Paola Grenni

Paola Grenni
National Research Council of Italy (CNR-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche) · Water Research Institute

PhD Environmental Science

About

160
Publications
47,401
Reads
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3,285
Citations
Citations since 2016
114 Research Items
2653 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
Introduction
The main field of interest has been microbial ecology in soil, sediments and groundwater. She has been involved in national and international projects on soil and groundwater contamination (pesticides, their transformation products and fertilizers; pharmaceuticals, PCBs, metals) and water quality models. Bioremediation and Phyto-assisted bioremediation of contaminated sites. Ecotoxicity assessment of soils conditioned with commercial foaming products used with tunnel boring machine in tunnelling. Experimental activity has included the application of methods for assessing bacterial abundance, biomass and diversity, including molecular methods such as Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH), PCR, qPCR.
Additional affiliations
September 2000 - June 2021
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
January 2008 - February 2011
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Field of study
  • Environmental Science

Publications

Publications (160)
Article
Full-text available
The production and consumption of surfactants are constantly increasing, and huge amounts are found in the environment as contaminants. Surfactants are widely used in domestic and industrial applications, including in tunnel-mechanized excavation of large-scale infrastructures (e.g. highways and railways). In the latter case, the commercial product...
Article
The degradation and bioaccumulation of selected antibiotics such as the sulfonamide sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and the fluoroquinolones enrofloxacin (ENR) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) were investigated in soil microcosm experiments where Lactuca sativa was grown with manure or digestate (1%) and spiked with a mixture of the three antibiotics (7.5 mg/kg each...
Article
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Some livestock farms rely on anaerobic digestion (AD) technology for manure disposal, thus obtaining energy (biogas) and fertilizer (digestate). Mixtures of antibiotics used for animal health often occur in organic waste and their possible synergistic/antagonistic effects on microorganisms involved in AD are still poorly studied. This work focuses...
Article
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Wood species identification and characterization of its weathering processes are crucial steps in the scientific approach of conservation of wooden cultural heritage. Many precious wooden objects of ancient Egypt are largely present in museums, nevertheless relatively little information is available concerning the nature of timber used and on their...
Article
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Purpose The present work aimed to fill some knowledge gaps on the effects on non-target natural soil microbial communities of the sulfamethoxazole (SMX) antibiotic potentially found in cattle manure digestate. Both soil prokaryotic and fungal community under different conditions were analyzed using molecular ecology methods. Methods A previous mic...
Article
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A recently discovered Egyptian wooden statue of King Djedefre was studied together with some surrounding burial soil samples for assessing the statue biodeterioration. The wooden morphological characterisation identified the hardwood Acacia nilotica as the wood type. X-ray diffraction, micro-FT-IR spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy with...
Article
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Nowadays, current regulation on the authorization of Plant Protection Products (PPPs) in the EU is limited to the evaluation of ecological risks for single active substances (a.s.) they contain. However, plant protection treatments in agriculture often consist of PPPs already containing more than one a.s.; moreover, each cropped field receives mult...
Book
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The main aim of the project is to connect people working in the framework of Bio-electrochemical systems (BESs) and their application for producing electricity from wastes or organic contaminants. This abstract book aims at summarising all the presentations performed and the first year of the Project activities. BESs, and in particular Microbial Fu...
Article
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One of the main goals of the current EU legislation regarding wastes is to protect the environmental and human health against their adverse impacts and promotes a correct waste management. In particular a crucial point is the Hazardous Property HP 14 ‘Ecotoxic’ defined by the EU Regulation 2017/997 as “waste which presents or may present immediate...
Book
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La studio qui riportato è stato svolto nell’ambito di un Accordo di collaborazione, durato 2 anni, tra il Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare (ora Ministero della Transizione Ecologica), Direzione PNA, e l’IRSA, dal titolo “Definizione di un approccio metodologico alla valutazione degli effetti combinati delle sostanze...
Article
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CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES OF DIRECT TEST METHODS FOR ASSESSING WASTE HAZARDOUS PROPERTIES (HP)
Article
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River ecosystems are very important parts of the water cycle and an excellent habitat, food, and drinking water source for many organisms, including humans. Antibiotics are emerging contaminants which can enter rivers from various sources. Several antibiotics and their related antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been detected in these ecosystem...
Article
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The present paper reviews the most recent advances regarding the effects of chemical and organic fertilizers on soil microbial communities. Based on the results from the articles considered, some details are presented on how the use of various types of fertilizers affects the composition and activity of soil microbial communities. Soil microbes hav...
Chapter
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Bioremediation technologies are useful and sustainable solutions for recovering pollutants from ecosystems. In particular, the plant-assisted bioremediation or phyto-assisted bioremediation (PABR) strategy, relying on the synergistic actions between plant root system and natural microorganisms (bacteria and fungi), can be effective for stabilizing,...
Article
In recent decades, the innovative practice of management and valorization of agrozootechnical waste as energy through anaerobic digestion (AD) has been rapidly growing. However, whether applying digestate to soil as biofertilizer can be a source of antibiotics (ABs) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) has not been fully investigated so far. In t...
Conference Paper
Many soils contain a wide number of organic and inorganic chemicals and potential toxic elements due to industrial, agricultural and numerous anthropogenic activities. The recovery of polluted sites is an urgent need to be addressed and the development of innovative remediation technologies, which exploit nature based solutions, is strongly encoura...
Article
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River contamination is due to a chemical mixture of point and diffuse pollution, which can compromise water quality. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and emerging compounds such as pharmaceuticals and antibiotics are frequently found in rivers flowing through big cities. This work evaluated the presence of fifteen priority PAHs, eight pharma...
Article
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The anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) is the main component of most commercial foaming agents (FAs) used in the excavation of highway and railway tunnels with Earth pressure balance-tunnel boring machines (EPB-TBMs). Several hundreds of millions of tons of spoil material, consisting of soil mixed with FAs, are produced worldwide...
Article
A method to evaluate the ecological risk of chemical mixtures in water bodies is here presented. In the first phase, the approach considered routine chemical monitoring data (MEC: measured environmental concentrations) obtained from the Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, which were georeferenced to a single coordi...
Article
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A Monviso clone has been applied to promote PCB degradation in a soil historically contaminated by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and heavy metals (HMs). The multi-contaminated area is located in Southern Italy. PCBs, HMs, and the soil microbial community (abundance, viability, and structure) were analysed in selected plots of the poplar-treated...
Article
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Microbial fuel cells (MFC) are an emerging technology for waste, wastewater and polluted soil treatment. In this manuscript, pollutants that can be treated using MFC systems producing energy are presented. Furthermore, the applicability of MFC in environmental monitoring is described. Common microbial species used, release of genome sequences, and...
Book
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Questa monografia riporta una panoramica divulgativa sulla tematica degli antibiotici e dell’antibiotico resistenza, frutto di una cooperazione scientifica tra l’Istituto di Ricerca sulle Acque del CNR e il Laboratorio Processi Biotecnologici per l’Energia e l’Industria dell’ENEA, nell’ambito del Progetto AZeRO Antibiotici. A circa 80 anni dall’int...
Book
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The most recent advances in strategies for health and environmental protection are the key subjects of the XVII Italian-Hungarian Symposium on Spectrochemistry-Current approaches in Health and Environmental Protection, takes place in Turin from 14 to 18 June 2021. Attention is focused on the role played to this end by innovative analytical techniqu...
Article
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Anaerobic digestion is one of the best ways to re-use animal manure and agricultural residues, through the production of combustible biogas and digestate. However, the use of antibiotics for preventing and treating animal diseases and, consequently, their residual concentrations in manure, could introduce them into anaerobic digesters. If the diges...
Article
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Fagus sylvatica is widely distributed across Europe thanks to its high adaptability in a wide variety of soils and climate. Microbial communities are essential for maintaining forest soil quality and are responsible for forest ecosystem functioning; the ability of soil microorganisms to respond to abiotic stressors (e.g. organic carbon losses, wate...
Article
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Mechanized excavation of tunnels with Earth Pressure Balance-Tunnel Boring Machines requires the use of foaming agents. The latter contain the anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulphate (SLES) as the main compound. The re-use as a by-product of excavated soil containing foaming agents (spoil material) can pose a risk for soil and particularly...
Chapter
Microorganisms play an important role in maintaining ecosystem environmental quality, including pesticide removal from soil and water. Triazine herbicides are among the most commonly used pesticide worldwide. Moreover, they are ubiquitous soil and water contaminants. Atrazine, simazine, and terbuthylazine removal from environment depends on abiotic...
Article
Full-text available
Sodium lauryl ether sulphate (SLES) is the main chemical component in several lubricant products used for soil conditioning in the mechanized excavation industry using Earth Pressure Balance-Tunnel Boring Machines. During the tunnelling process, huge amounts of excavated soil are produced and the SLES presence can affect the subsequent re-use of th...
Article
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There is a growing concern about the simultaneous presence in the environment of different kinds of pollutants, because of the possible synergic or additive effects of chemical mixtures on ecosystems. Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is an organophosphate insecticide extensively used in agricultural practices. The anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulphate...
Article
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Anaerobic digestion (AD) treatment of cattle manure and slurry makes it possible to produce biogas, a renewable and storable biofuel, as well as digestate, a residual organic matter that can be used to replace chemical fertilizers. On the other hand, the intense use of antibiotics (e.g., sulfamethoxazole) in animal husbandry practices is showing in...
Article
The rapid development of mechanized tunneling in current decades has raised serious concerns about the environmental impact of large quantities of the muck. EPB-TBMs require the use of foaming agents for optimizing the soil conditioning. These agents could contain some chemicals (e.g., sodium lauryl ether sulfate – SLES) that are not included in th...
Article
Full-text available
Due to their widespread use in industrial applications in recent decades, Polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and heavy metals (HMs) are the most common soil contaminants worldwide, posing a risk for both ecosystems and human health. In this study, a poplar-assisted bioremediation strategy has been applied for more than 4 years to a historically contaminate...
Article
Full-text available
A wide use of foaming agents as lubricants is required in mechanized tunneling. Their main component, the anionic surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulphate (SLES), can remain in residual concentrations in soil debris, influencing their potential reuse as by-product. This study aimed at evaluating the environmental fate and effects of a foaming produc...
Article
Full-text available
Rosmarinus officinalis is an evergreen aromatic plant with important commercial interest as it contains numerous essential oils (composed of terpenoid compounds) and phenolic constituents (natural antioxidant compounds). This work aims at evaluating the concomitant effects of different inorganic and organic fertilization treatments and the subseque...
Article
Full-text available
The anionic surfactant Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate (SLES) is the principal component of several commercial foaming products for soil conditioning in the tunneling industry. Huge amounts of spoil material are produced during the excavation process and the presence of SLES can affect its re-use as a by-product. Anionic surfactants can be a risk for e...
Article
DDE (2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroetylene) is a very persistent and bioaccumulative pesticide and its residues are continuously found in the environment. Among the green remediation strategies for soil recovery, terrestrial Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC) are arousing great interest in scientific community. MFCs transform energy stored in the ch...
Poster
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Several people from Academia, industry, private laboratories, Regional Environmental Protection Agencies (ARPAs) and members from Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA) attended a recent meeting entitled “First meeting of applied ecotoxicology” (21th November 2019, Livorno-Italy), in which a section was devoted...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Due to their widespread use in industrial applications in recent decades, Polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and heavy metals (HMs) are the most common soil contaminants worldwide, posing a risk for both ecosystems and human health. Results: a poplar-assisted bioremediation strategy has been applied for more than four years to a historically co...
Article
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The effectiveness of adding compost and the plant Medicago sativa in improving the quality of a soil historically contaminated by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was tested in greenhouse microcosms. Plant pots, containing soil samples from an area contaminated by PCBs, were treated with the compost and the plant, separately or together. Moreover,...
Article
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La valutazione della contaminazione multipla (da sostanze normate ed emergenti) di matrici ambientali (acqua, suolo, sedimenti) è ad oggi una delle sfide più importanti della comunità scientifica al fine di proporre delle metodologie utili non solo per la determinazione simultanea di più contaminanti, ma anche per valutare i possibili effetti sull’...
Chapter
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This chapter describes the different factors that increase or stimulate the presence of resistance to antibiotics in bacteria in the environment. Particular factors accentuating the spread and evolution of antibiotic resistance are various pollutants such as heavy metals, disinfectant products, other organic pollutants and nutrients.
Article
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Polychlorinated byphenyls (PCBs) are a class of Persistent Organic Pollutants extremely hard to remove from soil. The use of plants to promote the degradation of PCBs, thanks to synergic interactions between roots and the natural soil microorganisms in the rhizosphere, has been proved to constitute an effective and environmentally friendly remediat...
Article
Chemical-physical treatments for remediation of soils multi-contaminated from organic and inorganic compounds are characterized by high economic costs, by complex construction procedures because they require equipment to be used on/off site with considerable energy costs, as well as environmental costs for the disposal of any undesired sub-products...
Article
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The groundwater behavior at a municipal solid waste disposal dump, located in Central Italy, was studied using a multi-parameter monitoring over 1 year consisting of 4 seasonal samples. The hydrological and hydrogeological dynamics of water circulation, microbiological parameters (microbial abundance and cell viability of the autochthonous microbia...
Article
Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) is a sulfonamide antibiotic commonly used in human and veterinary medicine and frequently detected in surface water as a micro-contaminant. The presence of this antibiotic and its main transformation product N4-acetyl-sulfamethoxazole (Ac-SMX) was evaluated in an Italian river water by Solid Phase Extraction (SPE) and subsequ...