Paola Di Blasio

Paola Di Blasio
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | UNICATT · Department of Psychology

About

140
Publications
49,634
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2,293
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1994 - present
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (140)
Article
Full-text available
Existing literature has outlined how parental emotional regulation could affect children’s adjustment and parenting behaviors. Family studies also showed how the negative mood created by negative co-parenting interactions might spill over into the parent-child relationship, resulting in high levels of parenting stress and coercive and authoritarian...
Article
Objective This qualitative study examines the linguistic features associated with postpartum depression. Methods In this longitudinal online study, 53 mothers completed self-report questionnaires assessing symptoms of postpartum depression and an expressive writing exercise about their pregnancy and birth. Mothers were randomly divided into two gr...
Article
Full-text available
The current systematic review examines whether there is an association between the genetic 5-HTTPLR polymorphism and parenting, and the mechanisms by which this association operates. The literature was searched in various databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and ScienceDirect. In line with our inclusion criteria, nine articles were eligible out of 22....
Preprint
The current systematic review examines whether there is an association between the genetic 5-HTTPLR pol-ymorphism and parenting and the mechanisms by which this association operates. The literature was searched in various databases such as PubMed, Scopus and ScienceDirect. In line with our inclusion criteria, nine articles were eligible out of 22....
Article
Introduction: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a multifactor disorder caused by psychological, social, and also biological factors. 5-HTTLPR polymorphism in the promoter region of serotonin transporter gene seems to influence PPD onset. In this study, we examined the effect of 5-HTTLPR polymorphism on prenatal and postnatal symptoms of depression an...
Article
This study was carried out in an attempt to investigate the correlation between potential sensory processing disorders in individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS) and the perceptions of said disorders by their parents. The pilot study was implemented by creating two complementary surveys, one for people diagnosed with AS and one for their parents. T...
Article
Research has shown the associations between maternal depressive symptoms, sleep difficulties, and parenting competences and supports the importance of social support during the post-partum period. Nevertheless, the investigation of sleep difficulties as antecedents of depressive symptoms and parenting and the exploration of perceived social support...
Article
Background The Social Information Processing model (SIP; Milner, 1993, 2000, 2003) suggests that emotion dysregulation can be a moderating factor in Child Abuse Potential (CAP), influencing the processes of perception, interpretation and attribution of child’s behavior. Objective This study aimed to evaluate comprehensively emotion dysregulation i...
Article
CPS (Child Protection Services) workers are required to assess the level of safety of referred minors and to identify the best intervention to protect them. CPS workers’ decision making, in particular the child removal decision, has been the focus of a growing number of studies in order to identify which factors influence workers’ evaluation. The p...
Article
This exploratory study aimed to evaluate the effects of conflictual separation and divorce on children’s representations of self and of family relationships in child custody evaluations. Forty-seven school-aged children, assessed in the course of civil separation procedures characterized by high levels of marital conflict (high conflict group), and...
Article
Full-text available
In the literature, little attention has been paid to the specific impact of child-related versus adult-related inter-parental conflicts on children’s intrapersonal processes and adjustment. Aimed to advance knowledge on this topic, the cross-sectional study explores: 1) the predictive effects of the two forms of inter-parental conflicts on: a) chil...
Article
Literature established a correlation between heavy exposure with video games (VGs) and withdrawal, loneliness, worse social skills, and social phobia. The present study hypothesizes that children with social phobia are more vulnerable to higher exposure in video gaming. Moreover, it hypothesizes that children with social phobia and higher exposure...
Chapter
Full-text available
Child maltreatment is a major public health issue, which threatens psychophysical well-being of almost 100,000 minors in Italy. The prevalence and social burden of this issue clearly indicate the need for preventive efforts, early identification of victimized children, and a rapid risk assessment of families referred to Child Protection Services (C...
Article
In the literature, little attention has been paid on the specific impact of child-related versus adult-related interparental conflicts on children’s intrapersonal processes and adjustment. Aimed to advance knowledge on this topic, the present study explores: 1) the predictive effects of the two forms of interparental conflicts on: a) children’s int...
Article
This study examined (1) whether self-justifying bullying (i.e., moral disengagement) differs in hypothetical bullying situations of a newcomer peer depending on his or her immigrant status; and (2) whether the respondent's immigration status, age, gender, real life bullying participant role (as bully, assistant, reinforcer, defender, victim or outs...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives In the literature, how the quality of parent–child relations could affect children’s vulnerability to triangulation is a very limited direction of research. To advance knowledge on this topic, we had two aims: The first was to investigate the relationship between interparental conflict and children’ vulnerability to triangulation by expl...
Article
In literature, the post-traumatic effects of domestic violence on children are well known, while the exploration of parenting stress as an explicative mechanism of these associations is a new direction of research. By considering this new direction of research, and the indications of the Cognitive Contexual Framework, the present study was carried...
Article
Full-text available
Use of videogames (VGs) is almost ubiquitous in preadolescents’ and adolescents’ everyday life. One of the most intriguing research topics about positive effects of VG use is about the domain of visuospatial competencies. Previous research show that training with videogames enables children and adolescents to improve their scores in visuospatial te...
Article
The present study aimed to systematically examine the questioning of children in Italian criminal proceedings. 87 trial transcripts of 4- to 17-year-old children testifying as alleged victims of sexual abuse were analysed focusing on the differences of age with due regard for the type of questions asked and of witnesses’ responses. A total of 20,81...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the mediational role of co-parenting in the association between marital satisfaction and child adjustment, by exploring the conditional indirect effect by parental empathy. Using a sample of 101 Italian father-mother dyads with school-aged children, we administered to parents a series of measures in order to assess marital s...
Article
Full-text available
Background Language is the most common way to communicate internal states and emotions into a narrative form. Studies on the use of language provide a useful understanding of how people process an event and interpret it. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of PTSD on the narrative coherence of children's reports of sexua...
Article
Full-text available
In the literature, increasing evidence is showing the importance of sleep difficulties in the development or maintenance of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms as well as the association between childbirth-related PTS symptoms and early maternal emotions and perceptions of their children. However, little is known regarding the effects of maternal s...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to test a model to better explain which factors are linked to the development of internalized and externalized problems in adolescents experiencing death through structural equation model. Internalizing problems were predicted by low self-esteem, high PTSD symptomatology and by being a female, whereas externalizing problem...
Article
Based on the Social Information Processing model of parenting risk for child abuse, the present study examined the associations between mothers' and fathers' perception of child behavior and child abuse potential, as well as whether parenting stress mediates the association between these constructs. Two hundred and fifty-nine mother-father couples...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have documented the existence of a behavioral addiction related to Video Games, which appears to be similar to other forms of addiction (gambling and substance-related) in terms of characteristics and consequences. Literature about this topic has suffered from the lack of a standard definition of this disorder before the publication...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescents could develop areas of vulnerability, especially if they have had to deal with highly stressful and traumatic life events. Stressful experiences can work as traumatic memories that become central to one’s life and core topics for one’s identity and for the attribution of meaning to life experience. The present work evaluates (a) the int...
Conference Paper
This research adopted a judgment analysis approach to investigate the association of a set of familial risk and protective factors and the workers’ decisions about the placement of children referred to Child Protection Services (CPS). This is a challenging task, especially if we considered a multicultural context. 340 social records of families ref...
Article
Objective: To examine cognitive, emotional, and perceptual differences in the childbirth narratives of women with high levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) compared with women with low levels of PTSS in the postpartum period. Design: A cross-sectional design. Participants were retrospectively assigned to the high or low PTSS group on t...
Article
Stressful and traumatic experiences may become turning points that organize past, present and future experiences and autobiographical memories. The Centrality of Event Scale (CES) measures the extent to which the memory of a highly stressful and traumatic event is central in a person’s life. The present work aimed to translate, adapt and validate t...
Chapter
The study here described had the aim of studying the effects of the interaction with videogames characterized by different modalities of graphic visualization (two-dimensional vs. three-dimensional) on presence and visuospatial competences. Participants were 129 adolescents (74 M and 55 F) aged 14–18 years old (mean of age = 16.11; SD = 1.31), recr...
Article
A brief version of the Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory was developed using a sample of 102 non-abusive parents and an additional sample of 37 abusive parents. Items were selected to maximize: (a) discriminative function referred to the abuse condition; (b) predictivity of the Abuse scale on the total score; (c) factor stability; (d) clinical...
Article
Full-text available
Background The research carried out in the last years outlined that childbirth could be considered as a sufficient stressor for the insurgence of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms with important consequences for the child care. Objectives In a longitudinal perspective, this study focused on PTS symptoms after childbirth to understand their impact...
Article
The present study aimed to assess the effects of age and PTSD on the narrative fragmentation in memories for child sexual abuse. Lexical complexity, cohesion and coherence were analyzed within a group of 86 allegations of children (M=10years; SD=3.7; range: 4-17) who were victims of sexual abuse. Results illustrated that age played an important rol...
Article
The present study’s first aim is to verify whether depressive symptoms, measured at 87-hours and at 3-months post-partum, are associated with maternal mind-mindedness (the proclivity to treat infants as individuals with minds) and children’s behavior (at 17 months, T3). The second aim is to investigate, at T3, whether maternal mind-mindedness media...
Article
Full-text available
In the literature on inter-parental conflict, little attention has been paid to the relationships among children’s attachment, coping strategies, and coping efficacy. The present study aims to explore whether and how children’s Internal Working Models of attachment moderate the associations among children’s perceived distress during the conflict, c...
Article
Decision-making in the child protection services is a challenging task, in particular for workers who operate in a multicultural context. Studies have found that children from immigrant groups are overrepresented in the rates of cases reported to CPSs because of the higher prevalence of some distal risk factors. However, it remains unclear whether...
Poster
Full-text available
Esperienze stressanti possono generare ricordi traumatici che diventano centrali per la propria identità e per l’attribuzione di significato alle esperienze future. Obiettivo del presente lavoro è di valutare le proprietà psicometriche della CES in un campione di 878 adolescenti italiani di età compresa tra gli 11 e i 21 anni. In primo luogo, è sta...
Article
The researchers of this study have two aims: The first one is to verify whether PTS symptoms, evaluated at 87 hours and at 3 months post-partum, are associated with MM and parenting stress, measured at 17 months post-partum. The second purpose is to investigate, at 17 months, the predictive effects of PTS symptoms on the dimensions of parenting str...
Article
The main purpose of the study was to explore the child sexual behaviors that Italian teachers have observed in the school context. A representative sample of 227 children, from 5 to 10 years old, was rated by their teachers through the Child Sexual Behavior Inventory. Frequencies of sexual behaviors among children aged 5 to 6, 7 to 8, and 9 to 10 a...
Article
The aim of this study was to explore the reliability and ability of the Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory to discriminate parents in an Italian sample who are physically child abusive and physically nonabusive parents. The CAP Inventory and measures on parenting stress (PSI-SF) and parents’ attributions of child adjustment (CBCL) were administe...
Article
This study explores the role of coparenting as mediator in the association between marital adjustment and psychological adjustment of school-age children (8-11 years old). A set of measures DAS (marital adjustment), CRS (coparenting) and CBCL (internalizing and externalizing behaviors of children) were administered to 58 mothers and fathers. Result...
Article
Communicative analysis of the allegations of child sexual abuse: The role of age. Many studies have systematically explored the association between interviewing conditions and the quantity and quality of information retrieved by child-witnesses in both laboratory and forensic settings. Because alleged victims are often the only available source of...
Article
Parental conflict and posttraumatic stress symptoms in children: An exploratory study. In literature negative effects of exposure to parental conflict on psychological adjustment of children (internalizing and externalizing symptoms) are known, but posttraumatic outcomes have been less investigated. In a sample of 90 families with schoolaged childr...
Article
Il maltrattamento verso i minori costituisce un importante problema di salute pubblica, minacciando l’integrità psicofisica di circa 100.000 minori in Italia. Al fine di meglio tutelare i diritti di crescita di tali minori e favorirne il buon adattamento, è importante individuare precocemente quelli che presentano un elevato rischio di subire condo...
Article
Child abuse is a major public health issue, which threatens psychological and physical well-being of almost 100.000 minors in Italy. In order to better protect those minors and to favour their positive adaptation, an early assessment of those that are at risk of being maltreated is crucial. The assessment of risk is particularly difficult in migran...
Article
Literature has already shown that marital quality has a significant predictive effect on children's psychological wellbeing. Build on this literature, the present study explores the association between marital adjustment and children's psychological adjustment (internalizing and externalizing behaviours), in an attempt to investigate the role of co...
Article
Traumatic life events may lead to diverse psychopathological outcomes alongside different symptom constellations. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between early victimization, PTSD symptoms and re-offending risk in prisoner populations. The overall hypothesis was that dysfunctional cognitions (i.e. worry, negative perception of othe...
Article
Full-text available
-This study investigated whether an Expressive Writing intervention decreased depression and posttraumatic stress symptoms after childbirth. 113 women (M age = 31.26 yr., SD = 4.42) were assessed at Time 1 for depression (Beck Depression Inventory) and PTS (Perinatal PTSD Questionnaire) in the first days after childbirth, then randomized to either...
Conference Paper
Introduzione La letteratura internazionale sembra aver confermato l’esistenza della dipendenza patologica da videogame, assimilabile ad altre forme di dipendenza come il disturbo da gioco d’azzardo patologico (Kuss & Griffiths, 2012). Tale dipendenza pare correlarsi con problematiche comportamentali, difficoltà sociali (Hussain & Griffiths, 2009),...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nell'ambito dell'abuso all'infanzia gli strumenti di valutazione del rischio rappresentano certamente un primo step verso il potenziamento degli interventi clinici e preventivi. Identificare precocemente le situazioni di pregiudizio e intervenire tempestivamente al contrasto della violenza diviene sempre più una necessità, al fine di limitare i dan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduzione: La letteratura sollecita interventi di contrasto del distress post-partum per i suoi potenziali effetti negativi sulle relazioni affettive precoci. Il paradigma dell’ Expressive Writing- EW- (Pennebaker et al., 1986; 1988) si è rivelato utile nel migliorare il benessere fisico (Creswell et al., 2007) e nel ridurre vari tipi di disturb...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses the links between distinct levels of marital conflict and mothers’ and fathers’ parenting stress and their associations with children’s adjustment. Using a sample of 358 Italian father–mother dyads with school–aged children, we computed a cluster analysis to identify distinct groups of families with different levels of interpar...
Article
Our aim was to explore health workers' perceptions of providing sexuality and contraception care for female adolescents within family health centers. We interviewed 26 volunteer health workers and analyzed the interviews using thematic analysis. We identified three main themes: (1) “Adolescents and Sexuality,” with the sub-themes “Initiation Rite,”...
Article
Full-text available
The literature provides some evidence that the use of violent video games increases the risk for young people to develop aggressive cognitions and even behaviors. We aimed to verify whether exposure to violent video games is linked to problems of aggression in a sample of Italian children. Four questionnaires were administered to 346 children betwe...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to provide preliminary findings on the reliability and the validity of the Italian Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory, a screening tool that measures parents’ potential for child physical abuse. The CAP Inventory and measures on parenting stress (Parenting Stress Index–Short Form [PSI-SF]) and parents’ perceptions of ch...
Article
The aim of this study was to provide preliminary findings on the reliability and the validity of the Italian Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory, a screening tool that measures parents’ potential for child physical abuse. The CAP Inventory and measures on parenting stress (Parenting Stress Index–Short Form [PSI-SF]) and parents’ perceptions of ch...
Article
Full-text available
Childbirth for some women is a negative experience associated with depressive and post-traumatic symptoms. The preventive actions focusing on helping mothers to cope with negative emotions experienced after childbirth are strongly recommended. It is also recommended both to intervene early and on all women to avoid the risk that these symptoms can...
Article
Aim of this study is to validate the Italian version of the Parenting Alliance Measure (PAM). Participants were 350 mothers and 350 fathers of children (49.3% girls) aged 1-15 years. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to individuate the dimensionality of Italian PAM. The scale's internal consistency and invariance over mothers and fathers...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to understand how traumatized children report traumatic narratives. This study aims to explore the mediating effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on the relationship between child age and narrative characteristics in the allegations of child sexual abuse. Some characteristics of traumatic narrati...
Article
Full-text available
Child maltreatment is a chronic relational trauma with maladaptive outcomes in terms of both attachment of posttraumatic symptomatology. A lot of studies show that disorganized attachment is an important risk factor for the onset of externalizing, dissociative and PTSD symptoms. The Internal Working Models (IWM) of attachment disorganization could...
Article
Child maltreatment is a chronic relational trauma with maladaptive outcomes in terms of both attachment of posttraumatic symptomatology. Many studies show that disorganized attachment is an important risk factor for the onset of externalizing, dissociative and PTSD symptoms. The Internal Working Models (IWM) of attachment disorganization could be a...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to explore the mediating and moderating effects of parenting alliance on the relationship between marital adjustment, as represented by the dimensions dyadic consensus, dyadic satisfaction, dyadic cohesion, and affectional expression, and maternal and paternal stress. Self-report data were gathered from 236 Italian fam...
Article
In the literature on marital conflict little attention has been paid regarding the relationship among children’s attachment, coping strategies, and coping efficacy. The present study aims to explore whether and how the different children’s Internal Working Models (IWM) of attachment moderate the associations among children’s perceived distress duri...
Article
Full-text available
The literature has shown the protective role of maternal Mind-mindedness (MM) on children's psychological adjustment and parenting stress and it has outlined the predictive effect of parenting stress on children's internalizing/externalizing behaviors. In 28 mother-child dyads (1 year), the present study explores whether maternal stress mediates th...
Article
Full-text available
Studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are mainly focused on victims of trauma. Very few studies explored the links between PTSD symptoms and re-offending risk in perpetrators of violence. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of PTSD symptoms on re-offending risk in prisoner populations with a focus on indirect effects of worry an...
Article
La presente ricerca, a carattere esplorativo, si propone di verificare la capacità del Blacky Pictures' Test di discriminare le rappresentazione di sé e delle relazioni familiari tra un gruppo di 29 bambini sessualmente abusati e un gruppo di controllo (bambini non vittimiz-zati), pareggiato per sesso, età e livello sociale. I risultati, in linea c...
Article
This exploratory research aims to evaluate the validity of Blacky Pictures' Test to discriminate the self and family's representations between 29 children, victims of sexual abuse, and the matched (for sex, age and social level) control group (children not victimized). Results, according to the child abuse literature, confirm the validity of the te...
Article
Background: It is well known that mother–child relationships may be affected by maternal psychological disorders, but, at present, few experimental studies have investigated the negative impact of postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on child behaviour using the Still Face paradigm. Objective: The aim of this exploratory work i...