Pamela Abbott

Pamela Abbott
University of Aberdeen | ABDN · School of Education

FAcSS BSc, MSc, PhD, PGCE

About

318
Publications
2,652,366
Reads
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3,777
Citations
Citations since 2016
158 Research Items
2513 Citations
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Introduction
I am Director of the Centre for Global Development, University of Aberdeen. My main research interests are gender, wellbeing and quality of life and social, economic and political transformations. I have over 20 years of experience researching in countries in the Global South, the former Soviet Union, North Africa and the Middle East, East Africa, and Bangladesh.
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - August 2016
University of Aberdeen
Position
  • Professor
January 2000 - August 2008
Glasgow Caledonian University
Position
  • Pro Vice Chancellor and Vice Principal
July 1996 - December 1999
Teesside University
Position
  • Director School of Social Sciences

Publications

Publications (318)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Islam, M., Abbott, P., Deegan, C., Gooch , F., Haque, S., & van Staden, C. J. (2022). Feedback on a legislative response to Modern Slavery and Worker Exploitation, Forced Labour, People Trafficking and Slavery both in New Zealand and internationally: a submission to Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, New Zealand Government
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is a report from the project entitled Toward the Development of Post Covid-19 Gender Policy Measures to End Modern Slavery and Exploitation in the Bangladeshi Garment Sector, funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). It reports on the impact of COVID-19 on women workers in the readymade garment industry in Bangladesh.
Technical Report
Full-text available
How to cite this report? Islam M. A., Abbott, P., Haque, S., Gooch, F. & Akhter, S. (2022), ‘The Impact of Covid-19 on Women Workers in the Bangladesh Garment Industry’, Research Report, January 2022, The University of Aberdeen and the Modern Slavery and Human Rights Policy and Evidence Centre (Modern Slavery PEC), UK Description: This is...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This policy brief focuses on gender discrimination in the RMG in Bangladesh during the Covid-19 pandemic. Bangladesh has ratified the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and signed up to the SDGs, committing to promote gender justice to ensure that women can claim and exercise their righ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This policy brief focuses on gender discrimination in the RMG in Bangladesh during the Covid-19 pandemic. Bangladesh has ratified the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and signed up to the SDGs, committing to promote gender justice to ensure that women can claim and exercise their righ...
Article
Full-text available
We draw innovatively on new and existing public opinion survey data carried out across North African countries since 2011 to provide a 'view from below of the type of democracy that citizens of North African countries want and compare this conception with the type of democracy the European Union (EU) 'offers' its counterparts in the 'Southern Neigh...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic reveals how public policy is shaped by a ‘competition for ideas’, where problems are raised and framed differently by different actors located within hierarchies of power, networks and resources. ► Despite statistical data revealing inequalities in the distribution of burden and risk, it remains relatively uncommon to amplify...
Article
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) services are examined from the Political Economy Analysis (PEA) perspective in Rwanda. Through a participatory qualitative approach, the findings show that water and sanitation services have been relatively low on the political agenda in Rwanda. There is a shortage of qualified employees at both local and nation...
Article
Having a literate society has been a policy objective of the Rwandan Government for 20 years. However, in practice, it has never been a high priority, although investing in adult literacy education has the potential to contribute to socio-economic transformation. This paper reports on findings from a survey, key informant interviews and focus group...
Chapter
Rwanda is a case-study of social engineering for quality of life (QoL) and demonstrates both the possibilities and the problems that can emerge. What governments do determines the ‘social space’ for QoL. The 1994 Genocide destroyed Rwanda’s physical and social infrastructure along with a million or more of its inhabitants. The post-Genocide Governm...
Article
Having a literate society has been a policy objective of the Rwandan Government for 20 years. However, in practice, it has never been a high priority, although investing in adult literacy education has the potential to contribute to socio-economic transformation. This paper reports on findings from a survey, key informant interviews and focus group...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Maternal Death Audit in Rwanda is part of the continuity of care for maternal health. Maternal health is a political priority, and a robust policy framework and partnership between the Government and Development Partners has seen a dramatic improvement in maternal health, including a sharp decline in maternal mortality. Maternal Death audit was int...
Preprint
A stratified probability literacies survey carried out in the Western Province of Rwanda in 2018. Qualitative data, FGD and key informant interviews, carried out in the Western Province of Rwanda in 2018.</div
Preprint
Full-text available
A stratified probability literacies survey carried out in the Western Province of Rwanda in 2018. Qualitative data, FGD and key informant interviews, carried out in the Western Province of Rwanda in 2018.</div
Article
Inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is a significant health burden in Rwanda. Although current approaches for improving water and sanitation provision to enhance health outcomes are often narrowly associated with monetary exchange, analysis of two informal settlements in Kigali (Gitega and Kimisagara) shows that households attempt to me...
Article
A copy can be downloaded from: https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/HR6CBUZCUHNJSHDDGXIH/full?target=10.1080/19463138.2020.1727909 Inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is a significant health burden in Rwanda. Although current approaches for improving water and sanitation provision to enhance health outcomes are often narrowly associated...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A Policy brief on the impact on families of caring for a child that has a complex surgical intervention in Rwanda. The costs to the family of caring for their child are high and most families fall into poverty and it has a toll on the mental health of mothers.University
Chapter
This chapter looks in detail at citizens’ views on the extent to which their governments are meeting their demands for inclusive economic development, decent employment and fighting corruptions. It concludes that they are generally dissatisfied with the way governments are managing the economy and providing basic services, although there are some d...
Chapter
This chapter uses survey data to analyse perceptions of the EU, its development cooperation programmes, its promotion of democracy, the appropriateness of its response to the Arab Uprisings and the perception of the EU as an international actor. Overall, the data suggests low levels of awareness and relatively negative opinions of the EU’s actions...
Chapter
The chapter does three things: first, it examines the discursive structure of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) as it was revised between 2011 and 2017, critically assessing its claim to discursive novelty in the post-Uprisings principles and frameworks of the ENP; secondly, it examines the policies and practices associated with post-Uprising...
Chapter
This chapter provides a bridge between the critical policy analysis offered in the first half of the book and the analysis of public opinion survey data in the second half. Comparing before and after the Uprisings, it does three things. First, it examines the changing political context within which the EU is delivering the European Neighbourhood Po...
Chapter
This chapter compares the way in which the EU defines and promotes gender equality and the empowerment of women on the one hand and the conceptions of women’s rights in Southern Mediterranean Countries (SMCs) on the other. The chapter begins by examining the evolution and metamorphosis of the EU’s self-image as a gender entrepreneur, followed by an...
Chapter
This chapter explores the evolution of the EU’s self-image as a normative entrepreneur—what it sees as good and successful in its own creation—which should be exported as the model of society to which others should aspire. This provides the context for examining the extent to which the EU’s foreign policy in Southern Mediterranean Countries is, as...
Chapter
This book has above all shown why the EU is not a ‘normative actor’ in the Middle East and how and why EU democracy promotion fails. These efforts fail because the Union promotes the wrong kind of democracy and the wrong kind of strategies for economic growth—wrong both in the sense that these approaches do not work and in the sense that they are n...
Chapter
This chapter sets the scene for analyses in Chaps. 4 and 5 by tracing the roots, rationales and evolution of the EU’s pre-Uprisings external relations in its Southern Neighbourhood. The chapter then examines the discursive structure of EU policies in the run-up to 2010–11 in three key areas: democracy, development and delivery. Key pre-Uprisings EU...
Chapter
This chapter addresses five questions: what were the drivers of the 2011 Uprisings?; what do citizens see as the main challenges facing their country?; do they want democracy and if yes what kind of democracy?; what type of government do they think will deliver on their priorities?; and do they trust their governments to deliver on their priorities...
Book
Full-text available
This book shows, first, why the EU is not a ‘normative actor’ in the Southern Mediterranean, and second, how and why EU democracy promotion fails. Drawing on a combination of discourse analysis of EU policy documents and evidence from opinion polls showing ‘what the people want’, the book shows EU policy fails because the EU promotes a conception o...
Chapter
THIS CHAPTER WILL PROVIDE YOU WITH A BROAD CRITICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE FOLLOWING ISSUES IN GENDER AS A SOURCE OF SOCIAL DIVISION: • The social construction of gender • Changing gender relationships in western societies • Social as opposed to biological explanations for gender inequalities • Gendered power relationships • Gender differences a...
Chapter
Social inclusion is full membership of a society (see Abbott et al. 2016, Chap. 4). To the extent that people are denied human or civil rights on the basis of how they are categorized and treated by others, they are socially excluded. Older people are described as marginalized when they are seen as not having the mental or physical capacity to surv...
Technical Report
This case study can be freely downloaded from: https://www.tarsc.org/publications/documents/FCH-England%20case%20study2019.pdf. This case study explores drivers of change under a Labour government 1997-2010 and the subsequent Conservative governments post 2010 in policies for reducing child poverty and funding early childhood education and care (EC...
Technical Report
The case study can be freely downloaded from: https://www.tarsc.org/publications/documents/FCH-Ireland%20case%20study2019.pdf. The case study explores a policy shift post 2000 to promoting FCHW through integrated delivery of services for young children and families. The main window of opportunity was in 1997 when the Fianna Fail government was elec...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This case study can be freely downloaded at: https://www.tarsc.org/publications/documents/FCH-Rwanda%20case%20study2019.pdf This case study explores the change in Rwanda post 2000 towards the development and adoption of a policy for integrated early childhood development policy (IECD) and a strategy for implementing it. The window of opportunity fo...
Technical Report
This case study can be freely downloaded at: https://www.tarsc.org/publications/documents/FCH-Vietnam%20case%20study2019.pdf This case study explores the transition from no government policy for early childhood education (ECE) to a having a government policy in place post 2000 for mandatory preschool education for all five-year olds and an integrat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Rwanda has set itself the ambitious target of enabling every adult to be able to read and write a simple passage and do basic arithmetic, but little progress is being made towards achieving it. EICV 5, carried out in 2017/18, found that nearly a third of adults say that they cannot perform these crucial tasks, and the proportion increases to just o...
Article
The article can be downloaded at https://theconversation.com/tunisians-head-for-the-polls-amid-dimming-faith-in-democracy-122492
Technical Report
Full-text available
What are nature and origins/causes of the major political, economic, and social challenges in the Euro-Mediterranean region today (e.g. security, migration, democracy, development)? What role can the EU play in the Southern Neighbourhood to meet those challenges? This report addresses these two central questions. Because there can be no stability,...
Article
This article draws on public opinion survey data from Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, and Jordan to investigate first, whether a “demand for democracy” in the region exists; second, how to measure it; and third, how respondents understand it. The picture emerging from this analysis is complex, eluding the simple dichotomy between prima facie support and s...
Article
Full-text available
Advocating for greater priority for family and child health and wellbeing policy at the system level in the United States raises the question: How have policy norms and recognition for policy and systems shifted in other countries and internationally to support family and child health and wellbeing (FCHW)? What transferable learning is there for th...
Article
Full-text available
Sanitation is a basic human right and poor sanitation and insanitary conditions are a threat to the health of the whole population. The policy brief argues that rather than promoting market or state-led approaches, combining the two is a more useful approach in improving sanitation in the informal settlements of East Africa Cities.
Article
Full-text available
The world’s population is expected to grow from 7.6 billion to 8.6 billion by 2030 and to 9.8 billion by 2050. A large proportion of this population growth is expected to occur in Africa where the population is expected to double from its current level of 1.3 billion by mid-century. Most of this growth will occur in urban areas as Africa’s cities a...
Article
The story of the ‘Arab Spring’ as a revolt of young people against autocracy does not stand up to survey analysis at country level. Data from the Arab Transformations Survey show that young people were over-represented as participants, but it is necessary to stretch the concept of ‘youth’ into middle age in some countries to say this, there were pl...
Article
Rwanda has recently registered all legal owners of land and has required spouses to be registered as co‐owners of joint property; this is aimed at contributing to the empowerment of women, among many other things. A 2015 survey explored the impact of law and official practice on women's empowerment—whether they knew their rights and whether they co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In Aberdeen City, falling oil prices slowed growth and increased unemployment and food poverty after 2014. Despite Scotland’s commitment the Sustainable Food Cities approach, use of food banks increased, due to a mix of factors, including increased living costs and precarious employment; changes in benefit entitlements and barriers in claiming welf...
Article
Egyptians are voting in presidential elections on March 26-28. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who grabbed power in 2013, is set to win another term by a landslide. Yet this is far from a sign of strength: opposition candidates have been silenced, and even pro-government media are being purged of the slightest undertone of dissent. Al-Sisi’s grip on power m...
Article
Full-text available
In Kenya, beekeeping offers benefits which could make it attractive to smallholder farmers as a possible strategy for making their livelihoods more sustainable. However, its potential remains largely unexploited and the lack of new entrants is thought to be one key reason for a decline in beekeeping. This paper reports on a study that examined the...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation and management of biodiversity data is crucial for Sub-Saharan Africa countries. As signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Botswana and South Africa have undertaken to abide by what has been stipulated by the CBD and to endeavour to provide legislative, administrative and policy measures towards achieving biodiver...
Article
Full-text available
In The Decent Society: planning for social quality (Abbott et al 2016) we developed the ‘Decent Society Model’ (DSM), on the shoulders of the ‘Social Quality’ approach (Beck et al 1997, 2001; Van der Maesen and Walker 2012) as a way of understanding, measuring and advising about the extent to which governments provide the resources and institutions...
Article
A analysis of the underlying causes of the riots in Tunisia in 2018 for a popular audience. Link to article https://theconversation.com/tunisia-is-back-on-a-knife-edge-heres-why-90245
Presentation
Full-text available
Describing a projected aimed at translating the social practices approach to adult literacies education to the Rwanda context.
Book
The Arab Uprisings were unexpected events of rare intensity in Middle Eastern history – mass, popular and largely non-violent revolts which threatened and in some cases toppled apparently stable autocracies. This volume provides in-depth analyses of how people perceived the socio-economic and political transformations in three case studies epitomis...
Chapter
This chapter compares and combines key background information from political history and non-survey data with people’s perceptions as captured in surveys, to explore trends in people’s perceptions and political preferences before and after the Uprisings. This data suggest that people across all three countries are committed both to the idea of demo...
Chapter
This chapter shows that, as with the economy, by 2014 people’s hopes that their lives would improve and that governments would address their grievances had been dashed. Early optimism was replaced by concern that things were not getting better. Trust in government was low—albeit higher in the judiciary and the police and very high in the army—and c...
Chapter
This chapter summarises the results of an analysis of empirical data conducted throughout the volume, focusing on key issues: corruption, gender, youth, trust, religion and democracy. This analysis epitomises the integrated approach to quantitative and qualitative data the volume calls for. The chapter concludes with reflections on the implications...
Chapter
This chapter shows that people’s hopes that the socio-economic and political situation would improve and that governments would address their grievances following the 2010–2011 Uprisings had not been met in 2014. The economic situation had not improved, the security situation had deteriorated and governance remained a concern. Citizens agreed that...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the causes of the Arab Uprisings, who took part, what people saw as the main challenges facing their country and what their hopes were. It outlines the principal explanations for the Uprisings, then uses survey data to explore people’s views on key issues. We consider what we can learn from public opinion surveys about ordina...
Chapter
The Arab Uprisings were events of rare intensity in Middle Eastern history as mass, popular and largely non-violent revolts which threatened and toppled supposedly stable autocracies. Branded them the region’s ‘1989 moment’, when counter-revolution followed revolution, artificial expectations gave way to equally misplaced disaffection, still fails...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity informatics is an emerging discipline which deals with the collection, collation, analysis, prediction, and dissemination of data and information related to the earth's biotic resources. This article is a review of the policy and legislation instruments relevant to biodiversity informatics, grouped in four categories, (i) mobilizing bi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
EU policy towards its Southern Neighbourhood aims to ensure the security of Member States and is underpinned by an assumption of a shared interests in democracy, security, and prosperity through economic liberalisation. It sees the main way of achieving these aims as promoting Western-style liberal democracy as a political system capable of providi...
Article
Full-text available
Corruption provokes much anger in the Middle East and North African (MENA) and was important in the Arab Uprisings; it was government corruption that sparked the greatest anger among the population. The argument of this Report is (a) that corruption is a major and obvious breach of trust, (b) that the same is true for ‘civil’ corruption – ‘wasta’ i...
Article
Full-text available
The story of the ‘Arab Spring’ as a revolt of young people against autocratic rule and to bring democracy to their countries is not a good fit to the available data. Younger people were indeed over-represented in comparison to the age distribution of the population as a whole, but some of those ‘identified’ as young were in fact well into middle ag...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines whether the expectations of the post-2011 Arab uprisings have been met, by evaluating how citizens felt, three years later, who had supported the 2011 events actively or passively. The 2011 protests that shook the Arab world could be seen as a form of popular protest demanding democratic government - albeit on a massive, cross-n...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The EU missed the opportunity afforded by the Arab Uprisings to refocus its Neighbourhood Policy to address the structural causes of instability in MENA states. Findings from the Arab Transformations survey demonstrate that these causes remain unchanged, and directly impact on security, cohesion, resilience, political mobilisation and radicalisatio...
Article
Full-text available
Since the beginning of the century, public opinion poll data has become increasingly available for researching political, social and economic attitudes and values in the MENA. This provides another avenue for new and innovative research, including exploring models of political systems and their transformations (e.g. democratization, authoritarian r...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The romantic story of the ‘Arab Spring’ as a revolt of young people against autocratic rule and in favour of liberal values does not stand up to analysis using representative survey data. It is true that young people were over-represented among both participants and supporters, but there were plenty of older people there as well, and the protests w...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Using public opinion survey data and international statistics, this Brief looks at the serious problem of youth unemployment in North Africa, due in part to decades of ‘structural adjustment’ which have eroded job opportunities in the public sector. The problem stretches beyond the ILO definition of ‘unemployment’ to include those who no longer see...
Article
Full-text available
North Africa has some of the highest youth unemployment rates in the world and young women are at considerably greater risk of unemployment than young men and a majority of whom never make the school-employment transition. However, focusing on just those that are unemployed misses out on those that are neither in education or employment (NEETs). Th...
Article
Article available at: https://opendemocracy.net/content/august-13-2017
Article
Full-text available
Avalable at: https://opendemocracy.net/content/august-13-2017
Article
Full-text available
Available at https://opendemocracy.net/content/august-13-2017
Article
Download at: https://theconversation.com/iraq-must-now-rebuild-itself-and-that-means-fixing-its-dreadful-governance-80509?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Latest%20from%20The%20Conversation%20for%20August%201%202017%20-%2079906396&utm_content=Latest%20from%20The%20Conversation%20for%20August%201%202017%20-%2079906396+CID_0ec9c7f222bc3d159c4413cca41721...
Article
Full article available at: https://theconversation.com/election-guide-what-you-need-to-know-about-the-rwandan-presidential-poll-81496