Paolo D Pigatto

Paolo D Pigatto
University of Milan | UNIMI · Department of Biomedical, Surgical , and Dental Sciences

Associate Professor

About

466
Publications
46,478
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6,035
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Additional affiliations
January 2006 - November 2015
University of Milan
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (466)
Article
Full-text available
Since psoriasis (PsO) is a chronic inflammatory disease, patients may experience a drug failure also with very effective drugs (i.e., secukinumab) and, consequently, dermatologists have two therapeutic options: switching or perform a combination therapy (rescue therapy) to save the drug that had decreased its efficacy. At the moment no studies focu...
Article
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Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a multisystem, recurrent, environmental disorder that flares in response to different exposures (i.e., pesticides, solvents, toxic metals and molds) under the threshold limit value (TLV) calculated for age and gender in the general population. MCS is a syndrome characterized by cutaneous, allergic, gastrointes...
Article
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During this pandemic, dermatological infusion centers were partially unavailable, suspended or even reconverted to guest COVID-19 patients, consequently infliximab infusions became challenging for their both logistic arrangement and also for patients' COVID-19 phobia. This 48 weeks follow-up retrospective observational study included 37 PsO patient...
Article
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This update and revision of the international guideline for urticaria was developed following the methods recommended by Cochrane and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group. It is a joint initiative of the Dermatology Section of the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI),...
Article
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Vegans and vegetarians often consume foods containing photosensitizers capable of triggering phytophotodermatitis. The potential effect of vegan and vegetarian diets on the response of psoriatic patients undergoing phototherapy is not well characterized. We assessed clinical outcomes of vegan, vegetarian and omnivore adult psoriatic patients underg...
Article
This is a Letter to the Editor and does not have an abstract. Please download the PDF or view the article HTML.
Article
It is Leonard F. Hoenig, MD Data on the tolerability and response to biologic therapies for type 2 immune disorders in the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are currently lacking. Our survey aimed at assessing the adherence of patients to dupilumab therapy and the risk of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)...
Article
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Adult atopic dermatitis (adult AD) is a systemic inflammatory disorder, whose relationship with immune-allergic and metabolic comorbidities is not well established yet. Moreover, treatment of mild-to-moderate and severe atopic dermatitis needs standardization among clinicians. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of comorbidities,...
Article
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Alitretinoin is the only systemic agent approved to treat moderate‐severe chronic hand eczema (CHE) unresponsive to potent topical corticosteroids. No nationwide Italian data regarding real‐life efficacy, safety, and tolerability of treatment are available. The DECISA project (DErmatology Clinics in Italy: Survey on Alitretinoin) retrospectively ex...
Article
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BACKGROUND The impact of intermittent circadian fasting (ICF) on skin disorders is far to be plenty deciphered. However, the circadian rhythm seems to exert a modulation on dermatoses severity, drug‐response and drug‐related side effects. OBJECTIVES To evaluate ICF effect in the daily management of dermatoses. METHODS In this multicenter, prospec...
Article
Background: Budesonide was included in the European Baseline Series in 2000 as the most suitable marker for CS hypersensitivity. In the last 2 decades a decreasing trend of budesonide allergy was observed. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of positive patch test reactions to budesonide in an Italian large patch test population characterizin...
Article
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BACKGROUND: During the recent COVID-19 outbreak, masks became mandatory and shortages frequent, therefore the prevalence of non-CE(European Conformity Mark) approved masks increased in the general population. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of mask-related cutaneous side effects and the differences between CEand non-CEapproved masks. METHODS: I...
Article
Although COVID‐19 vaccination is warmly suggested for psoriatic patients by several dermatological societies worldwide, only a recently published Italian case‐series has sustained a safe and effective role of the vaccine in this patients’ subset. Remarkably, vaccines information highlights that limited data are present for immunosuppressed patients...
Article
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Objective Bacterial and viral infectious triggers are linked to spondyloarthritis (SpA) including psoriatic arthritis (PsA) development, likely via dendritic cell activation. We investigated spinal entheseal plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) toll-like receptor (TLR)-7 and 9 activation and therapeutic modulation, including JAK inhibition. We also...
Article
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Background: Chronic spontaneous urticaria might affect elderly patients, causing a serious impairment of their quality of life. The therapeutic management of the elderly patient is challenging; in fact, the first-line recommended therapy for symptom control are antihistamines, that may have interactions or increased risk of side effects in patient...
Article
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During COVID‐19 pandemic, wearing masks for prevention became mandatory but evidence suggest that is also detrimental for skin. Although facial dermatoses due to masks increase in both healthcare workers and general population, a pathogenetic hypothesis remains still elusive. To evaluate the prevalence of dermatological consultations due to Koebner...
Article
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Background: Masks are essential for COVID-19 prevention, but recently they were suggested to modify cutaneous facial microenvironment and trigger facial dermatoses. Objective: To evaluate mask- related rosacea and acne (maskne) in untreated patients during lockdown METHODS: In this multi-center, real-life, observational prospective study, we enr...
Article
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Background Based on the facts that Myroxylon pereirae (MP), or Balsam of Peru, is nowadays almost not used “as such”, and fragrance mix 1 (FM1) apparently is more sensitive in detecting fragrance allergy, the usefulness of testing MP in baseline series was recently questioned. Objectives Identification of the number of clinically relevant patch te...
Article
Geographic tongue (GT), a form of inverse psoriasis, is frequently linked to plaque psoriasis. The objective of the study is to evaluate IL-17 blocker (secukinumab) effect on GT severity. This reallife, multicenter, retrospective observational pilot study evaluated patients with plaque psoriasis and concomitant GT that started in label treatment wi...
Article
Geographic tongue (GT) represents a localized type of psoriasis inversa and its burden of dermatological and oral comorbidities frequently conditions its severity and diagnosis. Currently, no epidemiological studies have evaluated GT muco-cutaneous comorbidities. We aimed to study oral and dermatological comorbidities in a large sample of GT patien...
Chapter
Wound healing is a multistep regeneration process that requires immunological and microenvironmental conditions occurring simultaneously. Since platelets and their granules play a pivotal role in wound healing, their use as medication is extensively been evaluated in several fields, spacing from chronic wounds to aesthetics. In this chapter, we foc...
Article
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Background Few and small studies have described the management of immunomodulant/immunosuppressive therapies or phototherapy in atopic dermatitis (AD) patients during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) pandemic. Methods A national registry, named DA‐COVID‐19 and involving 35 Italian dermatology units, was established in order to evaluate the impa...
Chapter
In dermatology photopatch tests evaluate the delayed type hypersensitivity that clinically manifests as photodermatoses. This diagnostic test aims to re-create triggering conditions, namely photoallergen + UVA, capable to sustain photodermatoses development. Despite its relatively simple execution, the challenging part remains the result interpreta...
Preprint
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Background: Few and small studies have described the management of immunomodulant/immunosuppressive therapies or phototherapy in atopic dermatitis (AD) patients during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: A national registry, named DA-COVID-19 and involving 35 Italian dermatology units, was established in order to evaluate the imp...
Article
Introduction & Objectives Phototherapy is a mainstay for the treatment of MF. However, there is scarce evidence for its use, mostly due to the lack of a unified schedule. The primary aim of this study was to establish the first structured, expert‐based consensus regarding the indications and technical schedules of NB‐UVB and PUVA for MF. The second...
Article
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Background Tetracyclines (TetraC) are widely used in dermatology for both inflammatory and infectious dermatoses; recently both in vivo and in vitro studies started to suggest also a potential anti‐viral effect. During COVID‐19 outbreak, several dermatological patients contracted SARS‐CoV‐2 experiencing only mild symptoms, but no protocol were appr...
Article
Background: Tetracyclines (TetraC) are widely used in dermatology for both inflammatory and infectious dermatoses; recently both in vivo and in vitro studies started to suggest also a potential anti-viral effect. During COVID-19 outbreak, several dermatological patients contracted SARS-CoV-2 experiencing only mild symptoms, but no protocol were app...
Article
Background: Treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) in the elderly may be challenging, due to side-effects of traditional anti-inflammatory drugs and to comorbidities often found in this age group. Furthermore, efficacy and safety of innovative drugs such as dupilumab are not yet well known. Objectives: A multicentre retrospective...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Few and small studies have described the management of immunomodulant/immunosuppressive therapies or phototherapy in atopic dermatitis (AD) patients during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: A national registry, named DA-COVID-19 and involving 35 Italian dermatology units, was established in order to evaluate the imp...
Article
Background: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a heterogeneous condition whose management can be complex and challenging. The 0bjectives is to evaluate physicians' attitudes regarding practical aspects of CSU management, including adherence to international guidelines, criteria and instruments for CSU assessment, prescription of laboratory inv...
Article
Background: The therapeutic approaches to patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) differ among health care professionals and may be influenced by many factors. Objectives: This cross-sectional survey was aimed at evaluating physicians' attitudes regarding therapeutic management of CSU on clinical practice. Methods: A study-specific q...
Article
Background The susceptibility of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis and the risks or benefits related to the use of biological therapies for COVID-19 are unknown. Few data about prevalence, clinical course and outcomes of COVID-19 among psoriatic patients were reported. The aims of this study were 1) to assess the prevalence and severity of COV...
Article
Background: Drug resistance to biologics in psoriasis therapy can occur – it may be acquired during a treatment or else present itself from the beginning. To date, no biomarkers are known that may reliably guide clinicians in predicting responsiveness to biologics. Biologics may pose a substantial economic burden. Secukinumab efficiently targets IL...
Article
Background: Psoriasis-related pruritus-(PRP) in patients under systemic treatment is challenging. The risk to switch anti-psoriatic drug and to lose response to previous therapy is high, thus dermatologists prefer to add an anti-pruritic agent. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of anti-histamines and aprepitant in treating PPR of psoriatic patient...
Article
Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) are common and influence negatively the patient's therapeutic options. They recognize multiple pathogenic mechanisms, some of immunological origin, and the clinical manifestations involve several organs and systems, including skin and/or mucous membranes in 25-30% of patients. The identification of the trigger drug rem...
Article
The clinical manifestations of methylmercury toxicity do not differ greatly according to the acute and/or chronic methylmercury overexposure.
Article
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Background SARS‐CoV‐2 become pandemics and there is still a dearth of data about its the potentially among dermatological patients under biologics. Objective To assess health literacy, disease knowledge, treatment dissatisfaction and biologics attitudes toward COVID‐19. Methods We performed a cross‐sectional, questionnaire‐based survey on 98/105...
Article
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) infection, is creating an unprecedented global public health emergency with the continuous growth of infected individuals worldwide. Italy was one of the first European country to face the first wave of infection outside mainland China. T...
Article
The long-term efficacy and safety of dupilumab has been demonstrated in clinical trials and only in few real-world studies. We conducted an extension analysis from a previous 16-week study on 109 adult patients affected by moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis treated with dupilumab. Eczema-Area-and-Severity-Index (EASI), itch numerical-rating-score...
Article
Toxic metals are not so rare but are often neglected causes of alopecia areata in men and women. Thallium, arsenic, selenium, and mercury are the most common cause of metals-related alopecia, which is what Vicky Yu and colleagues’ found. Other than the presence of thallium, arsenic, mercury, and selenium, cadmium, bismuth, lithium, and copper shoul...
Article
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Background: Urticaria is a disorder affecting skin and mucosal tissues characterized by the occurrence of wheals, angioedema or both, the latter defining the urticaria-angioedema syndrome. It is estimated that 12-22% of the general population has suffered at least one subtype of urticaria during life, but only a small percentage (estimated at 7.6-...
Article
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Among the basic protective measures against COVID‐19, the need to wash hands frequently and in a prolonged way using soap, and to regularly use alcohol‐based hand sanitizers is well established for the whole population. Healthcare workers in general, and particularly those involved in the direct care of COVID‐19 patients, have to wear personal prot...
Article
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The intestinal tract (i.e., the gut), is where the body’s nutrients are absorbed, and is simultaneously inhabited by numerous microbes. An increasing body of literature suggests a crucial role for the gut microbiome in modulating systemic inflammatory disease. Psoriasis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease and its pathogenesis is related to t...
Chapter
The scrupulous reading of the patch test reactions must be made by using a magnifying glass, carrying out digital palpation, and assessing symptoms. Allergic test reaction is characterized by itching, erythema, papules, and vesicles; generally there is also a reaction outside the area where the test substance has been applied. After making qualitat...
Article
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Fibromyalgia is one of the most important “rheumatic” disorders, after osteoarthritis. The etiology of the disease is still not clear. At the moment, the most defined pathological mechanism is the alteration of central pain pathways, and emotional conditions can trigger or worsen symptoms. Increasing evidence supports the role of mast cells in main...
Article
Background: In the biologic era, Narrow Band Ultraviolet B (NB UVB) phototherapy stillremains a valuable, effective, inexpensive, safe anti-psoriatic treatment Patients can lose response to NBUVB over time due to photoadaptation.This phenomenon is the tendency of the skin to respond to ultraviolet (UV) exposure by undergoing changes that may resul...
Article
Atopic dermatitis (AD) places significant burden not only on quality of life, but is also associated with considerable costs to healthcare systems. Diagnosis of AD may be challenging when it starts in adolescence or adulthood, and is further complicated as its manifestations are different from those generally seen in children. Accordingly, better d...
Article
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Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, relapsing, non-contiguous, exudative eczema/dermatitis, which represents a complex, multi-factorial disorder, due to an impairment of the stratum corneum barrier. Currently available drugs have a low skin bioavailability and may give rise to severe adverse events. Nanotechnologies, including nano-particles, liposomes...
Article
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1) Background: In literature it is reported that 20-30% of psoriatic patients evolve to psoriatic arthritis over time. Currently, no specific biochemical markers can either predict progression to psoriatic arthritis or response to therapies. This study aimed to identify osteoimmunological markers applicable to clinical practice, giving a quantitati...
Article
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Nanodermatology is an emerging, multidisciplinary science, arising from the convergence of nanotechnology, pharmacology, physics/biophysics, chemistry/biochemistry, chemical engineering, material science, and clinical medicine. Nanodermatology deals with i) skin biology, anatomy and physiology at the nanoscale (“skin nanobiology”), ii) diagnosis pe...
Article
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Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) therapeutic approach calls for a long term treatment. Treatment options for AD have recently undergone a revolutionary change by the introduction of the first biologic drug. Availability in daily practice of the last version of international AD guidelines, taking peculiarities of the country into account, can c...
Article
Background: Dupilumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting the alpha subunit of IL-4 was recently approved for the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) in adult patients. Objective: To assess dupilumab effectiveness and safety in adults with moderate-to-severe AD in a real-life Italian multicentre retrospective cohort. Met...
Article
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Background: Jet-lag may affect air-travelers crossing at least two time-zones and has several health-care implications. It occurs when the human biological rhythms are out of synch with respect to the day-night cycle at the country destination. Its effect in psoriasis is missing. We aimed to evaluate the effect of Jet-lag in psoriatic patients’ man...
Article
Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa is an inflammatory skin disease that presents a recurrence of painful and suppurating lesions in the apocrine gland-bearing regions, with a strong impact on the patients' life quality. Despite its peculiar presentation, early forms are often underestimated by patients and this would inevitably result in late di...
Article
Background: Moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) generates a considerable consumption of healthcare resources and significant economic consequences for the patients and their families, healthcare systems (NHS) and society. Several studies on the burden of AD in paediatric patients are available in literature, while data in adults is scant. Th...
Article
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Dabigatran is a broad used new anticoagulant that recently was described to trigger pustular psoriasis. We describe a 49‐year‐old Caucasian male with psoriasis that after switching from warfarin to dabigatran developed acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP). Remarkably we hypothesized a mechanism based increased lipid peroxidation via ca...
Article
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Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic-relapsing and debilitating disease, which affects the components of the folliculopilosebaceous unit and severely impacts on the perceived health-related quality of life. Among the possible treatments, dietary interventions, such as fasting, have been described to positively impact on HS. However, nothing i...
Article
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The aim of this study is to identify subsets of T cells differentially represented in the circulation of patients with psoriatic arthritis and to evaluate the possibility that they can recirculate