Pamela Davis-Kean

Pamela Davis-Kean
University of Michigan | U-M · Department of Psychology

PhD, Vanderbilt University; BA. Florida State Univ

About

128
Publications
110,075
Reads
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7,776
Citations
Citations since 2017
61 Research Items
4452 Citations
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Introduction
Dr. Davis-Kean research seeks the various pathways that socio-economic status (SES) of parents relates to the outcomes of their children. Students with interest in SES and brain development will find new avenues of research available in the Family, Culture, and Development lab that is led by Davis-Kean.
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - June 2016
University of Michigan
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2007 - present
University of Michigan
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Psych 353: Social Development Psych 757: Social Development-Graduate Psych 614: Multivariate Statistics
September 2000 - August 2015
University of Michigan
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
August 1987 - May 1996
Vanderbilt University
Field of study
  • Applied Social Psychology/Quantitative Methods
August 1983 - May 1987
Florida State University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (128)
Article
Developmental scientists have long been interested in how the environment influences children's development. However, with few exceptions, they have not researched how exposure to contaminants in the physical environment affects developmental processes. Children are uniquely at risk for exposure to contaminants because they drink more, eat more, an...
Article
Research Findings: The current study analyzed the relation between the amount of mathematical input that preschool children hear (i.e., math talk) from their mothers in their homes and their early math ability a year later. Forty mother–child dyads recorded their naturalistic exchanges in their homes using an enhanced audio-recording device (the La...
Article
Full-text available
Because children from low-income families benefit from preschool but are less likely than other children to enroll, identifying factors that promote their enrollment can support research and policy aiming to reduce socioeconomic disparities in education. In this study, we tested an accommodations model with data on 6,250 children in the Early Child...
Article
Secondary data analysis of large longitudinal and national data sets is a standard method used in many social sciences to answer complex questions regarding behavior. In this article, we detail the advantages of using these data sets to study developmental questions across the life span. First, we provide an overview of how using secondary data can...
Article
The achievement gap has long been the focus of educational research, policy, and intervention. The authors took a new approach to examining the achievement gap by examining achievement trajectories within each racial group. To identify these trajectories they used the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten Cohort, which is a nationally rep...
Chapter
Developmental cascades describe how systems of development interact and influence one another to shape human development across the lifespan. Despite its popularity, developmental cascades are commonly used to understand the developmental course of psychopathology, typically in the context of risk and resilience. Whether this framework can be usefu...
Article
Full-text available
We leveraged nationally representative data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics-Child Development Supplement (N = 3,562) and the Early Childhood Longitudinal study (N = 18,174), to chart the development of working memory, indexed via verbal forward and backward digit span task performance, from 3 to 19 years of age. Results revealed nonlinear g...
Article
This study investigated the content of parenting information shared on social media by identifying the range and frequency of topics shared by parenting-focused accounts on Twitter. Using the Twitter API, a universe of 675,069 tweets were gathered from 74 of the most-followed parenting-focused accounts, or “hubs,” from January 2016 to June 2018. Us...
Article
Full-text available
Using data from 12 studies, we meta-analyze correlations between parent number talk during interactions with their young children (mean sample age ranging from 22 to 79 months) and two aspects of family socioeconomics, parent education, and family income. Potential variations in correlation sizes as a function of study characteristics were explored...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined longitudinal associations between preschoolers' executive function (EF) and adult educational attainment, impulse control, and general health directly and through its cascading effects on childhood and adolescent EF using a large, national, and prospective longitudinal sample of participants. Data were drawn from the Nati...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the current study was to conduct a conceptual replication of the reciprocal associations between executive function (EF) and academic achievement reported in Schmitt et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000193). Using two independent samples (N (STAR) = 279, and N (Pathways) = 277), we examined whether the patterns of associations...
Article
Full-text available
A recent meta-analysis demonstrated the overall correlation between the number line estimation (NLE) task and children’s mathematical competence was r = .44 (positively recoded), and this relation increased with age. The goal of the current study was to conceptually replicate and extend these results by further synthesizing this correlation utilizi...
Article
Full-text available
Preregistration has been lauded as one of the solutions to the so-called ‘crisis of confidence’ in the social sciences and has therefore gained popularity in recent years. However, the current guidelines for preregistration have been developed primarily for studies where new data will be collected. Yet, preregistering secondary data analyses--- whe...
Preprint
Full-text available
A common challenge in developmental research is the amount of incomplete and missing data that occurs from respondents failing to complete tasks or questionnaires, as well as from disengaging from the study (i.e., attrition). This missingness can lead to biases in parameter estimates and, hence, in the interpretation of findings. These biases can b...
Article
Using data from the Applied Problems subtest of the Woodcock‐Johnson Tests of Achievement (Woodcock & Johnson, 1989/1990, Woodcock‐Johnson psycho‐educational battery‐revised. Allen, TX: DLM Teaching Resources) administered to 1,364 children from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Childcare and Youth...
Preprint
Full-text available
Adequately addressing missing data is a pervasive issue in the social sciences. Failure to correctly address missing data can lead to biased or inefficient estimation of parameters, confidence intervals, and significance tests. Multiple imputation is a statistical technique for handling missing data that involves using existing data to generate mul...
Preprint
This is the fifth in a series of white papers providing a summary of the discussions and future directions that are derived from these topical meetings. This paper focuses on issues related to analysis and visual analytics. While these two topics are distinct, there are clear overlaps between the two. It is common to use different visualizations du...
Article
Full-text available
This article synthesizes findings from an international virtual conference, funded by the United States National Science Foundation, focused on the home mathematics environment (HME). In light of inconsistencies and gaps in research investigating relations between the HME and children’s outcomes, the purpose of the conference was to discuss actiona...
Preprint
Full-text available
The goal of the current study was to conduct a conceptual replication of the reciprocal associations between executive function (EF) and academic achievement reported in Schmitt et al. (2017). Using two independent samples (N (STAR) = 279, and N (Pathways) = 277), we examined whether the patterns of associations between EF and achievement across pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
We leveraged nationally representative data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics-Child Development Supplement (N = 3,562) and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (N = 18,174), to chart the functional form of working memory (WM) from 3 to 19 years of age. Results from this preregistered study (https://osf.io/4pvwk) revealed non-linear growth p...
Preprint
In this paper, the fourth in a series of white papers, we provide a summary of the discussions and future directions that came from the topical meeting that focused on model construction with social media data. A particularly interesting aspect of this meeting was, in our view, discussion of the different disciplines’ requirements and approaches to...
Preprint
This study investigated the content of parenting information shared on social media by identifying the range and frequency of topics shared by parenting-focused accounts on Twitter. Using the Twitter API, a universe of 675,069 tweets were gathered from 74 of the most-followed parenting-focused accounts, or ‘hubs’, from January 2016 to June 2018. Us...
Article
Socioeconomic status (SES)—indexed via parent educational attainment, parent occupation, and family income—is a powerful predictor of children’s developmental outcomes. Variations in these resources predict large academic disparities among children from different socioeconomic backgrounds that persist over the years of schooling, perpetuating educa...
Preprint
The convergence of methods and relevant theories between computer scientists and social scientists is a necessary condition for leveraging social media data to understand this increasingly important window into human societies. This paper focuses on issues of data acquisition, sampling, and data preparation. These topics incorporate data collection...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using data from the Applied Problems subtest of the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement (Woodcock, McGrew, & Mather, 2001) administered to 1,364 children from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Childcare and Youth Development (SECCYD), this study measures children’s mastery of three numeric compete...
Article
Among the many factors contributing to the SES-achievement gap, executive function (EF) skills have received a considerable amount of attention, given their role in supporting academic skill development. While recent work has demonstrated that global EF constructs mediate SES-achievement relations, less attention has been paid to unpacking the role...
Preprint
Full-text available
Socioeconomic status (SES)–indexed via parent educational attainment, parent occupation, and family income–is a powerful predictor of children’s developmental outcomes. Variations in these resources predict large academic disparities amongst children from different socioeconomic backgrounds that persist across schooling, perpetuating educational in...
Preprint
Harnessing social media data for social science research entails creating measures out of the largely unstructured, noisy data that users generate on different platforms. This harnessing, particularly of data at scale, requires using methods developed in computer science. But it also typically requires integrating these methods with assessments of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Among the many factors contributing to the SES-achievement gap, executive function (EF) skills have received a considerable amount of attention, given their role in supporting academic skill development. While recent work has demonstrated that global EF constructs mediate SES-achievement relations, less attention has been paid to unpacking the role...
Article
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been repeatedly linked to the developmental trajectory of vocabulary acquisition in young children. However, the nature of this relationship remains underspecified. In particular, despite an extensive literature documenting young children’s reliance on a host of skills and strategies to learn new words, little attenti...
Preprint
Full-text available
Social media provides a rich amount of data on the everyday lives, opinions, thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors of individuals and organizations in near real-time. Leveraging these data effectively and responsibly should therefore improve our ability to understand political, psychological, economic, and sociological behaviors and opinions across time...
Poster
Full-text available
In adult-infant interactions, emotional prosody constitutes an important and basic form of communication (Gil, Hattouti, & Laval, 2016). One form of emotional prosody is pitch, which plays an important role in both linguistic and emotional aspects of utterances for young children (Homae, Watanabe, Nakano, & Taga, 2007). Thus, with as much time youn...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This qualitative study used Twitter to examine stay-at-home parents’ publicly available postings to Twitter about discipline and spanking. Many adults still support the use of spanking despite a substantial body of evidence demonstrating that spanking is linked to a range of negative child outcomes. Little is currently known about how par...
Preprint
Full-text available
Preregistration has been lauded as one of the solutions to the so-called ‘crisis of confidence’ in the social sciences and has therefore gained in popularity in recent years. However, despite its growing popularity, preregistration is still in its infancy and preregistration practices are far from optimal. Moreover, the current infrastructure for p...
Preprint
Objective: This qualitative study used Twitter to examine stay-at-home parents’ publicly available contributions to Twitter about discipline and spanking. Background: Many adults still support the use of spanking despite a substantial body of evidence demonstrating that spanking is linked to a range of negative child outcomes. Little is currently k...
Preprint
Research in developmental psychology often contains samples where education and income are highly related (i.e., low education and low income or high education and high income). Albeit limited, there are a number of low-income families who have at least one parent with a college education. This study examines characteristics of these families and h...
Article
In the last few years, the field of psychology has been challenged with a crisis in the rigor and reproducibility of the science. The focus of these issues has primarily been in social, cognitive, and cognitive neuroscience psychology, however, the area of developmental research is not immune to these issues. This paper provides an overview of the...
Preprint
In the last few years, the field of psychology has been challenged with a crisis in the rigor and reproducibility of science. The focus of these issues has primarily been in social, cognitive, and cognitive neuroscience psychology, however, the area of developmental research is not immune to these issues. This paper provides an overview of the “rep...
Chapter
In much parenting research, a parent’s cognitive ability has been measured by proxy variable using the demographic information on the parent’s education attainment (e.g., years of formal schooling). In this chapter, we review why this one variable is important for understanding both parenting beliefs and behaviors and subsequent influence on child...
Preprint
The field of psychology has increased focus on factors which influence the robustness and replicability of psychological research, illuminating practices which individual investigators might adopt to improve the credibility of their research. These practices include the pre-registration of study design and analytic plans, sharing of study materials...
Article
Full-text available
This article summarizes important contributions of the Child Development Supplement to the PSID (PSID-CDS) to knowledge in child development, time use, media use, and health. The PSID-CDS began in 1997, surveying 2,394 households, including 3,563 children; three waves of data on the first cohort were collected—1997, 2002–03, and 2007–08—and a new c...
Article
Full-text available
The field of child welfare has historically focused on physical safety and legal permanency with little emphasis on child well-being or the importance of social relationships in positive youth development. We add to the literature regarding child well-being among African American adolescents in care—a group that is overrepresented within the foster...
Article
Full-text available
Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care ( N = 1273) were analyzed to assess the longitudinal relations among executive function (EF) components in early childhood (54 months) and adolescence (15 years) and their prediction of academic achievement. We found that after controlling for early achievement, demographic, and home environment variabl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care (N = 1273) were analyzed to assess the longitudinal relations among executive function (EF) components in early childhood (54 months) and adolescence (15 years) and their prediction of academic achievement. We found that after controlling for early achievement, demographic and home environment variables...
Poster
Full-text available
The present study examines relations between early home language environment and children's behavioral self-regulation using digital audio recordings. Controlling for gender and maternal education, results indicate that qualitative and quantitative characteristics of parental dialogue predict children’s self-regulation (n = 36), highlighting the im...
Article
Full-text available
Existing literature suggests that mixed race/ethnicity children are more likely to experience poor socioemotional wellbeing in both the US and the UK, although the evidence is stronger in the US. It is suggested that this inequality may be a consequence of struggles with identity formation, more limited connections with racial/ethnic/cultural herit...
Article
Emerging research suggests that children's ability to divide is the best predictor of later arithmetic development. Although division is typically taught around grade 3, children much younger than this practice division when sharing and allocating resources (e.g. sharing food). To test the hypothesis that social sharing abilities are linked to the...
Poster
Full-text available
Prior to schooling, 16% of children had no math skill mastery, whereas nearly 30% had quite advanced skills. Prior to schooling, if children have no early math skills, they are less likely to take advanced math classes in high school or to attend a four-year college.
Article
Full-text available
We compared long-term growth patterns in teachers’ and mothers’ ratings of Overt Aggression, Covert Aggression, Oppositional Defiance, Impulsivity/inattention, and Emotion Dysregulation across developmental periods spanning kindergarten through grade 8 (ages 5 to 13 years). We also determined whether salient background characteristics and measures...
Preprint
This study examines whether self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later math and reading attainment across different levels of achievement. Data from three large-scale longitudinal data sets, the ALSPAC, NICHD-SECCYD, and PSID-CDS, were used to answer this question by employing quantile regression analyses. After controlling for demo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Secondary data analysis of large longitudinal and national data sets is a standard method used in many social sciences to answer complex questions regarding behavior. This paper details the advantages of using these data sets to study important developmental questions across the lifespan. First, an overview of how using secondary data can increase...
Article
Full-text available
Social class gradients in children’s health and development are ubiquitous across time and geography. The authors develop a conceptual framework relating three actions of class—material allocation, salient group identity, and inter-group conflict—to the reproduction of class-based disparities in child health. A core proposition is that the actions...
Article
This study examines whether self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later math and reading attainment across different levels of achievement. Data from three large-scale longitudinal data sets, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development–Study of Early Child Care and You...
Article
Little is known about what factors contribute to African American youth desisting from offending. Participants were 3,230 moderate- to high risk adolescents from Washington State who completed a statewide risk assessment to assess the likelihood of recidivism. Participants were screened by juvenile probation officers between 2003 and 2010. Research...
Article
For decades, developmental science has been based primarily on relatively small-scale data collections with children and families. Part of the reason for the dominance of this type of data collection is the complexity of collecting cognitive and social data on infants and small children. These small data sets are limited in both power to detect dif...
Article
Families discuss food and eating in many ways that may shape child eating habits. Researchers studying how families talk about food have examined this process during meals. Little work has examined parent-child food-related interactions outside of mealtime. We assessed family food talk at home outside of mealtime and tested whether food talk was as...
Book
Socializing Children through Language examines interactions between parents and children in the context of achievement, self-regulation, food consumption, and television watching to illustrate how parents of different socioeconomic means interact and discuss a variety of topics in the home. With a sample of families across diverse educational and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The goal of this study was test expectations derived from sociological and developmental perspectives that the association between phonics instruction in kindergarten classrooms and reading achievement during the first year of school in the low-income population would depend on whether children had previously attended preschool as well as...
Book
Using psychological theory as a basis, Socializing Children through Language examines naturally occurring conversations between mothers and children in the context of achievement, self-regulation, food consumption, and television watching to illustrate how families of different socioeconomic means interact and discuss a variety of topics in the hom...
Poster
Full-text available
Research suggests that school-aged children’s understanding of fractions and division is key to their successful acquisition of complex arithmetic in later grades (Siegler et al., 2012). Yet, little is known about the developmental antecedents of children’s understanding of division and how these relate to their emergent mathematical abilities. Fro...
Article
This study Examined Conversations about maths (maths talk) between mothers and Their preschoolers in the home setting. Naturalistic conversational data on 40 mother-child dyads from a Midwestern area in the United States Were Gathered using the Language Environment Analysis System (LENA). A sample of up to four hours of talk During shared meals for...
Article
Full-text available
Despite research demonstrating a strong association between early and later mathematics achievement, few studies have investigated mediators of this association. Using longitudinal data (n = 1,362), this study tested the extent to which mathematics self-concepts, school placement, executive functioning, and proficiency in fractions and division acc...
Article
Full-text available
This article uses a nationally representative dataset to investigate the extent to which academic-related parenting practices and the home environment during middle childhood (ages 11-13) predict achievement in late adolescence (N = 486; age range: 16-18 years). Results from path analyses indicated that parental endorsement of punitive strategies (...
Poster
Full-text available
The study examines the method of an innovative Social Division task as a mathematical measurement. Our present findings confirm that our tasks tap into similar brain regions. Future directions will consider how children display early mathematical skills in social interactions.
Article
Parents have always faced challenges in managing the family environment. Within the past decade, these challenges have increased as digital devices and media have become more ubiquitous in the home. The issues faced by families include the appropriate age for children to interact with these devices, whether children's cognitive and social skills ma...
Poster
Full-text available
This study examines whether a social cognitive task of sharing or dividing items (Fairness) relates to children’s emergent mathematical reasoning (implicit and explicit magnitude judgment).
Article
Although substantial work has examined the influence of adolescent pregnancy on mothers’ developmental outcomes, few studies have investigated the influence of adolescent mothers’ educational attainment on their children's achievement. This article examined the reading and math achievement trajectories of children born to adolescent and nonadolesce...
Poster
Full-text available
In our study we tested the hypothesis that early resource allocation experiences relate to adult arithmetic abilities and that sharing taps into similar brain regions as arithmetic.
Article
Although previous research has established the association between early-grade mathematics knowledge and later mathematics achievement, few studies have measured mathematical skills prior to school entry, and few have investigated the predictive power of early gains in mathematics ability. The current paper relates mathematical skills measured at 5...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Racial/ethnic patterning in the risk of obesity and overweight has been observed in early childhood; however, little research has compared these disparities between the UK and US using detailed ethnic classifications. We use comparable nationally representative cohort studies to examine racial/ethnic disparities in mean BMI and in the odd...
Article
Objective: Racial/ethnic patterning in the risk of obesity and overweight has been observed in early childhood; however, little research has compared these disparities between the United Kingdom (UK) and United States (US) using detailed ethnic classifications. We use comparable nationally representative cohort studies to examine racial/ethnic disp...