Paolo Toffanin

Paolo Toffanin
University of Groningen | RUG · Audiology Center ENT

About

18
Publications
2,656
Reads
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398
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2008 - August 2011
University of Groningen
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (18)
Article
This study placed the phenomenon of college women’s fat talk within response styles theory. We predicted that with increasing trait body dissatisfaction there would be an increase in rumination leading to a greater frequency of fat talk. We also predicted that neuroticism would moderate this mediation pathway, and that these effects would occur ove...
Article
Full-text available
Earlier studies have shown that musically trained individuals may have a benefit in adverse listening situations when compared to non-musicians, especially in speech-on-speech perception. However, the literature provides mostly conflicting results. In the current study, by employing different measures of spoken language processing, we aimed to test...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding speech is effortless in ideal situations, and although adverse conditions, such as caused by hearing impairment, often render it an effortful task, they do not necessarily suspend speech comprehension. A prime example of this is speech perception by cochlear implant users, whose hearing prostheses transmit speech as a significantly de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When speech comprehension becomes effortful, e.g. in adverse conditions, it is necessary to understand which processes are the sources of the effort. By means of pupillometry, this paper investigates whether the automatic process of lexical competition increases effort, and whether mismatching cues, degradation of the signal, and listener' experien...
Chapter
How we select, modulate and keep focused on information that is relevant to behaviour is critical to understanding human performance. Such diverse processes as memory storage and retrieval, action selection and decision-making cannot be fully described without consideration of the role that attention plays in them. On the one hand, attention is inv...
Chapter
Neuroergonomics has been defined as the study of the brain and behaviour at work (Parasuraman & Rizzo, 2007). The major goal of this new field is to use existing and emerging knowledge from the neurosciences to inform understanding of human behaviour and performance in work-relevant tasks. As such knowledge is gained, the hope is that we can design...
Article
We predicted that the perceived likelihood of acquiring a hoped-for thin self would mediate perfectionistic strivings on dietary restraint, and that the perceived likelihood of acquiring a feared fat self would mediate perfectionistic concerns on dietary restraint. We also predicted that the mediation pathway from perfectionistic concerns to dietar...
Article
The processing of successive targets requires that attention be engaged and disengaged. Whereas attentional engagement can be studied by means of the N2pc component of the event-related potential (ERP), no ERP component has been linked to attentional disengagement. Here, we report the finding of such a component using an RSVP paradigm with multiple...
Article
We measured electroencephalographic activity during visual search of a target object among objects available to perception or among objects held in visual short-term memory (VSTM). For perceptual search, a single shape was shown first (pre-cue) followed by a search-array, and the task was to decide whether the pre-cue was or was not in the search-a...
Article
Frequency tagging has been often used to study intramodal attention but not intermodal attention. We used EEG and simultaneous frequency tagging of auditory and visual sources to study intermodal focused and divided attention in detection and discrimination performance. Divided-attention costs were smaller, but still significant, in detection than...
Article
Frequency tagging is an EEG method based on the quantification of the steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) elicited from stimuli which flicker with a distinctive frequency. Because the amplitude of the SSVEP is modulated by attention such that attended stimuli elicit higher SSVEP amplitudes than do ignored stimuli, the method has been used...
Article
Full-text available
When resources (e.g., attention or memory) are scarce the human cognitive system must solve the economic problem of resource allocation. We used electroencephalography to examine the time course of the allocation of resources in the brain in hopes of revealing the routines adopted by the human-processing system when managing its resources. We first...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying two target stimuli in a rapid stream of visual symbols is much easier if the second target appears immediately after the first target (i.e., at Lag 1) than if distractor stimuli intervene. As this phenomenon comes with a strong tendency to confuse the order of the targets, it seems to be due to the integration of both targets into the s...
Article
Full-text available
Frequency tagging is an EEG method based on the quantification of the steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) elicited from stimuli which flicker with a distinctive frequency. Because the amplitude of the SSVEP is modulated by attention such that attended stimuli elicit higher SSVEP amplitudes than do ignored stimuli, the method has been used...
Article
Full-text available
A sentence verification task (SVT) was used to test whether differences in neural activation patterns that have been attributed to IQ may actually depend on differential strategy use between IQ groups. Electroencephalograms were recorded from 14 low (89 < IQ < 110) and 14 high (121 < IQ < 142) IQ individuals as they performed the SVT with either a...
Article
We investigated whether it is possible to control the temporal window of attention used to rapidly integrate visual information. To study the underlying neural mechanisms, we recorded ERPs in an attentional blink task, known to elicit Lag-1 sparing. Lag-1 sparing fosters joint integration of the two targets, evidenced by increased order errors. Sho...
Article
Full-text available
Two experiments examined the issue of the functional mechanisms exerting a modulatory effect on the latency of the P3. In experiment 1, using a psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm, two sequential stimuli (T(1) and T(2)) were presented in each trial at varying stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs), each requiring a speeded choice response. S...

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