Pam Pilkington

Pam Pilkington
Australian Catholic University | ACU · School of Behavioural and Health Sciences

Masters of Clinical Psychology/PhD

About

39
Publications
6,971
Reads
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1,267
Citations
Introduction
Certified Advanced Schema Therapist (Individual), EMDR Practitioner, and Clinical Psychologist - www.drpampilkington.com; Honours and Masters lecturer/research supervisor, Australian Catholic University; Teaching Associate, Monash Online; Founder, Partners to Parents - www.partnerstoparents.org
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - May 2022
Australian Catholic University
Position
  • Sessional academic
January 2012 - December 2013
University of Melbourne
Position
  • Research Assistant
January 2012 - January 2016
Australian Catholic University
Position
  • Masters of Clinical Psych/PhD Student

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Young’s schema model identifies overprotection as a type of childhood experience associated with early maladaptive schemas. This review evaluated the evidence base examining overprotective parenting as a predictor of schema endorsement in adolescence and adulthood. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA gu...
Article
Background. Schema Therapy is based on the theory that trauma and neglect in childhood lead to early maladaptive schemas and psychopathology in adulthood. The aim of this review was to evaluate support for this theory by synthesizing the literature on childhood adversity and schemas. Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis were completed in...
Article
Full-text available
Young’s early maladaptive schemas represent a possible pathway between childhood adversity and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). The aim of this review was to synthesize the evidence on early maladaptive schemas and IPV. PubMed, PsycInfo, and CINAHL databases were searched, in compliance with PRISMA, to identify peer reviewed studies that reporte...
Article
Objective. This qualitative survey aimed to explore schema therapists’ perceptions of how their early maladaptive schemas are activated in their therapeutic work, and how they manage their reactions. Method. An online qualitative survey was conducted with 22 schema therapists. Following brief demographic questions, participants were asked three op...
Article
Background: Perinatal depression is a major health issue which negatively affects individuals and families. Existing research has focused largely on maternal perinatal depression. Paternal perinatal depression (PDD) is similarly prevalent and warrants empirical attention. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to consolidate...
Article
This study aimed to review evidence on the associations between childhood emotional, physical and sexual abuse, neglect, and bullying, and early maladaptive schemas, as measured in adolescence. PubMed, PsycInfo and CINAHL were searched to identify peer-reviewed studies reporting original quantitative data on the association between early maladaptiv...
Article
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and borderline personality Disorder (BPD) share features, including social and emotion regulation difficulties. The evidence for the overlap in prevalence and clinical characteristics was systematically reviewed. Ovid Medline, PsycInfo, and PubMed were searched until November 30, 2020 using keywords relating to BPD an...
Article
This study investigated whether the Abandonment schema mediates the relationship between a history of parental separation or divorce and attachment styles in adulthood. Participants (N = 426; Mage = 30.78 years) completed online measures, using Qualtrics. Results demonstrated that a history of parental separation or divorce was positively associate...
Article
Background Factors impacting parents’ selection of interventions for their child on the autism spectrum need to be understood in order to better support decision-making. The aim of the current study was to explore parent-reported influences on decisions. Method A sample of 14 Australian parents (13 mothers; 1 father) of a child (4–11 years) diagno...
Article
Background: Improved understanding of the specific cognitive risk factors associated with depression is needed to inform prevention and treatment approaches. Recent research has examined the relationship between Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMS) and depression, but the findings were yet to be integrated using meta-analytic methods. The aim of this re...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Understanding the risk factors for suicidality is essential to the prevention of death by suicide and the effective treatment of suicidal ideation and self-harm. The objective of this review was to summarise the evidence on the associations between early maladaptive schemas and suicidal ideation and self-harm. Method. A systematic rev...
Article
Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is associated with increased risk of impairment to a child’s emotional, behavioural, and psychological functioning. Further, the presence of IPV is negatively associated with a child’s attachment to their primary caregivers, which is an additional risk factor for social, emotional, and psychological impai...
Article
Qualitative investigations into maternal worries during pregnancy are limited. The aim of this study was to identify the content of women’s pregnancy-related worries by completing a content analysis of posts on Reddit. A total of 217 posts by 196 unique users were analysed. Most worries related to infant factors (32.6%), individual factors (27.1%),...
Article
Full-text available
Aims To evaluate the efficacy of interventions to support co‐parenting, how partners relate to and support one another as parents, on paternal outcomes. Background Despite societal shifts in gender roles leading to fathers’ increasing involvement in parenting and growing recognition of the need for couples‐based parenting interventions, fathers ha...
Article
Objective: This study qualitatively explored adolescents’ causal beliefs about depression. Method: Semi-structured focus groups were conducted with 38 Australian secondary students (25 females, 13 males) aged 15–17 years. Adolescents were asked an open-ended question about the causes of depression, followed by a series of prompts about common cause...
Article
Background There are many treatment options for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Misinformation and easy access to ineffective treatments complicates the decision-making process for parents. Research on implicit factors (e.g., parent or child characteristics) and declared factors (e.g., parent-reported reasons) contributes to an unders...
Article
Objectives: Women in the perinatal period are at increased risk of experiencing self-harm ideation. The current study longitudinally examines the prevalence, trajectories, and correlates of self-harm ideation in a population-based sample of Australian women from pregnancy through to the early years of parenting. Methods: Drawing on data from 150...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Few studies have examined the course of maternal depressive across pregnancy and early parenthood. The aim of this study was to identify the physical, sexual and social health factors associated with the trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy to 4 years postpartum. Method: Data were drawn from 1102 women participati...
Article
The need for services targeting fathers in the perinatal period is increasingly apparent. To maximize engagement, such interventions need to be father focused, but men’s experiences and needs around support have not been adequately examined. Therefore, the aims of this qualitative study were to explore men’s experiences of seeking support for their...
Article
Qualitative investigations into the emotional needs of expectant fathers have been limited by difficulties with recruitment. This study aimed to unobtrusively obtain insights into fathers’ worries during pregnancy by analyzing the content of posts on the Internet forum Reddit. The majority of worries related to infant well-being (50.8%), particular...
Article
Background: The active engagement of fathers in maternity care is associated with long-term benefits for the father, their partner, and their child. Midwives are ideally placed to engage fathers, but few studies have explored midwives' experiences of working with men. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe midwives' perceptions and exper...
Article
Objective: Couples-based interventions to prevent perinatal depression and anxiety are needed to optimise parental well-being and infant mental health. Current interventions are limited by their focus on maternal mental health, postnatal outcomes, and a reliance on professionals for their delivery. This article describes the development of Partners...
Article
Interventions targeting parents’ mental health in the perinatal period are critical due to potential consequences of perinatal mental illness for the parent, the infant, and their family. To date, most programs have targeted mothers. This systematic review explores the current status and evidence for intervention programs aiming to prevent or treat...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Systematic reviews have established that partner support protects against perinatal mood problems. It is therefore a key target for interventions designed to prevent maternal and paternal depression and anxiety. Nonetheless, the extant literature is yet to be translated into specific actions that parents can implement. Prevention effort...
Article
Background Preventing perinatal mood problems is critical because of the adverse consequences for the individual and their family. Partner support is an ideal target for prevention efforts as it is a protective factor for both perinatal depression and anxiety and is modifiable.Method This review explores the current evidence and future directions f...
Article
Full-text available
Objective. This study aimed to investigate maternal crying as a signal of distress and request for support in the postpartum period. Background. The development of postpartum mental illness may be prevented if spouses can recognize their partner’s distress and respond supportively. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of primiparous mothers (N =137)...
Article
Perinatal distress is a significant public health problem that adversely impacts the individual and their family. The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to identify factors that partners can modify to protect each other from developing perinatal depression and anxiety. In accordance with the PRISMA statement, we revie...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. The paper reports on an exploratory study of the usefulness of Twitter for unobtrusive assessment of stigmatizing attitudes in the community. Materials and Methods. Tweets with the hashtags #depression or #schizophrenia posted on Twitter during a 7-day period were collected. Tweets were categorised based on their content and user info...
Article
Background Adolescence is a peak time for the onset of depression, but little is known about what adolescents can do to reduce their own level of risk. To fill this gap, a review was carried out to identify risk and protective factors for depression during adolescence that are modifiable by the young person. Methods Employing the PRISMA method, we...
Article
The family setting, particularly parents, is a strategic target for preventive interventions for youth depression and anxiety disorders. However, more effective translation of relevant research evidence is required. This study employed the Delphi methodology to establish expert consensus on parenting strategies that are important for preventing ado...
Article
There is a burgeoning and varied literature examining the associations between parental factors and depression or anxiety disorders in young people. However, there is hitherto no systematic review of this complex literature with a focus on the 12-18 years age range, when the first onset for these disorders peaks. Furthermore, to facilitate the appl...
Article
Background: Biological conceptualisations of depression are increasingly prevalent. The current study aimed to investigate the current prevalence of causal beliefs about depression in the Australian public, the factors associated with these beliefs, and changes over time. Method: A nationally representative sample of Australian adults was surveyed...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Interest in evaluating purpose in life as an important component of ageing well is growing; however, investigation into the appropriate measurement of this construct is required. The purpose of this paper was to examine the measurement properties of the Life Engagement Test (LET) and to provide normative data for a non-clinical sample of co...
Article
This study examined the extent to which associations between volunteering and subjective well-being (SWB) could be related to volunteers having more supportive social networks relative to nonvolunteers. The sample consisted of 561 midlife and older adults (aged 55-94 years) from the TRAnsitions In Later Life study. Multiple mediation analyses exami...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
This systematic review and meta-analysis is being led by Dr Pam Pilkington in collaboration with Amy Bishop and Dr Rita Younan. It will synthesise the evidence base on the relationship between childhood experiences and early maladaptive schemas in adolescence and adulthood.