Paolo Mazzarello

Paolo Mazzarello
University of Pavia | UNIPV · Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences and History Museum, University of Pavia, Italy

MD PhD Full Professor

About

251
Publications
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Introduction
Paolo Mazzarello currently works at the Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences and History Museum, University of Pavia, Italy, University of Pavia. Paolo does research in History of Medicine, History of Biology and History of Science. His current project is History of Medicine.

Publications

Publications (251)
Preprint
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Short monograph on the history of medicine, for the students of the Harvey Course of the University of Pavia, academic year 2021/2022
Article
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Editorial Come i lettori avranno potuto notare Confinia Cephalgica et Neurologica è andata incontro negli ultimi numeri ad un "restyling" legato alla nuova linea edito-riale che si intende promuovere. Come si ricorderà la rivista è stata fondata ormai molti anni orsono dal professor Nappi con il nome di Confinia Cephalalgica. La denominazione sotti...
Article
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ABSTRACT Behind the scenes. From the recovery of historical medical collections to the design of new exhibition narratives. The health emergency caused by the spread of Covid-19 in the early months of 2020 led to a suspension and, subsequently, a reduction in public activities. During these months, however, activities related to the study and conse...
Book
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«Un libro di storia tanto scrupoloso nella ricerca quanto godibile nella lettura.» Corriere della Sera - Sergio Luzzatto Il leggendario mago della sperimentazione, Lazzaro Spallanzani, era un affermato professore di storia naturale a Pavia quando nel 1785 decise di compiere una lunga esplorazione nei territori dell’impero ottomano. Durante l’avven...
Article
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Alessandro Manzoni ebbe una vita funestata da molti disturbi, soprattutto nervosi. Ancora peggiore fu il destino di molti suoi congiunti, aggrediti e falcidiati da varie patologie, in particolare dalla tubercolosi. Al tema della malattia come saga familiare è dedicata questa ricostruzione in parte già esposta durante un intervento presso la Scuola...
Article
Nearly 250 years ago, Antonio Scarpa became a professor of anatomy and surgery only 2 years after he graduated from the University of Padua. The young lecturer soon became one of the most renowned anatomists in Italy and a director of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Pavia. He worked in the fields of general surgery and ophthalmology. S...
Article
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Il 24 novembre 1859 usciva a Londra, presso l'editore John Murray, On the origin of species by means of natural selection, di Charles Darwin. Si trattava di un libro inquietante. All'occhio di Darwin le forme viventi, la ricchezza delle specie che popolavano la terra, diventava solo l'effetto collaterale delle gigante-sche forze cosmiche agenti in...
Article
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Key words: Bressa, Darwin. Un profilo di Cesare Bressa, medico laureato a Pavia e attivo a lungo negli Stati Uniti. A lui era intestato il "premio Bressa" che ebbe come primo assegnatario Charles Darwin per gli studi di botanica seguito, tra gli altri, da Louis Pasteur, Ernest Rutherford, dall’esploratore Filippo De Filippi e infine, nel 2006 (ult...
Article
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RIASSUNTO Kosmos, il nuovo Museo di Storia Naturale, ha voluto adottare nel suo nuovo allestimento strategie adatte a promuovere l'accessibilità alle collezioni. Il percorso è stato dunque arricchito di installazioni e giochi inte-rattivi con l'intento di veicolare i contenuti scientifici in forma coinvolgente. Per visite guidate e laboratori Kosmo...
Article
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This article deals with Camillo Golgi's contribution to Haematologica in 1920 which reveals much of his tenacity and passion for research even in old age. He was seventy-seven years old at the time, had won the Nobel Prize for Medicine fourteen years earlier, had been a Senator of the Kingdom of Italy for twenty years, had been awarded an honorary...
Chapter
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Profilo storico della medicina pavese dalla Prima Guerra Mondiale all'inizio degli anni Sessanta del Diciannovesimo secolo. Historical profile of Pavia medicine from the First World War to the early sixties of the nineteenth century.
Article
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A brief history of Italian hematology and the birth of the journal "Haematologica"
Book
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Quando il giovane Carlo Dossi, esponente di spicco della Scapigliatura milanese, lesse L’uomo delinquente di Cesare Lombroso, ne rimase folgorato. L’opera conteneva categorie psicologiche impressionanti e osservazioni cliniche sul legame fra criminalità, genio e follia. Travolto dall’infatuazione per quelle idee, Dossi scrisse subito a Lombroso esp...
Article
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Carlo Forlanini (1847-1918), a medical doctor professor at the universities of Turin and Pavia, was the inventor of artificial pneumothorax, a method that allowed a first significant victory in the long war of medicine against pulmonary tuberculosis. The article outlines a portrait of this important clinician and focuses on the therapeutic innovati...
Article
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Abstract. The Golgi Museum of the University of Pavia was established in 2012 in Palazzo Botta, the historic headquarter of the Institute of General Pathology led by Camillo Golgi. The Nobel Prize Laureate in 1906 was able to create there a prestigious laboratory attended by brilliant students and young researchers who contributed to important medi...
Article
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Introductory words to the new direction of the journal Confinia Neurologica et Cephalalgica
Book
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Nel 1789 Alessandro Volta ha quarantaquattro anni, occupa la cattedra di Fisica sperimentale all'Università di Pavia-allora uno dei principali poli scientifici d'Europa-ed è tra gli scapoli più ambiti della nobiltà lombarda. Figlio cadetto di un'ottima famiglia, non solo è famoso in tutto il mondo per i suoi studi sull'elettricità, ma è bello, spir...
Chapter
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Riassunto Carlo Besta fu uno dei grandi protagonisti delle discipline neurologiche italiane nella prima metà del Novecento. Nativo di Sondrio, studiò all’Università di Pavia dove all’epoca insegnavano illustri maestri, come Camillo Golgi e Carlo Forlanini. Allievo del Collegio Ghislieri, si laureò nel 1900 sotto la guida di Scipione Riva Rocci iniz...
Article
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ambito della riforma dell'Ateneo voluta dalla sovrana Maria Teresa d'Austria. Fondatore e direttore del Museo per quasi trent'anni fu lo scienziato Lazzaro Spallanzani. Grazie al suo impegno nel reperire i reperti e ai finanziamenti del governo austriaco, il Museo divenne nel giro di pochi anni uno dei più ricchi e apprezzati d'Europa (Pavesi, 1901...
Article
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RIASSUNTO Per ricordare, nel centenario della morte, Carlo Forlanini (1847-1918), che ideò il primo metodo di cura realmente efficace della tubercolosi, è stata allestita a Pavia una mostra tesa a inquadrare la figura del grande clinico in una storia della malattia raccontata in chiave multidisciplinare. Conferenze legate alla mostra hanno permesso...
Article
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This article outlines the fundamental phases of the scientific life of Camillo Golgi, the first Ital-ian to win a Nobel Prize and one of the protagonists of European biomedical research between the 19th and 20th centuries. In August 1873 a thirty-year-old Lombard medical doctor, Camillo Golgi, published in the journal Gazzetta Medica Italiana-Lomba...
Chapter
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Le discipline medico-biologiche stanno al cuore della cultura perché cercano le spiegazioni scientifiche ai fenomeni della vita e alle singolarità delle sue proprietà rispetto al mondo ina-nimato. Aspetti che hanno intimorito e affascinato gli esseri umani diventando il motore delle interpretazioni prodotte dalle filosofie e dalle religioni lungo l...
Book
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Una drammatica storia di scienza (anatomia, darwinismo), socialismo e avventura (alpinismo) A dramatic history of science (anatomy, darwinism), socialism and adventure (mountain climbing).
Book
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Revised edition of the biography of Camillo Golgi, April 2019
Article
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The metallic impregnation invented by Camillo Golgi in 1873 has allowed the visualization of individual neurons in their entirety, leading to a breakthrough in the knowledge on the structure of the nervous system. Professor of Histology and of General Pathology, Golgi worked for decades at the University of Pavia, leading a very active laboratory....
Data
This animation shows a representative field of view from the cerebral cortex of the rabbit brain, impregnated by the Golgi method. At the chosen X-Y location, 250 still images were acquired with a digital camera (see Methods), focusing the 40X objective at 0.3 μm steps along the z axis. Image acquisition started approximately 30–40 μm below the sur...
Book
Atti di un convegno in ricordo di Faustino Savoldi con contributi di Silvio Beretta, Giovanni Berlucchi, Paolo Mazzarello, Marcello Massimini, Mauro Ceroni, Luigi Agnati (e coll), Luca Vanzago, Vittorino Andreoli. Oltre ai ricordi di Savoldi scritti da Paolo Mazzarello e da Giovanni Berluccchi e ai saluti del presidente dell'istituto Lombardo Silvi...
Article
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Riassunto. Questo articolo ritrae la figura di Paolo Pinelli, una delle figure più rilevanti della neurologia clinica italiana nella seconda metà del Novecento. Docente a Pavia, università in cui si laureò come allievo del Collegio Universitario Ghislieri, a Roma e a Milano, allievo a Copenaghen del neurofisiologo Fritz Buchthal, Pinelli è consider...
Article
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On January 14, 2016, Faustino Savoldi, a member of the Istituto Lombardo and one of the protagonists of the Pavia and Italian neurological sciences in the second half of the twentieth century was missing. Born in Brescia on July 4, 1930, after his high school studies in his hometown, he enrolled in the medical faculty of Pavia in 1949 where he took...
Article
n 1873 Camillo Golgi published an article that contained the description of entire nerve cells stained in black with a new histological procedure, the black reaction. He subsequently orga- nized all the observations made with this method in a book published in 1885. On the basis of these studies, Golgi developed a physiological model of the brain t...
Presentation
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Prefazione a una raccolta di scritti degli anni '30 del secolo scorso del medico-psichiatra Angelo Bravi che si trovò ad operare in una struttura manicomiale fra gli abitanti della Libia.
Article
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A profile of the life of Lazzaro Spallanzani (1729-1799), one of the protagonists of science in the eighteenth century.
Article
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Following the political unification of Italy, neurology was considered either as a subsection of internal medicine or as a field which was, in part, a “companion” to psychiatry. Indeed it was only at the end of the 19th century that neurology began to develop into a more distinctive field and, accordingly, this paper outlines the various academic r...
Article
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Vincenzo Malacarne, professor of medicine, surgery, and obstetrics in Turin, Pavia, and Padua, Italy, represented a perfect example of an eighteenth century Bletterato^, combining interests in humanities, sciences, and politics, embodying the ideal of an encyclopedic and universal culture. He made important contributions in anatomy and surgery, ter...
Article
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Discussion about Bertoloni Meli's book "Visualizing Diseases"
Conference Paper
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ABSTRACT. – The reflection on the nature of science and the investigation concerning the modalities of its development in a society, are at the center of the volume of Carlo Cattaneo "Psicologia delle menti associate" (Psychology of the associated minds). Introduced by Carlo Lacaita and organized by Barbara Boneschi, the work derives above all from...
Article
Full-text available
The reflection on the nature of science and the investigation concerning the modalities of its development in a society, are at the center of the volume of Carlo Cattaneo Psicologia delle menti associate (Psychology of the associated minds). Introduced by Carlo Lacaita and organized by Barbara Boneschi, the work derivesabove all from the mosaic of...
Article
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Discover the world’s best science and medicine | Nature.com
Article
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Come due poli alimentati dalla stessa energia, l'arte e la scienza trovano la loro spinta propulsiva neila creatività umana cioè nella capacità di superare il conosciuto, di intravedere realtà inedite, di prefigurare iI futuro con i materiali del presente. La scintilla creativa-quel bagliore momentaneo spesso preparato da una lunga fase di incubazi...
Book
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Profilo storico dell'Istituto Neurologico Casimiro Mondino (Pavia) e dei suoi protagonisti. History of the Neurological Institute Casimiro Mondino (Pavia, Italy) and of its protagonists.
Article
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The field of pituitary surgery was born in the first decade of the twentieth century in Europe, and it evolved rapidly with the development of numerous innovative surgical techniques by some of the founding fathers of neurosurgery. This study investigates the pioneering Italian treatise on pituitary surgery, La Patologia Chirurgica dell'Ipofisi (Su...
Chapter
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The history of cesarean section is a long chain of tragedies for the mother and the baby. Its origins are lost in myth and folklore of ancient civilizations. In ancient and medieval times, the cesarean section was carried out immediately postmortem in order to save the child. The history of cesarean section on a living woman is linked to the develo...
Chapter
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Profilo della storia medico-biologica legata al Collegio Ghislieri di Pavia dalle origini fino agli anni Sessanta del Novecento. Profile of medical-biological history linked to the Collegio Ghislieri of Pavia from its origins to the 1960s..
Book
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Una femmina di elefante per avvicinare l’India alla Francia. In un’atmosfera di conflitti e intrighi fra potenze coloniali europee e signorotti locali, il pachiderma si imbarcò in un viaggio per mare e per terra che dalle coste del Bengala lo condusse a Versailles nell’agosto 1773. Nella splendida residenza della corte francese l’elefantessa divent...
Chapter
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Edoardo Porro and his operation of Cesarean section. A profile. The history of cesarean section is a long chain of tragedies for the mother and the baby. Its origins are lost in myth and folklore of ancient civilizations. In ancient and medieval times, the cesarean section was carried out immediately postmortem in order to save the child. The histo...
Article
The difficult teaching in Pavia of Vincenzo Malacarne In 1789 Vincenzo Malacarne was appointed to the chair of Surgery and Obstetrics at the University of Pavia, reformed in those years thanks to the Habsburg monarchy. Malacarne’s recruitment had been favored thanks to Giovanni Alessandro Brambilla, the powerful imperial proto-surgeon and founder o...
Article
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Harold George Wolff (1898-1962), whose name is linked to numerous significant contributions in many areas of experimental and clinical neurology, is undoubtedly prominent among the culturally dominant figures in American neurology during the first half of the twentieth century. A pupil of Nobel Prize winners Otto Loewi and Ivan Petrovič Pavlov, he...
Book
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Monferrato, 1943. Lisa Vita Finzi ed Enrico Levi, zio del futuro scrittore Primo, fuggiti da Genova in campagna allo scoppio della guerra, dopo l’8 settembre capiscono di non essere più al sicuro tra le mura del palazzo dei Martinenghi dove si erano trasferiti all’inizio del 1941. Con una coppia di amici cercano rifugio a Lerma nell’antico santuari...
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At the end of World War I a strange disease appeared first in Europe and then all over the world: the encepha-litis lethargica. Patients that survived infection developed, sometimes immediately, sometimes after many years, a post-encephalitic syndrome, characterized primarily from an atypical form of Parkinsonism. In the Thirties these patients wer...
Article
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In his brief report on the structure of the gray matter of the central nervous system (1873), in which he described the "black reaction", Golgi noted the ramifications of the axon. This discovery prompted the French histologist Louis Antoine Ranvier, one of the first to try the black reaction outside Italy, to propose an ingenious theory of referre...
Article
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Sir Victor Horsley (1857-1916) is considered to be the pioneer of pituitary surgery. He is known to have performed the first surgical operation on the pituitary gland in 1889, and in 1906 he stated that he had operated on 10 patients with pituitary tumors. He did not publish the details of these procedures nor did he provide evidence of the patholo...
Book
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Until 1876 caesarean section almost invariably ended with the death of the mother and often of the child. This book reconstructs the dramatic story of the first caesarean section designed to save both the mother and the child. An intervention that was conceived and carried out by Edoardo Porro, a professor of obstetrics at the University of Pavia a...
Article
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La storia del Collegio Borromeo di Pavia, trasformato in ospedale militare durante la prima Guerra Mondiale, sotto la direzione di Camillo Golgi.