Pablo Antonio Valdés Badilla

Pablo Antonio Valdés Badilla
Universidad Católica del Maule | UCM · Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física

Ph.D. in Physical Activity Sciences

About

161
Publications
71,402
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613
Citations
Education
April 2019 - November 2019
Universidad Autónoma de Chile
Field of study
  • Diplomado en Innovación y Gestión Colaborativa en la Docencia Universitaria
July 2016 - April 2020
Universidad Católica del Maule
Field of study
  • Doctor en Ciencias de la Actividad Física
April 2015 - November 2015
Universidad Autónoma de Chile
Field of study
  • Diplomado en Metodología Educacional

Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Full-text available
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the available body of published peer-reviewed articles related to the effects of Olympic combat sports (OCS), compared with ac-tive/passive controls, on balance, fall risk, or falls in older adults. The TESTEX and GRADE scales assessed the methodological quality and certainty of evidence. The...
Article
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Olympic combat sports are unconventional physical activity strategies to train middle-aged and older people with and without health problems. This systematic review aimed to assess the available body of published peer-reviewed articles related to the effects of Olympic combat sports interventions (boxing, fencing, judo, karate, taekwondo, wrestling...
Article
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This study protocol aims to analyze and compare the effects of an adapted taekwondo program with respect to multi-component training and walking exercise on health status in independent older women. Secondarily, we analyze the variability of the inter-individual response and compare it according to the designated training system. The sample will co...
Article
Background: Deterioration in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and healthy eating behavior due to the effect of COVID-19 lockdown has been reported. The aim of this study was to associate eating habits and HRQoL with physical activity behavior in Latin American university students during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Measured 4,859 universit...
Article
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The present study aimed to evaluate the body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness of overweight or obese people after COVID-19. 171 volunteers of both sexes (men, n = 93 and women, n = 78) between 19 and 65 years old were allocated into three groups according to the severity of their symptoms of COVID-19: non-hospitalized people/mild symptoms...
Article
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This longitudinal and observational study investigated the consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown on health-related physical fitness and biochemical responses in 16 overweight or obese male adolescents (aged 12.6 ± 1.8 years). The anthropometry, body composition, physical fitness tests, and measures of blood biomarkers (fasting blood...
Article
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The non-responders (NRs) after exercise training have been poorly studied in populations with morbid obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the NR prevalence after 20 weeks of concurrent training of morbidly obese women with a high or low number of metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors. Twenty-eight women with morbid obesity participa...
Article
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The effect of multi-component training on the specific performance is under-researched in wrestlers. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 6-weeks of multicomponent training on The Special Wrestling Fitness Test (SWFT) performance in wrestlers who were preparing for an international championship, and their inter-individual adaptive v...
Article
Introducción: Los escolares que practican actividad física regularmente poseen mayor autoestima y autoconcepto académico respecto a quienes no lo practican; se desconoce si esta condición se mantiene en contexto de pandemia por la COVID-19. Objetivo: Comparar la autoestima con el autoconcepto académico en escolares chilenos según sexo y hábito de a...
Article
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Introducción: El envejecimiento patológico provoca cambios anatomofisiológicos responsables de generar deterioro en la condición física y calidad de vida de las personas mayores. Así también se ha observado un aumento en la presencia de síndromes geriátricos como la fragilidad física. Objetivo: Determinar si existe asociación entre la condición fís...
Article
Full-text available
- Repensar la actuación y despliegue profesional en Educación Física en el territorio escolar a partir de la modificación a la Ley 19.712 - La medida indica que es para incentivar el deporte y los hábitos de vida saludable en los escolares.
Code
This is an R package that contains the data used for the young swimmers study, which aims to be a complementary tool for research reproducibility and exploratory data analysis.
Article
Previous evidence indicates that body fat can distinguish Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) athletes according to the competitive level. However, propositions of cut-off points for establishing classifications of body fat percentage for combat sports athletes and, specifically, for BJJ athletes are still incipient in the literature. In this sense, the main...
Article
BACKGROUND: Repeat high-intensity intermittent efforts is a taekwondo-specific ability but the influence of aerobic capacity and dynamic strength characteristics on this ability has received relatively little attention in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between specific high-intensity intermittent efforts with aerobic capacit...
Article
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Objective: To study the differences in cardiac autonomic modulation in response to muscle fatigue caused by high-intensity exercise during two consecutive competition periods in young swimmers. Methods: Twenty-six competitive swimmers, selected by their training volume, were separated in two groups, females ( n = 12 [46%], age: 13.5 ± 1.4 years) an...
Article
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This study investigated the effect of 4weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with specific techniques and analyzed inter-individual variability [classified in responders (Rs) and non-responders (NRs)] on jumping ability and change of direction speed (CODS) in youth karate athletes. Athletes of both genders ( n =10) were randomly assigned...
Article
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Objective: To analyze the effects of 8 weeks of an active exergames training program on walking speed, static balance, timed up-and-go test, and sit-to-stand performance in older females. Methods: Two groups of participants were formed by block-design randomization as follows: (i) control group (n=12; age, 74.1±7.9 years); (ii) 8 week exergames tra...
Article
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This study investigated the effect of 4 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with specific techniques (TS-G) vs. repeated sprints (RS-G) and analyzed the inter-individual variability [classified into responders (Rs) and non-responders (NRs)] on sport-related fitness in taekwondo (TKD) athletes. Athletes of both genders (n = 12) were ran...
Article
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Surface electromyography in ballistic movement: a comparative methodological analysis from taekwondo athletes Electromiografía de superficie en movimientos balísticos: un análisis metodológico comparativo en atletas de taekwondo Abstract. Surface electromyography (sEMG) signal processing methods used to assess combat sports are heterogeneous. This...
Article
Introducción: La pandemia por la COVID-19 ha generado distanciamiento social, lo cual provoca disminución de la práctica de actividad física y menor calidad de vida relacionada con la salud. Objetivo: Relacionar el nivel de actividad física con la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, en adolescentes, durante el confinamiento por la COVID-19. M...
Article
Introduction: Resistance training exercises must be adapted to people’s characteristics and dosed individually to achieve maximum benefits. Aim: To compare the effects of a resistance training program on body composition and maximum strength in physically active university students, according to their baseline body mass index (BMI). Material and me...
Article
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Background: Obesity is a chronic, non-communicable, multifactorial disease that different governmental and non-governmental organizations consider a pandemic. It has even been reported as the disease to be combated in the 21st century. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a multi-professional intervention with an online component...
Article
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Objective To explore the associations between the consumption of three categories of ultra-processed food (sugary beverages, sweet, and salty snacks) and body mass index (BMI) among Chilean university students. Methods We conducted a multi-center, descriptive study among 2,039 students from 6 Chilean universities. Food consumption was surveyed usi...
Article
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Citation: Herrera-Valenzuela, T.; Carter, J.; Leiva, E.; Valdés-Badilla, P.; Ojeda-Aravena, A.; Franchini, E. The present study investigated the effect of an additional short-duration HIIT program using boxing-specific techniques on activity during a simulated competition. Additionally, we in- vestigated the impact on physical fitness, specifically...
Article
Efectos del entrenamiento de fuerza sobre la condición física en niños y niñas con sobrepeso y obesidad: una revisión sistemática Effects of strength training on the fitness in boys and girls with overweight and obesity: a systematic review Resumen. Introducción: Debido a las preocupantes cifras de obesidad infantil y los riesgos para la salud que...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this systematic review was to analyse the studies centered on the effects of Olympic combat sports (OCS [i.e., boxing, fencing, judo, karate, taekwondo, wrestling]) on older adults' physical-functional, physiological, and psychoemotional health status. The review comprised randomised-controlled trials with OCS interventions, including ol...
Article
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is zed by achieving similar effects to conventional physical and physiological training in a shorter time, allowing its dissemination in the sports field. The present study was aimed to analyze the effects of a HIIT program on body composition and general and specific physical fitness in Chilean female field...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study determines the relationship between the fatigue of adolescent swimmers in high-level competitions during two continuous periods of maximum performance and the degree that swimmers conform to norms during these periods. Methods: We evaluated the conformist trait and three areas of fatigue in two consecutive competitive periods,...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Explosive strength and change of direction speed (CODS) are relevant physical abilities in karate. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the characteristics of explosive strength and the 5-m linear sprint (5M) with CODS performance and ii) to examine the influential characteristics of explosive strength on CODS performance. MET...
Article
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Introducción: El objetivo de la presente revisión sistemática fue analizar los estudios que evalúan las diferencias morfológicas y de condición física en futbolistas adolescentes según posición de juego. Material y métodos: Para su elaboración se siguió el protocolo PRISMA-P, se utilizó la base de datos PubMed/MEDLINE y se aplicó la evaluación de c...
Article
Introduction: Surfing is a discipline that has considerably increased the number of followers who practice this sport. Research has focused on describing the main variables associated with performance, but not the relationships that may exist between them. Objective: To establish the relationship of dynamic postural balance with respect to the anth...
Article
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Background: Aging causes an involution of anthropometric and health indices that can affect physical fitness. Aim: To determine the influence of anthropometric and health indices on the physical fitness of elderly women. Material and methods: Anthropometric parameters, serum lipids, blood glucose and physical fitness evaluated using Senior Fit...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research was to compare the effects of a technique-specific high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocol vs. traditional taekwondo training on physical fitness and body composition in taekwondo athletes, as well as to analyse the inter-individual response. Utilising a parallel controlled design, sixteen male and female athletes...
Article
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Introducción: El envejecimiento provoca, entre otros cambios, disminución de la masa muscular y reducción de la independencia funcional. La práctica regular de actividad física es considerada una herramienta esencial para lograr un envejecimiento saludable. Objetivo: Analizar los efectos de un programa de entrenamiento multicomponente sobre medidas...
Article
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Background: The quarantine and social distancing implemented during COVID 19 pandemic may hamper the quality of life of the population. Aim: To determine the factors associated with a low quality of life during COVID 19 quarantine in Chilean adults. Material and Methods: The SF-36 survey about quality of life was answered by 1,082 Chilean adults...
Article
As psychomotor development occurs in a specific social context, the environment in which a child is reared is important. The randomized study involved forty-five school children between 8 and 10 years. They were assigned to a control group (n = 23) and a neuromuscular training group (n = 22). A neuromuscular intervention for six weeks, on two nonco...
Article
The appropriate dosage of resistance training exercises helps to promotes physical and physiological adaptations and decrease injuries. The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of the different intra-set rest after eight weeks of resistance training on morphological variables, maximal strength, and jump performance in physically active unive...
Article
Full-text available
El sobrepeso y obesidad infantil se han convertido en un problema de salud a nivel mundial. A medida que la incidencia y la gravedad del sobrepeso y la obesidad siguen aumentando en niños y niñas, la determinación de los efectos fisiológicos y consecuencias funcionales se hacen cada vez más importantes. Estas últimas han sido las menos estudiadas,...
Article
Full-text available
La presente investigación tiene por objetivo asociar el autoconcepto académico con el rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios chilenos físicamente activos e inactivos. Estudio transversal que evaluó a 1383 estudiantes de una universidad privada, utilizando la escala de autoconcepto académico (EAA), el registro de notas para obtener el r...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Karate is a high intensity interval sport with aerobic and anaerobic characteristics, velocity and explosive strength are crucial physical abilities for karate athletes during the combat. Problem and Aim: The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship of the Movement change in karate position Test “MKUKS” with the neur...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenon of aging requires a series of adjustments by individuals to the new nuances of everyday life. Aging represents a gradual, dynamic, natural and inevitable process that occurs throughout life. This study was carried out with the purpose of exploring the social representations built around the quality of life of older people who partici...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the effects of a supplementary strength program on general and specific physical fitness in under-18 judo athletes. In total, 21 athletes were randomized into two groups: experimental group (EG: aged = 15.5 ± 1.2 years; body mass = 71.3 ± 10.6 kg; practice time = 5.1 ± 1.2 years) and control group (CG: aged = 16.6 ±...
Article
Full-text available
La presente investigación tiene por objetivo asociar el autoconcepto académico con el rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios chilenos físicamente activos e inactivos. Estudio transversal que evaluó a 1383 estudiantes de una universidad privada, utilizando la escala de autoconcepto académico (EAA), el registro de notas para obtener el r...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: to combat the COVID-19 pandemic governments have adopted measures such as quarantine and social distancing. Objective: the main objective of the present study was to analyze the impact of COVID-19 quarantine on body mass in combat sports athletes. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional, prospective, multi-center study that evalu...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: Este estudio investigó la relación de variables fisiológicas aeróbicas durante el Special Wrestling Test Fitness con las variables fisiológicas medidas durante una prueba incremental en carrera. Métodos: Ocho atletas cadetes y junior (hombres: 2; mujeres: 6) de lucha olímpica estilo libre realizaron el Special Wrestling Fitness Test deter...
Article
In recent decades, overweight and obesity have become a global epidemic that affects not only the adult population but also children and adolescents. In Spain the prevalence reaches 46%, with a greater presence in men. On the other hand, in some countries of Latin America the rates are close to 50% of overweight and obesity in children between 5 an...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to correlate anthropometric measurements, lipid profile, cardiorespiratory fitness, and visceral adiposity index (VAI) in obese older women. METHODS: Twenty-seven obese women, mean age 67.12 (± 4.91 years old), were evaluated to identify their anthropometric profile: body weight and stature, body mass...
Article
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Introducción: El proceso de envejecimiento afecta de distinta manera a hombres y mujeres, ya que existen factores biológicos, genéticos y fisiológicos que los diferencian. Objetivo: Determinar diferencias en memoria, fluidez fonética, orientación temporo-espacial, percepción de la calidad de vida y condición física entre hombres y mujeres que asist...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to establish the effects of three conditions of post-activation potentiation (PAP) exercises on kicking frequency, fatigue rate (FR) and jump performance in novice and advanced taekwondo athletes. Secondarily, to establish if the PAP strength plus plyometrics exercises produced a significantly higher increase with r...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Fencing is an Olympic combat sport divided into three different disciplines: the foil, the épée and the sabre. The most used attack movement by fencing athletes is the lunge. Problem and Aim: The main objective of this study was to correlate joint positions of the lower limb with the contact time of the lunge attack followed by the reco...
Article
Full-text available
Specific training methods is an important aspect in the preparation of taekwondo athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a short-duration high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program with specific taekwondo techniques on anaerobic performance. Twelve taekwondo athletes were randomized into a control (n=6) or experime...
Article
Full-text available
Specific training methods is an important aspect in the preparation of taekwondo athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a short-duration high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program with specific taekwondo techniques on anaerobic performance. Twelve taekwondo athletes were randomized into a control ( n =6) or experi...
Article
The aim of the present study was to establish the effects of three conditions of post-activation potentiation (PAP) exercises on kicking frequency, fatigue rate (FR) and jump performance in novice and advanced taekwondo athletes. Secondarily, to establish if the PAP strength plus plyometrics exercises produced a significantly higher increase with r...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Physical activity is important for achieving healthy aging. Objective: To analyze changes in anthropometric parameters and physical fitness among Chilean older adults after participating in a 16-week physical activity program and to evaluate whether there were differences in relation to their baseline nutritional status or not. Mate...
Research
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused governments to establish quarantine and social distancing for the population in order to decrease the contamination peak, factors that have affected the athletes’ preparation. In this context, we developed some high-intensity interval training (HIIT) recommendations for Olympic combat sports athletes that can be per...
Research
Full-text available
La pandemia del COVID-19 ha obligado a los gobiernos decretar cuarentena y aislamiento social en la población con la intención de aplanar la curva de contagio, hechos que han afectado de igual modo la preparación de los atletas. En dicho contexto, hemos desarrollado algunas recomendaciones de entrenamiento intervalado de alta intensidad (HIIT) que...
Article
Full-text available
p>The COVID-19 pandemic has caused governments to establish quarantine and social distancing for the population in order to decrease the contamination peak, factors that have affected the athletes’ preparation. In this context, we developed some high-intensity interval training (HIIT) recommendations for Olympic combat sports athletes that can be p...
Article
Background: Fencing is an Olympic combat sport divided into three different disciplines: the foil, the épée and the sabre. The most used attack movement by fencing athletes is the lunge. Problem and Aim: The main objective of this study was to correlate joint positions of the lower limb with the contact time of the lunge attack followed by the reco...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: To avoid rapid bodyweight fluctuations and the associated effects on health and performance, some combat sports federations have made changes to regulations. Objective: the objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the Rapid Weight Gain on sporting success in elite Olympic Wrestling athletes under the new weighing modali...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Aerobic training can be conducted using the maximum heart rate (HRmax) target zone. This type of training is relevant to improving aerobic fitness and can help Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes maintain optimal performance during and between matches. However, due to the lack of specificity of the generic equations in systematizing the trai...
Article
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Summary Introduction: In volleyball about 90% of players ever suffer an ankle sprain, being repetitive episodes of main complications. It is suggested that neuromuscular training could improve the functionality of the ankle and decrease the risk of a sprain. Objective: To determine the effects of a neuromuscular training on postural control in coll...
Article
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Background and Study Aim: The most successful countries in wrestling have many studies that contribute to development, not only this sport. Results, conclusions and recommendations from these studies being essential to research Chilean wrestlers to establish indicators of evaluation for the needs of selection and training effects. The cognitive aim...
Article
Thirty-two children with overweight or obesity were randomly divided into a neuromuscular training group (NTG) (n = 16) and a control group (CG) (n = 16). All individuals participated in the measurement of static postural control under two conditions: the double-leg stance with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC). The center of pressure variables w...
Article
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Resumen Introducción: Alrededor de un 90% de los jugadores de voleibol sufren alguna vez un esguince de tobillo, siendo los epi-sodios repetitivos una de las principales complicaciones. Se plantea que el entrenamiento neuromuscular podría mejorar la funcionalidad del tobillo y disminuir el riesgo de volver a sufrir un esguince. Objetivo: Determina...