. Two categories of physical activity, namely leisure-time and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (LTPA and MVPA), show promising evidence for...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Toute la communauté universitaire devrait systématiquement intégrer les enjeux des changements climatiques et de l’effondrement de la biodiversité dans les formations initiales.
Article
Background Health behaviors such as physical inactivity, unhealthy eating, smoking tobacco, and alcohol use are leading risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases and play a central role in limiting health and life satisfaction. To date, however, health behaviors tend to be considered separately from one another, resulting in guidelines and...
Article
Background Antidepressant medication is one of the most prescribed medications among Canadians. This medication class has been previously associated with adverse effects. To date, far too little attention has been paid to physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) in adults using antidepressant medication. The study aims to compare objecti...
Preprint
Fasting is currently not recommended during cancer treatment. Despite this, a meaningful proportion of patients with cancer have positive perceptions of fasting, or practice fasting during their treatment. The integrated behavior change model (IBCM) combines variables and hypotheses derived from the theory of planned behavior, the self-determinatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Across the world, young people do not have the same opportunities to develop their potential and become well-rounded adults. The world's population is approximately 1.8 billion young people aged 10 to 24, and about 90% of them live in developing countries within extreme development context. Optimal development of those generations depends on the re...
Preprint
Physical exercise is an evidence-based treatment to reduce symptoms and negative affect in several psychiatric disorders, including depressive, anxiety, and psychotic disorders. However, the effect of physical exercise on negative affect in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) has not yet been investigated. In this pilot study, we te...
Article
Objectives This review is motivated by the observation that clinical decision-making in mental health is limited by the nature of the measures obtained in conventional clinical interviews and the difficulty for clinicians to make accurate predictions about their patients' future mental states. Our objective is to offer a representative overview of...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Physical exercise is a well-documented treatment for individuals with mental disorder. It helps improve symptoms and functioning of these individuals. Moreover, recent studies indicated that exercise improve emotional regulation which is one of the main target in borderline personality disorder (BPD) treatment. Therefore, exercise migh...
Article
Considérant le fait que les activités physiques et sportives (APS) peuvent à la fois améliorer et aggraver la situation en matière de changements climatiques, notre équipe a récemment publié une revue systématique faisant la synthèse des liens entre changement climatique et l’APS. Cette revue systématique compile plus de 60 articles. L’objectif de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Human activities have changed the biosphere so profoundly over the past two centuries that human-induced climate change is now posing serious health-related treats to the current and future generations. Rapid actions from all scientific fields are needed to contribute to both the mitigation and adaption to climate change. Purpose: This...
Preprint
Full-text available
The objective of the present study was to estimate whether physical activity (i.e., step counts) on one day was associated with both sleep quality (i.e., sleep efficiency) and quantity (i.e., total sleep time) the following night and to examine to what extent sleep on one night was associated with physical activity the next day. We collected data c...
Article
The day-to-day variations of sleep and physical activity are associated with various health outcomes in adults, and previous studies suggested a bidirectional association between these behaviors. The daily associations between sleep and physical activity have been examined in observational or interventional contexts. The primary goal of the current...
Article
The day-to-day variations of sleep and physical activity are associated with various health outcomes in adults, and previous studies suggested a bidirectional association between these behaviors. The daily associations between sleep and physical activity have been examined in observational or interventional contexts. The primary goal of the current...
Article
ACCES LIBRE ICI - https://archipel.uqam.ca/14072/ Le présent article résume l’état des connaissances sur l’utilisation de l’AP dans le traitement des troubles dépressifs majeurs et modérés, et sur sa promotion en contexte de psychologie clinique.
Preprint
BACKGROUND Health behaviors such as physical inactivity, unhealthy eating, smoking tobacco, and alcohol use are leading risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases and play a central role in limiting health and life satisfaction. To date, however, health behaviors tend to be considered separately from one another, resulting in guidelines and...
Preprint
Health behaviours such as physical inactivity, unhealthy eating, smoking tobacco, and alcohol use are leading risk factors for non-communicable chronic disease and play a central role in limiting health and life satisfaction. To date, however, health behaviours tend to be considered separately from one another, resulting in guidelines and intervent...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Examine the association between physical activity and sedentary time with high sensitivity C-Reactive protein levels in adults with arthritis and fibromyalgia. We also investigated the dose of physical activity that was associated with lower clinical levels of high sensitivity C-Reactive protein (< 3 mg/L). Materials and methods: Observ...
Preprint
Mental health research community needs to collect high-quality data to understand the effects of COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown measures in adults with mental disorders. Our aims were to document the day-to-day patterns of depressive symptoms and sleep parameters, and explore the dynamic network structure of measured depressive symptoms...
Article
The first purpose of this systematic review and metaanalysis was to describe rates of acute stress disorder following five different types of traumatic events. The second goal was to assess the methodological and trauma-related factors influencing these rates. Between May 2017 and October 2019, studies were identified by searching through the Psych...
Preprint
The day-to-day variations of sleep and physical activity are associated with various health outcomes in adults, and previous studies suggested a bidirectional association between these behaviors. The daily associations between sleep and physical activity have been examined in observational or interventional contexts. The primary goal of the current...
Article
Motivational theory-based interventions are known to be effective for increasing physical activity (PA) in the general population but their effects in people with severe mental illness are poorly understood. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis on the effect of these interventions on PA and cardiometabolic risk factors. A systematic search of ra...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. Work is reported as one of the main sources of psychological stress. Because of its role in the onset of burnout and impact on economic and health systems, work-related stress (WS) has become an issue of much concern. Among modifiable factors capable of reducing WS, two categories of physical activity (PA), namely leisure-time and moder...
Preprint
POST PRINT : https://avuer.hypotheses.org/files/2021/05/Bernard-2021-Climate-change-physical-activity-and-sport-a-systematic-review.pdf The climate change manifestations are associated with dramatic consequences for human health and threat physical activity behaviors.Objective The aims of this systematic review were to present the potential bidirec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Hypertension is a severe health issue and a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Various health educational models have been used to improve their lifestyle in hypertensive patients, but the findings are inconsistent. Thus, this study assesses a lifestyle intervention program's effects using a modified Beliefs,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Antidepressant medication is one of the most prescribed medications among Canadians. This medication class has been previously associated with adverse effects. To date, far too little attention has been paid to physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) in adults using antidepressant medication. The study aims to compare object...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Past research shows that psychosocial stress and distress predict sedentary behavior and physical activity, but few studies focus on pregnant women. Our objective was to analyze relationships between psychosocial stress and distress with sedentary behavior and physical activity among pregnant women in Canada. Methods: We analyzed obj...
Article
We read with great interest the article by Şekerci and Kitiş [1] describing a Transtheoretical Model (TTM) based intervention delivered by motivational interviews to improve physical exercise in women with diabetes. Although the TTM has been regularly criticized, the Şekerci and Kitiş [1] study illustrates that TTM interventions are effective to im...
Preprint
Objective: Examine the transversal association between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (SED-time) with high sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP) levels in adults with arthritis and fibromyalgia. We also investigated the dose of PA that was associated with lower clinical levels of hsCRP (< 3 mg/L).Design: Observation...
Preprint
This letter highlights three points about a published study of Şekerci and Kitiş: 1- TTM-based interventions to promote PA in clinical practices work, 2- implementation is generally not based on the revised TTM assumptions, 3- the lack of details and information provided about the intervention represent an important obstacle to future reproducibili...
Article
Le tableau ci-dessous propose une traduction française de la taxonomie des techniques de changement de comportement élaborée par Michie et al. (2013). Cette taxonomie renvoie aux techniques de changement de comportement (acronyme anglais 'BCT' signifiant Behaviour Change Techniques) qui correspondent aux composantes concrètes d'une intervention vis...