Pamela Orpinas

Pamela Orpinas
University of Georgia | UGA · Department of Health Promotion and Behavior

PhD

About

113
Publications
139,500
Reads
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3,513
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
1482 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Additional affiliations
January 1997 - present
University of Georgia
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (113)
Article
The rise in the levels of cyberviolence in adolescent couples has become a social, educational, and public health problem of enormous magnitude. This study analyzed the nature and dimensions of cyberviolence among adolescents and its association with other forms of offline violence by country of origin (Morocco or Spain) and gender. The objective o...
Article
This review examines the current reporting trends of program design, implementation, and evaluation of training programs for Latinx community health workers. Five scholarly databases were searched using a scoping review methodology to identify articles describing training programs for Latinx community health workers. The timeframe was 2009 to 2021....
Article
This study examined the efficacy of a short virtual case simulation for Korean American (KA) faith leaders, “Religious Leaders for Healthy Families.” The goal of the program is to increase knowledge about intimate partner violence (IPV) and healthy intimate partner relationships, enhance self-efficacy in IPV prevention and intervention, strengthen...
Article
The project ‘Religious Leaders for Healthy Families’ aims to prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) and increase access to resources for immigrant victims by enhancing the capacity of religious leaders. Due to cultural and psychosocial barriers, immigrant women prefer to exhaust informal resources, including religious leaders, before seeking help...
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The concept of masculinity is particularly challenging to measure across cultures, given the lack of scales in languages other than English. This study describes the adaptation for Croatian adolescents of the MRNI-A-r scale, which measures the endorsement of traditional masculinity. We organized the process into two segments. Segment 1 described th...
Conference Paper
Statement of purpose Due to cultural and psychosocial barriers, immigrant women prefer to exhaust informal resources, including religious leaders, before seeking professional help for intimate partner violence (IPV). Based on research and theory, we used Intervention Mapping to create a virtual simulation training (4 modules, 20 minutes each) for K...
Article
Students with disabilities are frequently victimized or marginalized at school. However, little is known from the perspective of youth with disabilities about their experiences of victimization, coping, and protection. The current study examined experiences of school victimization and identified factors that reduced victimization, created a welcomi...
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U.S. Latinos face multiple inter-related barriers to access health and social services. Researchers and practitioners have called upon community-based participatory research (CBPR) to address such challenges and health disparities, with the community health worker—or promotoras—model evidencing positive outcomes. What is less clear, however, are th...
Article
Promotoras de salud (Spanish for female community health workers) are integral to efforts to enhance the health and well-being of Latinx individuals, families, and communities. The purpose of this study was to describe the challenges that promotoras face and the proposed solutions from the perspective of the promotoras themselves. Five promotoras w...
Article
The value of community assessments depends on the researchers' ability to reach a diverse and representative sample of participants. This process is particularly challenging when assessing the health and well-being of vulnerable populations that are reticent to participate in research because of demographic and sociopolitical factors. One such grou...
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Objective. Prior research identified three trajectories of adolescent aggressive behavior from Grades 6 to 12: Low, Medium Desisting, and High Desisting Aggression. This study examined whether youth in these trajectories differed in their goals and strategies to solve conflict. Method. The sample consisted of 620 randomly selected students (n=620)...
Article
The goal of Lazos Hispanos is to enhance the health and well‐being of the Latinx community through promotoras, who connect community members with service providers for multiple health and social needs. A community‐based participatory research conceptual model framed the multimethod evaluation of promotoras, service providers, and community particip...
Article
Objective: Prior research identified 4 distinct dating trajectories from 6th to 12th grade: Low, Increasing, High Middle School, and Frequent. The purpose of this study was to examine whether 10th graders in the Low dating group differed on emotional, interpersonal, and adaptive skills from youth in the other trajectories. Methods: The sample co...
Article
Prevention of bullying is paramount to creating a positive and welcoming school environment. This study compared the following characteristics reported by students who had perpetrated bullying in Croatian schools and those who did not: gender, type of school, family wealth, negative emotionality, behaviors that may compromise health, and endorsemen...
Article
Background: High school completion provides health and economic benefits. The purpose of this study is to describe dropout rates based on longitudinal trajectories of aggression and study skills using teacher ratings. Methods: The sample consisted of 620 randomly selected sixth graders. Every year from Grade 6 to 12, a teacher completed a nation...
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Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) among immigrant women is a serious public health problem. Churches and clergy play a fundamental role in their lives, as a form of social organization and alternative to community services. Purpose: To describe the implementation and evaluation of an intervention for Korean American faith leaders desig...
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This study reports findings from an online survey of Korean American (KA) clergy (n = 55), exploring their knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and intervention and prevention behaviors related to intimate partner violence (IPV). While most respondents reported that they sometimes preached about healthy marital relationships and provided counseling...
Article
Active learning refers to activities that engage students in the learning process. To make the learning process more active, instructors should add opportunities for reflection. However, reflection is not limited to the classroom environment. Instruction is shifting toward incorporating opportunities for active learning through online platforms. We...
Article
Interprofessional education (IPE) is one strategy for addressing health inequities; however, little attention has been paid to continuing IPE for practicing social work and healthcare professionals. This article offers guidance to faculty in social work and health-related academic units on offering continuing IPE on the topic of minority health. An...
Conference Paper
Statement of purpose Children with disabilities are bullied three times as often as children without disabilities. However, there are no bullying prevention programs that address the unique needs of this population. The purpose of this study was to explore the protective and risk factors of school personnel on victimisation from the participants’ p...
Article
Children who are victims of peer aggression can suffer negative emotional, academic and physical consequences that can last into adulthood. Previous research indicates children with disabilities are victimized up to 4 times as often as children without disabilities. However, their unique needs are often not considered in the design and implementati...
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Understanding the interrelation among problem behaviors and their change over time is fundamental for prevention research. The Healthy Teens Longitudinal Study followed a cohort of adolescents from Grades 6–12. Prior research identified two distinct trajectories of perpetration of physical dating violence: Low and Increasing. The purpose of this st...
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Hospice is underutilized in the United States, and many patients enroll for short periods of times. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to identify significant predictors of intentions to use hospice in community-dwelling older adults. The Theory of Planned Behavior informed the selection of predictors. Data were collected from 146 White...
Article
Background Bullying refers to repeated aggression in relationships with an imbalance of power. Children with disabilities experience more bullying than children without disabilities, but research with this population is scarce. The objective of this retrospective, mixed-methods study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of bullying vic...
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The purpose of the study ¿Confías en mi? (Do You Trust Me?) was to identify three characteristics—expertise, trustworthiness, and accessibility—of Latino parent–adolescent communication. We examined how these characteristics may influence communication about romantic relationships and sexual risk reduction strategies (i.e., abstinence, contraceptio...
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Objetivo. El estudio evaluó la asociación entre los desertores de bachillerato y seis dimensiones de ambiente escolar. Método. La muestra consistía en 638 estudiantes de décimo grado quienes participaron en el Estudio Longitudinal de Adolescentes Saludables. Los estudiantes iban al colegio al Noreste de Georgia, Estados Unidos; eran encuestados aún...
Article
Statement of purpose In a state where over half of households own a gun, college students are resistant to discuss the perils of gun ownership. This study compares two teaching strategies used to overcome this problem in an injury prevention class taught at a large state university in the Southeastern United States. Methods/approach Students (˜35/s...
Article
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to identify distinct trajectories of cigarette smoking from sixth to twelfth grade and to characterized these trajectories by use of other drugs and high school dropout. The diverse sample for this analysis consisted of a cohort of 611 students from Northeast Georgia who participated in the Healthy Teens L...
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The goal of this study was to identify meaningful groups of sixth graders with common characteristics based on teacher ratings of assets and maladaptive behaviors, describe dropout rates for each group, and examine the validity of these groups using students' self-reports. The sample consisted of racially diverse students (n = 675) attending sixth...
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This report describes 1) the evaluation of the Familias Fuertes primary prevention program in three countries (Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador) and 2) the effect of program participation on parenting practices. Familias Fuertes was implemented in Bolivia (10 groups, 96 parents), Colombia (12 groups, 173 parents), and Ecuador (five groups, 42 parents...
Conference Paper
Background: Over the past decade, palliative care has expanded in the U.S., helping to address the fragmented healthcare model for serious illnesses, as it can be started earlier in the disease process. Little is known about how much older adults in the general population know about palliative care (PC). The objectives of this study were: 1) to exa...
Article
Rising marijuana use and its lowered perceived risk among adolescents highlight the importance of examining patterns of marijuana use over time. This study identified trajectories of marijuana use among adolescents followed from middle through high school, characterized these by co-occurring problem behaviors and teacher-rated academic skills (stud...
Article
Relational aggression refers to harming others through damaging or manipulating peer relationships. In a cohort of students surveyed annually from middle to high school, this study identified groups of adolescents who followed distinct trajectories of perpetration and of victimization of relational aggression, compared the proportion of boys and gi...
Chapter
The ecological model is useful to reveal the multiple risk and protective factors associated with suicide and aggression. This study examined the single and additive impacts that a lack of positive family, peer, and teacher relationships has on suicidal ideation and aggression among tenth-graders. Twelve percent of students reported suicidal ideati...
Article
Families Fuertes (FF) is a seven-session, family-centered program for supporting positive youth development of Latino children aged 10 to 14 years. The Pan American Health Organization adapted it from the Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth for Spanish-speaking countries. The suitability of FF for recent immigrants to the United St...
Article
This study identifies trajectories of dating from sixth to twelfth grade and describes the academic performance (teacher-rated study skills and high school dropout) and self-reported drug use associated with these trajectories, in a diverse sample randomly selected in sixth grade. Using a group-based, semiparametric procedure, we identified four da...
Conference Paper
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Background: Marijuana is a popular illicit drug among adolescents and its impact on academic performance has been widely debated. The objectives of this study are to: 1) describe distinct trajectories of marijuana use in a cohort of adolescents evaluated annually from Grade 6-12 (2003-2009), and 2) examine the association among trajectories, study...
Conference Paper
Background. Familias Fuertes (FF) is a family-based, primary prevention intervention for youth sponsored by the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO). FF consists of seven weekly sessions for parents and their children aged 10-14 years. The long-term goal of FF is to prevent the initiation of adolescents' high-risk behaviors by strengthening fami...
Conference Paper
Background: The Healthy Teens Longitudinal Study followed a cohort of adolescents from Grades 6-12. Across middle and high school, we observed two trajectories of physical dating violence perpetration (PDVP): Low and Increasing. Using Problem Behavior Theory (PBT), this presentation examines whether adolescents in these two trajectories differ long...
Conference Paper
Background: Alcohol use is common among many but not all adolescents. The frequency and age of initiation also varies. The purpose of this study is to describe developmental trajectories of alcohol use among adolescents from Grade 6-12, and to examine the association between alcohol use trajectories and high school dropout. Methods: The sample cons...
Conference Paper
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Background. Relational aggression refers to behaviors such as saying something mean or hurtful, passing rumors, or excluding others on purpose. Depending on the context and intensity, these behaviors can have a devastating impact on the victim. Popular media has consistently highlighted that boys fight with their fists, but girls fight with words;...
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Two salient problems in adolescent development are dating violence and suicidal ideation. Theory and empirical research have supported their association in primarily cross-sectional studies. The purpose of this study is to examine the longitudinal association between physical dating violence and suicidal ideation (thoughts or plans) in a cohort of...
Conference Paper
The goal of this presentation is to describe the contextual and personal factors that influence physical dating violence interactions, based on qualitative interviews with girls who consistently reported dating violence from middle to high school. Interviewees were part of a cohort of students participating in the Healthy Teens Longitudinal Study....
Article
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Although research on dating violence is growing, little is known about the distinct developmental trajectories of dating violence during adolescence. The current study identifies trajectories of physical dating violence victimization and perpetration that boys and girls follow from sixth to twelfth grade, examines the overlap of these trajectories,...
Article
This study explores students' perceptions of the paths to high school graduation using an ecological framework. Specifically, it identifies the challenges, influences, and motivations differentiating students who remained in school despite being at high risk for dropping out-defined as consistently high levels of aggression-from students at low ris...
Article
Despite evidence documenting the negative consequences, psychological dating violence occurs frequently in adolescent dating relationships. No information exists on the trajectories that adolescents follow and their association to nonphysical peer violence. The sample comprised 624 randomly selected 6th graders. In yearly surveys from 6th through 1...
Conference Paper
Background: One in seven high school students in the United States reports suicidal thoughts. During the same time period, the prevalence of dating and dating violence increases. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between physical dating violence and suicidal thoughts or plans in a longitudinal cohort of students evaluated annu...
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Background Street harassment refers to verbal comments and physical actions between strangers that are unwelcome or threatening and that occur in public places. Itis an understudied form of violence against women. Objective To assess the magnitude of the problem of street harassment experienced by adolescent girls and young women, evaluate its cons...
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Peer victimization is a recurring phenomenon in education research. However, there are not enough validated instruments for Latin American population. The results of the adaptation and validation of the Aggression and Victimization Scales are showed in this research, its prevalence and characteristics in a sample of 1004 Chilean students enrolled i...
Article
This mixed-methods study describes the norms supporting male-to-female and female-to-male dating violence in a diverse sample of ninth graders. The quantitative study, based on student surveys (n = 624), compared norms supporting dating violence by sex, race/ethnicity, and dating status, and it examined the relation between dating violence norms an...
Conference Paper
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore differences between high-aggressive (HAS) and low-aggressive students (LAS) planning to graduate about their motivations and challenges to stay in school. Methods: Sixteen focus groups, organized by gender and aggression level, were conducted with eleventh graders (total n=81; 52% girls, 51% Caucas...
Article
This study empirically derived a multiple risk factors model of the development of aggression among middle school students in urban, low-income neighborhoods, using Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM). Results indicated that aggression increased from sixth to eighth grade. Additionally, the influences of four risk domains (individual, family, commun...
Article
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A high prevalence of risk behaviors among the rapidly growing Latino youth population in the United States adds urgency to the need to identify effective recruitment and retention strategies for research studies and prevention programs. The objectives of this study are to (a) describe the culturally responsive recruitment and retention strategies u...
Conference Paper
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Objective: Healthy Teens is a longitudinal study of adolescents followed from 6th to 12th grade. This presentation describes the developmental trajectories of aggressive behaviors of a sample selected in 6th grade as high-risk for aggression. The presentation will examine differences by: type of aggression (physical, relational), sex, source of dat...
Article
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Relatively little is known about the prevalence of physical dating violence behaviors and perceived norms about dating violence among early adolescents. A sample of 5,404 sixth-grade students was recruited from four diverse U.S. sites. Over half of the respondents reported that girls hitting their boyfriends was acceptable under certain circumstanc...
Article
This study examined how the manifestation of overt aggression changes during early adolescence using Hierarchical Linear Modeling. The distinct courses of physical and verbal aggression identified in this study provide support for developmental transformations in overt aggression, which would have been obscured unless aggression had been defined wi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Social competence is defined as the ability to handle social interactions effectively. In other words, social competence refers to getting along well with others, being able to form and maintain close relationships, and responding in adaptive ways in social settings. Given the complexity of social interactions, social competence is the product of a...
Article
This study examined a typology of adaptive and maladaptive behaviors of 2,552 ethnically diverse early adolescents who attended sixth grade in public schools and lived in disadvantaged communities. Behavioral adjustment of adolescents was measured by teacher ratings using the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC). Although typologies of ch...
Article
BACKGROUND: Correct and consistent condom use is an effective strategy to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study examines sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychosocial characteristics of 3 groups of adolescent males: consistent, sporadic, and non-condom users. METHODS: The sample consisted of 931 sexually experienced...
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This study tests the hypothesis that employees with comorbid physical health conditions and mental health symptoms are less productive than other employees. Self-reported health status and productivity measures were collected from 1723 employees of a national retail organization. chi2, analysis of variance, and linear contrast analyses were conduct...
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This study examined parenting and peer predictors of physical dating violence perpetration during early adolescence and tested moderation among these predictors and gender. Participants were 2,824 ethnically diverse sixth-grade students with a recent boyfriend/girlfriend who was part of a multisite, longitudinal investigation of the development and...
Article
This study reports the findings of a multisite randomized trial evaluating the separate and combined effects of 2 school-based approaches to reduce violence among early adolescents. A total of 37 schools at 4 sites were randomized to 4 conditions: (1) a universal intervention that involved implementing a student curriculum and teacher training with...
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Understanding excessive absenteeism is important to ameliorating the negative outcomes associated with the behavior. The present study examined behavioral reinforcement profiles of school refusal behavior: negative reinforcement (avoidance) and positive reinforcement (gaining parental attention or receiving tangible benefits from not attending scho...
Article
This volume reinvigorates the field of prevention by presenting a renewed vision suited to the needs of a diverse U.S. population. The editors emphasize the potential of prevention to promote positive development across the life span and to foster social justice. Part I presents the theoretical, conceptual, methodological, and ethical foundations t...
Article
This study evaluated the impact of a universal school-based violence prevention program on social-cognitive factors associated with aggression and nonviolent behavior in early adolescence. The effects of the universal intervention were evaluated within the context of a design in which two cohorts of students at 37 schools from four sites (N = 5,581...
Article
The high level of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa has led to an increased interest in understanding the determinants of sexual activity among young people, who are at high risk of sexually transmitted infections. The present study examined sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychosocial factors associated with heterosexual activity among a sampl...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Healthy Teens is a longitudinal study of students followed from middle to high school. In ninth grade, the sample was divided into four mutually exclusive groups: did not date in prior 3 months (35%), dated-no victimization (29%), dated-psychological victimization only (16%), and dated-physical victimization (20%). 9th graders who dated an...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between exposure to community violence and aggression, victimization, and risk-taking behaviors among young adolescents. Secondary analysis was conducted on data from a cross-sectional survey of 8,259 sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students from eight urban schools in Texas. Results indicat...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Healthy Teens is a mixed-methods study of students who have been followed from middle to high school. The purpose of this presentation is to describe the prevalence, as well as risk and protective factors, of dating violence among ninth graders participating in the Healthy Teens study, based on students' self reports and teachers' ratings....
Conference Paper
Purpose: Healthy Teens is a mixed-methods study of social competence in students who have been followed from middle to high school. This presentation will examine the meaning of dating and dating violence from the perspectives of ninth graders. Methods: We conducted 2 focus groups (one for girls and one for boys) at 6 of the 8 participating schools...
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As Latin Americans' exposure to the USA increases through migration patterns and US political and economic ties to their countries of origin, they become susceptible to adopting not only the cultural expressions of the USA such as fashion, but also the health-related behaviors of the US population. In assessing potential health risks for Salvadoran...
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This chapter is composed of four sections. In the first section, we discuss the definition of bullying and differentiate it from aggression and violence. In the second section, we examine the prevalence of bullying in schools, and in the third section, we describe the consequences of bullying on the victims and the bullies. Finally, on the basis of...
Article
This book presents an approach to understanding and treating child and adolescent behavioral problems that goes far beyond the prevention of bullying. The book emphasizes two components of reducing bullying and aggression: the need to create a positive, caring environment and the need to develop children's social competence skills for engaging in h...
Article
The purpose of this article is to describe the GREAT (Guiding Responsibility and Expectations for Adolescents for Today and Tomorrow) Teacher Program, a prevention program for middle school teachers to deter students' aggressive behavior. It was developed on the basis of an ecologic understanding of aggression and on specific constructs of Social C...
Article
This paper provides an over-view of the Multisite Violence Prevention Project, a 5-year project to compare the effects of a universal intervention (all students and teachers) and a targeted intervention (family program for high-risk children) on reducing aggression and violence among sixth graders. First, the paper describes the role of the Centers...
Article
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This article describes the development and evaluation of a bullying prevention program in one large, public elementary school. The program, which was developed based on a collaborative model between school personnel and university consultants, included modification of the school environment, education of students, and training of teachers. To evalu...
Article
Cross-sectional studies have repeatedly observed that African American adolescents are less likely to smoke when compared to White and Hispanic adolescents. Although much is known among high school samples, few scientifically based studies have reported these race and ethnic differences in cigarette smoking among younger samples. This study employe...
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Childhood injuries are the primary cause of death and disability among children aged 5 to 14. Consistent practice of learned safety behaviors can reduce the occurrence of severe injuries among children. However, safety behavior concern is low among Korean-American children specifically and American children, in general. The objective of the study i...
Chapter
Aggression among children and adolescents has been common throughout history and continues to be a major problem today. Neighborhoods and communities cannot be healthy for child development, nor can schools be effective institutions of learning, if they are not first and foremost safe. Yet young people face serious problems of aggression and victim...
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Multiple factors are involved in the occurrence of aggressive behavior. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypotheses that Latino middle school children exposed to higher levels of video game playing will exhibit a higher level of aggression and fighting compared to children exposed to lower levels and that the more acculturated middle s...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple factors are involved in the occurrence of aggressive behavior. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypotheses that Latino middle school children exposed to higher levels of video game playing will exhibit a higher level of aggression and fighting compared to children exposed to lower levels and that the more acculturated middle s...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the association between depression and substance use in a sample of middle-school students. The 5721 students (59%-63% Hispanic) completed self-report items on depressive symptoms, recent smoking and binge drinking, and lifetime use of marijuana, cocaine, and inhalants. Symptoms of depression were strongly and positively rel...
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This article describes the development and psychometric properties of the Aggression Scale. The scale consists of 11 items designed to measure self-reported aggressive behaviors among middle school students (sixth, seventh, and eighth graders). The scale was evaluated in two independent samples of young adolescents (n = 253 and n = 8,695). Reliabil...