Paolo Cazzaniga

Paolo Cazzaniga
University of Bergamo | UNIBG · Department of Human and Social Sciences

PhD in Computer Science

About

113
Publications
20,798
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1,318
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2011 - present
University of Bergamo
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (113)
Article
Full-text available
The parameter estimation (PE) of biochemical reactions is one of the most challenging tasks in systems biology given the pivotal role of these kinetic constants in driving the behavior of biochemical systems. PE is a non-convex, multi-modal, and non-separable optimization problem with an unknown fitness landscape; moreover, the quantities of the bi...
Article
Full-text available
Calcium homeostasis and signaling processes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as well as in any eukaryotic organism, depend on various transporters and channels located on both the plasma and intracellular membranes. The activity of these proteins is regulated by a number of feedback mechanisms that act through the calmodulin-calcineurin pathway. When e...
Article
Full-text available
Several software tools for the simulation and analysis of biochemical reaction networks have been developed in the last decades; however, assessing and comparing their computational performance in executing the typical tasks of computational systems biology can be limited by the lack of a standardized benchmarking approach. To overcome these limita...
Article
Full-text available
Mathematical models of biochemical networks can largely facilitate the comprehension of the mechanisms at the basis of cellular processes, as well as the formulation of hypotheses that can be tested by means of targeted laboratory experiments. However, two issues might hamper the achievement of fruitful outcomes. On the one hand, detailed mechanist...
Article
Full-text available
Image texture extraction and analysis are fundamental steps in computer vision. In particular, considering the biomedical field, quantitative imaging methods are increasingly gaining importance because they convey scientifically and clinically relevant information for prediction, prognosis, and treatment response assessment. In this context, radiom...
Preprint
Full-text available
Several software tools for the simulation and analysis of biochemical reaction networks have been developed in the last decades; however, assessing and comparing their computational performance in executing the typical tasks of Computational Systems Biology can be limited by the lack of a standardized benchmarking approach. To overcome these limita...
Article
Full-text available
Bayesian Networks have been widely used in the last decades in many _elds, to describe statistical dependencies among random variables. In general, learning the structure of such models is a problem with considerable theoretical interest that poses many challenges. On the one hand, it is a well-known NP-complete problem, practically hardened by the...
Article
Full-text available
Self-assembling processes are ubiquitous phenomena that drive the organization and the hierarchical formation of complex molecular systems. The investigation of assembling dynamics, emerging from the interactions among biomolecules like amino-acids and polypeptides, is fundamental to determine how a mixture of simple objects can yield a complex str...
Article
Full-text available
Combination therapies proved to be a valuable strategy in the fight against cancer, thanks to their increased efficacy in inducing tumor cell death and in reducing tumor growth, metastatic potential, and the risk of developing drug resistance. The identification of effective combinations of drug targets generally relies on costly and time consuming...
Article
Full-text available
Ras oncoproteins play a crucial role in the onset, maintenance, and progression of the most common and deadly human cancers. Despite extensive research efforts, only a few mutant-specific Ras inhibitors have been reported. We show that cmp4-previously identified as a water-soluble Ras inhibitor-targets multiple steps in the activation and downstrea...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mathematical models of biochemical networks can largely facilitate the comprehension of the mechanisms at the basis of cellular processes, as well as the formulation of hypotheses that can be tested by means of targeted laboratory experiments. However, two issues might hamper the achievement of fruitful outcomes. On the one hand, detailed mechanist...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in microscopy imaging technologies have enabled the visualization of live-cell dynamic processes using time-lapse microscopy imaging. However, modern methods exhibit several limitations related to the training phases and to time constraints, hindering their application in the laboratory practice. In this work, we present a novel method, na...
Article
Several mathematical formalisms can be exploited to model complex systems, in order to capture different features of their dynamic behavior and leverage any available quantitative or qualitative data. Correspondingly, either quantitative models or qualitative models can be defined; bridging the gap between these two worlds would allow us to simulta...
Preprint
Full-text available
Advances in microscopy imaging technologies have enabled the visualization of live-cell dynamic processes using time-lapse microscopy imaging. However, modern methods exhibit several limitations related to the training phases and to time constraints, hindering their application in the laboratory practice. In this work, we present a novel method, na...
Article
Full-text available
The investigation of cell proliferation can provide useful insights for the comprehension of cancer progression, resistance to chemotherapy and relapse. To this aim, computational methods and experimental measurements based on in vivo label-retaining assays can be coupled to explore the dynamic behavior of tumoral cells. ProCell is a software tha...
Article
Full-text available
Surfing in rough waters is not always as fun as wave riding the “big one”. Similarly, in optimization problems, fitness landscapes with a huge number of local optima make the search for the global optimum a hard and generally annoying game. Computational Intelligence optimization metaheuristics use a set of individuals that “surf” across the fitnes...
Chapter
Mathematical modeling and computational analyses are essential tools to understand and gain novel insights on the functioning of complex biochemical systems. In the specific case of metabolic reaction networks, which are regulated by many other intracellular processes, various challenging problems hinder the definition of compact and fully calibrat...
Article
Full-text available
Ordinary differential equations (ODEs) are a widespread formalism for the mathematical modeling of natural and engineering systems, whose analysis is generally performed by means of numerical integration methods. However, real-world models are often characterized by stiffness, a circumstance that can lead to prohibitive execution times. In such cas...
Article
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Motivation: The elucidation of dysfunctional cellular processes that can induce the onset of a disease is a challenging issue from both experimental and computational perspectives. Here we introduce a novel computational method based on the coupling between fuzzy logic modeling and a global optimization algorithm, whose aims are to (1) predict the...
Chapter
Image texture extraction and analysis are fundamental steps in Computer Vision. In particular, considering the biomedical field, quantitative imaging methods are increasingly gaining importance since they convey scientifically and clinically relevant information for prediction, prognosis, and treatment response assessment. In this context, radiomic...
Article
Computational Intelligence methods, which include Evolutionary Computation and Swarm Intelligence, can efficiently and effectively identify optimal solutions to complex optimization problems by exploiting the cooperative and competitive interplay among their individuals. The exploration and exploitation capabilities of these meta-heuristics are typ...
Article
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Background In order to fully characterize the genome of an individual, the reconstruction of the two distinct copies of each chromosome, called haplotypes, is essential. The computational problem of inferring the full haplotype of a cell starting from read sequencing data is known as haplotype assembly, and consists in assigning all heterozygous Si...
Preprint
Full-text available
Prostate cancer is the most common malignant tumors in men but prostate Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) analysis remains challenging. Besides whole prostate gland segmentation, the capability to differentiate between the blurry boundary of the Central Gland (CG) and Peripheral Zone (PZ) can lead to differential diagnosis, since tumor's frequency a...
Article
Background and objectives: Image segmentation represents one of the most challenging issues in medical image analysis to distinguish among different adjacent tissues in a body part. In this context, appropriate image pre-processing tools can improve the result accuracy achieved by computer-assisted segmentation methods. Taking into consideration i...
Article
Full-text available
Motivation Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most common hematological malignancies, characterized by high relapse and mortality rates. The inherent intra-tumor heterogeneity in AML is thought to play an important role in disease recurrence and resistance to chemotherapy. Although experimental protocols for cell proliferation studies are w...
Chapter
The computational analysis of complex biological systems can be hindered by two main factors. First, modeling the system so that it can be easily understood and analyzed by non-expert users is not always possible, especially when dealing with systems of Ordinary Differential Equations. Second, when the system is composed of hundreds or thousands of...
Chapter
The reconstruction of the haplotype pair for each chromosome is a hot topic in Bioinformatics and Genome Analysis. In Haplotype Assembly (HA), all heterozygous Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) have to be assigned to exactly one of the two chromosomes. In this work, we outline the state-of-the-art on HA approaches and present an in-depth analy...
Preprint
Full-text available
The process of inferring a full haplotype of a cell is known as haplotyping, which consists in assigning all heterozygous Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) to exactly one of the two chromosomes. In this work, we propose a novel computational method for haplotype assembly based on Genetic Algorithms (GAs), named GenHap. Our approach could effic...
Article
Medical imaging systems often require the application of image enhancement techniques to help physicians in anomaly/abnormality detection and diagnosis, as well as to improve the quality of images that undergo automated image processing. In this work we introduce MedGA, a novel image enhancement method based on Genetic Algorithms that is able to im...
Conference Paper
In the field of Systems Biology, simulating the dynamics of biochemical models represents one of the most effective methodologies to understand the functioning of cellular processes in normal or altered conditions. However, the lack of kinetic rates, necessary to perform accurate simulations, strongly limits the scope of these analyses. Parameter E...
Preprint
Bayesian Networks have been widely used in the last decades in many fields, to describe statistical dependencies among random variables. In general, learning the structure of such models is a problem with considerable theoretical interest that still poses many challenges. On the one hand, this is a well-known NP-complete problem, which is practical...
Preprint
Full-text available
The process of inferring a full haplotype of a cell is known as haplotyping, which consists in assigning all heterozygous Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) to exactly one of the two chromosomes. In this work, we propose a novel computational method for haplotype assembly based on Genetic Algorithms (GAs), named GenHap. Our approach could effic...
Article
Among the existing global optimization algorithms, Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is one of the most effective methods for non-linear and complex high-dimensional problems. Since PSO performance strongly depends on the choice of its settings (i.e., inertia, cognitive and social factors, minimum and maximum velocity), Fuzzy Logic (FL) was previou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Computational models are essential in order to integrate and extract knowledge from the large amount of -omics data that are increasingly being collected thanks to high-throughput technologies. Unfortunately, the definition of an appropriate mathematical model is typically inaccessible to scientists with a poor computational background, whereas exp...
Article
Reaction systems represent a theoretical framework based on the regulation mechanisms of facilitation and inhibition of biochemical reactions. The dynamic process defined by a reaction system is typically derived by hand, starting from the set of reactions and a given context sequence. However, this procedure may be error-prone and time-consuming,...
Article
Full-text available
A major barrier to the practical utilization of large, complex models of biochemical systems is the lack of open-source computational tools to evaluate model behaviors over high-dimensional parameter spaces. This is due to the high computational expense of performing thousands to millions of model simulations required for statistical analysis. To a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mathematical modeling and in silico analysis are widely acknowledged as complementary tools to biological laboratory methods, to achieve a thorough understanding of emergent behaviors of cellular processes in both physiological and perturbed conditions. Though, the simulation of large-scale models—consisting in hundreds or thousands of r...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the behavior of biochemical systems, many runs of Gillespie’s Stochastic Simulation Algorithm (SSA) are generally needed, causing excessive computational costs on Central Processing Units (CPUs). Since all SSA runs are independent, the Intel Xeon Phi coprocessors based on the Many Integrated Core (MIC) architecture can be exploited t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The emergence and development of cancer is a consequence of the accumulation over time of genomic mutations involving a specific set of genes, which provides the cancer clones with a functional selective advantage. In this work, we model the order of accumulation of such mutations during the progression, which eventually leads to the disease, by me...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies in Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Systems Biology rely on the definition of physico-chemical or mathematical models of biological systems at different scales and levels of complexity, ranging from the interaction of atoms in single molecules up to genome-wide interaction networks. Traditional computational methods and sof...
Chapter
This chapter introduces a computational strategy to infer a reaction-based models (RBM) that specifically represents a gene regulation model (GRM) characterized by some predefined behavior. It then presents a two-level evolutionary design (ED) methodology, named cuGENED, which integrates two evolutionary computation (EC) algorithms, namely Cartesia...